Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq., “Icon. Pl. Rar. (Jacquin) 1: 17, t. 176. 1781” “17, t. 176” 1781. ;
Yemen (W-Yemen), Oman, Namibia, Botswana, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Liberia, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, D.R. Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Sudan, Somalia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Cameroon, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.), India (widespread, Himachal Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka), Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi), Nepal, Tibet (I), Colombia (I), Puerto Rico (I), Virgin Isl. (I)
(St. Thomas (I))
as per Catalogue of Life;
skler-oh-KAR-pus — from the Greek skleros (hard) and karpos (fruit)Dave’s Botanary
af-ri-KAHN-us — of or from AfricaDave’s Botanary

commonly known as: African bonebract
Native to: tropical Africa and Asia; elsewhere naturalized 


Id this herb pz…:
Here I’m sending the snaps from Asteraceae member, sorry having only these two snaps, photo credit – … I’m confused between two genus Synedrella and Sclerocarpus, upto my observations it much closer to Sclerocarpus sp.
Height of the plant is about 1.5 feet long n having only one inflorescence on plant.
Photographed at Pune (Sept 2012).

Mostly it look like Sclerocarpus sp…

Me too have sighted this at Pateshwar, and took it as Synedrella nodiflora.

Thank u … for confirmation of the genus but pz help in species id, weather it Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq.
pz validate it.

Yes it is S. africanuas. some time common in dryer areas of marathwada, Vidarbha.

Thanks for sharing this interesting plant. I have spotted similar plant recently near Sinhgad base. Will post it separately.

I had observed this species from Asteraceae family. I think this is one is same what … had posted recently. The angle of photograph is also similar.
I think this has to be Sclerocarpus sp. Pl. validate.
Herb about less than a foot high. Leaves 4-5 cm. Flowers tiny 2-3mm

Yes …, it does look like Sclerocarpus sp. , could be S. africanus?

Yes …, Sclerocarpus africanus as discussed in Anita ji’s post at and ID by …

Also finds its entry in Shrikant ji’s Further Flowers of Sahyadri.


Asteraceae Week Part I-Radiate heads:: Sclerocarpus africanus Sinhagad Pune SMP 7:  2 images. 4 posts by 4 authors.
Sclerocarpus africanus

Liked the grasshopper too 🙂

Thanks … for very nice pictures, I would have confused this with Synedrella


Names of Plants in India :: Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq.: via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > ‎  Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq. … (family: Asteraceae)

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
skler-oh-KAR-pus — from the Greek skleros (hard) and karpos (fruit) … Dave’s Botanary
af-ri-KAHN-us — of or from AfricaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: African bonebract
botanical names: Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq. … synonyms: no synonym known … The Plants List
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed at Pateshwar … 08 SEP 12
Many thanks to … for sharing her sighting; … and … ID …

I found the same recently near Sinhgad base

Images by Dinesh Valke (Id by Prashant Awale & Neil Soares),(Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links) 

Asteraceae Week (Part I – Radiate heads) :: Sclerocarpus africanus at Satara :: 08 SEP 12 02:27 :: DV28 : 3 images. 1 post by 1 author.

Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq.
skler-oh-KAR-pus — from the Greek skleros (hard) and karpos (fruit)Dave’s Botanary
af-ri-KAHN-us — of or from AfricaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: African bonebract
Native to: tropical Africa and Asia; elsewhere naturalized
References: Flowers of IndiaeFloraFurther Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
at Pateshwar near Satara on 08 SEP 12


Sclerocarpus africanus :  Attachments (2).

I photographed d same weed at Betul, MP ( In Dec 11) and then at Pune ( Jan 12).
Attaching my pics.
I think it’s– Synedrella nodiflora (Asteraceae) Or Cinderella Weed.
Some expert can conform this.

I doubt it is Synedrella nodiflora (Asteraceae). Take some more clear photographs.

efi pages on Synedrella nodiflora & Calyptocarpus vialis

Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq.


Asteraceae herb at Bhimbetka :: 20 SEP 13 :: DV :  8 images. 11 posts by 7 authors.
Bhimbetka Rock Shelters in Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary … about 1850 feet ft asl
Date / Time: 20 SEP 13 at 02:46 PM … Altitude: about 1915 ft asl
ID please … (family: Asteraceae)
Habit: herb, diffuse-branched from base, about 60 – 80 cm high, under trees
Habitat: mixed deciduous forest

The flower cluster about 10 – 12 mm across. Please note the plant is growing among many others.
Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, a world heritage site, is famous for its rock paintings. The place is known to be one of the most primitive dwellings of human race. All of the rock shelters are located within the territory of Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary.

Nice set of photographs.  Informative post.  Ratapani WLS seems to be good place, nice Rock paintings..
The looks similar to Sclerocarpus africanus… Lets wait for more comments..

I thought of Synedrella !!

Thanks…; thanks very much Prashant, indeed Sclerocarpus africanus.

Looks similar to Synedrella nodiflora…

Thank you very much … for your thought. … also has put same thought.
My ID of Sclerocarpus africanus at another instance in my flickr photostream may get revised.
Also, Handbook of Excursion Flora of the Gangetic Plains and Adjoining Hills  By M. N. Sanya gives … flowers: white with purplish tinge

Had also thought of Synedrella nodilora, but even the achenes look different. Sending a few photographs (3) taken yesterday.

Thanks … very much for seconding that the posted plant may not be Synedrella nodilora.

Kanakeshwar, Alibag– Oct’09?;  ID290909phk1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Need help with tiny cluster yellow flower ID: 2 images.
Kuno Palpur
10 Oct 2021

Calyptocarpus vialis Less.  ??  Synedrella nodiflora Gaertn.??

I don’t think it’s either of them

Please check comparative images of Asteraceae in efi and Foi.

It is Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq. as per images and details herein.