Primula vulgaris Huds., Fl. Angl. 70 1762. (Syn: Primula acaulis (L.) Hill; Primula atropurpurea Pax; Primula bicolor Raf.; Primula breviscapa Clairv.; Primula calycantha Retz.; Primula grandiflora Lam.; Primula hybrida Schrank; Primula inodora Hill; Primula minima Hablitz; Primula odorata Gilib.; Primula pseudoacaulis Schur; Primula sylvestris Scop.; Primula uniflora C.C.Gmel.; Primula variabilis Bastard; Primula vernalis Salisb.) as per POWO;
Europe to W. Caucasus and Lebanon: Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia as per POWO;
common primrose or English primrose;

Primula vulgaris (primrose, syn. P. acaulis (L.) Hill) is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to western and southern Europe (from the Faroe Island and Norway south to Portugal, and east to Germany, Ukraine, the Crimea, and the Balkans), northwest Africa (Algeria), and southwest Asia (Turkey east to Iran).[1][2]

The common name is primrose,[3] or occasionally common primrose or English primrose to distinguish it from other Primula species also called primroses.
It is a perennial growing 10–30 cm (4–12 in) tall, with a basal rosette of leaves which are more-or-less evergreen in favoured habitats. The leaves are 5–25 cm long and 2–6 cm broad, often heavily wrinkled, with an irregularly crenate to dentate margin, and a usually short leaf stem. The delicately scented flowers are 2–4 cm in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems. The flowers are typically pale yellow, though white or pink forms are often seen in nature. The flowers are actinomorphic with a superior ovary which later forms a capsule opening by valves to release the small black seeds. The flowers are hermaphrodite but heterostylous; individual plants bear either pin flowers (longuistylous flower: with the capita of the style prominent) or thrum flowers (brevistylous flower: with the stamens prominent). Fertilisation can only take place between pin and thrum flowers. Pin-to-pin and thrum-to-thrum pollination is ineffective.[4][5]
There are three subspecies:[1][5]
  • Primula vulgaris subspecies vulgaris. Western and southern Europe. As described above; flowers pale yellow.
  • Primula vulgaris subsp. balearica (Willk.) W.W.Sm. & Forrest. Balearic Islands (endemic). Flowers white. Leaf stem longer than leaf blade.
  • Primula vulgaris subsp. sibthorpii (Hoffmanns.) W.W.Sm. & Forrest. Balkans, southwest Asia. Flowers pink to red or purple.
The wild primrose is a staple of cottage garden plantings, and is widely available as seeds or young plants. It grows best in moist but well-drained soil in light shade. It is increased by seed or division. Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden planting, often derived from subsp. sibthorpii or hybrids between the subspecies; these and other garden hybrids are available in a wide range of colours and with an extended flowering season.[5]
Both flowers and leaves are edible, the flavour ranging between mild lettuce and more bitter salad greens. The leaves can also be used for tea, and the young flowers can be made into primrose wine.
(From Wikipedia on 21.6.14)


Plumbaginaceae and Primulaceae (incl. Myrsinaceae) Fortnight: Primulaceae-Primula vulgaris ‘True Blue’ from California-GSJUN28 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Primula vulgaris ‘True Blue’
Cultivated herb with broad green leaves and blue flowers with yellow centre on extremel short scapes. Photographed from California. Please validate.

Nice pics.. Thanks … for sharing..

Primula sp. cultivated photographed from California, pl help in ID

wonderful photograph I agree with your identification

A reply from , Creator of Primula World – A Visual Reference for the Genus Primula : P. vulgaris

Id Kashmir : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Kindly help in Id of this Primula species Photograph taken at Srinagar, Kashmir

I think yellow cultivar of P. vulgaris

Primula species from Kashmir for Identification and validation : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- high res. image.

Primula vulgaris. Non-native


Primula Species For ID : Srinagar : 16JUN16 : AK-26 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Primula Species seen in Srinagar during April,16.
Cultivated, garden plant.

Yes, this is a cultivated, garden Primula, not a wild species

Cultivated Primula vulgaris


SK 3404 12 April 2022: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Gorran Haven, St. Austell, UK
Altitude: 43m.
Date: 02 April 2022
Habit : Wild
Primula vulgaris Huds. ??

Agree… Primula vulgaris.

SK 3405 12 April 2022: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Gorran Haven, St. Austell, UK
Altitude: 43m.
Date: 02 April 2022
Habit : Wild 
Primula vulgaris Huds. ??

Yes, appears close to images at Primula vulgaris




POWO  Catalogue of Life (Primula acaulis subsp. acaulis) The Plant List Ver.1.1  GRIN  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Wikipedia  Primula World

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