Desert Senna, Desert Cassia; 


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SEN-nuh — Latin form of Arabic word for a thorny bush
pol-ee-FIL-uh — many leaves
This ID needs validation; only these photos available.
May 6, 2007 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: desert cassia
Native to: Caribbean islands; cultivated elsewhere
more views: Jan 6, 2007 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra

Nov 23, 2008 … in public garden, Thane, Maharashtra


I think yes, …


Senna Biflora: Deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub, up to 6 to 8 feet tall (1.8-2.4 m), 3 to 5 feet in spread (0.9-1.5 m); pinnate leaves, 2 to 3 inches long (5-7.5 cm), 4 to 6 pairs of light green leaflets
Senna polyphylla: Small evergreen tree or shrub, 7 to 12 feet tall (2-3.6 m); strong taproot; 3 to 15 pairs of leaflets, 0.16 to 0.4 inch long (4-10 mm)
Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
syn: Cassia biflora L.; Cassia biflora Griseb.; Cassia pallida Vahl.
Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
syn: Cassia polyphylla Jacq.; Cassia microphylla Sesse & Moc.
So I also Think Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby

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Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 517, 1982
Syn: Cassia polyphylla Jacq.; Cassia marginata Willd.
The two species are often confused on most websites. Here are the differences
Senna polyphylla: Small evergreen tree or shrub, 7 to 12 feet tall (2-3.6 m); strong

taproot; 3 to 15 pairs of leaflets, 0.16 to 0.4 inch long (4-10 mm)
Senna pallida: Deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub, up to 6 to 8 feet tall (1.8-2.4 m), 3 to 5 feet in spread (0.9-1.5 m); pinnate leaves, 2 to 3 inches long (5-7.5 cm), 4 to 6 pairs of light green leaflets 
Senna polyphylla, Photographed from Delhi University campus photographed in September, it is a tree with 9-11 pairs of leaflets.

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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Cassia biflora Pune:  Often planted in gardens as ornamental.
I think it has some new name now.

I think Cassia polyphylla, now Senna polyphylla


Agreed Sir


Thanks … More leaflets clearly seen so Senna polyphylla.



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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Senna pallida from Delhi and Panchkula:   Senna pallida (Vahl) H. S. Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:531. 1982

syn: Cassia pallida Vahl; Cassia biflora L.
Deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub, up to 1.8-2.4 m tall, 0.9-1.5 m spread; pinnate leaves, 5-7.5 cm long, 4 to 6 pairs of light green leaflets
Photographed from Delhi and Panchkula


After having re-look at photographs and literature have realised that Senna pallida and Senna Polyphylla are quite distinct

This plant is Senna polyphylla and not S. pallida. Kindly go through this mail


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Senna polyphylla frm Pune: Senna polyphylla flowering in a society garden, Pune.
Dated- 12.01.12

Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby from TDL Herbal Park Yamuna Nagar
Syn Cassia biflora
Shrub cultivated in Garden there

Many many thanks … for this upload.
Thanks to … too for showing this plant from Delhi and Panchkula.
Now it looks easy to differentiate this Senna pallida from its close ally, Senna polyphylla.
Both plants are new to me.
… keys led to discovering S. polyphylla in my collection.


Senna polyphylla as explained in another mail


 

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Senna pallida or Senna polyphylla?:

Some websites consider Senna polyphylla and Senna pallida as synonyms http://toptropicals.com/cgi-bin/garden_catalog/cat.cgi?uid=Senna_Poly…
The more reputed websites, however, treat them as distinct species
Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
syn: Cassia biflora L.; Cassia biflora Griseb.; Cassia pallida Vahl.
Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
syn: Cassia polyphylla Jacq.; Cassia microphylla Sesse & Moc.
Obviously the two species are very closely related. Could any member explore and find real differences between the two species so that identity of our plant can be fixed.
This plant was found planted at several places, especially in resorts in Morni hills region.

Any one having access to this article can help


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cassia biflora:  cassia biflora is a ornamental small tree or bush.


It is also known as Cassia bicapsularis

Thanks, The pods of Cassia biflora and cassia bicapsularis are not same. Pl checked.


I checked GRIN, the database that I rely most. Cassia biflora Linn. has been declared as nom. utique rej by Botanical Code ( and such can’t be an accepted name), and the name often used by other authors is more correctly C. pallida Vahl. The species of Cassia with 10 perfect stamens are now placed under genus Senna, and as such correct name for the species is Senna pallida (Vahl) H. S. Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 531, 1982.
Cassia bicapsularis is a distinct species.


Senna polyphylla as per thread:

https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups#!topic/indiantreepix/SX8ZJeIe2K8 


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Cassia biflora: Saw this bright yellow Cassia biflora at Shahpur, Mah., in the last week of March. ’10. Hope ID is correct.


Yes … We have many small trees (looks more like a shrub) of this flowering in our University campus.


Senna polyphylla as per thread:

https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups#!topic/indiantreepix/SX8ZJeIe2K8


Yes …


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ID 100513ASP11A :  This plant is a shrub of about 2m high, highly branched and produces a profusion of yellow flowers in drooping branches. Commonly grown as an ornamental in parks, gardens and homes. Photo was taken in March 2013 in Eastern part of Sri Lanka.
Can you please help with ID


Do you have a close up of flower pictures? For me this plant looks like Gmelina asiatica.


This would be Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby syn Cassia biflora.


It is Cassia bi-flora.


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Senna pallida (Wall) Irwin & Barneby [Caesalpiniaceae]:

Name: Senna pallida (Wall) Irwin & Barneby
Syn: Cassia biflora
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Date: 08 Jan 2011
Place: Padappai, Kancheepuram dist.
Alt: ca. 20M ASL


It looks like Cassia auriculata


No., this cannot be C. auriculata as the significant auricle-shaped stipule is absent. Leaves too smaller


This is Senna pallida as said by …


This is Senna pallida syn. Cassia biflora.


Senna
polyphylla
as per thread:

https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups#!topic/indiantreepix/SX8ZJeIe2K8


 
Cassia biflora from TDL Herbal Park Yamunanagar Haryana
pls validate

Sir how to differentiate btw/n Cassia biflora and not Senna polyphylla ??


There is a mail on this topic by me. You may try to help out. https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/d3…


Valid Name for Cassia biflora now is Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby.
Some site consider both Cassia bifloa and Senna polyphylla synonym but these are different
And I could find much information
Senna Biflora: Deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub, up to 6 to 8 feet tall (1.8-2.4 m), 3 to 5 feet in spread (0.9-1.5 m); pinnate leaves, 2 to 3 inches long (5-7.5 cm), 4 to 6 pairs of light green leaflets

Senna polyphylla: Small evergreen tree or shrub, 7 to 12 feet tall (2-3.6 m); strong taproot; 3 to 15 pairs of leaflets, 0.16 to 0.4 inch long (4-10 mm)


Thanks …, you found out something. There should be something in flowers and fruits. Let us find out.


Yes


The confusion between Senna pallida (Cassia biflora L.) perhaps not as simple as we thought. The confusion started with several websites treating two as synonyms, giving the impression that perhaps two are very close and as such we have separated many plants with shrubby habit and lesser number of leaflets as Senna pallida and one more or less tree like habit and more than 7 leaflets as Senna polyphylla.
After going though various reliable sources I came to know than Senna polyphylla is very distinct from Senna pallida.
Senna pallida (syn Cassia biflora L.) Small shrub up to 3.5 m tall, stems slender; leaf stalk with two orange dots on petiole, base of petiole and leaflets swollen at base; leaf 5-6 cm long, leaflets 4-7 pairs, 2-3 cm long, 1.5 cm broad, widest near apex, base and apex rounded, veins obscure; flowers bright yellow , 3 cm across, in pairs on 2 cm long pedecels; fruit dry, flattened, 6-8 cm long, 3-5 mm broad, repeated x pattern on surface.
Senna polyphylla: Desert cassia Shrub or small tree: often 5 m tall; leaves often clustered 3-5 together at each node; leaflets 3-15 pairs, 5-10 mm long; flowers yellow 3.8 cm across, axillary racemes of two flowers; pod 8-15 cm long, slightly contorted, flattened between seeds.
Looking at smaller size of leaflets and leaves more or clustered it appears that photographs uploaded recently under both names actually all belong to Senna polyphylla and we may have to still locate true specimens of Senna pallida like we are still looking for Senna surattensis.
Your views on this please


Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 517, 1982
Syn: Cassia polyphylla Jacq.; Cassia marginata Willd.
Thanks …. for short key, which helped me to sort my photographs. I had raised this query in my earlier mail
Some websites consider Senna polyphylla and Senna pallida as synonyms
The more reputed websites, however, treat them as distinct species
Senna pallida (Vahl) H.S.Irwin & Barneby syn: Cassia biflora L.; Cassia biflora Griseb.; Cassia pallida Vahl.
Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby syn: Cassia polyphylla Jacq.; Cassia microphylla Sesse & Moc.
Obviously the two species are very closely related. Could any member explore and find real differences between the two species so that identity of our plant can be fixed.
.. provided the answer today, a short key but very helpful
Senna biflora: Deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub, up to 6 to 8 feet tall (1.8-2.4 m), 3 to 5 feet in spread (0.9-1.5 m); pinnate leaves, 2 to 3 inches long (5-7.5 cm), 4 to 6 pairs of light green leaflets
Senna polyphylla: Small evergreen tree or shrub, 7 to 12 feet tall (2-3.6 m); strong  taproot; 3 to 15 pairs of leaflets, 0.16 to 0.4 inch long (4-10 mm)
My plant photographed from Delhi University campus photographed in September, it is a tree with 9-11 pairs of leaflets, well fitting into latter species 

 

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Cassia for ID : Oman : 310711 : AK-3: Taken at Muscat,Oman on 14/12/06.
A small bush around 4-5 feet in height with tiny leaves as seen.

Please check Cassia polyphylla of Leguminosae family.


It may be Cassia siamea.


May be Cassia biflora


We had discussed it earlier also on the basis of key provided by you

Senna Biflora: Deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub, up to 6 to 8 feet tall (1.8-2.4 m), 3 to 5 feet in spread (0.9-1.5 m); pinnate leaves, 2 to 3 inches long (5-7.5 cm), 4 to 6 pairs of light green leaflets
Senna polyphylla: Small evergreen tree or shrub, 7 to 12 feet tall (2-3.6 m); strong taproot; 3 to 15 pairs of leaflets, 0.16 to 0.4 inch long (4-10 mm)

Looking at leaflets, it appears Senna polyphylla


 

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Senna for ID : Oman : 031111 : AK-1: Pictures taken on the 1st of Jan,2007 at Muscat, Oman.
A small cultivated bush in one of the gardens.
Recently one of my Cassia/Senna was identified as Senna polyphylla.
Is this Senna polyphylla or Senna biflora?


I think it is the same plant you had uploaded earlier and identified by us as Senna polyphylla.


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SHRUB ID……05.11.2011………S.S……061: Planted in the gardens of the hotel. Id please.
Date/Time-…17th April. Morning.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-….JALDPARA LODGE. WEST BENGAL.

Habitat- Garden/…. Garden of lodge/ hotel
Plant Habit- …..Shrub

Height/Length-…….3ftapprox

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-… see pic.
Inflorescence Type/ Size-… see pic
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-…. see pic.


 

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ID 280210 3: Date/Time- 26/12/2009; 11.30 am
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Goa
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Urban
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- Medium sized
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- oval
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-Yellow


Probably a Senna species. Close-ups of foliage, flowers would be very helpful.


The first photograph of … appears to be Senna pallida (Cassia biflora auct.),


Cassia biflora I hope?


Yes, for me too this looks like Cassia biflora


this is Cassia biflora


This is the plant that is likely a Senna species; ID will still likely require a close-up or better-focused pictures.


Senna polyphylla as per thread:

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SK587 21 JUN-2017:ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Nepal
Date: 13 April  2017
Altitude: 2600 ft.

Pl. Check comparative images at Senna page in efi site. 


Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb. ??? 


No. I think it should be Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby as per images herein.


Couple of persons suggested it could be Senna auriculata instead of Senna polyphylla.

Thanks, … If you check the images yourself of both species, you will know.

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1086 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Bumble bee visiting flowers of Cassia biflora,

Correct name is Senna polyphylla 


 

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please help to identify this flower /plant : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) – 1 Mb each.
this is observed in UNA. Himachal pradesh.

height from sea level :700 mtr 
habitat :  cultivated 

Pl. check images at 
To me appears close. 

Closeup of the flowers showing all the details and fruits are necessary for proper ID. Hence ID cannot be confirmed based on these photographs.   Nevertheless, you may also check for  Cassia auriculata (old name) as well.


Thanks …, I think it is very close.



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17112019EPT22 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 500 kb each. 

presenting for ID the shrubby senna planted at road median Location : Chennai outskirts 
Date :15.11.2019

Elevation : 30 mts


Senna polyphylla ?? Senna auriculata ??


It is not Senna auriculata which is called Aavaaram poo in Tamil.
Most probably Senna polyphylla


Yes !That could be. Please cross verify!


Senna polypylla. No doubt about it. Saw today in profuse flowering in a Municipal garden. 

 

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SK 2397 17 January 2020 : 9 posts by 2 authors. 7 images- 5 to 7 mb each. 

Location: Bangkok, Thailand
Date:  07  December 2019 
Elevation: MSL
Habitat: Cultivated



References:

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