Keys from Flora of Bhutan
l. Leaves entire, ternate, biternate or simply pinnate .  . .. 2
+ Leaves 2-3 x pinnately divided  . . .. 5
2. Stems up to 45cm; leaves mostly basal and simple, densely pubescent, uppermost often pinnatisect; bracteoles more than 4; fruits granular 1. P. tibetanica
+ Stems usually more than 45cm; leaves mostly cauline and compound, moderately pubescent to almost glabrous, uppermost rarely pinnatisect; bracteoles usually less than 4; fruits papillate or smooth . … .. 3
3. Leaves glabrous excepting main veins; petals acute, flat; fruits ovoid, attenuate to apex, smooth  . .. 2. P. tongloensis
+ Leaves pubescent; petals with incurved apex; fruits papillate …… 4
4. Leaves mostly pinnate, margins crenate-serrate; umbels less than 9-rayed, ………. 3. P. urceolata
+ Leaves mostly ternate, margin serrate; umbels more than (10-)l5-rayed, rays stouter  . . .  4. P. diversifolia
5. Ultimate leaf segments ovate-oblong, setulose-serrate 5…….. P. sikkimensis
+ Ultimate leaf segments linear-lanceolate, entire or 3-fid … ..6. P. wallichii

Pimpinella acuminata (Edgew.) C.B. Clarke (Images by (Gurcharan Singh – validation by D.S. Rawat) & (Nidhan Singh – identification by Gurcharan Singh), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))


Pimpinella adscendens Dalzell (Images by (Satish Phadke – validation by Tanay Bose) & (Satish Pardeshi – identified by Avinash), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))


Pimpinella anisum L. ? (Image by Aarti Khale – identified by Tanay Bose, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))



Pimpinella candolleana Wight & Arn. (Images by N. Muthu Karthick & A. Shivaprakash, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 


Pimpinella diversifolia DC. (Images by Gurcharan Singh – validation by Narain Singh Chauhan (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))


Pimpinella heyneana (Wall. ex DC.) Benth. (India (E- to peninsular India), Thailand, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Chin), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

Pimpinella tirupatiensis N.P.Balakr. & Subram.


Pimpinella tomentosa Dalzell ex C.B.Clarke (Images by (Dinesh Valke – identified by Bhatt Shweta), Bhatt Shweta & Alka Khare, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))






Pimpinella species in India:
  1. Pimpinella acuminata (Edgew.) C.B.Clarke
  2. P. adscendens Dalzell
  3. P. anisum L.
  4. P. atropurpurea C.Y.Wu ex R.H.Shan & F.T.Pu
  5. P. bracteata Haines
  6. P. candolleana Wight & Arn.
  7. P. curvata C.B.Clarke ex H.Wolff
  8. P. diversifolia DC. (also var. stolonifera Hand.-Mazz.)
  9. P. elata (H.Wolff) M. Hiroe [synonym of Tongoloa elata H.Wolff]
  10. P. evoluta (C.B.Clarke) M.Hiroe [synonym of Acronema evolutum (C.B.Clarke) H.Wolff
  11. P. flaccida C.B.Clarke
  12. P. hastata C.B.Clarke
  13. P. heyneana (DC.) Kurz
  14. P. inundata (Farille & S.B.Malla) P.K.Mukh. & Constance
  15. P. katrajensis R.S.Rao & Hemadri
  16. P. leschenaultii DC.
  17. P. nervosa C.B.Clarke
  18. P. pimpinellisimulacrum (Farille & S.B.Malla) Farille
  19. P. puberula (DC.) Boiss.
  20. P. pulneyensis Gamble
  21. P. rollae Billore & Hemadri
  22. P. saxifraga L.
  23. P. sikkimensis C.B.Clarke
  24. P. stracheyi C.B.Clarke
  25. P. tibetanica H.Wolff
  26. P. tirupatiensis N.P.Balakr. & Subr.
  27. P. tomentosa C.B.Clarke
  28. P. tongloensis P.K.Mukh.
  29. P. trifoliata Wall.
  30. P. urceolata G.Watt. ex Banerji
  31. P. wallichiana (Miq. Ex Hohen.) Gandhi
  32. P. wallichii C.B.Clarke


  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 116-118.
  2. eFI page. 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Pimpinella candolleana Wight & Arn. Herb Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli 
Pimpinella heyneana (Wall ex DC.) Kurz Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli
Pimpinella leschenaultii DC. Herb Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul, Nilgiri
Pimpinella pulneyensis Gamble Herb Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Pimpinella wallichiana (Miq.) Gandhi Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Salem,
Tiruchchira ppalli


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Pimpinella tomentosa Heracleum tomentosum Apiaceae Hairy Hogweed

Pimpinella ranunculifolia Boiss. (No distribution given in India)
Pimpinella stewartii (Dunn) E. Nasir, comb. nov. (No distribution given in India)

Pimpinella tongloensis P. K. Mukh. (No distribution given)


1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Pimpinella flaccida C. B. Clarke– Indeterminate- Nagaland
Pimpinella pulneyensis GAMBLE– Extinct/ Endangered- Tamilnadu
Pimpinella tirupatiensis BAL. & SUB.– Endangered- Andhra Pradesh
Pimpinella tongloensis P.K. MUKH. Extinct/ Endangered- Assam & Sikkim

Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details-
Pimpinella achilleifolia (DC.) C.B. Clarke is a synonym of Meeboldia achilleifolia (DC.) P.K. Mukh. & Constance
Acronema bellum (C.B.Clarke) P.K.Mukh. (Syn: Pimpinella bella C.B.Clarke)
Acronema densifolia  


Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys-

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys-

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Pimpinella monoica Dalzell (Syn. of Pimpinella wallichiana)


Biodiversity and Its Conservation in India By Sharad Singh Negi (1993)-
Pimpinella saxifraga L.


Pimpinella (Apiaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Pimpinella (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of Indian species of Pimpinella based on Karthikeyan et al 2009 and eFI page.

Thanks, … Species at other links match with it.


Pl. go through Pimpinella page (Apiaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by …).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.