Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 48 1825. (Syn: Flueggea dubia Kunth; Flueggea griffithii Baker; Flueggea intermedia (D.Don) Kunth; Flueggea jacquemontiana Kunth; Flueggea japonica var. intermedia (D. Don) Schult.; Flueggea wallichiana Kunth; Mondo intermedium (D.Don) L.H.Bailey; Mondo japonicum var. griffithii (Baker) Farw. ..; Mondo scabrum Ohwi; Mondo wallichianum (Kunth) L.H.Bailey; Ophiopogon aciformis F.T.Wang & Tang ex H.Li & Y.P.Yang; Ophiopogon compressus Y.Wan & C.C.Huang; Ophiopogon griffithii (Baker) Hook.f.; Ophiopogon indicus Wight; Ophiopogon intermedius var. gracilipes Hook.f. ……; Ophiopogon longibracteatus H.Li & Y.P.Yang; Ophiopogon longipedicellatus Y.Wan & C.C.Huang; Ophiopogon parviflorus (Hook.f.) H.Hara; Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f. .; Ophiopogon xiaokuai Z.Y.Zhu);
Himalayan Lily Turf, White mondo grass;
Lillaceae from Valparai for identification 200712MK01:
Please help me to identify this Lillaceae plant found in wet forest floor. first I thought this could be a grass, but its not. Is this any Scilla sp.?
The whole plant not exceeding 20cm and leaves were of 1cm broad. The flowers were 1.5cm across. Is this a native species?
Place: Vaalparai, TN
Habitat: wet evergreen
Date: 12 July 2012
Alt.: 970 m asl
This could be Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don (Haemadoraceae)
I read the descriptions from K M Matthew flora on An excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India and got confirmed this as Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don. Thanks …; but there are three varieties reported from Tamil Nadu i.e var. intermedius, var.gracilipes, var.pauciflorus. I don’t have good pictures now to classify unto variety level. If key is available, I could check it in the field.
I agree with …
VOF Week: Herb for Id:
I do have few more clicks of this plant with leaves..but due to some technical problem, for now, I could not access them..may be … can upload few better pics..with habit….
Could it be Iphigenia?
Here are some more pics
IIphigenia indica if this link is correct
What about Chlorophytum. Not aware about the occurrence in VOF though.
At first glance, my thought was same as … — Chlorophytum.
Chlorophytum nepalese (syn: C. undulatum) is reported from Nepal eastwards.
Ophiopogon intermedius – Liliaceae – Himalayan Turf Lily
Thanks a lot… this is quite a convincing lead…
VoF Week: Ophiopogon intermedius from the way to Ghangriya:
ANJUN24/25 Ophiopogon sp. for identification (Churdhar Trip 24) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don (Convallariaceae), the only known species from Himachal Pradesh.
*Himalayan Lily Turf? ABJUN01/06 : 10 posts by 4 authors. 2 images.
Is this the Himalayan Lily Turf, Ophiopogon intermedius? Please advise.
Above Mcleodganj, HP, 1800m
13 June 2015
Certainly in Ophiopogon genus. O.intermedius have white flowers.
Ophiopogon species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
Most are white in colour. Here is one from today. 1 image.
Reflecting back on pink flowers, could it be a similar looking Theropogon pallidus? While most here are white and could be O. intermedius the pink variety could be T. pallidus. Please advise.
Please check Theropogon pallidus in eFI.
It is surely Ophiopogon intermedium
Today I found a delicate stem carrying a cluster of bright blue berries. Tracing the stem to the ground, I found it to be solitary. Last year I had remembered some Ophiopogon intermedius growing in that spot and believe these berries to belong to that species. Please advise.
It should be O. intermedius D.Don (=O.wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f.) which is common in subtropical and temperate forests in the area.
These blue berry like structures are seeds (not fruits) as after seed setting ovary wall splits and ovules comes out.
I expressed my doubt initially as I have seen this plant in two forms- one with white flowers and other with lilac or bluish flowers. I thought the blue flowered plants may be a different species.
I have seen both colours at Shimla
The little green seeds are forming on these too. I had shared a cluster of bright-blue seeds in February and now I am sharing them forming on the plant. 3 images.
Thanks, …, for sharing the complete life cycle through your beautiful lens.
Seen these tiny fruits for the first time.
Ophiopogon intermedius ATJUNE2016/44 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Close up of flowers. Attachments (1)
SK33JUL15-2016:ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Ophiopogon intermedius ??
Enclosing some pictures for identification verification.
Location : Mudhe Dolakha Nepal
Date: 823 July 2014
Pl. check with Ophiopogon intermedius
Flower seems to match. Pl. check with the leaves as these are not clearly visible.
I guess it matches. Anyone can give the final verdict.
Liliaceae for ID ABJUL01/32 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
This plant resembles the Ophiopogon but has 3-4 pink flowers on pale-white stems. Could this be a Theropogon? Please advise.
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
19-20 July, 2016
Seems to be Ophiopogon only.
Thank you … Which Ophiopogon sp. is it likely to be? These flowers started coming out just as O. intermedius plants started developing fruits. The flowers are always pink and much less in number than O. intermedius. I see them everywhere now. Please advise.
To me it appears to be closer to Ophiopogon intermedius only (the only species so far in efi). It is having four varieties as per Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. and Sanjappa, M. 1989 as per link: Ophiopogon
Thank you very much. The varieties will explain the difference in timing, number of flowers and the colour.
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Date: 20 June 2017
Nepali Name : वन कसुर Van Kasur
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- around 500 kb each.
Location: Osho, Balaju, Raniban’ Nepal
Altitude : 4600 ft.
Date: 7 June 2018
Habit : Wild
Are the flowering patter matching?
I think yes- as per images at Ophiopogon intermedius
SK1374 20 AUG 2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 400 kb each.
Location: Godavari, Nepal
Altitude : 5000 ft.
Date: 24 July 2018
Habit : Wild
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don ??
Here are the keys of the species found in Nepal (as per Ophiopogon– Ophiopogon clarkei Hook. f. and Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don) from Flora of China:
Pl. check for stolons:
Pl. see illustrations at
Most of our posts so far are of Ophiopogon intermedius
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Date: 21 August 2018
Habit : Wild
Interesting to see the fruits.
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)- around 700 kb each.
Location: Chandragiri, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 2444 m.
Date: 27 May 2019
Habit : Wild.
Request for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups
SK 2169 9 September 2019 : 12 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)- around 700 kb each.
Location: Nagarkot, Kathmandu
Date: 03 August 2019
Elevation: 2041 m.
Habit : Wild
How to differentiate between 3 Ophiopogons ?
May be you find keys in Flora of Bhutan.
Yes but difficult through keys !
Pl. send me the keys, I shall try.
I had already sent the whole set pdf version of book . I hope you have received it !
Yes, … I have received it. But if you send the keys, it will save some of my time.
I did not find the keys in the FOB.
Could not find the keys, But tried to find out the difference from two species listed in China:
Roots sometimes with fleshy, tuberous part near tip. Rhizome short, thick. Leaves basal, tufted, sessile, grasslike, 15–55(–70) cm × 3–15 mm, 5–9-veined, base attenuate, margin usually serrulate; leaf tufts usually surrounded by brownish, membranous sheaths. Scape (15–)20–50 cm, sometimes slightly flattened and narrowly 2-winged. Inflorescence a reduced panicle, (2.5–)5–16 cm, many flowered; bracts subulate, linear, or lanceolate, basal one 1.5–4 cm. Flowers in clusters of 2 or 3 or sometimes solitary; pedicel 4–7 mm, articulate proximally or at middle. Tepals white or purplish, oblong, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 4–7 × 2–2.5 mm. Filaments very short; anthers 2–4 mm. Style 3–4 mm. Seeds ellipsoid. Fl. May–Aug, fr. Aug–Oct. 2 n = 36*, 54, 68, 72*, 108*, 112.
GBIF (high resolution specimen)
Plants stoloniferous. Roots slender, usually with fusiform, tuberous part near middle or tip. Leaves basal, tufted, sessile, grasslike, 7–30 cm × 2–3 mm, 5–7-veined, margin slightly serrulate. Scape 10–20 cm. Inflorescence a reduced panicle, 2–3 cm, 2–5-flowered; bracts lanceolate to narrowly ovate, basal one 6–7 mm. Flowers solitary or paired; pedicel 4–5 mm, articulate at or below middle. Tepals white, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 7–8 × 2.5–3.5 mm. Filaments ca. 1.5 mm; anthers ca. 4.5 mm. Style basally slightly widened. Fl. Jun–Jul. 2 n = 36*, ?38.
GBIF (high resolution specimen)
Ophiopogon parviflorus (Hook.f.) H.Hara is treated as syn. of synonym for Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don (considered to be a very variable species), by Catalogue of Life.
In view, I may like to go for Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don for this plant, based on coloured observations. For other differences, you may check with your observations of measurements.
Thank you …
Enclosing some more keys from ! Flora of Kathmandu Valley
OPHIOPOGON KER—GAWL. in Bot. Mag. t. 1063 (I807).
Small, Sfiiapigerous herbs; stem short from a short rootstock or elongate and subs-candent. Leaves radi‘cal, li‘near or lanceola.te. Scape leafy or naked,. bracts scari–ous. Flowei-5race _- -med, usually many flowered. Perianth segments spreading. Stamens 6, on the bas“of the perianth-segments; filaments erect; anthers basifixed. Ovary inferior, 3-celled, crown flat ‘or.depre.ssed; ovules 2 in each cell, collateral, erect; style columnar; stigma -toot e’ 3 hd. Distrz’burion: Species about 20. Found in Himalaya to Japan and Phillipines.
KEY TO THE SPECIES
l. Rootstok not stout, fowers solitary or fascicled, 0.4-0.8 cm diam. . -e O. intermedius
l. Rootstock stout, fiowers usually fascicled, 1-2 cm diam. —- – — – 0. wallichianus
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don, ro . . .
P dr Fl Nep 48 (I825) – Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:269 (I892)- Parkerin For. Bull. 76:8 (I931) —Kitamura in Fn. Fl. Nep. Himal. 1:95 (I955) – Hara in Fl. E. Himal. 409 (I966).
Scapigerous herb. Rootstock short, not stout. Leaves 5-35 cm long and 0.3-0.5 cm broad, linear, acute or acuminate, dark green above paler beneath. Flowers white, 0.4- 0.8 cm in diam., in lax racemes 2-4 cm long on very long slender scapes 7-30 cm long, bracts narrowly lanceolate, variable i’n length. as~ much as l.5_ c_m long; pedicels 0.2-0.6 cm long. Perianth campanulate 0.3-0.5 cm long; segments elliptic-oblong, obtuse. Anthers narrowly oblong.
Distribution : Himalaya, Khasia, Manipur, N. Thai, and W. China; in Nepal – central.Ecology: Commonly growing on moist and shady place.
Local name: Ban kasur (Ft $31)
Flowering: Mar. – July.
Fruiting: Aug. – Sept.
Place of collection: Phulchoki, I600-2438 m; Gokarna, l34l m; Nagarkot, l98l m; Shivapuri, 2438 m.
Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:268(l892)- Bull. Dept. Med-Pl. Nep. l:49(l967).
Scapigerous herb. Rootstock short, stout l—l.5 cm thick. Leaves 6-I0 cm long and0.4-0.8 cm broad, linear,acute, midrib distinct, dark green above paler beneath. Flowers white or pale lilac, 1 cm in diam., usually fascicled in lax raceme l0-l2 cm ‘ong on long scape 20-30 cm long; bracts narrowly lanceolate, 0.2-I .5 cm long; pedicel 0.2-0.3 cm long. Perianth campanulate 0.5-0.7 cm long; segments elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 0.4 cmwide. Anthers narrowly oblong.
Distribution: Himalaya; in Nepal – central. Ecology: Occurs on shady forest floor.
Flowering: June – July.
Fruiting: Sept. – Oct.
Place of collection: Bagdwar, Sheopuri, 2700 m.
However links says they are the same.
Flowers of the Himalaya
1441 0. intermedius D. Don
Afghanistan to S.W. China. S.E. Asia. 1500-3000 m. Forests, shruh- beries. May- Jul.
A small tufted plant of shady forest banks, w~thmany grass-like leaves, and with spike-like clusters of small white drooping flowers borne on leafless stems. Spikes mostly 2-5 cm; flowers cup-shaped, with spreading petals 4-6 mm, short-stalked, and subtended by papery bracts longer than the flower-stalks. Leaves linear 2-5 mm broad, tufted; flowering stems
10- 15 cm. R o o b ~ skhort, covered with old fibres. Page 517.
Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f. is a syn. of Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don as per Catalogue of life.
Yes … !
SK34JUL15-2016:ID : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Ophiopogon dracaenoides ??
Enclosing some pictures for identification verification.
Location : Godawari Botanical Garden Nepal
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Date: 13 July 2016
One more pic!
In the following illustration, it looks different from Ophiopogon dracaenoides :
So is it Ophiopogon dracaenoides??
Ophiopogon intermedius !
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don (accepted name) ?? : 6 posts by 3 authors.
Location: Kakani, Nepal
Altitude: 60000 ft.
Date: July / August
efi page on Ophiopogon intermedius with images
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don !
Request for species identification of Ophiopogon: 4 high resolution images.
Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don ?? No leaf and habitat image ??
I am having doubts after going through the images at Ophiopogon intermedius
Yes it’s wild, this is the only species from my area/ mentioned area.
MS,Oct.,2021/24 Herb for id.: 2 images.
Ophiopogon intermedia possibly !
What are the species reported from your area?
What genus sir ?
Sorry !! Not found in my book
MS,April,2022/21 Ophiopogon sp. for id.: 2 images.
Date : 23-07-2015
Habitat : Wild
Please check Ophiopogon intermedius !
Sorry !! Ophiopogon is not found in my book
Than we take it as Ophiopogon intermedius
MS,May,2022/24 Ophiopogon or Theropogon for id: 2 images.
Altitude : 1,000- 1,400 m
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild
I think close to images at Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don