Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 891 1817. (syn. Chaetochloa glauca var. purpurea Farw.; Chaetochloa lutescens var. longispica Honda; Oplismenus helvolus (L.f.) P.Beauv.; Panicum flavescens Moench [Illegitimate]; Panicum glaucum var. elongatum Pers. …; Panicum helvolum L.f.; Panicum holcoides J.Jacq. [Illegitimate]; Panicum imberbe var. pumilum (Poir.) Nees; Panicum lutescens f. pumilum Poir.; Panicum luteum Gueldenst. [Invalid]; Panicum pallidefuscum Schumach.; Panicum pumilum Poir.; Panicum rubiginosum Steud.; Pennisetum helvolum (L.f.) R.Br.; Setaria aurea var. rubiginosa (Steud.) Peter; Setaria auricoma Link ex A.Braun; Setaria boninensis Nakai [Invalid]; Setaria breviglumis St.-Lag.; Setaria dasyura Schlecht.; Setaria erythraeae Mattei; Setaria glauca f. abyssinica Pilg. ………………………..; Setaria helvola (L.f.) Roem. & Schult.; Setaria laeta de Wit; Setaria lutescens var. dura I.C.Chung ..; Setaria pallidefusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb. …; Setaria pumila subsp. pallide-fusca (Schumach.) B.K. Simon …; Setaria rubiginosa (Steud.) Miq. .; Setaria sciuroidea C.Muell.; Setaria ustilata de Wit);
Old World: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Alabama, Alberta, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Baltic States, Belgium, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Caroline Is., Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Fiji, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Marcus I., Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Pitcairn Is., Poland, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Samoa, Saskatchewan, Society Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Sweden, Switzerland, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming as per POWO;
Common name: Yellow Foxtail, pigeon grass, cat-tail millet • Bengali: Begun • Hindi: Bandra, Bandri, Ban kauni, Siun, Ankutt • Kannada: Bilikoriekhullu • Marathi: Barati, Bhadli • Nepali: कागुने झार Kaagune Jhaar, कनिके कागुनो Kanike Kaaguno • Oriya: Kukru • Sanskrit: Venupatrika • Tamil: Koralaepullu • Telugu: Nakkakora
Setaria pumila is similar to S.glauca, but has smaller spikelets (upto 2.25mm long) than S.glauca (3mm long). The wrinlkes on the upper glume are fine in S.pumila and coarse in S.glauca. S.glauca is also considered a polyploid form of S.pumila, with 2n=18 for pumila and 2n=36 for glauca. Though both the species are found throughout India, S.pumila is the common grass out of the two in peninsular India whereas S.glauca is more common in the Gangetic plain and sub Himalayan tracts 
Setaria pumila is a species of peninsular India which for most authors is S.glauca. In Bor’s GBCIP, S. pumila is named S. pallidae-fusca with synonymous to P. glaucum non L. and S. glauca non P.Beauv.
In the indo-gangetic plain and Himalayas, we find S. glauca (L.) P.Beauv based on Panicum glaucum L. 
That is also the reason why Bajra should not be called Pennisetum glaucum, but be called Pennisetum americanum

identification no141211sn3:
Kindly Id this plant.
plant habit:herb?
height:about 2-3 ft.
other info: sparsely growing among the green grasses

I hope Setaria glauca

This is more likely Setaria pumila. It is similar to S.glauca, but has smaller spikelets (upto 2.25mm long) than S.glauca (3mm long). Seeing the photo, the relative size of the inflorescence, relative size of the spikelet with respect to the bristles and the width of the peduncle and the rounded nature of the upper lemma without any prominent keel, etc. I would like to place it more under S.pumila rather than S.glauca. The wrinlkes on the upper glume are fine in S.pumila and coarse in S.glauca, but this character cannot be diagnosed from the photograph. S.glauca is also considered a polyploid form of S.pumila, with 2n=18 for pumila and 2n=36 for glauca.
Most of the Setaria pumila collections from Pune and surrounds has been wrongly classified as S.glauca in several herbaria. Here is one excerpt regarding this from N.L.Bor’s (1960) Grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan:
“Blatter considers this (S.glauca) to be the commonest species of the genus in the Bombay State, but in point of fact the great majority of the specimens received in recent years from Father H.Santapau, S.J., are not this species but S.pallide-fusca (which is now known as S.pumila). Blatter also says it is a common pasture grass in rich and cultivated soil. It is said to be cultivated as a kharif crop in the Poona District.”
Though both the species are found throughout India, S.pumila is the common grass out of the two in peninsular India whereas S.glauca is more common in the Gangetic plain and sub Himalayan tracts.
At this stage, S.pumila would be a more appropriate identification.


grass Setaria ? from Hooghly 28/10/12 sk3:

Found this grass in the edge of a paddy field.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : about 2 feet high; do not have proper statistics on leaves, about 20 cm or more in length x 5 mm
Date : 26/10/12, 10.50 a.m.
Place : Hooghly
Could this be Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ?

I would like to add that i do not have other pics, except its inflorescence, for the batt. of my camera got exhausted while recording it.

Yes, it is Setaria pumila.



Plant for ID 10/09/2011 SMP2:


10Sep2011 evening

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-

Vetal Tekdi Pune

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-


Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb

Small herb


One foot height

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

Linear 10-12cm Alternate

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

Long pedicel Inflorescence 2-5cm

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

Difficult to describe

even if common it loooks so beautiful through your lenses

Setaria pumila, perhaps.

yes surely some Setaria species

Yes. Setaria pumila



Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: SMP3 Pune for ID : Attachments (1).  4 posts by 4 authors.
Trying to post some images with inadequate data. Hoping to get to near ID so that I can study further.

Setaria glauca I hope

The picture is superb..I also go with Setaria glauca..

Setaria pumila if from peninsular India

Sinhagad, Aug 2014 :: Requesting ID of this grass :: ARKAUG-09 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Requesting to please ID this grass captured at Sinhagad, Pune in Aug 2014.

Setaria glauca

It is Setaria pumila

Setaria pumila


Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. SN Sep 03 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).
Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. is wild grass growing in rainfed fields from Krishnagiri district, Tamilnadu


ANOCT61 Please identify this Poaceae plant : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).

Nandi Hills
18th October 2014

Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult

On 12/9/09 in Butterfly Park within Zoo Park in Hyderabad; Kancheepuram dist, 20km off south Chennai: 11 Oct 2010; For Id grass 190909Jm3 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Grass for ID : Nasik : 02OCT21 : AK – 004: 3 images.
Grass seen in the Gangapur Grassland last month. (2.10.21)

May I request you to pl. post high res. images.

3 high res. images.

Setaria pumila


POWO  Flowers of India

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