Phytolacca icosandra L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2: 1040 1759. (syn: Phytolacca acuminata Hort. ex Moq.; Phytolacca altamiranii Goyena; Phytolacca americana var. mexicana L.; Phytolacca bogotensis Miq.; Phytolacca decandra Descourt.; Phytolacca icosandra var. angustitepala H. Walt.; Phytolacca icosandra var. sessiliflora H. Walt.; Phytolacca longespica Moq.; Phytolacca macrostachya Willd. ex J. A. Schmidt; Phytolacca malabarica Crantz; Phytolacca mexicana Crantz (ambiguous synonym); Phytolacca mexicana Sw. (ambiguous synonym); Phytolacca nova-hispania Millsp.; Phytolacca octandra L, Cranwell & L. B. Moore (ambiguous synonym); Phytolacca octandra L. (ambiguous synonym); Phytolacca octandra var. anomala G.R. Proctor; Phytolacca octogyna (Donn. Smith) Heimerl; Phytolacca polystigma Benth. ex J. A. Schmidt; Phytolacca purpurascens A. Br. & Bouche; Phytolacca sessiliflora Kunth & Bouché; Phytolacca triquetra Moench; Phytolacca venezuelensis O. Schmidt; Sarcoca icosandra (L.) Raf.) as per Catalogue of Life;
USA (Arizona, Wisconsin, Arizona (I), California (I), Maryland (I)), Costa Rica, Galapagos Isl., Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Bolivia (La Paz), Jamaica, Peru, Nicaragua, Haiti, Dominican Republic, ?Puerto Rico, Cuba, Bahamas (I), Belize, Venezuela (Aragua, Delta Amacuro, Distrito Federal, Guarico, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira), Ecuador, Isla del Coco, Panama, Trinidad, Colombia (Antioquia, Boyac, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Quindo, Risaralda, Tolima), South Africa (I) (widespread), Swaziland (I), Zimbabwe (I), Kenya (I), Old World Tropics (I), India (I), Sri Lanka (I), peninsular Malaysia (I) (Cameron Highlands (I), Pahang (I)), Sumatra (I), Java (I), Norfolk Isl. (I), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I), Maui (I)), New Zealand (I), New Caledonia (I), Australia (I) (Western Australia (I), South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I)) as per Catalogue of Life;
Inkweed (Phytolacca octandra) is very similar to American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) and Venezuelan pokeweed (Phytolacca rivinoides). These species can be distinguished by the following differences:
-Inkweed (Phytolacca octandra) flowers are borne on very short stalks (i.e. pedicels) only 2-3 mm long and usually have 7-8 stamens. Their ‘petals’ (i.e. tepals or perianth segments) turn red and persist on the developing fruit. The mature fruit are relatively small (4-6 mm across) and usually have eight slight lobes (i.e. they usually contain eight seeds).
-American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) flowers are borne on relatively long stalks (i.e. pedicels) 5-10 mm long and usually have 10-11 stamens. Their ‘petals’ (i.e. tepals or perianth segments) turn red and persist on the developing fruit. The mature fruit are relatively large (5-11 mm across) and have ten or eleven slight lobes (i.e. they contain ten or eleven seeds).
-Venezuelan pokeweed (Phytolacca rivinoides) flowers are borne on relatively long stalks (i.e. pedicels) 7-12 mm long and have 9-14 stamens. Their ‘petals’ (i.e. tepals or perianth segments) fall off as the fruit begin to mature. The mature fruit are relatively small (5-6 mm across) and have 12-16 slight lobes (i.e. they contain 12-16 seeds).

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN4159s.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN4148s.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN4147s.jpgPlant for ID 15/12/09 SMP2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
For ID Near Munnar Kerala DEC 09

Looks to me as Phytolacca sp, but I wonder if it can grow there

It is Phytolacca octandra L. grows mostly in higher altitudes

Thanks …  Searched on Google to find more pictures. Found some.
It is from uncommon family Phytolaccaceae.

Please help me to id this shrub commonly seen in the roadsides of Ooty, Nilgiris.


18-04-2011 / 03:30 PM

Location- Place, Altitude, GP

ca.2100asl; Ooty, TN

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-


Plant Habit-



1-2 m long

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

ca.10 x 4 cm

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

terminal spike

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

red; 0.5 – 1 cm across

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-

black when ripe; 1-1.5 cm across

A wild guess. Can this be Phytolacca octandra?

Phytolacca octandra is also a suggestion from me as … indicated.

Attaching some more photographs from the same location. Are these belong to same species as above (red-flowered)? Please clarify.

Plant for ID: request KERALA : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Will be thankful if you kindly identify this.
Found in Munnar, Kerala roadside on 5th Oct, 2015

Please check for Phytolacca octandra (family: Phytolaccaceae).

I think matches with images at Phytolacca octandra

Yes it is Phytolacca octandra 

Wild Plant For ID : Bangalore : 25JAN17 : AK-1 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Friends, my first post for this year.
Pictures taken on the 7th of Jan,17.
Phytolacca Species?

This plant could be Phytolacca acinosa. Experts, kindly validate.

Images of this species at the following links, look different:

Phytolacca octandra at Munnar- PKA36 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7) – around 450 kb each.
This herb was seen near Munnar.
Botanical name: Phytolacca octandra Family: Phytolaccaceae
Common name: Tropical Pokeweed,

Plant For ID : Bangalore : 27JAN17 : AK-10 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
A wild plant seen in the first week of Jan,2017 near a lake.

Phytolacca Species? But the berries look different, they are more rounded.

Could be Phytolacca americana?

Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also it appears close to images at

I think Phytolacca icosandra L. as per details and keys herein and as per comparative images at Phytolacca

Could we recheck this Phytolacca Species? … had suggested Phytolacca esculenta.

Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. looks correct ID !

My earlier reply:
I think Phytolacca icosandra L. as per details and keys herein and as per comparative images at Phytolacca

This was … reply to me earlier
“Notice joined carpels (more or less separate in P. acinosa). This should be P. esculenta. Similar with infl. drooping in fruit would be P. americana.”
Also, the two recent posts under this on the group have been mysteriously deleted. 

P. esculenta has now been merged with P. acinosa
According to revised interpretation it should be P. octandra (I don’t see more than 10 stamens), in P. icosandra there are more than 10 stamens in two whorls.

I think Phytolacca icosandra L. as per details and keys herein and as per comparative images at Phytolacca
Looks different from Phytolacca acinosa Roxb.

Here is typical P. isocandra with more than 10 longer stamens
The plant by Aarti ji has fewer shorter stamens which separates P. octandra, which is considered distinct by both Plants of the World Online and World Flora Online

Thanks, …, I have based my observations on efi site pages.
Here as per Catalogue of life, Phytolacca octandra L. is considered a syn. of Phytolacca icosandra L.
Also both are considered the same as per
The Plant List Ver. 1.1 is based on WCSP (under review).

150819EPT7 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)- around 400 kb each.
Presenting flower for ID help
Location : Kodaikanal
Elevation : 2133 m
Habitat : Way side
Taken on Jan 2019 found outside a house gate.

Phytolacca octandra

indian pokeweed. all parts are poisonous,
Wonderful crisp sharp photographs. appreciated


Shrub for Id -ID08012024SH3: 5 high res. images.

Shrub for Id pl.
Location – Ooty, Tamilnadu
Date – December 2023

3 sps. of Phytolacca are found in TN . P. americana, dioica and octandra.
Looks like Phytolacca octandra L. !