Saccharum spontaneum L., Mant. Pl. 2: 183 1771. (Syn: Imperata klaga Jungh.; Imperata spontanea (L.) P.Beauv.; Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.; Saccharum angustifolium Reinw. ex Buse [Invalid]; Saccharum arenicola Ohwi; Saccharum boga Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Saccharum caducum Tausch; Saccharum canaliculatum Roxb.; Saccharum casi Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Saccharum chinense Nees ex Hook. & Arn.; Saccharum glaza Reinw. ex Blume; Saccharum insulare Brongn.; Saccharum juncifolium (Hack.) Jan.Ammal; Saccharum klaga (Jungh.) Steud.; Saccharum lota Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Saccharum propinquum Steud.; Saccharum semidecumbens Roxb.; Saccharum speciosissimum Tausch; Saccharum spontaneum var. arenicola (Ohwi) Ohwi ……..; Saccharum stenophyllum Buse; Saccharum tenuis Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Tricholaena semidecumbens (Roxb.) Schult.);
Sicilia, Africa, Asia to N. & NE. Australia: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sinai, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen; Introduced into: Caroline Is., Christmas I., Costa Rica, Cuba, Fiji, Florida, Greece, Hawaii, Italy, Kriti, Madagascar, Marianas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Sardegna, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Vanuatu as per POWO;
Common name: Kans grass • Hindi: कांस Kaans • Manipuri: ꯢ Ee • Tamil: Pekkarimpu • Telugu: Kaki ceruku • Marathi: Kamis • Nepali: काँस Kaans • Bengali: Kansh • Kannada: ಕಾಡುಕಬ್ಬು Kaadu kabbu, ಹುಚ್ಚುಕಬ್ಬು Hucchu kabbu, ತೇಜನಕ Tejanaka • Malayalam: Nannana • Gujarati: Kansado
The racemes of S.spontaneum are simple and unbranched, whereas S.bengalense has branched racemes looking like a panicle. S.spontaneum has silvery white inflorescence whereas S.bengalense has pinkish inflorescence turning white later on. S.spontaneum has a running growth whereas S.bengalense are found in thick clumps. 
Saccharum ravennae has become rather rare nowadays may be due to filling up of terai grasslands and expansion of roads. It is a very tall grass and can be identified by the small awn projecting out of the spikelet in addition to the hairs. It has decompound panicles (branched and rebranched) whereas S.spontaneum has unbranched panicle branches almost like a raceme. The leaves of Saccharum ravennae are also broader. The panicles are purplish in S.r and silvery in S.spontaneum.


Here is the 48th member of the series. It is mentioned as KASH by Valmiki. Scientifically it is known as Saccharum spontaneum. This is the time for Kash to bloom. All Bangalis are familiar with KASH PHUL, as it is associated with Durga Puja. The flowers of Kash have been immortalised by Satyajit Ray in his Pather Panchali.

we almost have no kas phool inside city limits of kolkata… not even near the babu ghat and pricep ghat where we saw a few stands a few years ago… now one has to take the train or highway to go in search of kush ghash… our symbol that Ma is coming… is rare… Ma comes with kash phul only on some dhaki’s dhak’ adornment…s..


grass Saccharum spontaneum L. from Hooghly:

I hope there is no other grass like this.
Species : Saccharum spontaneum L.
Bengali Name : KAASH
H & H : common grass in waste land, low land; height varies greatly from 4 feet to 7 feet or more; do not have other statistics
Date : 29/9/11, 26/11/11, 8/9/12
Place : Hooghly

Nice pictures … yes no other grass is like this….the culms were used by us in primary school days as “Kalams”…nice pictures…

Kuus ghash?

This is KAASH or KESHE, very common in lowland and waste land, some attaining 15 feet height.
KUUS ghas is Desmostachya bipinnata Staff., i am yet to find one.

The best pic, of my collection, that I took during my stay at Kanha.
One is enroute to Bumnidadar (the bunch of grass) adn other is near a water body (with Indian Gaur drinking water in Nallah).

Thank you very much, would loved a larger image, specially with the Gaur.

Please find attached the requested pics. I am sorry for large size image.

Lovely photographs. Evening sun’s golden colour is very much captivating.

thanks for correcting me
I meant Kaas phul/ghass….. and mistakenly typed Kuus ghas…
there were large stands Kaas phul all over the eastern calcutta wetlands, by the pricep ghat along the ganges and on the way to the airport.. but new roads, beautification???, and thousands of apartment complexes with their artifical looking plantings have taken a toll … Kaas phul is one such… In Calcutta proper no stands are to be seen, I saw one coming up near Princep ghat and before it flowered highway beautification folks beautified the little island of green inder the ramp that goes to the new bridge… now a days I have to drive all the way on national highways towards Haldia to see some …
Kuus ghas grows abundantly by the ponds in shibpur botanical garden … I had found many stands a couple of years ago by the roadside side of Prain lake in area 22 on the colorful map I had sent you a while back… not far from the bot gaachh.. and area 19 …
but if you dont have it handy, I am enclosing it again…
Thank you for showing such a nice stand… Kaas phul elo bole, pujo elo…


Saccharum of Kanha:
The present Kanha meadows, were once the villages inside the core of Tiger reserve. The relocation of those villages paved way for the plantation of these huge grassland landscapes. The perfect habitat to see Barasinghas, Indian Gaur and at occasions the Royal Bengal Tiger.
In this pic : Saccharum bengalensis (top) & Saccharum spontaneum (bottom)

I stand corrected that these grasslands were not planted but already existed before.

The upper one is Narenga porphyrocoma (Saccharum narenga).

Here is a picture of Saccharum spontaneum from Bandhavgarh.




grass : thread like leaf Hooghly 30-12-12 sk2:

Found this grass beside railway tracks. The leaves are only 1 to 3 mm wide, like veins of pinnae of coconut leaves. Is it Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) C.E. Hubbard ?
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : more than 5 ft high
Date 29/12/12
Place : Hooghly

It rather looks like Miscanthus sinensis.

Saccharum spontaneum

Thank you very much Sir, without inflorescence it is very hard to identify Saccharum spontaneum!


Please ID Grass:
Location: Harike, Punjab
Date: 21/12/2012

Saccharum spontaneum


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae : grass unknown2 by sk04 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This 4 ft. tall grass has only thread like leaves and with such a strong root system that i failed to pull it out.
Date & Place : 29/Nov/2012; Hooghly

Saccharum spontaneum

This is Saccharum spontaneum, i guessed it earlier, specially after i received the ID in another post, recorded elsewhere – efi thread.
Yet, i wanted to be confirmed once again, because this is very strange that Saccharum spontaneum looks quite different in off season!

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae-Saccharum ravennae (L.) L. from Delhi-GS72 : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Saccharum ravennae (L.) L. (syn: Erianthus ravennae L.) photographed from Delhi, along banks of river Yamuna.

Saccharum spontaneum


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: SMP14 Pune for ID :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Trying to post some images with inadequate data. Hoping to get to near ID so that I can study further.

Resembling Saccharum spontaneum

Yes Saccharum spontaneum


[efloraofindia:34894] Saccharum ravennae from Delhi :  Attachments (4).  4 posts by 4 authors.
Saccharum ravennae (L.) Murr. (syn: Erianthus ravennae (L.) P. Beauv.; Andropogon ravennae L.) from Sandy Banks of river Yamuna in Wazirabad, Delhi.
Eng: Plume grass, Ravenna grass
U. P.: Dolsar, dolu
Culms used for screens, provides paper pulp.

Nice shit seen this growing in wastelands in Bengal too.

Saccharum spontaneum as per another thread.


Erianthus ravennae ID 310809GS2 : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 3 authors.
Erianthus ravennae, growing along banks of river Yamuna in Delhi, photographed today (1.9.09)

Saccharum spontaneum as per another thread.

Yes …

Grass week: Saccharum ravennae from Delhi :  Attachments (4). 5 posts by 5 authors.
Saccharum ravennae (Linn.) Murr., Syst. Veg. 88. 1774. (Erianthus rvenae (L.) P. Beauv.)
Local name: Dholu.
Another tufted grass growing along banks of River Yamuna.

Saccharum ravennae (L.) Murr. Syst. Veg., ed. 13. 88. 1774.

Andropogon ravennae L. Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 2: 1481 (1763)
Type: Lectotype – Herb. Linn. No. 77.4 (LINN)

This is too commonly found in Bengal

Saccharum spontaneum as per another thread.

This is Saccharum spontaneum. Saccharum ravennae has become rather rare nowadays may be due to filling up of terai grasslands and expansion of roads. It is a very tall grass and can be identified by the small awn projecting out of the spikelet in addition to the hairs. It has decompound panicles (branched and rebranched) whereas S.spontaneum has unbranched panicle branches almost like a raceme. The leaves of Saccharum ravennae are also broader. The panicles are purplish in S.r and silvery in S.spontaneum.



Isn’t it Saccharum spontaneum L.?

Saccharum spontanuem ?

Saccharum spontaneum

saccharum spontaenum


Fwd: saccharum spontaneum ??? : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)
yes most probably

Saccharum spontaneum FOR VALIDATION :: Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park :: 24 OCT 18 : 4 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.
Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park  Jodhpur
Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 300 m (980 feet) asl
¿ Saccharum spontaneum ?  
Dear friends,
Poor quality photos while the sun is setting, and to top it – they are of grass !!
Guessing it may be Saccharum spontaneum. The small colonies were seen in a few spots in the park, in vicinity of a small stream.

To me also appear close to images at Saccharum spontaneum


Saccharum spontaneum—-for sharing and validation : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
pictures taken at aambyvalley rd., off lonavala, pune in nov. 2017.

wonderful. they have almost disappeared from the greens inside kolkata, in sprawling countryside, and along the hooghly river in the metropolitan areas. cement jungle has sprouted. and a few stands outside are well guarded secrets now.

Yes to me also appears close to Saccharum spontaneum as per images, details and keys herein.

Yes it is.


Saccharum spontaneum :: Puducherry :: 14 OCT 19 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Puducherry  near sea coast
Date: October 14, 2019 … Altitude range: about 0 – 3 m (0 – 10 feet) asl
Saccharum spontaneum L.
Many thanks to … for help with ID at facebook.

this is Kaas ghaas of Bengal. i loved the first picture especially


Validation of grass : 12 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)- 5 mb.
Request for validation of Cortaderia from Bilaspur. Photographed in September 2020.

Close up of inflorescence attached
Attachments (1) – 3 mb.

Saccharum spontaneum,

Yes its Saccharum spontaneum sir

Saccharum spontaneum


Grass for ID : Nasik : 26OCT21 : AK – 023: 3 images.
Wild grass seen earlier this month (Oct.21) in the Gangapur Waters.
Kans Grass?

Saccharum sp.

Perhaps Saccharum spontaneum.

Yes it might be ma’am,

KansSaccharum spontaneum


SK 3672 20 December 2022 – Grass: 5 high res. images.

Location: Pharping, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude:  1593m.
Date: 20 December 2022
Habit : Wild
Saccharum ??

Yes. Saccharum spontaneum


Grass for Id -ID241023SH2: 2 high res. images.

Which is this grass species seen everywhere in the U.P. and Bihar side ? What is it called in the local language ? Is it grown intentionally in the farms as a fodder ?
Location – Vaishali, Bihar
Date – September 2023

Saccharum spontaneum – locally called KansIt grows as a weed through its long stolons and rhizomes and is found on riversides and sandy soils. It invades farms also. It is not grown as a fodder. But the young leaves and soft new rhizomes are eaten by elephants. The stems are used to make mats, thatching, etc. The grass is good habitat for birds and wild animals to take shelter, make nest, etc.

Last year I had seen same type of grass in Prayagraj region but it was pinkish in colour. Local person told me they call this ‘दीनानाथ घास’ and it is used as a fodder too. I just wonder whether this is the same genus but different species. Both must be from Poaceae.


Poaceae: Saccharum spontaneum L.: 1 image.
location/date: Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994