Keys from Flora of Bhutan (Distribution with habitat and flowering):
1. Umbels 2.5 — 3.5cm diameter; styles united, short …… 2
+ Umbels l – 2( – 2.5)cm diameter; styles absent …… 3
2. Leaflets densely stellate-pubescent beneath, veins impressed above…. 1. S. impressa (Bhutan: S — Chukka district (Jumudag), C — Mongar district (Lhuntse); Darjeeling: Tonglo, Senchal. Evergreen oak forests, 2200 – 3050m. August – September.)
+ Leaflets glabrous or sparsely stellate-pubescent beneath, veins +/- prominent above … .. 2. S. elata (Bhutan: S —Chukka district (Chukka Dzong), Deothang district (Kheri Gompa); Darjeeling; Sikkim. In dense broad-leaved forests, 1525 — 2130m. September —November.)
3. Leaflets 2 -» 3.5cm broad, caudate-acuminate; inflorescence densely stellate pubescent at first ……. 3. S. tenuis (Bhutan: S — Gaylegphug district (near Sham Khara). On cliff face, 1150m. March.)
+ Leaflets 4 — 7cm broad, shortly acuminate; inflorescence sparsely pubescent or glabrous …… 4
4. Inflorescence sparsely stellate-pubescent at first; buds purplish, flowers white, petals cohering and falling as a cap . .. 4. S. bengalensis (syn. of Schefflera pubigera (Brongn. ex Planch.) Frodin) (Bhutan: S — Chukka district (near Chukka) and Sarbhang district (near Loring Falls), C — Punakha district (Wangdu Phodrang) and Tashigang district (Gamri Chu): Darjeeling; Sikkim. In warm broad-leaved forests, 900 – 1675m. October- April.)
+ Inflorescence +/- glabrous; flowers greenish yellow, petals opening and falling separately .. .. 5. S. aff. roxburghii (Bhutan: S – Gaylegphug district (Sarbhang Road) and Deothang district (near Samdrup Jongkhar); Darjeeling: Rongbe and Sivoke Terai. In dense subtropical jungle, often in river valleys, 300 — 600m. April — July.)
Karthikeyan et al. (2009) have mentioned following species of Schefflera in India:
Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceea- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. p.p. 151-154.
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 11.6.14:
Species with description in Flora of Pakistan :
Schefflera bengalensis Gamble (syn. of Schefflera pubigera (Brongn. ex Planch.) Frodin (FOP & WCSP))
Schefflera arboricola (Hayata) Merrill (Ornamental)
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Schefflera bourdillonii Gamble- Indeterminate- Kerala
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys–
Schefflera clarkiana Craib.(? Schefflera clarkeana Craib)
Schefflera roxburghii Gamble
Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar(2003)- Details-
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Brassaia actinophylla Endl. is a synonym of Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) Harms
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Schefflera stellata (Gaertn.) Harms
Schefflera (Araliaceae) : 6 posts by 3 authors.
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added list of Indian species based on Karthikeyan (2009).
Thanks a lot, …, Following are missing from it:
Schefflera bengalensis Gamble is a synonym of Schefflera pubigera (Brongn. ex Planch.) Frodin (FOP & WCSP)
Schefflera venulosa (Wight & Arn.) Harms (FON & Flora of Tamilnadu & other references)
Missing (may be due to being cultivated)
S. bengalensis Gamble is considered as synonym of S. elliptica (Blume) Harms in this work.
S. khasiana (C.B.Clarke) R. Vig. is considered as synonym of S. wallichiana (Wight & Arn.) Harms
S. venulosa (Wight & Arn.) Harms is considered as synonym of S. elliptica (Blume) Harms in this work
S. actinophylla is not mentioned in this work
Thanks, … It’s simply great. Any other feedback (particularly from experts, as it has now complicated the issues) in this regard is most welcome.