Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal, Hist. nat. Solanum 222. 1813 (Syn: Solanum immane Hance ex Walp.; Solanum lasiocarpum var. velutinum Dunal; (=) Solanum ferox auct.; (=) Solanum indicum L.);
S. lasiocarpum: Robust shrubs, to 1.5 m high; stems densely spineus prickled and stellate hairy. Leaves to 35 x 35 cm, ovate-orbicular, entire or shallowly lacerate; stellate hairs unequally armed; petioles 5-10 cm long. Flowers in groups of 2-3, axillary, epedunculate; pedicels short; calyx densely stellate hairy; corolla 3-4 cm across, blue, hairy outside; ovary densely hairy. Berry 3-5 cm across, globose, densely covered with spineus bristles.
Solanum violaceum Ortega ssp. violaceum: Armed undershrubs, up to 1.5 m tall; branches minutely stellate-hairy on young parts, glabrate when mature. Leaves 5-12 x 4-7 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, sinuately to deeply lobed, base rounded or unequal, apex subacute, sparsely stellate-hairy above, stellate-woolly beneath, prickly on the nerves; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Flowers bluish-violet in extra-axillary racemes; peduncle c. 4 cm long; pedicel to 8 mm long. Calyx cupular; lobes 5, c. 5 mm long, triangular, prickly. Corolla c. 2 cm across, campanulate. Stamens 5; anthers c. 5 mm long. Ovary c. 2 x 2 mm, globose; stigma acute. Berry 0.8-1.3 cm across, globose; orange yellow when ripe.
As per recent interpretation of S. lasiocarpum (these species have been much confused in the past),
S. lasiocarpum has only white (and not purple) flowers and characteristic hairy ovary and berry.
The plant often gone under the name Solanum indicum in Indian Floras has now been understood as several species. One such is S. anguivi which has again white flowers with purple veins on outside and more important there are numerous berries in a bunch.
Solanum lasiocarpum, otherwise known as Indian nightshade, is a plant that produces edible fruit. Its flowers are white and its fruits are pale yellow.
S. lasiocarpum is native to temperate Asia, tropical Asia and the pacific.
S. lasiocarpum is found wild in parts of South Asia, but in a handful of countries it is primarily known as a domesticated plant. Domesticated plants bear larger fruits and lack the prickly skin that is found in the wild plants. The color found in the center of fruit is light green, like that of Solanum quitoense.
It’s cultivated in tropical Asia, used in food additives for flavoring, and given to the sick as a folk medicine. In India, the locals use the fruit as a sour-relish in curries. In Thailand, a special kind of sauce called nam prek is made with the fruit.
(As per Wikipedia on 12.6.13)
5 posts by 3 authors.
Fruits are globose and hairy, no thorns in the leaf veins. Portions of leaf Margins are eaten by insects
This should be S. lasiocarpum (syn S. indicum L. (not FBI); S. ferox FBI) with clearly pubescent fruits.
I am adding the description of the plant from Eflora of China , hope this will satisfy and support the ID of the plant as Solanum lasiocarpum
Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal, Hist. Nat. Solanum. 222. 1813.
Herbs or subshrubs, erect or spreading, 1-1.5 m tall, armed, densely pubescent throughout with pale yellow, many-celled stellate hairs. Stems and branches stout, with flat, erect or slightly recurved prickles 1-8 mm. Petiole 3-8 cm, often with stalked, stellate hairs and erect prickles; leaf blade ovate, 10-20 × 8-18 cm, pubescent as on stems, denser abaxially, prickly along veins on both surfaces, base truncate or subhastate, margin 5-11-sinuate lobed, apex acute. Inflorescences extra-axillary, several flowered, scorpioid-racemose, 1.2-2 cm; peduncle ca. 3 mm. Flowers andromonoecious. Pedicel ca. 1 cm. Calyx lobes ovate, 8-10 mm. Corolla white, subrotate, 1-1.2 × 2 cm. Filaments very short; anthers lanceolate, acuminate, 7-8 mm. Style ca. 9 mm, glabrous. Fruiting pedicel erect, 1-1.5 cm. Fruiting calyx somewhat enlarged, reflexed. Berry orange, globose, ca. 2 cm in diam., densely stellate hirsute, tomentum persistent. Seeds brown, ca. 2 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Nov-Dec.
Solanum rain did not allow us to see tendrils even, Raghu you helped … to bowl us out: all three of us.
Solanaceae Week: Solanum lasiocarpum PKFEB09/09 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal: collected from Muthikulam forest of Palakkad district
new to me
is this cauliflory in solanum or is the stem/ stalk of flower and fruit sooo small that I can tappreciate its length?
rare .. regardless
thanks for finding it and photographing it beautifully and with care…
Yes … Very good photographs with distinctive hairy young fruits.