Salvadora persica var. indica (Wight) T. A. Rao & S.
Chakraborti (syn: Salvadora biflora Lour.; Salvadora capitulata Lour.; Salvadora indica Royle; Salvadora koenigii Arn.; Salvadora wightiana Planch. ex Thw.) as per Catalogue of Life;  
Catalogue of Life reports many varieties of Salvadora persica.
As per distribution only following varieties are found in India:

India, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;  

Keys available in Flora of Pakistan;
sal-va-DOR-a — named for an apothecary of Barcelona, Jaime Salvador y Pedrol … Dave’s BotanaryWikipedia
PER-see-kuh — of or from Persia … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: mustard tree, toothbrush treeArabic: أراك arakAssamese: আৰাক arak, ডিগাৰু digaruBengali: পার্সি মেসওয়াক parsi meswakGujarati: ખારીજાળ kharijal, પીલુ pilu, પીલુડી piludiHindi: जाल jaal, मेस्वाक meswak, पीलु piluKachchhi: ખારી જાર khari jar, પીલુ piluKannada: ಗೋಣಿ ಮರ goni maraMalayalam: ഉകമരം ukamaramMarathi: खाकण khakan, मिरजोली mirjoli, पिलु piluNepali: पिलु piluOdia: ଧାରୀ dhari, ପୀଲୁ pilu, ପୀଲୁପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ pilu parnni, ମୃଦୁଚ୍ଛଦ mruduchchhada, ଶୀତ ଫଳ sita phalaPersian: درخت مسواک darakht-e-misvakPunjabi: ਪੀਲੂ pilu, ਛੋੱਟਾ ਵਣ chhotta van, ਜਾਲ jaal, ਕੌਡ਼ੀ ਵਣ kauri vanRajasthani: खारा जाल khara jaalSanskrit: धानिन् dhanin, धारिन् dharin, गुडफल gudaphala, पीलु pilu, शाखिन् shakhin, शीतसह shitasaha, स्रंसिन् sramsin, वामापीडन vamapidana, विरेचन virechanaSindhi: ડિયાર diyar, کٻڙ khabbar, ઝાલ jhaalTamil: பெருவிளா peru-vila, உகாய் ukayTelugu: గున్నంగి gunnangiTulu: ಕಿರ್ಗೋಂಜಿ kirgonjiUrdu: پيلو pilu

 
It is also a favourite with birds and is the food-plant of the Salmon Arab butterfly;
Birds [including the Red-vented Bulbul] are very fond of its red berries;
A famous ingredient in many modern toothpastes;  

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please id the plant: this is comman plant near to sea of alibag. it is comman and with pulpy fruits. 


This is the Tooth-brush Plant [Salvadora persica] locally called Meswak


According to me it locally called as “Piu” or “Pivu”


Are these fruits edible?


Affirmative. It is also a favourite with birds and is the food-plant of the Salmon Arab butterfly.


Is Salvadora persica called as Meswak? a famous ingredient in many modern toothpastes?


Yes .. it is the famous Meswak


 

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Plz id this tree: pa57 – 14dec2012: Plz id this tree from magrove habit near Mankhurd region. In this one some flowers are starting to come also. This is Salvadora persica.
Commonly known as Meswak.

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Ilangkudipatti 010313 TBN 1 for id ? Salvadora persica: (5 images) Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:

Date : 17.02.13                                                          
Location : Ilangkudipatti Sacred grove Pudukottai
Altitude : less than 400 ft
Habitat :wild ; sacred grove; Ayyanar temple
Habit :small tree,
Height :20 ft
Leaves :opposite
Flowers :not seen
Fruits :,small ;? 2 to 5 mm
Local name :not known
Red-vented Bulbuls went crazy, doing all sorts of acrobatics when trying to eat the fruits


Small correction: leaves are opposite and not alternate.

Affirmative. This is the Tooth-brush plant [Salvadora persica]. The local name is Meswak. Birds [including the Red-vented Bulbul] are very fond of its red berries.


This is Salvadora persica……..known as miswak….


Many thanks for confirming. Please let me know the methods of propagating the same.


The secondary nerves of the leaves are almost diminished for this Salvadora persica; the branches are all drooping with whitish trunk.



 

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Id of tree.ID 13o62013 SH3. Is it Miswak Tree ? : Attachments (1).   6 posts by 4 authors.
Posting a photo for Id of  tree. Is it Miswak Tree ?

Date / Time – 07.2.2010 / 01.00 pm

Location – Near Nal Sarovar, Ahemadabad


efi page on Miswak: Salvadora persica

Unable to identify from this picture although I am familiar with Salvadora persica.
Need more close up pictures.


all though it seems like Salvadora persica in flowering stage (a few trees i had observed at Palghar-Vangaon area), but cannot be 100 % sure from such a habit picture.


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Fwd: Your Help Needed for Id :  3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 1 MB. I am attaching an image of a fruit tree for which I need the ID. Please help me ID this fruit tree. This was spotted in Jaamnagar, Gujarat while birding.


It is a Salvadora persica of Salvadoraceae


 
 

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Requesting to please validate ID of this plant captured at Velas near Harihareshwar, Konkan Coast, Maharashtra in March 2014. Is it Salvadora persica (Meswak)?


Yes Salvadora persica. The berries turn reddish – purple when ripe.


 

 

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Salvadora persica for validation : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
sending images of Salvadora persica from SINNAR for Validation. please Validate


Yes, it is Salvadora persica


 

 

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SK426 15MAR-2017:ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Tal Chhappar, Rajasthan, India 
Date: 30 January 2016
Altitude: 1100 ft.

Salvadora persica L. [Salvadoraceae].


   

 

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Plant for ID :: Devgad, Konkan :: May 2017 – ARKMAY08 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Saw this tree by the side of a salt water creek near Devgad, Konkan, MH in May 2017. I did not see any flowers or fruits however.
Requested to provide ID.


Other recipients:
It seems to be Salvadora persica. I can see at least one small pink fruit in the second and third image. regards Radha
It seems to be Salvadora persica. I can see at least one small pink fruit in the second and third image.

Yes … Very sharp observation. I could also see the tiny pink flower/fruit in the second and third images. Couldn’t think of an id. 


Thanks … for the ID. I had missed the pink fruit.
Are the fruits of any use. Is it that someone may have removed the fruits for a purpose or they may have naturally fallen off?


Don’t know about the fruits. Probably they have fallen off.
This is Meswak, quite common along the coast of Oman.


Quite possible as fruit are edible. Pl. see more details at please id the plant


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ID27052017SH1 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
For Id pl.
Is this Salvadora ? I suppose these are fruits, but i have never seen flowers on these mangroves.
Location – Versova, Mumbai

Date – 20.03.2017


The toothbrush tree, Salvadora persica.


Thanks … Are these fruits ? why no flowers of this tree are seen anytime ?


Yes …, these are fruits. Flowering follows after the plant sheds its leaves. Flowering in Jan to April .. the large panicles stand out, but the flowers are miniscule !


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Salvadora persica from Rajasthan : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Seen this beautiful tree at Jodhpur (entrance of umaid bhawan palace).
Bot. name:  Salvadora persica,

This is for the first time i had seen such a huge tree of Meswak..

Oh, indeed a beautiful sight for us who see it as a large shrub along creeks.

Beautiful pictures. Nice to see treasure from the desert !!


   

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Clicked these pics at the Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur, Rajasthan in March 2018.
I think they are Salvadora persica. Kindly validate.

I also think matches with images at 

Other recipients:
Yes, madam
Yes, madam

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Please identify this tree : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (6)

Identification requests/ confirmations:

Date/Time-        10th February 2019       03:00PM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Near Milan Subway, Santacruz, Mumbai

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-  On footpath

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Small Tree

Height/Length- Approx 10/12 feet

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- :As seen in pic

Inflorescence Type/ Size- As seen in pic

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- As seen in pic

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- As seen in pic

Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- Could see many Female Koel Birds on this small tree.


Salvadora persica to me..

Salvadora persica  for me too !


Salvadora persica


Meswak with ? flowers and early seeds i guess. wonderful koels. long tails


Salvadora persica
Toothbrush tree
Meswak

Yes. It is Salvadora persica.

 

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Names of Plants in India :: Salvadora persica L. : 13 posts by 5 authors. 1 image.
via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > Salvadora persica L. … family: Salvadoraceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
sal-va-DOR-a — named for an apothecary of Barcelona, Jaime Salvador y PedrolDave’s BotanaryWikipedia
PER-see-kuh — of or from PersiaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: mustard tree, toothbrush treeArabic: أراك arakAssamese: আৰাক arak, ডিগাৰু digaruBengali: পার্সি মেসওয়াক parsi meswakGujarati: ખારીજાળ kharijal, પીલુ pilu, પીલુડી piludiHindi: जाल jaal, मेस्वाक meswak, पीलु piluKachchhi: ખારી જાર khari jar, પીલુ piluKannada: ಗೋಣಿ ಮರ goni maraMalayalam: ഉകമരം ukamaramMarathi: खाकण khakan, मिरजोली mirjoli, पिलु piluOdia: ଧାରୀ dhari, ପୀଲୁ pilu, ପୀଲୁପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ pilu parnni, ମୃଦୁଚ୍ଛଦ mruduchchhada, ଶୀତ ଫଳ sita phalaPersian: درخت مسواک darakht-e-misvakPunjabi: ਪੀਲੂ pilu, ਛੋੱਟਾ ਵਣ chhotta van, ਜਾਲ jaal, ਕੌਡ਼ੀ ਵਣ kauri vanRajasthani: खारा जाल khara jaalSanskrit: धानिन् dhanin, धारिन् dharin, गुडफल gudaphala, पीलु pilu, शाखिन् shakhin, शीतसह shitasaha, स्रंसिन् sramsin, वामापीडन vamapidana, विरेचन virechanaSindhi: ડિયાર diyar, કબ્બર kabbar, ઝાલ jhaalTamil: பெருவிளா peru-vila, உகாய் ukayTelugu: గున్నంగి gunnangiTulu: ಕಿರ್ಗೋಂಜಿ kirgonjiUrdu: پيلو pilu
botanical names: Salvadora persica L. … synonyms: Embelia grossularia Retz. • Galenia asiatica Burm.f. … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. … • Salvadora wightiana Planch. ex Thwaites … Flora of Pakistan … • Cissus arborea Forssk. … Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Volume 8 … • Salvadora indica Wight … Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. 
December 25, 2007 … Vaghbil, Thane 


Nice compilation of local names of Meswak tree


Nepali Name:  पिलु  Pilu  


Thank you very much … I did not take any effort to check whether cultivated in Nepal.
I will soon add this name to my notes.
By any chance, if Salvadora oleoides is cultivated OR planted in garden, let me know its Nepali name.


Did not find any cultivated plant of Salvadora oleoides but only in the wild as far as I know. Its Nepali name is सानो दाँते ओखर Saano Daante Okhar 


Thank you very much … for help with names of both species of Salvadora.
It is interesting to note that Salvadora oleoides is found in wild in Nepal, which I thought was found only in hot arid regions.


Thank you, … You have done a great job by compiling names from other languages.
I wish you to add local names on every species pages. This will be of great help to the people interested in useful plants.


Thanks very much … for the appreciation. I do revise every species page to include the names that I compile. It is done regularly without fail (even in case of minor / major revisions).


Update:
Nepali: पिलु pilu

I’ll be happy to contribute Himachali names to your collection, Sir 

Oh thanks very very much …
That will indeed be great help.


   

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in Delhi on 20/1/08; In Krishna WS in A.P. on 28/2/09; near the Airoli-Mulund bridge- 31Jan10; Hazuribagh Garden, Stinagar- June’10; Trees of Delhi- Flowers some between Dec. & April, erratically & differing widely from tree to tree. Salvadora persica(peelu) flowering – indiantreepix | Google Groups


  
Salvadora persica in India : 2 posts by 2 authors.

Catalogue of Life reports many varieties of Salvadora persica.
As per distribution only following varieties are found in India:


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Id please : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

The tree is found at the NGRI (National geographic Research institute), Hyderabad


If the visible structures are fleshy fruits, this can be a Salvadora sp.



References:



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