Sarcococca coriacea (Hook.) Sweet, Hort. brit. 491. 1827 (Syn: (≡) Pachysandra coriacea Hook. (basionym); (=) Sarcococca pruniformis Lindl.);
Sarcococca coriacea (Hook.) Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 1, 491. 1826. Pachysandra? coriacea Hook., Exot. Fl. 2: t. 148. 1825. Sarcococca pruniformis Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 12: t. 1012. 1826 (var. latifolia Lindl.); Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 266. 1887, p. p.; Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 4: 134. 1940. S. trinervia Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: 22, t. 1877. 1852; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1264. 1925 (repr. ed. 2: 885. 1957). S. saligna var. brevifolia Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 16(1): 12. 1869. S. pruniformis var. brevifolia (Müll.Arg.) Hook.f., l. c. 267. 1887. S. brevifolia (Müll.Arg.) Stapf ex Gamble, l. c. 1265. 1925. S. saligna non (D.Don) Müll.Arg., 1869: Mooney, Suppl. Bot. Bihar Orissa 29. 1950; Deb., Fl. Tripura 1: 200. 1981; Harid. & R.R.Rao, Forest Fl. Meghalaya 2: 764. 1987. as per BSI Flora of India;
 
Willow-Leaf Sweet-Box • Hindi: Geru, Piruli, Tiliara • Khasi: tiew dieng • Mizo: Pawhrual;
India: Shaded places in forests, at 500 – 2500 m altitude. Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar as per BSI Flora of India

Nilgiris: Lauraceae for identification 201112MK03: Please help me to identify this small tree found in the montane (shola) forests of Nilgiris.

Leaf: 8cm long
Flower: 1.5 cm long
Date: 21 Oct 2012
Place: Western Catchment, Nilgiris, TN
Alt.: 2400 m asl


Its a species of Sarcococca, there are two species in the Nilgiris


Sarcococca trinervia probably


Yes …, me too thought of that species name; because of the prominant 3-nerve. Many thanks for the help in identification


There appears to be some confusion regarding its range & synonymy. 
Biotik show Sarcococca trinervia Wight as syn. of Sarcococca saligna (D.Don) Muell.-Arg. with distribution as Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats-South (Anaimalai) and Central (Palakkad hills to Coorg Region) Sahyadris as per link: http://www.biotik.org/india/species/s/sarcsali/sarcsali_en.html
GRIN does not mention Sarcococca trinervia Wight. while showing Sarcococca saligna (D. Don) Müll. Arg. as accepted name with no distribution in South India as per link: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?33132 as does Flora of Pakistan as per link: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200012668
The Plant List further confuses the matter by showing Sarcococca trinervia Wight as a syn. of Sarcococca pruniformis Lindl. as per link http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2869352, which is contradictory to Biotik, GRIN & FOP.
Everybody’s assistance is required to solve this mystery.



Location: Godawari Botanical Garden, Nepal
Altitude: 5000 ft.

Date: 6 November 2017

Syn : Sarcococca coriacea Sweet

Nepali Names : फितिफिया Phitiphiyaa / बाख्रे घाँस Baakhre Ghaans / तेल्पारो Telpaaro   

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4 June 2019 

Attachments (1) – 639 kb

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SK1547 29 Oct 2018 : 16 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (7) – around 550 kb each.

Location: Okharpauwa, Nuwakot, Nepal
Altitude:  5500 ft.
Date: 13 September 2018
Habit : Wild 

Sir i think it is more similar to Pachygone ovata ? please check. 


Looks different from images at 

Cocculus laurifolius DC.?? 

To me looks different from images at 



This is net image link of Cocculus laurifolius which looks like my post.


Sarcococca wallichii Stapf ??

Thanks, … You seem to be in right direction this time.
It does not match with two species already in efi site at Sarcococca coriacea (Hook.) Sweet & Sarcococca saligna (D. Don) Müll. Arg.
For the other two species as per Checklist of Nepal, Flora of Bhutan gives the following keys:
l. Shoots puberulous; leaves narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 5 — 9 x 1 – 2cm, pinnately veined to base ….. 1. S. hookeriana
+ Shoots glabrous; leaves ovate-lanceolate, 8— 12 x 2.5-4cm, 3-veined at base ………………               2. S. wallichii

Yes  I already checked the links and came to this conclusion. 

By the way, images of influence in the second link is not so good.


Appears more closer to your images in another thread: Sarcococca pruniformis Lindl.


That means Sarcococca coriacea (Hook.) Sweet !


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ID005_tree_bk005 : 7 posts by 3 authors.

Help Post to ID attached tree photo
Sarcococca sp…???
Details..
  • Date: Last week of July, 2019
  • Elevation: 1400 masl
  • Habit: Wild
  • Location: Bagmati Province, Central Nepal
  • Fruiting stage Early..
Thank you in Advance…


Looks like Sarcococca wallichii Stapf! 


Ok I will check it out.

Why not Sarcococca coriacea as per Checklist of Nepal and elevation ?
Is there a key between the two ?

Here are the keys and details from Flora of India:
1 a. Ovary and fruits 2-locular … 1. S. coriacea
   b. Ovary and fruits 3-locular … 2 Other species
S. coriacea
Shrubs, 1.5 – 2 (-3) m high, entirely glabrous. Leaves elliptic, oblong-elliptic (or narrowly so), narrowly oblong to oblong-lanceolate, rounded to cuneate or acute at base, apiculate, acuminate or caudate at apex, (3.5 -) 7 – 11 (- 16) x (1 -) 2 – 3.5 (- 6) cm, chartaceous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves 6 – 12 pairs (basal pair prominent, ascending to 50 – 90% way up the lamina); petioles 5 – 15 mm long. Inflorescences axillary, unisexual, the males 0.8 – 2.5 cm long, (5 -) 8 – 16-flowered, the females 1 – 2 cm long, often paired, 1 – 4 (- 8)-flowered) or bisexual with 1- 4 female flowers subtending the male flowers; bracts ovate, triangular or deltoid, 0.7 – 2.5 x 0.5 – 2 mm. Male flowers: sessile or pedicels up to 1.5 mm long; bracteoles absent; sepals 4, ovate to ovate-oblong, 1.5 – 4 x 1 – 2 mm; stamens 4, filaments 3 – 8 mm long; anthers oblong, 1.5 – 2.5 mm long. Female flowers: ca 5 mm across: pedicels ca 2 mm long; bracteoles 4 – 8 (2 – 4 pairs) in subopposite pairs, triangular, ovate-triangular or deltoid, concave, 0.5 – 1.5 x 0.3 – 1.2 mm; sepals 4 – 6, similar to bracts, 1 – 2.5 x 0.7 – 2 mm; ovary ovoid, 1 – 2 x 0.7 – 1.5 mm, glabrous, bilocular; styles 2, 2 – 3 mm long, recurved above. Fruits ovoid, obliquely ellipsoid or subglobose, tipped by remains of style, 7 – 9 x 6 – 8 mm, fleshy.
S. wallichii
Shrubs or small trees, (0.5 -) 1 – 3 m high, entirely glabrous or with puberulous branches. Leaves narrowly elliptic-oblong, lanceolate-elliptic, lanceolate-oblong to lanceolate, acute or cuneate at base, caudate at apex, 7 – 11 (- 14) x (1.5 -) 2 – 4 cm, chartaceous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves slender, 8 – 12 per side (the first pair ascending to 50 – 70% way up the lamina); petioles 7 – 15 (- 20) mm long. Inflorescences axillary, bisexual (1 – 2.5 cm long, consisting of 1 – 2 female flowers at the base and 5 or 6 male flowers above them) or unisexual (up to 1.5 cm long, consisting of 1 or 2 female flowers); rachis occasionally sparsely puberulous; bracts triangular to ovate, 1 – 2 x 0.8 – 1.5 mm. Male flowers: sessile or pedicellate (pedicels up to 2 mm long), usually ebracteolate or rarely 2-bracteolate; sepals 4, ovate to ovate-triangular, 3 – 4 x 1.5 – 3 mm; filaments 5 – 8.5 mm long; anthers narrowly oblong, 1.5 – 2 mm long. Female flowers: 7 – 9 mm long; pedicels 5 – 6 mm long; bracteoles 3 or 4 pairs on pedicels, ovate to triangular, 1 – 2 x 0.8 – 1.5 mm; sepals 5 or 6, ovate, triangular or deltoid, 1.5 – 2.5 x 1 – 2 mm; ovary ovoid, ca 2 x 1.5 mm, glabrous; styles 3, 2 – 3.5 mm long. Fruits subglobose or oblong (? when immature), 8 – 10 x 6 -8 mm; fruiting pedicels 6 – 8 mm long.
From the above descriptions, both appear to be quite close. Find out if you can see some difference, which will help in determination of the species of this post.
So best will be to check the inside of the fruit.


Looks more close to  S. coriacea as of the features…glabrous leaf…..leaf shape…fruit characters etc… 

But needs further observation as said by …


References:

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