Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. (syn. Mimosa pedunculata Roxb., Parkia pedunculata (Roxb.) J.F.Macbr.);
Bangladesh (N); India (I) ; Andhra Pradesh; Arunachal Pradesh; Assam ; Bihar; Goa ; Gujarat; Karnataka ; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh; Maharashtra ; Manipur; Meghalaya; Mizoram ; Orissa ; Pondicherry; Sikkim; Tamil Nadu; Tripura; West Bengal; Myanmar (N); Mozambique (I); Caribbean-TRP (I); Panama (I); Mauritius (I) as per ILDIS;
Bangladesh; Caribbean-TRP; India; Mauritius; Mozambique; Myanmar; Panama as per Catalogue of Life;
As per The Indo-Pacific Species of Parkia (Leguminosae : Mimosoideae) Helen C. Fortune Hopkins Kew Bulletin Vol. 49, No. 2 (1994), pp. 181-234:
Leaflets acute at apex; overall shape either oblong but narrowing towards the apex or somewhat sigmoid. Leaflets small, 6-10-5 x 1-2 mm, 52-72 pairs per pinna; valves of pods usually not indented between the seeds. Capitula 5-5-6 7 cm long, somewhat biglobose at anthesis, for Parkia timoriana
Leaflets 68-115(-130) pairs per pinna, opposite, linear, 5-8 x c. 1 mm, margins of adjacent leaflets imbricated, bearing a few white hairs; apex acute, base obliquely truncate; one-nerved. Capitula clavate with a short cylindrical part at the base for Parkia biglandulosa;
PAR-ki-uh — named for Mungo Park, the famous African explorer (needs validation in this context)
by-gland-yoo-LOH-suh — presence of two glands
commonly known as: African locust tree, badminton ball tree, gong-stick tree • Hindi: चेन्डुफल chenduphal, तप्पोफल tappophal • Kannada: ಶಿವಲಿಙ ಮರ shivalingamara • Marathi: चेंडूफळ chenduphal, गेंद genda, झेंडू jhendu • Tamil: சாம்பிராணி campirani, கலிக்கிமரம் kalikki-maram
Native to: s-e Asia; cultivated elsewhere


Parkia biglandulos wight & Arn.: Sharing the flowering and fruiting of Parkia biglandulosa (badminton ball tree) at Rani Baug, Mumbai on 6 Feb 2011.

– I have not missed the flowers, the globose hanging are the flowers, too tiny!


ID request 230211SP02:
Big tree. Looks like some Acacia sp

 Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. Mimosaceae “Chendu Phali

– it should read Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. commonly called Badminton ball tree.

– Ball in Badminton??? Here we play Badminton with Shuttlecock.

… ball badminton is not much in vogue now (at least in Mumbai OR Thane that I know of) … earlier, about 20 – 30 years back, it was played in my neighborhood.
Some info here:

– There are plenty of these tree in Mysore city.  There are nearly 5 to 6 trees nearby my house.  I will upload the photos shortly.

Parkia biglandulosa
Family Mimosaceae
Not native of India. Widely planted in many cities.
At present it is flowering in Pune city as you have rightly noticed. There are many trees in Mayur colony as well as on Prabhat road Pune. Regarding its origin some sites say that it is from Malaysia, some say it is from south America while some say it to be Africa. I really don’t know which is correct.
Attaching some images from my collection

Parkia biglandulosa nice catch. In Govt. P.G. College Balaghat there are two very old trees of Parkia about 60 year old. We indentified them as Parkia roxburghii. Are these two the same species or different one?

Parkia roxburghii G. Don (and  Inga timoriana DC. (basionym),  Parkia javanica auct.) is synonym of Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr.
Whereas,  Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. (Syn: Parkia pedunculata J. F. Macbr.) Is completely a different plant.


Fabaceae Mimosoidae (Mimosae) week 010112-MS- 76- Parkia biglandulosa:
Parkia biglandulosa. photos taken on 12th December 2010. Place Vijayanagara Road, Bogadi 2nd stage, Mysore

Fabaceae – Mimosoideae – Bangalore – RA – Parkia biglandulosa – Badminton Ball Tree:
African locust tree is a tall handsome tree, native of W. Africa.
Large trees are frequently found in old Mahomedan gardens about the city of Hyderabad, Golconda and elsewhere.
The farinaceous pulp which surrounds the seeds is edible and so also are the seeds themselves, which taste like garlic.
For most part of the year, this tree is very easily confused with Delonix or Jacaranda species.
It is only during December-January, appearance of tennis-ball shaped fluffy flower heads makes one realise that this tree has to be Parkia!
In the winter season, 1½ – 2 ft branches, hanging from the leaf axil, bear rust coloured bead-like flower heads, which gradually gain size of a tennis ball – and the “flowers” bloom to spectacular white electric bulbs! The flowers in round white heads are prominent, hence the native name ‘Chendul’ , or ball. 
Leaves bipinnate with very numerous leaflets; rachis of leaf downy, 1 ft. of more long; pinnae 20-30 pair, 60 to 100 pairs leaflets, rigid, 1/4 in. long. Presence of two glands at the base of leaf, lends this species the name, biglandulosa.
It is an avenue tree in Chennai. This can grow into a large tree indeed with many spreading branches. The leaves are fine and feathery. The inflorescence is similar to a Badminton Ball hanging at the tip of a long thick stalk – the reason for its common name.
The fruits that are flat are in clusters at the tip of long thick stalks. Known to grow quite fast. The entire inflorescence has a very soft appearance. However, once the flower is dry the core is pretty hard. Please do not even for fun try flinging it at any one. It really hurts!

Nice and complete set of pictures.

PAR-ki-uh — named for Mungo Park, the famous African explorer (needs validation in this context)
by-gland-yoo-LOH-suh — presence of two glands
Dec 18, 2007 … avenue tree on Ghodbunder Road near Kasar Vadavali, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: African locust tree, badminton ball tree, gong-stick tree • Hindi: चेन्डुफल chenduphal, तप्पोफल tappophal • Kannada: ಶಿವಲಿಙ ಮರ shivalingamara • Marathi: चेंडूफळ chenduphal, गेंद genda, झेंडू jhendu • Tamil: சாம்பிராணி campirani, கலிக்கிமரம் kalikki-maram
Native to: s-e Asia; cultivated elsewhere
References: Flowers of IndiaGardentia
more views: Jan 10, 2007 … avenue tree in Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
Jan 20, 2008 … at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai

Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week: Parkia biglandulosa Pune:
Parkia biglandulosa
Non native.
Planted as avenue tree on many roads in Pune

Nice one the flowers looks like drum sticks

I remember…….while going to school early morning in similar cold season we used to collect the fallen flowers remove the coverings and the residual ovary with shaft (Which really looks like drum stick) and used it to hit on the heads of our friends. Naughty act no?



Parkia biglandulosa: Even though the Mimosaceae week is over, i thought of sharing these photographs of Badminton Ball Tree. Photographed it today morning here in Mumbai.
Date/Time: 14-01-2012 / 09:40AM
Bot. name: Parkia biglandulosa
Family: Mimosaceae
Habitat: Garden
Plant Habit Tree.
Common name: Badminton Ball Tree, Chendu-phul..

Isn’t parkia wonderful… please dont hesitate because a week was assigned to something…. we would miss these beauties…

Many thanks … for showing IMG_5629.jpg … it gives a good idea how the delicate flowers are arranged.
And the texture of central structure reminds of a golf ball !!

Images by tspkumar


TSPNOV2015-53: Images of Parkia biglandulosa (Fabaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Parkia biglandulosa (Fabaceae 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Cultivated, Ornamental, Shade 

Sighting: Chikmagalur. Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 05-12-2014

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/stadium_ckm_20141205_200442%20-2-.jpg sent you an image file! : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Please identify sir

Its Parkia biglandulosa


Tree for ID, Chattisgarh NAW-JUN16-01 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7)
Kindly identify this gulmohar-like tree, if possible. I havent seen the tree myself but a friend sent me the tree’s pictures and some pods from Chattisgarh. Quite likely not a native species.
Pods are 20-25 cms long brown outside with a white flaky pulp in which light brown seeds (8-10 mm in length each) are embedded. The seeds germinated readily.

Reminds me of Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. [Mimosaceae].

Does not matches with images of Parkia biglandulosa (Cultivated) 

To me it is clearly Parkia biglandulosa

Parkia biglandulosa to me too.

Request for id : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
It is a tree, spineless belong to Acasia?

Parkia biglandulosa.



Tree For ID : Parkia Species : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 061213 : AK-7 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Seen on 23/11/13 at Lalbagh, Bangalore.
Is this Parkia timoriana, the Tree Bean Tree?
Kindly confirm id.

This looks like parkia biglandulosa

I am unable to take a decision between P. biglandulosa and P. timoriana. Please help.

Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn – badminton ball tree

Thanks for confirming the id.


Pods of Parkia biglandulosa : For ID Confirmation : 020514 : AK-5 : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2 + 5).
A tall tree growing straight, with hanging green pods in bunches.
Kindly confirm id.

Seems like Delonix elata

To me it is Parkia biglandulosa

Thank you for the correction …

My photographs of Parkia biglandulosa.

Parkia biglandulosa fruits

Can there be any doubt when … has confirmed it ?

There can always be a doubt, dear friends! That is what keeps us looking and learning.

Parkia varieties : 9 posts by 3 authors.
I have seen some pictures and discussions on Eflora about Parkia trees. My confusion is whether Parkia biglandulosa and Parkia biglobosa are the same. If not how can one differentiate?
Also are the seeds of both types edible?

It is different

Yes, both are different as per catalogueoflife
We do not have the above species so far in efi site as per /species/a—l/f/fabaceae/parkia

I had picked up some seeds from the roadside in Bangalore but wasn’t sure which variety it belonged to. Will have to wait for it to flower, I guess.

Managed to get some photos. Hope they will prove useful in identifying the species.
Attachments (1)- 3 mb.

Attachments (1)- 4 mb.

Attachments (1)- 4 mb.

Appears close to images at Parkia biglandulosa
Pl. check.

Thank you. Will do that.

MS/April/ 2020/ 4 -Tree for ID. : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
I am sending herewith the photographs of the tree in Mysore, planted 5 years ago but not yet flowered.
Please Id the tree.
The leaves look like Colvellea/ Parkia as these trees have almost similar leaves. Can some body ID the tree.

Looks like Parkia

May I seek the opinion of other learned members too !

Yes, Correct. Likely to be Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. as per keys herein.
Pl. check with the keys.

VK 14-06-2017 Caesalpiniaceae for Id : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Chennai
Date : 14-06-2017
Habit : Big tree

I think very difficult with these images. 

Can you post close up & other images ?

I think Parkia biglandulosa as per images and details herein.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *