Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 737 1891. (Syn: Athrodactylis spinosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. [Illegitimate]; Bromelia sylvestris Burm.f.; Eydouxia delessertii Gaudich.; Hasskarlia leucacantha Walp.; Keura odora Thunb.; Keura odorifera Forssk.; Marquartia leucacantha Hassk.; Pandanus adduensis H.St.John; Pandanus albibracteatus H.St.John; Pandanus alloios H.St.John; Pandanus ambiglaucus H.St.John; Pandanus blancoi Kunth; Pandanus boryi Gaudich.; Pandanus carnosus H.St.John; Pandanus chelyon H.St.John; Pandanus delessertii (Gaudich.) Warb.; Pandanus fascicularis Lam.; Pandanus fosbergii H.St.John; Pandanus globosus H.St.John; Pandanus hartmanii H.St.John; Pandanus hendersonii H.St.John; Pandanus hueensis H.St.John; Pandanus impar H.St.John; Pandanus inclinatus H.St.John; Pandanus incrassatus H.St.John; Pandanus integriapicis H.St.John; Pandanus intraconicus H.St.John; Pandanus karikayo H.St.John; Pandanus leucanthus Hassk.; Pandanus linnaei Gaudich.; Pandanus linnaei f. philippinensis Martelli; Pandanus linnei Schaedtler; Pandanus loureiroi Gaudich.; Pandanus maldivecus H.St.John; Pandanus millore Roxb.; Pandanus obtusus H.St.John; Pandanus odoratissimus L.f.; Pandanus odoratissimus var. borneensis (Martelli) B.C.Stone; Pandanus odoratissimus var. hueensis (H.St.John) B.C.Stone; Pandanus odoratissimus var. loureiroi (Gaudich.) Martelli; Pandanus odoratissimus var. sarawakensis (Martelli) B.C.Stone; Pandanus odoratissimus var. sinensis (Warb.) Kaneh.; Pandanus odoratissimus var. triceps B.C.Stone; Pandanus odoratissimus f. vietnamensis (H.St.John) B.C.Stone; Pandanus odoratus Salisb.; Pandanus phamhoangii H.St.John; Pandanus projectens H.St.John; Pandanus remotus H.St.John; Pandanus reversispiralis H.St.John; Pandanus rheedei Gaudich.; Pandanus rubricoloratus H.St.John; Pandanus rumphii Gaudich.; Pandanus semiorbicularis H.St.John; Pandanus sinensis (Warb.) Martelli; Pandanus smitinandii H.St.John; Pandanus spiralis Blanco, nom.illeg.; Pandanus subcarnosus H.St.John; Pandanus subcubicus H.St.John; Pandanus subulatus H.St.John; Pandanus tectorius var. borneensis Martelli; Pandanus tectorius var. liukiuensis Warb.; Pandanus tectorius var. loureiroi (Gaudich.) Martelli; Pandanus tectorius var. sarawakensis Martelli; Pandanus tectorius var. sinensis Warb.; Pandanus tectorius var. utinensis Masam.; Pandanus verus nom.superfl.; Pandanus verus var. flaccidus Kurz; Pandanus verus var. littoralis Kurz; Pandanus vietnamensis H.St.John);
Aldabra, Trop. & Subtrop. Asia as per WCSP;
Aldabra; Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Borneo; Cambodia; China South-Central; China Southeast; Congo; East Himalaya; Florida; Hainan; India; Jawa; Laccadive Is.; Laos; Leeward Is.; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Maldives; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nansei-shoto; Nicobar Is.; Philippines; Puerto Rico; South China Sea; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Taiwan; Tanzania; Thailand; Vietnam; Windward Is.; Yemen as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Kewda, Fragrant Screw Pine, Umbrella tree, Screw pine, Screw tree • Assamese: কেতেকী ketaki • Bengali: কেতকী ketaki • Gujarati: કેતક ketak • Hindi: गगण धूल gagan-dhul, जम्बाला jambala, जम्बूल jambul, केओड़ा keora, केतकी ketaki, केंवड़ा kevara, पांशुका panshuka, पांसुका pansuka, पुष्प चामर pushp-chamar, तीक्ष्ण गन्धा tikshna-gandha • Kannada: ಕೇದಗೆ kedage, ಕೇದಗಿ kedagi, ಕೇದಿಗೆ kedige, ಕೇತಕೆ ketake, ತಾಳೇ ಹೂ taale hu • Konkani: बोन्नोंग bonnong, केगदी kegdi, खेवडा khevada • Malayalam: കൈനാറി kainaari, കൈത kaitha • Manipuri: কেতেকী ketaki • Marathi: केगद kegad, केतकी ketaki, केवडा kevada • Oriya: Kia • Sanskrit: हनीलः hanilha, जम्बूल jambul, केतकी ketaki, पांशुका panshuka, पांसुका pansuka, सुगंधिनी sugandhini • Tamil: கேதகை ketakai, தாழை talai • Telugu: గేదగ gedaga, గొజ్జంగి gojjangi, కేతకి ketaki • Urdu: جمبالا jambala, جمبول jambul, کيتکی ketaki, کيوڙا kevara, پانشکا panshuka


Pandanus from Andaman for ID. – efloraofindia | Google Groups :

Posting few images of a Pandanus for ID pl.
Date/Time- December, 2009
Location- Havelock beach, Middle Andaman
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Height/Length- ca 75 cm high

Is it Pandanus tectorius?

i think this is Pandanus odoratissimus.

I think once this was sent by … for ID and we all mistaken it for Pineapple !!

I think you are right again, please go through the link

Pandanus tectorius is a tree. P. odoratissimus appears to be a good choice.

Valmiki mentioned about Ketak or Ketaki in his Ramayan. It is known as SCREW-PINE in English. Scientifically it is known as Pandanus odoratissimus. Chakravarti S Venkatesh gives some interesting input about the plant.
It appears that the ancient Hindus, like the Babylonians, had some inkling of the presence of sex in plants. For example, the male plants of the Screwpine were called Ketaki viphala or Dhulipushpika, the female as Svarna Ketaki, and the male and female together as Ketakidvayam meaning a pair of Ketakis.”
Attaching an image of KETAKI.

As usual things are a bit more complicated. This is what I found on the net.
Short Communication
Collection, characterization and olfactory evaluation of Pandanus species in Southern India
Rahul L. Zanana1 and Altafhusain B. Nadafa1 c1
a1 Department of Botany, University of Pune, Pune 411007, India
A detailed survey along the coastal regions of Southern India revealed the occurrence of seven Pandanus species, viz. P. kaida Kurz., P. odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntz., P. canaranus Warb., P. furcatus Roxb., P. thwaitesii Mart., P. foetidus Roxb and a new species P. palakkadensis Nadaf, Zanan & Wakte. The fragrance of staminate inflorescences of these species was compared with the fragrance of commercial staminate inflorescences of P. odorifer. P. thwaitesii, P. kaida and P. palakkadensis recorded comparable fragrance with that of P. odorifer. The study reveals the fragrance potential of these species, which could be exploited commercially for extraction of essential oil.
(Received February 24 2011)
(Accepted May 04 2011)
Could somebody throw more light on this..

In Marathi other name Kevada. It is famous for the cobra residing in the thicket of plant growth.
The inflorescence made up of small/miniature flowers. (Compound receme?)
It is covered by yellow colour bract(??), which actually has great fragrance.
This bract is offered to Lord Ganesha. Sold in Mumbai market at the rate of rs 40 to 100 per bract in Ganesh festivel.
Kevada attar (permume) is very famous.

Pandanus is a typical example of multiple root cap.
In Thane on Godbandar road in my child hood acers and acres of land had pandanus plants as this is a marshy area. Now hardly some 50 to 100 plants are seen on road side, as entire area is under costruction (distruction) stage.

forgot to mention something nonbotany but related to ketaki.
A typical fair colour of body skin is called ‘Ketakivarna’.

Ketaki is kevada. The flower is used for distilling kevda water which is a substitute of Rose water.
I saw a large number growing wild in coastal area of Orissa.

Is it true that snakes are found near Ketaki?

Yes, ..

You  got your reply. Though I for one do not believe it. There is a Hindi couplet the last line of which is:
चन्दन विष व्यापत नहीं / लिपटे रहत भुजंग.
It means that even though snakes entwine chandan trees (Santalum album), the tree is not poisoned. All this probably  started as snake is a cold-blooded animal.

I do not think that cobra or any other snakes are there, if any, for the sake of fragrance. They can be seen underneath any thickets.

I never claimed that snakes -cobras ( i was specific) live in ‘Ketaki ban’. I said they are known for——-.
In Marathi we call such stories heard from grand or great grand parents as ‘Akhyayika’. These start somewhere, are spread like anything. i will not claim that they will be scientifically true. I did not claim that the cobra comes there for smell. My sentence was very simple.
but one observation i will like to note here as an observer I have not seen Kevada specifically planted in many houses. When Hibiscus flowers, or Durva are likesd by Lord Ganesha people see to it that they have these plants planted in their gardens. But Kevda is not planted that way. I have seen it always in wild. When you ask old timers why so? What answers i get is The cobra resides in Ketaki ban. So let it not be near the house!!!!
I just passed on the knowledge. Some one can do scientific research to find out the truth.
In Thane I am residing for more than 50 years and have seen kevda plant only in one house. For that matter even in Karnataka old houses also I have not seen the Kevada plant

I agree with … We have been listening to such stories since childhood. Lately came to know from nature enthusiasts that it is not true. But as said by her some research is necessary.

It is also believed that snakes reside under Parijata tree (Harshinghar) and Pagoda tree (Plumeria Rubra) and my mother once removed the  Pagoda tree only for the fear of cobras !!

The photographs mentioned are of Pandanus odorifer…… As per our field survey from Andaman Islands, Pandanus cookii is not found ….
but only Pandanus leram and Pandanus odorifer are found at Andaman Islands.


Goa, May 2014 :: Requesting ID of this shrub (?) :: 20JUN14 :: ARK-39 : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).
Requesting to please ID this huge shrub (?) from a cultivated garden in Aguada, Goa in May 2014.

Pandanus sp

Pandanus species so far in efi 

It looks like Pandanus tectorius

Or could be Pandanus odorifer with root cap.

There are no flowering fruiting pictures. It is most probably P. odorifer.


While compiling the plants mentioned by Rabindranath Tagore in his songs, I find KEYA is mentioned in 3 songs and KETAKI is mentioned IN 5 SONGS. I have used images of fruit/ plant for these songs as I don’t have any image of flower of this plant with me. KEYA/ KETAKI is Pandanus odoratissimus scientifically. I will remain grateful if any friend can help me with image of flower of this plant.

Thank you sir. I received two images from …


Shibpur Bot.: Pandanus sp. : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
There were many Pandanus and I have only these pictures, I am afraid not sufficient to identify species level.

Again no flower or fruit found, photographed today. (23.8.14)

Most probably looks like Pandanus odorifer but again needs flowers/fruits for confirmation. Can you please let me know the locality?

Thanks, … It was from Indian Bot. Garden in Kolkata.

Thank you very much Sir. It is from ‘Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden’ in Howrah (West Bengal).


FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS( KETAKI-1 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which KETAKI has been mentioned. Scientifically the plant is Pandanus odoratissimus (KEYA/ KEURA/ SCREW PINE).

Is the id correct as Pandanus odorifer?

Yes sir.

Fwd: Kewada flower from our temple’s garden in Vrindaban : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 3 Mb each.
Thought will share this photo of the Kewada flower from our temple’s garden in Vrindaban. Wish I could transport the smell too..

Attachments (1)-  3 Mb

what a treat. thank you. i can conjure up the heavenly scent from something i remembered from chilhood travels…. yatras…

Is this Pandanus odorifer as per images and details herein ?

Yes this is Pandanus odorifer.

The flower images are belongs to Pandanus odorifer.

Yes sir…. It is Pandanus odorifer.

Pandanus tectorius inflorescence
Pls validate

What is doubt about it not being Pandanus tectorius.

I am much confident about Pandanus
about the species, as per the description in The Flora of Delhi, i idfied this plant as P fascicularis Syn. P tectorius, P odoratissimus
Description- Thick Bush or small tree, 3-3.6 m high, Leaves borne closely spirally, erect, acuminate, margins and keels usually spinous-toothed, spathes white, flowers pedicillate.

It is Pandanus odorifer
Synonym: Pandanus tectorius
P. Odaretissimus


Chilika lake, December 2021 :: Pandanus (?) for ID :: ARK2022-030: 3 images.

This was clicked at Behrampura on the banks of the Chilika lake, Odisha in December 2021.
Is this some Pandanus?
Requested to please ID.

Yes. Pl. check comparative images.

May be Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze as per comparative images at Pandanus.

This is Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze


Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Aug 8, 2010 · 1:12 PM IST: 2 images.
Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Aug 8, 2010 · 1:12 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl

Yes, appears close as per images at


Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 13, 2008 · JUN23 DV192: 2 images.

Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 13, 2008 · 2:49 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
popular synonyms: Pandanus fascicularis Lam. and Pandanus odoratissimus L.f.


Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze :: Waghbil, Thane :: Mar 16, 2008 · JUN23 DV264: 3 images.

Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze
Waghbil, Thane :: Mar 16, 2008 · 4:09 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
popular synonyms: Pandanus fascicularis Lam. and Pandanus odoratissimus L.f.


Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze :: Waghbil, Thane :: Mar 16, 2008 · JUN23 DV267: 1 image.

Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze
Waghbil, Thane :: Mar 16, 2008 · 1:06 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
popular synonyms: Pandanus fascicularis Lam. and Pandanus odoratissimus L.f.


Pandanaceae: Pandanus odorifer: 2 high res. images.
Pandanus odorifer from Andhra Pradesh
Paderu forest area on 25/03/2024