Plantago major L., Sp. Pl. 112 1753. (syn: Plantago adriatica Campana; Plantago altissima Loisel.; Plantago angustata Schur; Plantago borysthenica (Rogow.) Wissjul.; Plantago bracteata Moench; Plantago crenata Blanco; Plantago dentata Mazziari; Plantago dregeana Presl; Plantago exaltata Hornem.; Plantago filiformis Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Plantago gigas Leveille; Plantago gouani J.F.Gmel.; Plantago humifusa Bernh. ex Reichb.; Plantago jehohlensis Koidz.; Plantago latifolia Salisb.; Plantago limosa Kit. ex Roem. & Schult.; Plantago longiscapa Jacquem. ex Decne.; Plantago lutulenta Lamotte; Plantago macro-nipponica Yamamoto; Plantago major var. borysthenica Rogow.; Plantago major var. gigas (H.Léveillé) H.Léveillé; Plantago major var. jehohlensis (Koidz.) S.X.Li; Plantago major var. kimurae Yamamoto; Plantago major f. nervata A.T.Szabo; Plantago major var. pilgeri Domin; Plantago major var. sawadai Yamamoto; Plantago major subsp. sinuata (Lam.) Peruzzi & N.G.Passal.; Plantago maxima Ruching.; Plantago minima DC.; Plantago minor Gilib.; Plantago nana Tratt.; Plantago officinarum Crantz; Plantago pauciflora Gilib.; Plantago polystachia Mazziari; Plantago quinquenervis Noronha; Plantago rocae Lorentz; Plantago sawadai (Yamamoto) Yamamoto; Plantago sinuata Lam.; Plantago stylosa Bess. ex Decne.; Plantago subsinuata Hornem.; Plantago stylosa Bess. ex Decne.; Plantago subsinuata Hornem.; Plantago tabernaemontani Baumg.; Plantago villifera Kitagawa);                           
Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico,
Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.), Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.),
Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera,
Hierro, La Palma), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de
Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava), Austria, Belgium,
England, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, Faeroe Isl., Finland, Germany,
Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Hungary, Iceland (I), Norway, Poland,
Romania, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, W-, C-, N- & E-European Russia,
Belarus, Ukraine, Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Gibraltar, Baleares, France,
Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Sicily, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia &
Hercegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Crimea,
Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Armenia, Siberia (W-Siberia,
C-Siberia), Russian Far East, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Mongolia, China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Hainan,
Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai,
Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan), Taiwan, Tibet, Turkey (E-Anatolia,
Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia,
SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), Greece, Crete, East Aegaean
Isl., Rhodos, Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus), Egypt (Desert
Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt), European Turkey, Iran
(EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq,
SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel),
Jordania (S-Jordania), Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Oman
(Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir), Sinai
peninsula (S-Sinai), Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains), Yemen (N-Inner Yemen,
Tihama, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Parwan, Takhar),
Pakistan (widespread), Pakistani Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir, Andamans (I),
Nicobars (I), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Shan), Bhutan,
Darjeeling, Sikkim, India,
Laos, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (I), Java, New
Guinea, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Philippines (I), Vietnam, Costa Rica (I), Australia
(I) (Western Australia (I), South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales
(I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), South Georgia Isl. (I), Tristan da Cunha (I),
Gough Isl. (I), Galapagos Isl. (I), Belize (I), Peru (I), Panama (I), South
Africa (I) (widespread), Namibia (I), Lesotho (I), Zambia (I), Angola (I),
Zimbabwe (I), Sao Tome (I), New Zealand (I), Chatham Isl. (I), Nicaragua (I),
Guatemala (I), Honduras (I), Seychelles (I), trop. Africa (I), New Caledonia
(I), Lord Howe Isl. (I), Fiji (I), Christmas Isl. (Austr. (I)), Norfolk Isl.
(I), Guyana (I), Surinam (I), French Guiana (I), Bolivia (I), Ecuador (I), Chile
(I), Uruguay (I), Juan Fdz. Isl. (I), Mexico (I) (widespread), Argentina (I),
Brazil (I), Venezuela (I), Bahamas (I), Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Jamaica (I),
Puerto Rico (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (St. Croix (I), St. John (I), Tortola (I)),
Lesser Antilles (I) (Antigua (I), Barbados (I), Dominica (I), Grenada (I),
Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I), Montserrat (I), Saba (I), St. Lucia (I), St.
Vincent (I)), Isla Margarita (I), Colombia (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I),
Chagos Arch. (I) (Diego Garcia (I)), Cook Isl. (I) (Rarotonga (I)), Marshall
Isl. (I) (Kwajalein (I)), Niue (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Huahine (I)),
Tonga (I) (Tongatapu (I), ‘Eua (I), Vava’u (I)), American Samoa (I) (Tutuila
(I)), Western Samoa (I) (Upolu (I), Savaii (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I)),
Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Madagascar (I), Hawaii (I) (Midway
Isl. (I), Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl.
(I)), Alaska (I), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Arizona (I), California
(I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I),
Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas
(I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I),
Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), Montana (I), North
Carolina (I), North Dakota (I), Nebraska (I), New Hampshire (I), New Jersey (I),
New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I),
Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Carolina (I), South Dakota (I),
Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State
(I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I), Wyoming (I)), Canada (I) (Alberta (I),
British Columbia (I), Labrador (I), Manitoba (I), New Brunswick (I),
Newfoundland (I), Nova Scotia (I), Northern Territories (I), Ontario (I), Prince
Edward Isl. (I), Quebec (I), Saskatchewan (I), Yukon (I)), Greenland (I), St.
Pierre et Miquelon (I)
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
plan-TA-go — foot print, sole of foot … Dave’s Botanary
MAY-jor — larger … Dave’s Botanary 


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Request for ID : 081011 : AK-5 A small herb, growing along the roadside at Pahalgam, Kashmir on the 8th of Sept, 11.

 

 

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ID : Specimen from Barapani:  Please ID for this specimen.
Time of collection : 19/10/2012
Location : Shillong
Habit : Herb

I think it is Plantago major.


I think … is correct!


I think yes Plantago major



 

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Flora from Srinagar 24072013 CS5 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 3 authors.

Roadside weed. No flowers observed


Some species of Plantago


Plantago major



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This common Plantago species (Plantaginaceae) was shot from Chakrata region..
should this be Plantago major L.


 

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Plantago major : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)Sharing some pictures of Plantago major shot at the Phedi Nagarkot Nepal on 30 July 2016 at 5500 ft.


Very beautiful complete set.


Tamil name of Plantago major : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please help with the name of Plantago major, ishappukol vitai in native script; reference: ENVIS – FRLHT


The name “ishappukol vitai” may be transcribed as இசப்புக்கோல் விதை.


Thank you very very much … This helps !!!


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Request for ID of HP Flora (mixed thread): 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)

This particular plant was seen growing along the road at an altitude of about 2000 mtrs. The plant seems to be stalkless, the leaves are
comparatively large and very glossy and the inflorescence seems to be a spike.


Broadleaf Plantain?


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SK1103 23 APR-2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)- around 800 kb each. 
Location:  Godawari, Nepal  
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Habit: Wild 
Plantago major L.  ??

To me also appear close to images at Plantago major


 

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Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wallich) Z. Y. Li (accepted name) ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)

Location: Soureni, Mirik, India
Date: 21 April 2017
Altitude: 4200 ft. 

Plantago erosa Wall. (synonym)  ?? 

To me appears close to your images at Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa


Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wallich) Z. Y. Li (accepted name)
Plantago erosa Wall. (synonym)
Nepali Name : इसबगोल Isabagol 


I have been looking at our Plantago species here and finding it very difficult to identify with great certainty. First, to differentiate P. asiatica from P. major is a challenge. The flower stalk is absent on major but should be there on asiatica. However, the stalk is very short and difficult to see. Chromosome count is different but that is beyond my scope to check.
According to Tibetan Medicinal Plants ‘typical P. erosa is characterised by a loose spike and irregularly, jaggedly toothed leaves which are hairy (especially when young)’. From your photos I can see that the shape of leaves fits the description but I cannot tell if they are hairy (small tufts of hairs on the teeth of some leaves are visible but I cannot see anything more. There are no young leaves). The spike doesn’t appear loose to me and I cannot tell whether the sepal keel is continuous. I will keep these plants broadly under Plantago major for the time being. The authors go on to say that all samples collected by them in the Muktinath Valley were typical P. major and not P. erosa. They suspect that P. erosa might grow in lower altitudes. 
Experts are guarded in determining the species using the macroscopic characters only. Their language is guarded and they emphasise on the difficulties in distinguishing the species, subspecies and varieties in the field. 
I wish I could be of more help.

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Plantago erosa Wall.?? : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Sharing some pictures I guess is Plantago erosa Wall.
Shot at Kurintar, Nepal on 12 April 2012 at 1000 ft.


May I repeat a plea to take not just images of ‘flowers’ but also the foliage, as this can make a big difference in tracking down the identity of a plant.
Please do not just take 1-3 photos of the flowers even if they are quite good close-ups but also habitat, habit and foliage (both upper and basal, ideally with the undersides of the leaves shown as well).
Having said that. These do appear to be a Plantago.  Not many are recorded for Nepal.  Of those P.erosa is the only one with records from lower elevations – down to 900m (through to 4100m).  All the specimens thought to be P.major from Nepal have turned out  to be P.erosa.  So it does seem likely that this is the species photographed.


Keeping it as Plantago major for the time being as per Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wallich) Z. Y. Li (accepted name) ??


OK …!

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Plantago major from Kashmir, very commonly growing especially in moist situations on roadsides, gardens and meadows. Photographed from Balgarden, Srinagar on June 15, 2010.
Common names:
English: Broadleaf plantain, Common plantain, Greater plantain, Plantain, 
French: Grand plantain, Plantain majeur
German: Breitwegerich
Spanish: Llantén, Llantén común, Llantén major
Kashmir: Gul isafghol
Punjab: Ghuzbe, Karet
Kumaon: Luhuryia
Used as pot-herb; used in wound-healing; Also used in piles, skin troubles, diarrhoea and other diseases.


Plantago ovata from Solan HP


Plantago major, …

P. ovata (epithet confusing) has narrow linear leaves and much thicker spike, cultivated for isabgol.


Ovata and major always confuse me
Thanks a lot for correction


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DV :: 31 JUL 12 – 1251 :: low-growing herb at Auli:  31 JUL 12
Auli8750 – 9000 ft

Habitat: sloping meadow
Habit: low herb

Plantago major


anthers purplish or white as per Flora of China

 

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via Species‎ > ‎P‎ > Plantago major L. … family: Plantaginaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
plan-TA-go — foot print, sole of foot … Dave’s Botanary
MAY-jor — larger … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asbroad-leaf plantaincommon plantaingreater plantainwhite man’s foot • Hindiजंगली ईसबगोल jangli isabgol • Kashmiriबारतंग bartangगूल gul • Mizokelbean • Nepaliइसबगोल isabgol • Punjabiਗਜਪੀਪਲ gajpipal • Sanskritअश्वगोल asvagola • Tamilஇசப்புக்கோல் விதை ishappukol vitai • Tibetanཐ་རམ tha-ram 
botanical namesPlantago major L. … synonyms: … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
July 31, 2012 … Auli  

anthers purplish or white as per Flora of China

I hope the ID is correct, or is it incorrect ?


Id appears to be correct.


Plantago major L. also placed in Plantaginaceae Veronicaceae … perhaps exited from Scrophulariaceae
at Auli on 31 JUL 12 


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Plantago major?/ABAPR01/08 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

I have been seeing this plant for some time now and have suspected it to be a plantago species (but different from P. lanceolata). Today I photographed the protruding flowers and think it is Plantago major. Please advise.
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1800m
11 April 2015


Yes Plantago major.


I agree with your identification

 

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Plantago sp for ID- 25022014-PKA-Feb54 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors. 
Plantago sp. seen near a water stream at SitalayanGiri (Chikmagalur region, Karnataka).
Family: Plantaginaceae
Date/Time: 25-01-2014 / 05:20PM
Habitat: Wild (near water stream)
Plant Habit: Herb.

Plantago major I hope.


Thanks … It does look like Plantago major..


 

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Wild plant seen in Fremont on 28th Sept,14.
Plantago Species?
Plantago major?


leaves would be somewhat mucilagenous if p. major ,
were they?


Unfortunately, I don’t have any further details.
It was just a guess.


can be Plantago ovata because of short peduncle


efi page on Plantago ovata


It looks like Plantago major to me, too.


Thanks a lot. My suggested id was based on an earlier post from Pahalgam, where … had suggested P. major


 

References:


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