Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 342, pl. 70, f. 3 1788. (syn: Sapindus abruptus Lour.; Sapindus acuminatus Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Sapindus balicus Radlk.; Sapindus boninensis Tuyama; Sapindus detergens Roxb. (ambiguous synonym); Sapindus indicus Poir.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Sapindus saponaria Linnaeus (syn: Sapindus abruptus Loureiro; S. mukorossi Gaertner.) as per Flora of China
China (E-, S- to SW-China), India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam), Sikkim, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma] (Magway), Jammu & Kashmir, Nepal, Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., Korea (I), Bonin Isl. (Chichijima), USA (I) (Georgia (I)), Mozambique (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
sap-IN-dus or SAP-in-dus — from the Latin sapo (soap) and indicus (Indian)
moo-kew-ROW-zee — from transcribed Japanese mukuroji
commonly known as: Chinese soapberry, north Indian soapnut • Assamese: হাইঠা aritha • Chinese: 无患子 wu huan zi • Hindi: फेनिल phenil, रिष्ट risht, रिष्टक rishtak, रीठा ritha • Japanese: ムクロジ. mukuroji • Marathi: फेनिल phenil • Mizo: hlingsi • Nepalese: रीट्ठा rittha • Prakrit: रिट्ठओः ritthaoh • Sanskrit: हृष्टः hrishtah, फेनका phenaka, फेनिल phenil, रिष्टः rishtah, रिष्टक rishtak, रीठा rita, सारिष्ट sarishta, ऊर्ध्वशोधनः urdhvashodhanah • Urdu: پهينل phenil, ريٿها ritha
Native to: e. & s. China, Japan, Nepal, Bhutan, n. & n.e India, Indo-China



Flora of Panipat: Sapindus mukorossi from Herbal garden Samalkha Panipat:
Small growing tree of Sapindus mukorossi from Herbal Garden Samalkha Panipat family Sapindaceae

SAPINDACEAE FORTNIGHT 1-14Jan2014: from Uttarakhand_DSR 01: Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Sapindus saponaria L. [=Sapindus mukorossi Gaertner] is a medium size tree often seen planted.
Yellowish fruit wall provide excellent natural soap used for washing clothes or hairs. I remember my childhood days when we used to collect mature fallen fruits in winter months. The black hard seed is separated and wall is dried in sun till it becomes hard and fragile. It can be powdered to be used as a natural detergent.
Alas, the tree below which we collected our prized catch is no more; I always remember that wide- canopy tree whenever I pass through that place.
Attached picture is from Pantnagar.

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.  near Manali on 04 JUN 08 

Tree For ID : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 050614 : AK-10 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).
A tall tree seen inside the forest with tiny white flowers.
Name given by the local was ‘Reetha’, which is Sapindus.
He showed me some round dried fruits.
For id please.

I have no doubts this being “Reetha”- Sapindus mukorossi

Thanks for the correct id, I was seeing this Species of Sapindus for the first time.


Hooghly-skMAY03/04 Sapindus saponaria L.(Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.)? : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Can I have few seeds of this plant

It is roadside tree near my home and I surely visit it later, maybe after 1 or 2 weeks for mature fruits. If I can obtain some ripe fruits I surely will inform you.

Attachments (1)

This is the current state of the tree, my guess is it will take another 3 or 4 weeks to have ripe fruits. I hope few (there aren’t too many. only a few shoots bear these fruits) would be left for me by then.
Attachments (3)

Attachments (1)

The fruits as on 4th July……..
Attachments (2)

The fruits are yet to ripe. I am afraid by the time the fruits get ripen there would be none left on the tree, fruits are falling each passing day. Latest state of the fruits photographed today.
Attachments (3)

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Location: Chautara , Nepal
Altitude:  4700 ft.
Date:  12 December 2016
Nepali Names: रिठ्ठा  Riththaa 

ID plz…Is it Sapindus mukrossi flowers? from Lahore Pakistan.. :  6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

Very nice pics …
I think Sapindus saponaria can also be considered/ compared with..

Thanks, … Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. is a syn. of Sapindus saponaria

No both are not synonyms

Pl. check details at Sapindus saponaria


Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Nepal

Date : Flowers – 9 May 2016 / Fruits – 13 August 2017
Altitude : 2600 ft.

Sapindaceae (!) tree for id. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location Indian Museum Campus, Kolkata. Seeing in flowering for the first time.

Sapindus mukorossi. Soapnut


Jan2015sk32 Hooghly – Sapindus sp. ID : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Please identify this Sapindus species which are sold by the grocers as RITHA.

It may be Sapindus laurifolius.

Probably Sapindus emarginata

this is Sapindus mukorossi

Three Sapindus species are known in India and differentiated on the basis of leaflets (vide- Flora of India vol-5 page 380-384.):

1A. Leaflets 5-8 pairs S.mukorossi
1B. Leaflets 2-3 pairs 2
2A. Leaflets lanceolate, apex acuminate; drupes ferruginous, velvety, almost combined S.trifoliatus
2B. Leaflets oblong, apex emarginate; drupes smooth, glabrous, young slightly pubescent, partially combined S.emarginatus
All are known as Ritha and fruit wall is used as substitute of detergent.
Reaching to exact ID is tricky as only drupes and seeds are available here.


Yes, …, I do agree very much that identification is very tricky here….. yet I did share, … let it be Sapindus sp. only.

I think this may also be Sapindus saponaria going by detailed images of drupes by … in

Yes, it is correct.


Pune mh: pl id these seeds : 4 posts by 3 authors. 1 correct image.

Can we id these seeds? No pod pic. But these are taken from pods. It was a tree. Taken by someone else not me.
Today we are having a small exhibition of trees and seeds in Baner pune mh.

रीठा  Sapindus marginatus 

Thanks, … I think the correct spelling will be Sapindus emarginatus

Can we be sure whether this is Sapindus emarginatus Vahl or Sapindus saponaria L. with this image ?

This is Sapindus saponaria, the white hairy growth around hilum is absent or scanty in S.emarginatus


Request Tree ID 161 – Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA : Attachments (7).  6 posts by 2 authors.
Does it grow near streams or rivers. Check for Terminalia arjuna

It looks like Spondias mangifera of Anacardiaceae.  Its fruits are used in pickles.  I hope it is that tree.

Once fruits become big, we can positively identify it. Its very small now.

I am adding the fruits pictures. Attachments (3)

Sapindus trifoliatus L.?

It is not Sapindus trifoliatus though the  dried fruits look closer to S.trifoliatus fruits. Leaves are quite different. Looks like Spondias species only. It could be evenSpondius mombin. Pl check the characters  carefully.

The fruits tell you it is not Terminalia arjuna. Also fruits of Spondias are different in several respect.
Leaves imparipinnate = Spondias

Leaves paripinnate = Sapindus
You can have an account of Spondias mombin at-
  1. World agro forestery

Now, if this tree is wild or ‘planted’/cultivated is not mentioned in the thread. If it is wild it can only be Sapindus trifoliatus L.

Definitely not sapindus.
I also think its spondias, i have seen the fallen flowers. But never saw fallen fruits.
The leaves are paripinnate, so initially thought spondias bipinnata.


Can it be Clausena lansium?

What did it turn out finally?

Still not sure what it is.

Definitely not Spondias.

More close to Sapindus emarginatus Vahl compared to Sapindus trifoliatus L. out of 2 listed sopecies there ?

Leaves are not emarginate as in Sapindus emarginatus

Does not look like trifoliatus as well. Some other sp. ??

A guess : Spondias  (Spondias mombin ??>?) 

Its Western Soapnut Tree : Sapindus saponaria, L.


Botanical name: Sapindus mukorossi: 1 high res. image.
Habit: Tree
Location: Rajouri, j and k


Fruits of Sapindus mukorossi: 1 high res. image.
Locally we called this reetha
Common name: Soapberry plant
Location: Rajouri j and k


Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.: 1 very high res. image.

Location:  Jawalakhel
Date: 12 December 2023
Elevation : 1300m.
Habitat : Cultivated




Catalogue of Life  POWO  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  Flora of China (Sapindus saponaria Linnaeus) FoC illustration  GRIN   Flora of Pakistan (Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.)  FoP illustration  Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.)  Flora of Peninsular India  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  Sapindus Mukorossi  ENVIS – FRLHT  Haryana Online  India Biodiversity Portal ‘  Sapindus Mukorossi – Soapnuts  Herbal Monograph – Sapindus mukorossi  Sapindus mukorossi – Google Image Search

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