IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU)
… more names in Sanskrit: अपशोक apashoka, चक्रगुच्छ chakraguccha, चित्र chitra, चित्रशोक chitrashoka, हेमपुष्प hemapuspa, कमन kamana, कामुक kamuka, कङ्केलि kangkeli, कान्ताचरणदोहद kantacharanadohada, कान्ताङ्घ्रिदोहद kantagghridohada, कर्णपूर karnapura, केलिक kelika, किङ्किरात kingkirata, मौलि mauli, नट nata, पिण्डपुष्य pindapushya, पिण्डीपुष्प pindipushpa, रागितरु ragitaru, रक्तपल्लव raktapallava, षट्पदानन्दवर्धन shatpadanandavardhana, सुभग subhaga, ताम्रपल्लव tamrapallava, विशोक vishoka, वीतशोक vitashoka
… more names derived from Sanskrit, in Tamil: சசுபம் cacupam, சரிபம் caripam, மலைக்கருனை malai-k-karunai,பல்லவத்திரு pallavattiru, பிண்டி pinti, தாமிரபல்லவம் tamira-pallavam, தோகலி tokali, வஞ்சுளம் vanculam, வீதசோகம் vitacokam, யுகபத்திரிகை yukapattirikai
Saraca asoca – blooming:
– Last week at Kanakeshwar, Alibag
Saraca asoca in Chennai:
The Sita ashoka is blooming now in Chennai.
air layering of Saraca asoca:
air layering is method of vegetative propagation. by selecting pencil size branch bark of about 1 inch is removed and sphagnum moss is tied around it ; after 45 to 60 days it produces roots. then cut branch and plant in poly bag. this help to reduce juvenile phase i.e. flowers come early within 2 to 3 years. and produce true to type seedlings as mother plant. mostly done in citrus, guava, aegle, Thank you. please search on net for figures and details
Saraca asoca from Hooghly (WB):
Attaching images of Saraca asoca Roxb. that i recorded this afternoon. This medicinally important tree finds a place in Hindu mythology. Women in West Bengal observe “Ashoka Sasthi” when they eat its flowerbuds (http://www.scribd.com/doc/67997680/13/ASHOKA-TREE).
Species : Saraca asoca Roxb.
Bengali name : ASHOK
Type : Garden Tree, also on roadside
Date : 15-March-2012, 3.40 p.m.
ID help : 1) “Plant Groups” by H. Mukherji 2) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saraca_asoca
Found and important document/post related to this species – efi thread
Very nicely illustrated pictures of the flower parts
A few days back Ashok was in full bloom at this place. Captured a female of Common Mormon on this flower. Attaching that image as seriel 157 of the series.
fruit (seedpod) : Saraca asoca:
Species :Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Wilde.
Habit & Habitat : tree, planted in ASHRAM compound
Date : 14-05-12, 10.26 a.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)
efloraindia: Caesalpiniaceae week:
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) – Saraca Asoca:
efloraindia: Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Saraca from Coimbatore.:
Sharing the images of Saraca asoca from NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore.
Saraca asoka; Saraca indica
Observed in Karve nagar area Pune.
True Asoka tree. सीतेचा अशोक
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week:: Saraca asoca from Nahan:
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Saraca asoka from Delhi:
Common names: Asoka tree, ashoka tree, asok
Tree up to 9 m tall; leaflets 4-6 pairs, sessile, up to 25 cm long, up to 9 cm broad, acute at apex, glabrous; flowers fragrant in compact corymbose panicles; calyx yellowish to red with up to 10-16 mm long tube, lobes elliptic to obovate, 7-10 mm mong; petals lacking; stamens usually 6-8, with long exserted reddish up to 25 mm long filaments; pod elliptic to oblong, up to 25 cm long, up to 6 cm broad, 1.5-2 cm thick, 4-8 seeded.
Commonly planted in Gardens in Delhi, photographed from Herbal Garden, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi
Sacred tree, Budha is believed to have been born under asoka tree; bark and flowers are of medicinal importance.
¿ sah-RAH-ka ? — derivation obscure
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh of or from India
Jan 20, 2008 … at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai
commonly known as: Sita Ashok, sorrowless tree • Bengali: অশোক asoka • Gujarati: અશોક ashoka, …• Hindi: अशोक ashok • Kannada: ಅಶೋಕ ashoka • Konkani: अशोक ashok • Malayalam: അശോകം asokam, ഹെമപുഷ്പം hemapushpam • Marathi: अशोक ashok, jasundi • Oriya: osoko • Sanskrit: अशोक ashoka • Tamil: அசோகம் acokam • Telugu: అశోకము asokamu
Native to: India, Myanmar and Malaya
more views: Jan 20, 2008 … at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai
Dec 8, 2007 … at Sagar Upvan, Colaba, Mumbai
Mar 11, 2007 … at Chota Kashmir, Aarey Milk Colony, Mumbai
May 9, 2010 … at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai
One interesting fact for those who are not aware.
Thanking … for bringing up Saraca asoca and Saraca indica at https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#!topic/indiantreepix/KgjiUoJP2Zw
Saraca asoca (Roxb.) W. J. de Wilde, Blumea 15:393. 1968
Synonyms: Jonesia asoca Roxb.; Saraca indica auct. (non L.); Baker in Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 271, 1878
Will correct my notes at my flickr photostream at the earliest.
Saraca asoca till we find differences between Saraca indica L. and Saraca Asoka
Saraca asoca ( Syn. S. indica):
Saraca asoca from Fabaceae
Maniltoa grandiflora or or commonly known as Dove Tree, Ghost Tree, Handkerchief Tree looks completely different and has no morphological similarity with this tree. Kindly see from the link below
This Saraca asoca only. There is some mistake in the label.
yes, this is Saraca asoca.
Then it should be Saraca indica L. as per your following observations in the thread
“Saraca indica L. and Saraca asoca (Roxb.) W. J. de Wilde. are two quite distinct species
Saraca indica L. is distributed in Indo-China: Laos; Thailand; Vietnam Malesia: Indonesia – Java, Sumatra; Malaysia [Malaya]
Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. is distributed in Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka Indo-China: Myanmar [w.]
The problem arose when Baker in Flora of British India followed Beddome Fl. Sylv. t.57 in considering Jonesia asoka Roxb. (on which name Saraca asoka (Roxb.) Wilde) as synonym of Sarca indica L. and followed by Several Indian authors. As the two species are distinct, the synonymy for Indian plant would be
Saraca asoca (Roxb.) W. J. de Wilde, Blumea 15:393. 1968
syn: Jonesia asoca Roxb.; Saraca indica auct. (non L.); Baker in Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 271, 1878″
For final confirmation, some one will have to dig out the real differences between the two species. Perhaps some colleagues can find this out. Blumea, vol. 15, 1968 should have some clue.
Yes this is Saraca asoca of Leguminosae family.
Saraca indica L. & Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd.:
efloraindia: 011011 BRS 48:
Thank you for sharing, so this is Sita Ashoka Do you have a pic of the full tree to share?
I have attached few photos of Ashoka tree. Photo 1 and 3 from NBNP Garden. and Photo 2 from Thrissur Zoo, Kerala.
Thank you for sharing Really Majestic tree must be looking beautiful with those flowers and fruits. I think people sitting under its shade are probably unaware of what they are enjoying .
Nice picture of Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. of Leguminosae family.
I have attached another set of photos of S. asoca flower from NBNP Garden (22.12.2011)
Id please:P1250336, P1250340 : 2 images. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Need help to Id following plant.
Date : 17 March 2013
Location : IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Height : 4-5 feet, newly grown.
Flowers and flowers: not seen
SYMBIOSIS : 339 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Common Rose butterfly on the flowers of Saraca asoca.
SYMBIOSIS : 340 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Red-base Jezebel butterfly on the flowers of Saraca asoca.
Requesting ID of this tree – Mumbai :29072013 : ARK-01 : July 2013 : Attachments (2). 6 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting to please ID this tree captured in a cultivated garden in Mumbai in July 2013.
Is this Saraca asoca?
Saraca indica SITA ASHOK
Thank you … for ID…
More discussions about it at efi page: Saraca asoca
Is there a key available for distinguising between Saraca asoca and Saraca indica? I could not find one of the efi pages.
Just a layman’s opinion. Occssionally I have come across many a reference where it is referred to as Saraca indica asoca. To my knowledge; generally the same thing is referred to as Saraca asoca & indica– Sita ashok, Hempushp & sorrowless tree. The rarely seen yellow ashok is Saraca thaipingensis.
State tree of Uttar Pradesh, Saraca asoca from Kolkata, West Bengal: SCFEB12 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Wilde (Fabaceae)
Synonym: Saraca indica L.
It is the State tree of Uttar Pradesh.
The ashoka is prized for its beautiful foliage and fragrant flowers. It is a handsome, small, erect evergreen tree, with deep green leaves growing in dense clusters.
Place: Hedua Park (near Scottish Church College), Kolkata, West Bengal
Date: September, 2010
Yes a beautiful treat to watch when in full bloom; comparable to the floral trusses of Rhododendrons. But it does not set fruits, flowers are sterile in ornamental individuals. In wild state it is probably extremely rare or not known (cultivation dependent survival?).
Saraca asoca from Pantnagar: May 2014 DSR_1 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Saraca asoca is at the end of blooming period here in Pantnagar, Uttarakhand. This year I noticed few plants with good amount of pods on them. Green pods are filled with seeds while brownish pods are without seeds.
Names of Plants in India :: Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. : 11 posts by 3 authors.
via Species > S > Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. … family: Fabaceae
The flower of Ashoka tree is the State Flower of Orissa (asoka, Oriya: ଅଶୋକ).
The Ashoka tree is the State Tree of Uttar Pradesh (ashoka, Hindi: अशोक).
botanical names: Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. … synonyms: Jonesia asoca Roxb. • Jonesia confusa Hassk. • Jonesia pinnata Willd. •Saraca confusa (Hassk.) Backer • Saraca indica “sensu Bedd., non L.” … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
આસોપાલવ or આસોપાલો (or simply આસો) is an all-too-familiar tree name in Gujarati and the very mention of this word would instantly conjure up a vision of Polyalthia longifolia in the mind of a native speaker. In actual parlance, it is a misnomer in the case of Saraca asoca.
Thank you very very much … for this feedback; great help.
… is right
even a child if and when sent out to get અસોપાલવ asopalava leaves from the neighborhood trees or the bazaar always would come back with the correct asopalov leaves that of Polyalthia longifolia
a misnomer a mistake
Thanks … for your feedback.
… it is also mentioned in Gujarati Lexicon – online dictionary.
It might be mentioned in several supposedly-reliable sources that are obviously oblivious to the ground reality. આસોપાલવ is a composite word meaning ‘leaves like that of Ashok’. That would render it appropriate for the False Ashok [Polyalthia longifolia] and redundant for the true one [Saraca asoca].
We do have a precedent to this discussion. In May 1929, Blatter & Millard published the first part of their series titled “Conspicuous Flowering Trees of India” [JBNHS, vol. 33, issue 3]. From the second part onward, the series would continue under the revised title “Some Beautiful Indian Trees”.
The eleventh part commenced with Saraca indica, and the authors assigned “Ashopalava” as the popular Gujarati name of this tree. Have attached a scan of this page (fr. JBNHS, vol. 36, issue 2, p. 353, April 1933).
Well, this error did not go unnoticed and it was fully dilated upon by the insightful naturalist Harinarayan G. Acharya (1897-1984) in the journal’s last issue of the year. Have also attached a scan of his article “The Ashoka Tree” (fr. JBNHS, vol. 36, issue 4, pp. 1021-1022, Dec. 1933).
I am absolutely convinced and going with your thoughts that you elaborated in the first instance itself. I have already corrected my notes by disassociating the misnomer.
Thanks … well wikipedia in Hindi is wrong
whoever wrote that blurb gives no references…
Ashok tree or Saraca indica is an important source of ayurvedic medicines, so looking at authentixc ayurvedic texts:
I consulted books by Hindi matribhasa wale professors from hindi speaking states in india there is mention of RAKTAPALLAV… in some
but NO ASOPLAV for Saraca Indica…Ashoka tree
Gujarati lexicon did not get to see it
they want me to sign up and enable their cookies so that they can give me a “better” experience ” of gujarati…
if that ‘s not a code word for doing mischief I donot know what is so that site is out..
also that way their mistakes can not be corrected.. openly… to me its stupid waste of time
Thanks … for your efforts.
ANMAR44/66 Saraca asoca : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (10)
FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS ( ASHOK -1 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of song by Tagore where ASHOK has been mentioned.
FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( ASHOK -2 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore where ASHOK has been mentioned. Scientifically the tree is Saraca asoca (syn Saraca indica).
FLOWERS /PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS ( ASHOK-3 ) : 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore, in which ASHOK has been mentioned.
FLOWERS /PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( ASHOK-4 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore, in which ASHOK has been mentioned.
FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS. ( ASHOK : 5 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore, whre ASHOK has been mentioned.
FLOWERS /PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( ASHOK -6, JHAU-1, KINSHUK -1 ) : 1 post by 1 author. 1 correct image as above.
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which ASHOK, JHAU, KINSHUK and RAJANIGANDHA have been mentioned. This song has alredy been uploaded with RAJANIGANDHA-2.
Saraca asoca (Roxb.)Willd. (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location: Lal bagh, Bangalore, India
Altitude: 3000 ft.
Date: 6 September 2015
Nepali Names : अशोक Ashok / अशौ Ashau
Fwd: SARACA ASOCA( ASHOK ) : 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Saraca asoca (ASHOK).
Saraca Indica’s variety : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Came across statement as in wikipedia as Saraca India has few variety.
Please find attached screen shot.
1. Please elaborate how many variety are there
2. Where they exists.
3. Do efloraofindia has records of all these variety.
I hope it is not getting confused with Polyalthia longifolia, another Ashok.
May be. Same kind of information i got in from ayurvedic related person about Tinospora Cordifolia. He said there are four variety of Tinospora Cordifolia.
He said there are four names in Sanskrit for these four variety. Will start a new thread for it after some days to discuss the matter after collecting all the data to share here.
Yes someone somewhere called Polyalthia longifolia Asoka tree and the copy paste army on the internet just took off and now when you search for asoka plants both Saraca and polyalthia show up and the guy who wrote the wikipedia seems unaware of the problem.
we have had a long conversation here is the thread
thread started by …
its time we delete the Guajarati words Asopalav as a name for asoka tree from this page on our website
the gujarati asopalav appears atleast twice on our page.
… had said he put it in because that appears in the hindi wiki. we are not reponsible for mistakes in hindi wiki but we are for our own page.
the page did not allow me to even sign in and do the editing myself. something to do with my computer?
Thanks, … I will do the needful pl.
Thanks … … is correct about the fact; even … had given clarity about the mix-up of the names.
Fwd: symbiosis : 1140 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red spot jezebel visiting flowers of Saraca asoca (ASHOK)
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS 1141 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Honey bee visiting flowers of Saraca asoca (ASHOK)
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS :1142 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red Base Jezebel visiting flowers of Saraca asoca (ASHOK)
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1143 : 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching a collage of male Purple Sun bird visiting flowers of Saraca asoca (ASHOK).
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1144 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Crimson Sun bird (female), visiting flowers of Saraca asoca (ASHOK).
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1145 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
SYMBIOSIS : 1271 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of male Purple Sun Bird visiting flowers of Saraca asoka (ASHOK).
he must be a slim light bird. sitting atop as he is. love it
Trees of Delhi states its flowering in the last week of March, peaking early in April.
some useful links and Ashoka 🙂 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Saraca asoca (Sita-Ashok or Sorrowless tree) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Planting of Seeta Ashok (04.12.2010 NSJ) – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Lannea coromandelica – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Saraca asoca – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Saraca asoca – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Sita ashok flowering – indiantreepix | Google Groups
3 pictures of Asoke – indiantreepix | Google Groups
tree 2 for id – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Ashoka: A plant that make a woman free of sorrow – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Red flowering Tree – Saraca asoca, Ashoka Tree – indiantreepix | Google Groups
MS, April, 2023/25 Saraca sp. for id.: 4 images.
Location : Aizawl, Mizoram
Altitude : ca.930 m
Date : 19-04-2023
Habitat : Planted
As per observation it could be Saraca asoca please go through attached link for confirmation
Yes to me !
I too agree with …
Yes it is.
Yes, as per images at
Requesting for an image of Saraca asoca:
Can you please provide me close-up of inflorescence of Saraca asoca?
The resolution should be at least 3 MB and also let me know how to acknowledge?
The photograph would be published as a part of a popular write-up.
Before sending you the mail I had personally requested Valke ji. He was bit late than usual but he has already provided me a number of images.