Native to Assam, Bangladesh, India, Lebanon-Syria, West Himalaya Introduced to Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, East Himalaya, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Jersey, New York, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wisconsin, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
bene seeds, beniseed, benne, gingelly, til • Bengali: তিল til • Hindi: gingli, safed til, til • Kannada: ಎಳ್ಳು ellu, ತಿಲ tila • Kashmiri: कुंजद् kunjad, कूंजल् or कूंज्यल् kunjal • Malayalam: ellu, schit-elu • Manipuri: thoiding • Marathi: तीळ or तिल tila • Punjabi: ਤਿਲ til • Sanskrit: तिल tila • Tamil: சிற்றெள் cirrel, எள் el, எள்ளு ellu, திலம் tilam, yellu cheddi • Telugu: నువ్వులు nuvvulu, నువ్వుపువ్ nuvvupuvvu, తెలిక telika, తిలలు tilalu;


Herb for ID, Rajasthan NAW-AUG15-01 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Kindly identify this herb with bell flowers growing wild on a hill near Tiloniya village, Ajmer District, Rajasthan, photographed in August 2015.
The herbs were about 30-40 cms in height. the flowers about 2-3 cms long.

Sesamum indicum L

Thank you Sir. Sesame or til is commonly farmed in the region – these must be escapes from cultivation.

GRAM2016 – Could this be Sesamum sp.? : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (20)
Found along the roadside at Karkala, Karnakata in Sep, 2016

I think yes, this is Sesamum indicum..


Flora of Haryana: Sesamum indicum from Village Khubru near Gannor Sonipat:
Sesamum indicum from Khubru sonipat shot from near a Petrol Pump Growing
wildly although a crop plant
Called as Til

I had also photographed a similar population near Nagrota in Jammu.

Here are mine from Nagrota in Jammu, photographed on 22 August, 2011, growing along roadsides.

I think third one is different

This is important character often missed, some of the lower leaves are 3-lobed or 3-foliate. http://database.prota.Sesamum%20indicum_En.htm


Please confirm if it is Sesamum indicum.

1. date and  location(19-07-2011,AR,01) nr. Coimbatore
2. alt. 100m. just east of Western Ghats
3. hab. wasteland
4. annual herb?
5. height 1m
6. Insersion of leaves, whether alternate (one at each point), opposite (two at each point) or whorled (more
than two at each point)- as shown
7. Aproximate size of middle leaves
8. Flower diameter and length 2.5cm
9. Fruit size 3cm

I think you are correct


Shrub 11 for ID plz:
This image was taken in Chennai, South Indiaby the road side….about 2-3
ft in height
….single plant in the area….


Attaching the image of 49th member of the series. Valmiki mentioned TILA in his Ramayan. Scientifically this plant is Sesamum orientale. It is known as Til in most of India.

now correct name is Sesamum indicum L.


Sesamum indicum L. (Hooghly):

Attaching pictures of sesame plant.
Species : Sesamum indicum L.
Bengali name : TIL (তিল )
Habit & Habitat : oil seed producing herb, agro species, but this one found in an uncultivated land which is common occurrence
A couple of decades ago poor people, who were not so privileged and couldn’t afford mustard / rapeseed oil, used this for cooking. Even today it is used for the same purpose, though often mixed with mustard/rapeseed oil. Besides, we have some sweet treats like TIL-CHORI or TILER NARU.
Date : 18-06-12, 9.32 a.m.
Place : Gobra (Hooghly), WB

Nice Shot … It is a common escape plant in north India also

Our poet long ago, even in ancient days, recognized the beauty of this flower. We have –
  1. TILOTTAMAA = the most beautiful woman, god created her bit by bit taking care of every bit’s perfection = http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tilottama
  2. TIL PHOOL JINI NASA (NASA = nose) = describing the beauty of the nose shape comparing with sesame flower
Besides, we use TIL (sesame seed) to describe something which is built or acquired gradually, over long time bit by bit, e.g., “i have built my kitty TILE TILE (bit by bit)”!
Also attaching one more pic, the entire plant, sans its root.

Attaching more images of sesame plant showing various shapes of lamina, seedpod and flower. These pics were recorded on 26-June-2012 at 9.30 A.M.


ID Pls – unknowingly grown plant at my garden 2: (mixed thread). 1 correct image as above.

Any flower or fruit picture? If not, please let it flower and please post flower pictures.

it has a white colored funnel type flower. I’ll post the same soon.

Could it be a Sesamum indicum? I attach a picture here.

thank you … I am also expecting it as til [तिल, تل, ਤਿਲ, তিল], 


Sharing the images of Sesamum from Coimbatore.
Location: Chandra Mill Qtrs., Near Air Port, Coimbatre
Date: 14.12.2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Herb


Please identify this herb – NS 041012:
Photographed in a grassland on my property at Shahapur. Please identify this herb. Due to the tall grass was not able to observe it flowering. Axillary glands / nectaries are also seen in some of the photographs.
It is not the Wild Ladies’ Fingers [Abelmoschus manihot ssp. tetraphylla] which is currently flowering.

Member of Pedaliaceae family ( Sesamum ?????)

Yes it is Sesamum indicum Syn. Sesamum orientale.

Thanks … & … for identifying this herb. Had me foxed.


Attaching an image of A Rice Swift butterfly on the flower of Sesamum orientale.


Plz id this herb: pa95 – 20feb2013:
Plz id this herb from Yeoor region. It is only around 10 inches height. It is growing from the rocks. Photos of flowers are attached

Very close to Sesamum indicum L. (Pedaliaceae)!

I too think that this is Sesamum indicum. I hope the flowers are slightly pink in color.

Thank you … The flower are slightly pink, the sunlight was very strong so colours did not come out properly in photos.


260513 ASP29 : Attachments (1).  9 posts by 6 authors.
Can you please ID this plant. It is similar to Sesame and a friend says it is wild sesame! Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in March 2012 in a paddy field.

Seems to be Sesamum indicum?

Is it Martynia annua Linn. ? Devil’s claw

The flower as well as the pod certainly looks like Sesanum indicum. The flowers may be white to pink.

Perhaps the images in the following links would help to determine this plant is Sesamum indicum L., as … identified –
  1. http://www.africamuseum.be/Sesamum_indicum3.jpg
  2. source – http://www.africamuseum.be/collections
  3. http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=3889&flora_id=2

I would request … to check the images himself, since he has seen the entire plant.

Seems to be Sesamum indicum.

herb with pink flowers for id please, mm1 20 08 2013 :  Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.

soft herb about 45 cm high
saw only two plants growing next to a rocky outcrop
with pale pink flowers very much like
… image of Misopates orontium   
but the leaves are much broader
the hairy fruit can be seen clearly below the flowers
would very much appreciate an id

Could this be some Sesamum sp??

I think so too
perhaps Sesamum indicum
one of the most cultivated plants


herb with greenish yellow flowers for id mm2 20 08 2013 :  Attachments (1). 4 posts by 3 authors.
soft herb about 50 cms high
with greenish yellow flowers
growing adjacent to a rocky outcrop
sanjay gandhi np, mumbai
16 august 2013
would very much appreciate an id

Pedaliaceae member.
May be Sesamum indicum

yes it is Til in gujarati we call Tal
Sesamum indicum


Sesamum indicum L. from Kamrup district, Assam :  Attachments (16). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Attached images are Sesamum indicum L. (Syn Sesamum orientale L.) collected from Kamrup district, Assam  
Date :22.08.2013
Location: Kamrup district
Family : Pedaliaceae
Genus & species : Sesamum indicum L. (Syn Sesamum orientale L.)
Habitat: Grows wild in waste places
Habit : Shrub,  height-  above 5 ft. 

Great posting of excellent photographs. Wonderful display of all the plant parts..
I appreciate your efforts in presenting the taxa in such a nice way.. Great going …


Flora of Kaiga sharing 05082015 PTR1 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Sharing – Sesamum indicum has numerous nutrients like iron, copper, manganese and calcium
Date/Time-:05/07/15   –    09:30,
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   Wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb – Shrub
Length- 3ft

Beautiful picture … yes this is very significant plant..


Sesamum growing wild near Kannur Kerala : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Sesamum growing wild near Kannur Kerala

Pl. check with comparative images in efi site.

Pl. check images at

To me appears close as per images herein.


SK1640 12 Dec 2018 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) – 2 Mb each.

Location Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation :  4500 ft.
Date 1 September 2012
Habit : Cultivated
Sesamum indicum L.


At Murud- Janjira, Maharashtra 23/9/07?; On 20/7/08 in Agriculture University in Hyderabad, AP; Ghodbunder Road- on Aug 8, 2007; Sonepat, Haryana, 16 June 2009; Damdama Lake area- 23Aug09; at Alibag- 10/9/09; in Chennai from Oct; at Alibag, Maharshtra- 6/8/10; 14-08-2010: Thakurwadi, (Base of Prabalgad); from Panipat- Aug’10?; 26.09.10- Wada region, Maharashtra; 01/09/2010- Bandhavgarh; Murguma, Purulia- August, 2008; Silonda Trail, Sanjay Gandhi NP, Mumbai- 5/9/10; 9th of October, 2010: Nasik; 


Sesamum orientale L. : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (8)- around 650 kb each.

Location: Gyaneswor, Kathmandu
Date: 19 June 2019
Elevation: 1300 m.
Habit : Cultivated

Sesamum indicum L.
Syn: Sesamum orientale L.

Nepali Name : तिल Til


SYMBIOSIS 1406 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Yellow-Black wasp visiting flowers of Sesamum indicum (TIL)


SYMBIOSIS : 1408 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blue banded bee visiting Sesamum indicum.

yes. without them we wont have any food to eat !!!


Identity of a plant : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Location : Palakad, Kerala
Date : 29/07/2016
Habit : Subshurb
Habitat : Wild

It looks like Sesamum moolianum (? Sesamum mulayanum), pedaliaceae

The images can be of Sesamum malabaricum


at sawantwadi in aug 2008; in the grasslands in Maharastra- 11/9/08; On 21/9/08 in Hyderabad, AP; at SGNP, Borivli, Mumbai in the last week of Sept 09;

Sesamum mulayanum (Rantil)? – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Raan til (Sesamum orientale) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Id? – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Sesamum orientale SGNP_Sept 09_SSN – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, 11 AUG 07;  … some Pedaliaceae member? – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum in FOI : 10 posts by 3 authors,
Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum as in FOI, is no longer recognised as per references at POWO. Sesamum malabaricum Burm. is treated as syn. of Sesamum indicum L. as per Bibliography.

Please see the attached paper which introduced the new combination Sesamum indicum L. subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian
Attachments (1) –  Sesamum indicum-bedigian2014.pdf- 1 mb.

I have already gone through it.
But this does not seem to have been accepted as per Bibliography at POWO, possibly by Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2019). Flora of North America North of Mexico 17: 1-737. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
Differences given seems to be quite superficial, when there is so much variation in as shown in Sesamum indicum subsp. indicum in the paper.

What do you think?
If you go through the paper, you will find how difficult it will be to separate them from images.

It is a validly published paper which introduces the name Sesamum indicum L. subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian,
I can’t argue against that.

Thanks, … But I do not agree.

It gives corolla coloration variable, from white, light pink, pale lavender to light purple, or with pale lavender lines, ranging in intensity from 1 to 8 on a scale of 1 to 10, coloration varies with cultivar for S. indicum subsp. indicum
corolla 22.5–55 mm long; lower lip 10–15 mm longer than other lobes, dark purple, with intensity of color ranking 10 on a scale of 1 to 10 for  S. indicum subsp. malabaricum
How we check whether the intensity of purple colour is with intensity ranking of 10 on a scale of 1 to 10 and not from 1 to 8 on a scale of 1 to 10 ?

Thanks, … Even this IPNI link gives Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian, Novon 23(1): 6 (2014) with species name as Sesamum indicum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 634 (1753), nom. cons.
Bedigian in his publications is combining Sesamum laciniatum Klein ex Willd. under Sesamum prostratum, which look so different in leaves, but at the same time he is giving two subspecies of Sesamum indicum for plants which look similar in leaves, habit as well as flowers ant its colours.


Plant for ID : Mumbai : 02NOV20 : AK-01 :
A plant, probably wild seen on the pavement.
Looks familiar but can’t recollect.

Leaves have resemblance to Amorphophallus foliage : http://www.aroid.org/gallery/kozminski/Amorphophallus/paeoniifolius.php

I do not think so as per Amorphophallus

Also looks different from Leea and Sambucus

yes, it looks different to me as well.
Arrangement of leaves does not match with Amorphophallus.
Some Asteraceae perhaps?

Some Malvaceae?

I do not think so.

it looks like sesamum indicum…generally found along the pavement.

Thanks a lot … I believe this was growing wild.
I visited the place to click more pictures, but it was already uprooted.

I guess … is right!

Your picture has no resemblance to Sesamum sps.

Yes it can’t be Sesamum as leaves are compound.

This plant has surprised me a few times! It does sometimes produce these kinds of leaves in the early stages, before getting tall. I think it is Sesamum indicum.

efi thread

An example of failing memory
I had identified and uploaded similar in 2011 in a post by …
Sesamum-indicum–near Nagrota-Jammu-3.jpg



ID please 120916PC2 : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Here are few more shots from Tuglakabad pavement. Please identify.

Sesamum indicum L.


Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 25, 2010 · 10:37 A: 2 images.
Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 25, 2010 · 10:37 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl

POWO does not accept this as a subspecies.


Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 25, 2010 · 10:29 AM IST: 3 images.
Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 25, 2010 · 10:29 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl

POWO does not accept this as a subspecies.

I will need to retain the taxon, as-is, as per justification in this post.


Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 25, 2010 · 10:37 AM IST: 2 images.
Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 25, 2010 · 10:37 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl

POWO does not accept this as a subspecies.

It is possible that POWO does not accept OR may be it is yet to update.
The author of this taxon, Bedigian , himself has insisted on incorporating the taxon into iNaturalist database, and has suggested the ID in many of my observations; for one such instance – Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian, for your reference where he has quoted his white papers …

I find no reason for POWO to accept this, although I think it is mentioned in their references.

Pl. see detailed discussions at post at Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum in FOI

I understand the discussion.
As a plain naturalist, I cannot disagree with a taxon author at iNaturalist.
Adding this post to eFI database at species level, will be self-explanatory,

If you persue observations and photographs at https://efloraofindia.com/2011/03/29/sesamum-indicum/, you will find it impossible to differentiate such images from other images.

Please add this post to https://efloraofindia.com/2011/03/29/sesamum-indicum/
It will be self explanatory.


Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian :: Waghbil, Thane :: Aug 24, 2007 · JUN23 DV347:  5 images.

Sesamum indicum subsp. malabaricum (Burm.) Bedigian
Waghbil, Thane :: Aug 24, 2007 · 10:16 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Pedaliaceae: Sesamum indicum L.: 1 high res. image.
location/date: Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994


Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2019). Flora of North America North of Mexico 17: 1-737. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford as per POWO (S. indicum subsp. malabaricum not accepted)
Systematics and evolution in Sesamum L. (Pedaliaceae), part 1: Evidence regarding the origin of sesame and its closest relativesDorothea Bedigian- Webbia 70(1):1-42 · January 2015 (Sesamum indicum L., Sp. Pl. 634 1753. (syn: (=) Sesamum orientale L., (=) Sesamum luteum Retz., (=) Volkameria orientalis (L.) Kuntze, var. indica (L.) Kuntze, Sesamum indicum L.; (=) Volkameria orientalis (L.) Kuntze, Revis.; V. sesamodes [sic] Kuntze, (=) S. oleiferum Sm., Moench, (=) Sesamum orientale Sieb. non L., (=) Sesamum brasiliense Vell., (=) Sesamum auriculatum Sieber ex Presl, in Oken, (=) Sesamum indicum L. var. grandidentatum DC., (=) Sesamum indicum L. var. subdentatum DC., (=) Sesamum indicum L. var. subindivisum DC., (=) Anthadenia sesamoides Lem., (=) Sesamum somalense Chiov., (=) Sesamum tavakarii Almeida & Almeida, Sesamum edule Hort. ex Steud., Volkameria sesamoides Kuntze; Anthadenia sesamoides van Houtte, Anthadenia sesamoides Lemaire, Dysosmon amoenum Raf., = Chelone glabra L.; (=) Sesamum hopkinsii Suess., (=) Sesamum indicum L. var. integerrimum Engl. as per Systematics and evolution in Sesamum L. (Pedaliaceae), part 1: Evidence regarding the origin of sesame and its closest relativesDorothea Bedigian- Webbia 70(1):1-42 · January 2015 for Sesamum indicum subsp. indicum)

Other references:

Sesamum – Springer (2011- Sesamum mulayanum N.C.Nair as a syn. of Sesamum malabaricum Burm.)

Descriptors for Sesame (Sesamum spp.) By Bioversity (Sesamum mulayanum N.C.Nair as a syn. of Sesamum malabaricum Burm.)

The Plant List 1 (Sesamum mulayanum N.C.Nair- Unresolved) The Plant List 2 (Sesamum malabaricum Burm. is a synonym of Sesamum indicum var. malabaricum (Burm.) Christenh.)

Sesamum mulayanum information from NPGS/GRIN

Catalogue of Life 1 Catlogue of Life 2