Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 48 1825. (Syn: Flueggea dubia Kunth; Flueggea griffithii Baker; Flueggea intermedia (D.Don) Kunth; Flueggea jacquemontiana Kunth; Flueggea japonica var. intermedia (D. Don) Schult.; Flueggea wallichiana Kunth; Mondo intermedium (D.Don) L.H.Bailey; Mondo japonicum var. griffithii (Baker) Farw. ..; Mondo scabrum Ohwi; Mondo wallichianum (Kunth) L.H.Bailey; Ophiopogon aciformis F.T.Wang & Tang ex H.Li & Y.P.Yang; Ophiopogon compressus Y.Wan & C.C.Huang; Ophiopogon griffithii (Baker) Hook.f.; Ophiopogon indicus Wight; Ophiopogon intermedius var. gracilipes Hook.f. ……; Ophiopogon longibracteatus H.Li & Y.P.Yang; Ophiopogon longipedicellatus Y.Wan & C.C.Huang; Ophiopogon parviflorus (Hook.f.) H.Hara; Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f. .; Ophiopogon xiaokuai Z.Y.Zhu);
Himalayan Lily Turf, White mondo grass;


Lillaceae from Valparai for identification 200712MK01:

Please help me to identify this Lillaceae plant found in wet forest floor. first I thought this could be a grass, but its not. Is this any Scilla sp.?
The whole plant not exceeding 20cm and leaves were of 1cm broad. The flowers were 1.5cm across. Is this a native species?
Place: Vaalparai, TN
Habitat: wet evergreen
Date: 12 July 2012
Alt.: 970 m asl

This could be Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don (Haemadoraceae)
I could collect the same species from Valpparrai last week. I could see a large number of plants on the way to Valparrai from Sholayar

I read the descriptions from K M Matthew flora on An excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India and got confirmed this as Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don. Thanks …; but there are three varieties reported from Tamil Nadu i.e var. intermedius, var.gracilipes, var.pauciflorus. I don’t have good pictures now to classify unto variety level. If key is available, I could check it in the field.

I agree with …


VOF Week: Herb for Id:
This tiny herb, with small white flowers was shot from near Village Bhyunder on Gobind Ghat-Ghanghriya Trek…hope to get id… to me this looks like a Liliaceae member…

I do have few more clicks of this plant with leaves..but due to some technical problem, for now, I could not access them..may be … can upload few better pics..with habit….

Could it be Iphigenia?

Here are some more pics

IIphigenia indica if this link is correct
Not so if we believe Flowers of India and Flora of China

What about Chlorophytum. Not aware about the occurrence in VOF though.

At first glance, my thought was same as … — Chlorophytum.
On second look, the central structure looks different.

Chlorophytum nepalese (syn: C. undulatum) is reported from Nepal eastwards.

Ophiopogon intermediusLiliaceaeHimalayan Turf Lily

Thanks a lot… this is quite a convincing lead…


VoF Week: Ophiopogon intermedius from the way to Ghangriya:
Ophiopogon intermedius from the way to Ghangriya



Family: Asparagaceae
Date: 24th May 2015
Place: Renuka Ji-Haripurdhar Route, Himachal Pradesh

Habit: Herb

Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don (Convallariaceae), the only known species from Himachal Pradesh.

*Himalayan Lily Turf? ABJUN01/06 : 10 posts by 4 authors. 2 images.
Is this the Himalayan Lily Turf, Ophiopogon intermedius? Please advise.
Above Mcleodganj, HP, 1800m
13 June 2015

Certainly in Ophiopogon genus. O.intermedius have white flowers.

Ophiopogon species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Most are white in colour. Here is one from today. 1 image.

Reflecting back on pink flowers, could it be a similar looking Theropogon pallidus? While most here are white and could be O. intermedius the pink variety could be T. pallidus. Please advise.

It is surely Ophiopogon intermedium

Today I found a delicate stem carrying a cluster of bright blue berries. Tracing the stem to the ground, I found it to be solitary. Last year I had remembered some Ophiopogon intermedius growing in that spot and believe these berries to belong to that species. Please advise.
Ophiopogon intermediusHimalayan Lily Turf
08 February 2016
1750m, Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

It should be O. intermedius D.Don (=O.wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f.) which is common in subtropical and temperate forests in the area.
These blue berry like structures are seeds (not fruits) as after seed setting ovary wall splits and ovules comes out.
I expressed my doubt initially as I have seen this plant in two forms- one with white flowers and other with lilac or bluish flowers. I thought the blue flowered plants may be a different species.
Nice pics!

I have seen both colours at Shimla

The little green seeds are forming on these too. I had shared a cluster of bright-blue seeds in February and now I am sharing them forming on the plant. 3 images.

Thanks, …, for sharing the complete life cycle through your beautiful lens.

Seen these tiny fruits for the first time.


Ophiopogon intermedius ATJUNE2016/44 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Ophiopogon intermedius
June 2015


Close up of flowers. Attachments (1)


SK33JUL15-2016:ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Ophiopogon intermedius ??
Enclosing some pictures for  identification verification.
Location : Mudhe Dolakha  Nepal
Altitude:  6700ft.
Date: 823 July 2014

Pl. check with Ophiopogon intermedius
Flower seems to match. Pl. check with the leaves as these are not clearly visible.

I guess it matches. Anyone can give the final verdict.

Liliaceae for ID ABJUL01/32 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
This plant resembles the Ophiopogon but has 3-4 pink flowers on pale-white stems. Could this be a Theropogon? Please advise.
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
19-20 July, 2016

Seems to be Ophiopogon only.

Thank you … Which Ophiopogon sp. is it likely to be? These flowers started coming out just as O. intermedius plants started developing fruits. The flowers are always pink and much less in number than O. intermedius. I see them everywhere now. Please advise.

To me it appears to be closer to Ophiopogon intermedius only (the only species so far in efi). It is having four varieties as per Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. and Sanjappa, M. 1989 as per link: Ophiopogon

Thank you very much. The varieties will explain the difference in timing, number of flowers and the colour.


Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don..
Shot at Kakani Nepal on 29 July 2016 at 6700 ft.


Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Altitude:6600 ft.
Date: 20 June 2017
Nepali Name : वन कसुर  Van Kasur


Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- around 500 kb each.
Location: Osho, Balaju, Raniban’ Nepal
Altitude : 4600 ft.
Date: 7 June 2018
Habit : Wild 
Are the flowering patter matching?

I think yes- as per images at Ophiopogon intermedius

SK1374 20 AUG 2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 400 kb each.
Location: Godavari, Nepal
Altitude : 5000 ft.
Date: 24 July 2018
Habit :  Wild
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don ??

Here are the keys of the species found in Nepal (as per OphiopogonOphiopogon clarkei Hook. f. and ‎Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don) from Flora of China: 
37 (30) Plants stoloniferous. (38)
+ Plants not stoloniferous. (40)
38 (37) Tepals 7–8 mm; filaments distinct, ca. 1.5 mm, ca. 1/3 as long as anthers 46 Ophiopogon clarkei
+ Tepals 4–6 mm; filaments very short or indistinct. (39)
39 (38) Style terete, slender, basally not widened; tepals ± spreading; scape and inflorescence usually slightly shorter than leaves 44 Ophiopogon bodinieri
+ Style somewhat narrowly conical, moderately thick, basally widened; tepals scarcely spreading; scape and inflorescence usually much shorter than leaves 45 Ophiopogon japonicus
40 (37) Rhizome gingerlike, ca. 3 cm thick, fleshy 36 Ophiopogon zingiberaceus
+ Rhizome not gingerlike, much thinner. (41)
41 (40) Leaves 1–1.5 mm wide 43 Ophiopogon umbraticola
+ Leaves (2–)3–25 mm wide. (42)
42 (41) Plants basally ± purple-brown; roots yellow-brown hairy; bracts at middle of inflorescence more than 1 cm 37 Ophiopogon megalanthus
+ Plants basally not purple-brown; roots whitish hairy; bracts at middle of inflorescence less than 1 cm. (43)
43 (42) Anthers 3–4 mm, ca. 1/2 as long as tepals. (44)
+ Anthers 7–8 mm, ca. 2/3 as long as or equaling tepals. (45)
44 (43) Style basally widened, without a clear line of demarcation between ovary and style 42 Ophiopogon reversus
+ Style not basally widened, terete, with a clear line of demarcation between ovary and style 41 Ophiopogon intermedius
Pl. check for stolons:

Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location:  Nagarkot
Date: 21 August 2018
Elevation:6800 ft.
Habit : Wild 

Interesting to see the fruits.


Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)- around 700 kb each. 

Location: Chandragiri, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 2444 m.
Date: 27 May 2019
Habit : Wild.


in Manali- June’09; at a height of about 2000mtrs in HP- Aug’09?;

Request for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups
PLANT 77 SMP JUN 09 Manali – indiantreepix | Google Groups

SK 2169 9 September 2019 : 12 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)- around 700 kb each.
Location: Nagarkot, Kathmandu
Date: 03 August  2019
Elevation: 2041 m.
Habit : Wild 
How to differentiate between 3 Ophiopogons ?

May be you find keys in Flora of Bhutan. 

Yes but difficult through keys !

Pl. send me the keys, I shall try.

I had already sent the whole set pdf version of book . I hope you have received it !

Yes, … I have received it. But if you send the keys, it will save some of my time.

I did not find the keys in the FOB.

OK, …

Could not find the keys, But tried to find out the difference from two species listed in China:
Roots sometimes with fleshy, tuberous part near tip. Rhizome short, thick. Leaves basal, tufted, sessile, grasslike, 15–55(–70) cm × 3–15 mm, 5–9-veined, base attenuate, margin usually serrulate; leaf tufts usually surrounded by brownish, membranous sheaths. Scape (15–)20–50 cm, sometimes slightly flattened and narrowly 2-winged. Inflorescence a reduced panicle, (2.5–)5–16 cm, many flowered; bracts subulate, linear, or lanceolate, basal one 1.5–4 cm. Flowers in clusters of 2 or 3 or sometimes solitary; pedicel 4–7 mm, articulate proximally or at middle. Tepals white or purplish, oblong, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 4–7 × 2–2.5 mm. Filaments very short; anthers 2–4 mm. Style 3–4 mm. Seeds ellipsoid. Fl. May–Aug, fr. Aug–Oct. 2 n = 36*, 54, 68, 72*, 108*, 112.
GBIF (high resolution specimen)
Plants stoloniferous. Roots slender, usually with fusiform, tuberous part near middle or tip. Leaves basal, tufted, sessile, grasslike, 7–30 cm × 2–3 mm, 5–7-veined, margin slightly serrulate. Scape 10–20 cm. Inflorescence a reduced panicle, 2–3 cm, 2–5-flowered; bracts lanceolate to narrowly ovate, basal one 6–7 mm. Flowers solitary or paired; pedicel 4–5 mm, articulate at or below middle. Tepals white, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 7–8 × 2.5–3.5 mm. Filaments ca. 1.5 mm; anthers ca. 4.5 mm. Style basally slightly widened. Fl. Jun–Jul. 2 n = 36*, ?38.
GBIF (high resolution specimen)
Ophiopogon parviflorus (Hook.f.) H.Hara is treated as syn. of synonym for Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don (considered to be a very variable species), by Catalogue of Life.
In view, I may like to go for Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don for this plant, based on coloured observations. For other differences, you may check with your observations of measurements.

Thank you …
Enclosing some more keys from ! Flora of Kathmandu Valley
OPHIOPOGON KER—GAWL. in Bot. Mag. t. 1063 (I807).
Small, Sfiiapigerous herbs; stem short from a short rootstock or elongate and subs-candent. Leaves radical, linear or lanceola.te. Scape leafy or naked,bracts scarious. Flowei-5race _- -med, usually many flowered. Perianth segments spreading. Stamens 6, on the bas“of the perianth-segments; filaments erect; anthers basifixed. Ovary inferior, 3-celled, crown flat ‘or.depre.ssed; ovules 2 in each cell, collateral, erect; style columnar; stigma -toot e’ 3 hd. Distrz’burion: Species about 20. Found in Himalaya to Japan and Phillipines.
Fruit indehiscent.
l. Rootstok not stout, fowers solitary or fascicled, 0.4-0.8 cm diam. . -e O. intermedius 
l. Rootstock stout, fiowers usually fascicled1-2 cm diam—- – — – 0. wallichianus
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don, ro . . .
P dr Fl Nep 48 (I825) – Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:269 (I892)-
Parkerin For. Bull. 76:8 (I931) —Kitamura in Fn. Fl. Nep. Himal. 1:95 (I955) – Hara in Fl. E. Himal. 409 (I966).
Scapigerous herb. Rootstock short, not stoutLeaves 5-35 cm long and 0.3-0.5 cm broad, linear, acute or acuminate, dargreen above paler beneath. Flowers white, 0.4- 0.8 cm in diam., in lax racemes 2-4 cm long on very long slender scapes 7-30 cm long, bracts narrowly lanceolate, variable i’n length. as~ much as l.5_ c_m long; pedicels 0.2-0.6 cm long. Perianth campanulate 0.3-0.5 cm long; segments elliptic-oblong, obtuse. Anthers narrowly oblong.
Distribution : Himalaya, Khasia, Manipur, N. Thai, and W. China; in Nepal – central.Ecology: Commonly growing on moist and shady place.
Local name: Ban kasur (Ft $31)
Flowering: Mar. – July.
Fruiting: Aug. – Sept.
Place of collection: Phulchoki, I600-2438 m; Gokarna, l34l m; Nagarkot, l98l m;
Shivapuri, 2438 m.
Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:268(l892)- Bull. Dept. Med-Pl. Nep. l:49(l967).
Scapigerous herb. Rootstock short, stout l—l.5 cm thick. Leaves 6-I0 cm long and0.4-0.8 cm broad, linear,acute, midrib distinct, dark green above paler beneath. Flowers white or pale lilac, 1 cm in diam., usually fascicled in lax raceme l0-l2 cm ‘ong on long scape 20-30 cm long; bracts narrowly lanceolate, 0.2-I .5 cm long; pedicel 0.2-0.3 cm long. Perianth campanulate 0.5-0.7 cm long; segments elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 0.4 cmwide. Anthers narrowly oblong.
Distribution: Himalaya; in Nepal – central. Ecology: Occurs on shady forest floor.
Local name:
Flowering: June – July.
Fruiting: Sept. – Oct.
Place of collection: Bagdwar, Sheopuri, 2700 m.
However links says they are the same.
Flowers of the Himalaya
1441 0. intermedius D. Don
Afghanistan to S.W. China. S.E. Asia. 1500-3000 m. Forests, shruh- beries. May- Jul.
A small tufted plant of shady forest banks, w~thmany grass-like leaves, and with spike-like clusters of small white drooping flowers borne on leafless stems. Spikes mostly 2-5 cm; flowers cup-shaped, with spreading petals 4-6 mm, short-stalked, and subtended by papery bracts longer than the flower-stalks. Leaves linear 2-5 mm broad, tufted; flowering stems
10- 15 cm. R o o b ~ skhort, covered with old fibres. Page 517.

Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f. is a syn. of Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don as per Catalogue of life.

Yes … !


SK34JUL15-2016:ID : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Ophiopogon dracaenoides ??
Enclosing some pictures for  identification verification.
Location : Godawari Botanical Garden  Nepal
Altitude:  5000 ft.
Date: 13 July 2016

One more pic!

In the following illustration, it looks different from Ophiopogon dracaenoides :

What could it be? link

Thanks, … Images at the link given by you looks close.

So is it Ophiopogon dracaenoides??

Ophiopogon intermedius !

Location: Kakani, Nepal
Altitude:  60000 ft.
Date: July / August

efi page on Ophiopogon intermedius with images

Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don  !


Request for species identification of Ophiopogon: 4 high resolution images.
Please check attached images of ophiopogon species, captured at Doda JK. Altitude 2100m approx.

Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don ?? No leaf and habitat image ??

I am having doubts after going through the images at Ophiopogon intermedius
Was it wild ?
What are the species reported from your area?

Yes it’s wild, this is the only species from my area/ mentioned area.

OK, …


MS,Oct.,2021/24 Herb for id.: 2 images.
Location : Ailawng
Date : 25-07-2018
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild

Ophiopogon intermedia possibly !

Yes, …

What are the species reported from your area?

What genus sir ?


Sorry !! Not found in my book


MS,April,2022/21 Ophiopogon sp. for id.: 2 images.
Location : Hmunpui, Mizoram Altitude : ca.500 m.

Date : 23-07-2015
Habit :Herb
Habitat : Wild

Please check Ophiopogon intermedius !

Any keys?

Sorry !! Ophiopogon is not found in my book

Than we take it as Ophiopogon intermedius


MS,May,2022/24 Ophiopogon or Theropogon for id: 2 images.
Location : Reiek, Mizoram

Altitude : 1,000- 1,400 m
Date :10-07-2018
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild


I think close to images at Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don


MS, June, 2023/20 Herb for id: 2 high res. images.
Location : Reiek tlang, Mizoram

Altitude : ca 1,300 m.
Date : 29-06-2023
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild

Ophiopogon !

So let us keep it as


Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don: 6 high res. images.

Location: Phulchoki, Kathmandu
Date:  08 July 2023
Elevation:  2483 m.
Habit : Wild

Nepali Name : बन कसुर Ban Kasur / गाडे माला Gaade Maalaa !