Breynia androgyna (L.) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr.
Breynia androgyna (L.) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. (2012) 120. —
Clutia androgyna L. (1767a) 663; (1767b) 128. —
Aalius androgyna (L.) Kuntze (1891) 591. —
Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. (1903) 30. —
Phyllanthus androgynus (L.) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. (2009) 714. — Lectotype (designated by Van Welzen 2003: 340): Hb. Linn. 1206.14 (LINN), ‘Habitat in India’.
Sauropus retroversus Wight (1853) t. 1951 (left). —
Aalius retroversus (Wight) Kuntze (1891) 591, as ‘retroversa’. —
Phyllanthus retroversus (Wight) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. (2009) 715. —
Breynia retroversa (Wight) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. (2012) 121. — Syntypes: Anonymous s.n. (K), Sri Lanka; Thwaites CP 3134 (G-DC n.v., K, P), Sri Lanka, Central Prov., Oodoopussalawa; Walker 274 (K), Sri Lanka.
Sauropus assimilis Thwaites (1861) 284, syn. nov. —
Phyllanthus assimilis (Thwaites) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. (2009) 715. —
Breynia assimilis (Thwaites) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. (2012) 120. — Type: Thwaites CP 2855 (holotype K), Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Central Prov., Allagalla.
Sauropus convexus J.J.Sm. (1924) 82, syn. nov. — Neotype (designated here): Hortus Bogoriensis s.n., cultivated (L, barcode L0138208), Indonesia, Java, Bogor. Former syntypes were based on living collections of which there are no vouchers: Indonesia, Java, Bogor, Hortus Bogoriensis XV.J.B.IV.1 (died 1950) and XV.J.B.V.5 (died 1945), originally from Leiden Botanical Garden. Smith indicates that there are minor differences in the staminate and pistillate flowers with B. androgyna, which fall well within the variation of this species.
(as per Phylogenetic reconstruction prompts taxonomic changes in Sauropus, Synostemon and Breynia (Phyllanthaceae tribe Phyllantheae) by P.C. van Welzen K. Pruesapan, I.R.H. Telford, H.-J. Esser , J.J. Bruhl- Blumea 59, 2014: 77–94 as per efi thread);
Breynia androgyna (L.) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr., Bangladesh J. Pl. Taxon. 19: 120 (2012) (syn: Clutia androgyna L.; Aalius androgyna (L.) Kuntze; Aalius oblongifolia (Hook.f.) Kuntze; Aalius sumatrana (Miq.) Kuntze; Agyneia ovata Poir.; Andrachne ovata Lam. ex Poir.; Phyllanthus acidissimus Noronha; Phyllanthus androgynus (L.) Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr.Phyllanthus speciosus Noronha; Phyllanthus strictus Roxb.; Sauropus albicans Blume; Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.; Sauropus convexus J.J.Sm.; Sauropus gardnerianus Wight; Sauropus indicus Wight; Sauropus macranthus Fern.-Vill.; Sauropus oblongifolius Hook.f.; Sauropus parviflorus Pax & K.Hoffm.; Sauropus scandens C.B.Rob.; Sauropus sumatranus Miq.; Sauropus zeylanicus Wight) as per POWO;
Tropical & Subtropical Asia: Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
‘multi-vitamin plant’ ; in malayalam as Madhuracheera, sucurumanicheera;
Tender leaves are boiled and eaten by local tribes;
The leaves are highly proteinaceous and used in culinary preparations. We use the leaves for preparation of roti and dosa (rice roti and dosa i.e. instead of onion /or in addition to onion we can use this). You can also prepare curry. We have tried ourselves;

Fruits & Vegetables: Sauropus androgynous_RKC:
Loc.: Itanagar, arunachal Pradesh (ca 550m)
Uses: Tender leaves are boiled and eaten by local tribes. 

The leaves are highly proteinaceous and used in culinary preparations. We use the leaves for preparation of roti and dosa (rice roti and dosa i.e. instead of onion /or in addition to onion we can use this).  You can also prepare curry. We have tried ourselves. Grows well in South India.

this plant has a name called “vitamin green“,



I think you inadvertantly labeled this as Uraria picta, or attached wrong pictures instead of Uraria.
I look forward to see your pictures of Uraria picta!

This is not Uraria species. This is one of the Phylolanthaceae members. Possibly Sauropus androgynus, the protein plant.

This is Sauropus androgynus. Commonly known as Chukramanicheera in Malayalam.

Yes it is Sauropus androgynus. It is also called diabetes cheera.

Gorumara National Park, Jalpaiguri West Bengal

I hope this is one of the Phyllanthus species.. will be happy to know the name.

It may be a Sauropus sp., I guess.

Could it be Sauropus sanguinaea Linn of Euphorbiaceae family.

Is it Sauropus androgynus known as sweet leaf and which is used as a leaf vegetable?

For me Sauropus androgynus.  …, can you post the habit and fruits photograph as well as the plant description (floral and foliage) which will help in arriving at correct ID by experts.

Sauropus androgynous


Plant for Id : 01112013 : RV 1 : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Please identify this shrub planted in a pot in Maharashtra Nature Park, Dharawi, Mumbai……
picture taken yesterday. (31.10.13)

Sauropus androgynus of Phyllanthaceae/ Euphorbiaceae.

Yes I go with …

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Sauropus androgynus from Chennai BRS 030 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the images of Sauropus androgynus from Adyar, Chennai.

It is Sauropus androgynus.


EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT ::Sauropus androgynus :: SMP 33 : 2 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Sauropus androgynus

One of the commonest species in that area. Now belongs to family Phyllanthaceae.


plant for ID – Wayanad – 09022014-NAW3 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Kindly identify this shrub possibly Euphorbiaceae, with pink fruits and edible leaves (when cooked). Photographed mid-Jan 2014 at the Gurukula Botanical Sanctuary, North Wayanad, Kerala.
The plants are harvested for their leaves and so the form is not natural.
Height about 1 metre. pink fruits about 1.5 cm.

Sauropus androgynus

Images by tspkumar




TSPNOV2015-62: Images of Breynia androgyna (Phyllanthaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Breynia androgyna  (Phyllanthaceae)

The Digital Flora of Karnataka lists this sp as Sauropus androgynus…!  

Habit: Erect shrub 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Siddarabetta and Devarayanadurga, Tumkur, Karnataka about 800 msl. 

Date: 29-07-2014 and 20-10-2014

Would you please allow me to save the first photo for reproduction with due acknowledgement in our publication on the family Phyllanthaceae, to be published in 2016!

…Kindly do so.

Submission of Sauropus androgynous : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Plant name: Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr., Forest. Bur. Philipp. Bull. 1: 30. 1903.
Ver.names: Sweet leaf bush (Eng.); Vitaminla kura (Tel.).
Family:  Phyllanthaceae
Erect shrub up to 3m tall. Leaves alternate, 2 ranked; lamina 3-5 × 1.5-2.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, thin. Plants monoecious. Male flowers 1-3 axillary, 4-5 mm across, greenish-white. Perianth disc shaped, 6 fid, feshy; stamens 3, disc incurved at upper part covering anthers with a maroon centre. Female flowers similar to males, disk 0, sepals accrescent in fruit, red. Capsule1-1.2cm across, white, depressed globose.
Habitat & location: Often cultivated. Rare in wild. Photographed at Nellore.
Flowering period: Almost throughout the year.
Uses: Leaves are used as vegetable. It is a rich source of provitamin-A, B and K. It is used for weight control in in some S.E.Asian nations.

Now Breynia androgyna (L.) Chakrab. & N.P. Balakr.


Plant for ID: North Bengaluru area : 8 posts by 4 authors. 2 images.
Can you please help me in identifying this species?
The sapling I found was a small one, around 2 feet tall. I think It was few months old.
Let me know if the photos needs to be taken in a particular manner, or if the stem portion also needs to be captured.

Sauropus androgynous

I think id  by … is correct though the flowers are not clearly visible. Breynia androgyna.

Thanks everybody for the ID assistance. I will post the pictures as soon as flowers & fruits come out.

Sauropus androgynous also known as katukstar gooseberry, or sweet leaf, is a shrub grown in some tropical regions as a leaf vegetable. In  India   it is known as chekurmanis and in Kannada ‘Chakramuni’The leaves are  are full of protein. I have this plant in my home garden in Mysore. We often use the leaves for cooking .

This sapling could be Sauropus androgynous

Plant for ID: 231116NS : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Can you please help me in identifying this species?
The sapling I found was a small one, around 3 feet tall. I think It 6 months old.

Date/Time 23/11/2016, 11am IST.

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS: North Bengaluru (Hebbal – Sahakar Nagar), Karnataka, India.

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type: Garden OR Urban.

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb: Tree OR Shrub (Mostly Tree)

Height/Length: 3 feet sapling (6 month old).

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size: Leaf arrangement is like Seetaphal/ ramphal (annona ..). Length of leaves around 10cm. However, the bark & stem are different.

Inflorescence Type/ Size- Not Seen as small sapling.

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts: Not Seen as small sapling.

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds: Not Seen as small sapling.

Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc: Sapling has germinated by a fallen seed (not planted).

Is this plant Sauropus androgynus (chakramuni/multi-vitamin plant?

Thanks, … I think it is the same plant you posted in another thread & identified as Sauropus androgynous


Plant from Kerala : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
photos of this plant were clicked from Kerala in first week of January. the plant was of the height of approximately 5 feet and there were a lot of flowers hanging or dangling underneath the branch. the fruits were white and seed black. the seeds could also be seen on the ground as once exposed the seeds fell easily from the plant.
A lot of brown ants were also there which were sucking on the nectar of flowers.

Breynia androgyna.

Re: Sugar control plant from Tripura : 5 posts by 4 authors. 5 images.
The leaves of this tree are used by tribal people of Tripura to control diabetes
Location: Rajnagar, Unakoti, Tripura
I wish to know its name

Breynia androgyna (Synonym – Sauropus androgynus)
Family – Phyllanthaceae

Sauropus androgynus. (L.) Merr.. 
Common names :   Sweet Leaf Bush, Star Gooseberry, Multi vitamin plant • Kannada: Chakraani,  Chakramuni • Malayalam: Madhuracheera, Cucurumanicheera • Tamil: Pallikkarputu, Thavasi Keerai . 
Very useful plant for home gardens. The leaves are used as a medicine for coughs and to soothe the lungs, as a tonic, and as a febrifugal to relieve internal fever; they are also used as a vegetable.  It does not control diabetes.
The plant is common in Karnataka & other South Indian states. have grown this in my garden at Mysore. It is rich in protein and we use leaves as leafy vegetable. I will send the article in due course.

Sauropus androgynus :: Vythiri, Wayanad :: 13 NOV 19 : 9 posts by 5 authors. 6 images.
Vythiri  Wayanad
Date: November 13, 2019 … Altitude: about 700 m (2,300 ft) asl
Sauropus androgynus  (L.) Merr.

Nice. I have this plant grown in my house garden and use it  as a leafy vegetable. I have published an article written on it in Star of Mysore (soft copy enclosed sans pictures).
Attachments (1)- SoM Chekurmanis.docx

Thanks very much … for sharing the article.
At first, I searched through Phyllanthus, in eFI, FoI … later got it in FoI via flower by colours as Sauropus.

this case has intrigued me with the fruit color etc. Thanks … for id and the paper

Famed Vitamin Plant !!!

Yes !

Identification VST8 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify the plant.
Date/Time- 29 DEC 2019
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS-  Nellarachal, Ambalavayal, Wayanad-673592, Kerala
11° 35′ 59.76” N 76° 10′ 48.33” E. Altitude 785
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Residential garden boundary.
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 6 m
Flowers 5 mm, Fruit showing six sepals

Most probably the sweet leaf bush, Sauropus androgynous.

Sauropus androgynus. ChekurmanisMultivitamin plant. Edible.  I have this plant in my house.


Sauropus androgynus :: Dattaji Salvi Udyan, Thane :: 11 JAN 20 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane
Date: January 11, 2020 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl
Sauropus androgynus  (L.) Merr.
Many thanks to Venkatesh Kanchu, Suseela Uppalapati, V S Ramachandran for the ID … facebook.

ID is correct.


116 ID wild plant a leafy vegetable: 16 images.

Please ID wild plant, young shoots used as vegetable.
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 19.07.2021, 01.05pm
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: climbing, branches, hard stem, long lasting, fleshy young shoot so used as leafy vegetable, even pluck young shoot regularly then grow many branches and the plant remains as bush
Height: 09 meters
Leaves: alternate, pinnate, leaflets alternate, oblong, apex, size:7×3cm or less
Flower: diameter:04mm, pink, non fragrant
Fruit: globular white into pink, diameter:2cm, not edible
Seed: brown, pear shaped
Camera: Samsung Galaxy A21s

Looks like Souropus androgynus variety.

Yes, I agree with … for Sauropus androgynus

Yes, it is, dear …., thank you very much for ID my plant. It is many growing in the forest region (up to 9 meters height) as well as properties here. Pollinated flower is more beautiful, I am happy to share more images,

Thanks, …, for id as Sauropus androgynus (Breynia androgyna).

The identification is correct.


Request ID Phyllantus sp. ?: 6 images.
Observation: 09/02/2023. Riung District, Flores, Indonesia.
Description: It is a small tree that can reach a height of 3m. Presence of stipula at the leaf axils, black thorns. Also present on the branches and the trunk. Simple leaf, alternate phyllotaxisDrupe type pink colored fruit. Small leaf axils yellow flower.
Habitus: Common in all dry tropical forest with sea influenced climate. Often seen in old village places (now naturaly reforested). Up to an altitude of 400m.
Use: The fruit can be eaten as a vegetable.
First ID: Phyllanthus sp. ?

I guess some Phyllanthaceae !

What do you think about Greynia androgynus ? (older genus : Sauropus) 
Could this species present pink fruit more than white one’s ?

Looks close !

I agree with …

The colour of calyx and fruit were bothering me as they look different from images at

But it should be OK.

Breynia androgyny.