Primula rosea Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 311, t. 75, f. 1 1836. (Unresolved) (Syn: Aleuritia rosea (Royle) Soják);
 
Himalayan Meadow Primrose; 
 
Small perennial herb; leaves forming a basal rosette, developing mostly after flowering, elliptic to oblanceolate, hardly 2-4 cm in flower, elongating to 10 cm or more in fruit, margin crenulate to denticulate; scape usually less than 10 cm in flower, elongating up to 35 cm in fruit; flowers pink or rose coloured with yellow eye, usually few in an umbel; pedicel up to 5 mm long; calyx 6-10 mm long, with triangular-ovate lobes; corolla tube nearly one and half times the calyx, lobes obcordate; capsule subglobose, as long as calyx or shorter.    
 

 

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on 10/5/07, after crossing Sar Pass (13800 ft.) on way to Biskeri (11000 ft.) during Sar Pass Trek in Himachal; Rohtang Pass, Himachal Pradesh– July’10?;  Primula rosea – efloraofindia | Google Groups Primula rosea – indiantreepix | Google Groups

  

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Location Gulmarg Hill-Top
Habitat- Wild
Photo date May 31, 2011


Yes nearest Match is Primula rosea
More pics of leaves may clarify further

Definitely Primula rosea. Stewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal PradeshI have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


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Plant for ID from Paddar valley Kishtwar J&K: 121111 SRANA 01: Request for Identification

Date : 14th June 2011
Location: Paddar valley district Kishtwar J&K
Altitude: 3845 meters asl
Plant habit/habitat: Wild herb
Plant height: 10-20 cm
Flower about 3-8 in a umbel.


Perhaps Primula rosea


Would it be Primula dryadifolia?


Primula dryadifolia is not a W. Himalayan species


When i run the key with the provided visible characters I reached Primula dryadifolia

http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200017217
I didnt check the distribution and a recheck created doubt in me on my id as pointed out Primula dryadifolia doesnt have yellow throat instead a deep purple throat.

Thanks for the correction sir.
Good learning of W. Himalayan plants.
Is P. rosea has entire or serrated leaves?


Serrate, and mostly appear after the flowers


Besides it does not have a yellow throat.


It is P. rosea as you suggested http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=250081124
Leaves are crenulate to denticulate in P. rosea and the corolla throat is yellow.


For me the posted plant is Primula rosea


Must surely be Primula rosea but does look rather odd.!  Stewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.

Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.
I agree with … that it is not P.dryadifolia (nothing like) a species which is very widespread in the high mountains of Yunnan & western Sichuan not the NW Himalaya.  Always been ultra cautious when using keys (do not know which key) and check if the species you end up with makes sense distribution or altitude-wise.  If it does not then double and triple check.  Coming up with keys is an imperfect science and much depends on the knowledge and experience of those using them to interpret the descriptions.


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Primula species 02 from Paddar valley J&K: Request for Identification

Kindly Identify this Primula species

Location: Paddar valley J&K
Altitude: 3600 meters asl
Date: 16th and 17th May 2012


Wow Primula rosea.

Thanks for sharing. Color looks a bit dark but may be due to photographic effects…


Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


 

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Primula rosea from Gulmarg, Kashmir:  Primula rosea Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himal. Mount. 311, t. 76, fig. 1. 1836.
Small perennial herb; leaves forming a basal rosette, developing mostly after flowering, elliptic to oblanceolate, hardly 2-4 cm in flower, elongating to 10 cm or more in fruit, margin crenulate to denticulate; scape usually less than 10 cm in flower, elongating up to 35 cm in fruit; flowers pink or rose coloured with yellow eye, usually few in an umbel; pedicel up to 5 mm long; calyx 6-10 mm long, with triangular-ovate lobes; corolla tube nearly one and half times the calyx, lobes obcordate; capsule subglobose, as long as calyx or shorter. 

Very common in Gulmarg meadow, Kashmir, photographed in May.


does evening primrose grow in Kashmir?
it it does, I would dearly love to see its seedpods and seeds..


Yes … There are at least two:

 

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Pink Evening Primrose, Oenothera rosea, common in Himalayas
and 

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Besides one from Manali, that has still to be fixed
A few days back I found one growing here in marshes. I will upload it soon.


Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


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Plant for ID from Paddar valley J&K. 291211 SRANA 01: Kindly identify this plant.

Date: 16 July 2011
Location: Paddar valley Kishtwar J&K.
Altitude: 3900 meters asl
Habit/habitat: Wild herb
Plant height: 15-20 cms


I hope Primula rosea


Wonderful flowers in an inflorescence. Himalayan beauty!


Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


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Sharing few photographs taken during Sar Pass trek. (Photos taken by my friend Mr Avinash Mujumdar).

Family: Primulaceae


Looks like Primula rosea, but perhaps better ID comes.


Yes it should be Primula rosea. Please see this post of …


Nice shots showing delicate pink. 
Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


 

 

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Primula rosea from Himachal [Rohtang Pass, Kullu; 3800 m asl]


Beautiful rosy Primula. I have not seen it yet in Uttarakhand in flowering. Thanks for showing.


Yes, common in Gulmarg meadow, Kashmir


Wonderful pictures.

Observed in damp places, snow melts, stream sides…..Typical of Rohtang Pass.

Rose pink flowers with yellow eye look beautiful. Petals obcordate deeply notched. Leaves partially developed in flowering, enlarging to  20cm in fruit.


Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


 

 

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Primulaceae : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).  
Primula rosea from Kashmir


These photos give the correct idea of tiny size of the plant. By seeing other uploads I thought it as a bigger plant. Thank you … for showing this species in exact proportions.


Yes one of the smaller species of genus, leaves are barely emerging when it starts flowering. I have photographed plants with scape as short as 5 cm but not as short as in above photographs, it can be as short as 2 cm at flowering time.

Thanks for uploading … 


Pity such minute images.

Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


 

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Primula rosea Royle Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 311, pl. 75, f. 1 1836.
Synonyms:
Primula elegans Duby
Primula rosea var. elegans (Duby) Hook. f.
Family: Primulaceae


Thanks for sharing … The leaves are clearly seen.


One of the most differently coloured Primulas. Thanks for appreciation sir.


Definitely Primula roseaStewart found this to be common & gregarious on high meadows in wet soil & melting snow in Kashmir @ 2700-3600.  A fine rosy pink – though forms occur from white to pillar-box (in UK) red. Flowers of Himalaya say damp places, snow melts & streamsides from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh I have seen in commonly on Rohtang but not in flower – typically June to August.
Well-known to be common around and above Gulmarg. Other sources say found in what was Garwhal.


 

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Plumbaginaceae and Primulaceae (incl. Myrsinaceae) Fortnight: Primulaceae-Primula rosea’ from Kashmir-GSJUN27 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).

Primula rosea Royle
Small beautiful species often forming dense populations in Subalpine and Alpine regions in Kashmir.


We are able to see so many alpine species because of this Plumbaginaceae & Primulaceae  fortnight


 
References:

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