Solanum dulcamara L. (Syn: Dulcamara flexuosa Moench; Dulcamara lignosa Gilib.; Lycopersicon dulcamara Medic.; Solanum assimile Frivald.; Solanum dulcamara var. indivisum Boiss. (ambiguous synonym); Solanum dulcamara f. lucidum Mathe; Solanum dulcamara var. marinum Babington; Solanum dulcamara subsp. pusztarum (R. Soo) R. Soo; Solanum dulcamara var. villosissimum Desv.; Solanum dulcamarum St. Lag.; Solanum laxum Royle (ambiguous synonym); Solanum littorale Raab; Solanum marinum (Bab.) Pojark.; Solanum rupestre F. W. Schmidt; Solanum scandens Neck. (ambiguous synonym));
Albania, Austria, Belgium, Baleares, England, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic,
Slovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece (incl. Kiklades), East
Aegaean Isl., Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Italy, Serbia
& Kosovo, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Portugal,
Malta, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, C-, N-, W- & E-European Russia, Crimea, Belarus, Ukraine,
Northern Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia [Caucasus], Siberia (W-Siberia),
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan (I), Australia (I) (Tasmania (I)), Morocco, Algeria,
Tunisia, New Zealand (I), China (Henan, SW-Sichuan, Xinjiang, NW-Yunnan),
SE-Tibet, Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia,
NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia),
European Turkey, Israel (Rift Valley), Jordania (W-Jordania), Lebanon
(Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Azores (Terceira), Myanmar [Burma]
(Mandalay, Yangon), Pakistan (Kurram, Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir
(Kashmir, Poonch), Vietnam, USA (I) (California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut
(I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I),
Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Massachusetts
(I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), Montana
(I), North Carolina (I), North Dakota (I), Nebraska (I), New Hampshire (I), New
Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I),
Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Dakota (I), Tennessee (I),
Utah (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I), West
Virginia (I), Wyoming (I)), Canada (I) (British Columbia (I), New Brunswick (I),
Newfoundland (I), Nova Scotia (I), Ontario (I), Prince Edward Isl. (I), Quebec
(I), Saskatchewan (I)) as per Catalogue of Life;
Solanum dulcamara from Canada-09092019-GS1 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
I am uploading Solanum dulcamara especially because it has been reported in Flora of British India as “W. Himalaya, alt. 4-8,000 ft, Kashmir to Gurwal, frequent, Sikkim”, eFlora of Pakistan “The Himalaya from Kashmir to Sikkim, Hazara”.but I do not find it uploaded in eFloraofindia or Flowers of India. FBI was not sure about S. laxum Rolyle (now treated as synonym of S. dulcamara). The species is likely to be confused with:
S. seaforthiana: Brazilian nightshade, cultivated with 3-9 lobed leaves, mauve or purple flowers with petals 10-15 mm long, and relatively large shiny red fruit (8-12 mm across).
S. dulcamara: Bittersweet nightshade, wild, leaves with two basal lobes, mauve or purple flowers with petals 5-8 mm long, and relatively large shiny red fruit (6-10 mm across)
Solanum laxum Spreng. Potato vine, entire or three-lobed, white flowers with petals 9-15 mm long, and relatively large dark blue to black fruit (6-9 mm across).
The species is very common here in Canada. Hope someone finds it in India and uploads. Roadsides in Missssauga, Canada, September 7, 2019.
Very nice pictures.
I had seen it in New Jersey, but could hardly get one picture, as the rest were out of focus. That’s the reason I didn’t post it.