SEE-duh — in Greek, a type of water lily; although now a name for a  type of mallow
kor-DAY-tuh– heart-shaped; referring to leaves
Heart-Leaf Sida, Long-stalk sida, country-mallow, flannelweed, Heartleaf Fanpetals • Hindi: भूइनी bhuinii • Marathi: Bhumi petari, Bhoybal • Tamil: Kurunthotti, Palampasi, Mayirmanikkam • Malayalam: kuruntotti, nela-vaga • Telugu: benda, gayapaku, tirunala • Kannada: bekkinathale gida • Gujarati: Bhoybala • Sanskrit: भूमिबल bhumibala, नागबल nagabala;
Distribution: China, India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand; pantropical species of unknown origin
As per efi thread:
This one (Sida mysorensis ) has branched inflorescence, whereas, flowers in S. cordata are solitary.

As per efi thread :
I think, Sida cordifolia, if the plant is an erect herb. If the plant is creeping then this can be S. cordata.
Leaf size can be up to 5.5 X 3.5cm for S cordifolia and for S cordata it can be 6 X 5cm, according to Flora of Udupi (G K Bhat, 2003).
Erect herb, leaves cordate and hairy (stem too), pedicel is shorter than peduncle: Sida cordifolia
Trailing herb, leaves faintly hairy or even sometimes glabrous pedicel is as long as or longer than peduncle: Sida cordata

Weed for ID Hyderabad 31102013-NAW :  Attachments (5). 4 posts by 3 authors.
This weed/herb i found in my backyard.

about 30 cms tall. leaves about 3-4 cm long. yellow flower about 8mm wide.

the 3rd picture shows structure of the flower (but burnt in a few places due to sunshine reflection so a bit grotesque.)

It is a Sida species, most probably S. cordata.

… my thought same as …

the flower stalk would be considered ‘long’ tho the pictures dont clearly show it, it can be infered from the stalk of a bud shown in the 1st picture above. So this would be long–stalk heart-leaf sida or sida cordata as shown in the flowers of india site and as per the discussion on the efloraindia page on sida cordata, rather than the short-stalk medicinal heart leaf sida or sida cordifolia.
I was about to rip it off while weeding but then i thought i might as well photograph it and check out what you all have to say espe since the flower is so striking

Herb ID from Bangladesh SM104 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Habit: Herb
Habitat: Wild

Location: Dhaka

Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borss

Yelagiri flora 050914 TBN 1? cucurbitaceae for id ::Sep TBN 7 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date           :30.08.14                                                              
Location     :Yelagiri hills, Near Vellore, TN
Altitude      :3000ft
Habitat        :resort  ? weed
Habit           :climber
Height         :
Leaves         :

Flowers       :yellow

This is Sida cordata of Malvaceae.


Malvaceae Fortnight :: Sida cordata??:: Sirsi :: PKAJUL34 : : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

This herb was seen at the outskirts of Sirsi (Karnataka).
Could this be Sida cordata??

True, it is Sida cordata


Could this be Sida cordata?
Location: Hyderabad.

Yes, It is Sida cordata



Attached are pictures of Sida cordata captured near Devgad, Konkan coast, Maharashtra in November 2012.

Please validate.

To me it appears like Sida cordata only

It is Sida cordata only

Malvaceae Fortnight: ID of Sida species from Morni, Haryana-GSJULY53/56 : 4 posts by 4 authors.
This Sida species growing along the borders of Tikkar Tal Lake in Morni on rocky ground in April, 2010 I had initially identified a Sida veronicifolia, now correctly known as S. codata. This identification was based on cordate leaves and single axillary flowers. On critical examination it does not appear the same as the plant seems to be more robust, not trailing, and more importantly the venation seems to be penninerved and not palminerved. Any clue on correct ID

Sida cordata is a prostrate herb. Kindly refer regional flora and confirm the identity or refer the herbarium from near by Botanical survey of India or any other standard Herbarium.

Two (or three) similar looking species are S. cordata, S. mysorensis and S. javensis. KEY and differences can be viewed in FoC and FoP. However, as per Haines, S. veronicaefolia Lam. can be sub-erect, 1-3 ft amongst bushes. The venation is similar to my record, also identified by …

Sida difolia L. (accepted name) : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Sida cordifolia L. (accepted name) shot at Dolal Ghat Nepal on 30 March 2013 at 2500 ft.
Nepali Names: बलु Balu /  बरियार Bariyaar

It appears to be closer to images at Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk. rather than those at Sida cordifolia L.  which is a more robust plant.

It is Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss. Waalk., 

Thank you for correcting ID.
Nepali Names: बलु झार Balu Jhaar / बलु Balu / नागबला Naagbalaa / जारी झार Jaaree Jhaar  / बिष खाप्रे Bish Khapre

Herb1SK : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Location- Sakhaloli, Dapoli, MH

Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Herb
Height-1.5 meter
Flower- yellow

First and third pics is of Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk.
Second is different.

Malvaceae week :: Sida cordata:  Sida cordata  (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk.
SEE-duh — in Greek, a type of water lily; although now a name for a  type of mallow
kor-DAY-tuh– heart-shaped; referring to leaves
[image: Bhumibala (Sanskrit: भूमिबल)]<>
Nov 3, 2007 at Valley Park, Belapur Hills, Navi Mumbai
commonly known as: heartleaf fanpetals • *Hindi*: भूइनी bhuinii • *Kannada *: ಬೆಕ್ಕಿನ ತಲೆ ಗಿಡ bekkina tale gida • *Malayalam*: വള്ളിക്കുറുന്തൊട്ടി vallikkurgunthotti • *Sanskrit*: भूमिबल bhumibala, नागबल nagabala • *Tamil*: kurunthotti, mayirmanikkam • *Telugu*: benda, gayapaku, tirunala
Distribution: China, India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand; pantropical species of unknown origin
   – [image: Benda (in Telugu)]<>…
Nov 21, 2009 at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
– [image: Vallikkurgunthotti (Malayalam: വള്ളിക്കുറുന്തൊട്ടി)]<>… 
Nov 23, 2008 at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park)
– [image: Sida cordata]<>…
Jan 10, 2010 at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park)
– … more views:

A picture (Nov 23…) of Sida mysorensis (= S. glutinosa) is mixed up here. This one has branched inflorescence, whereas, flowers in S. cordata are solitary.

… the mix up brought to light by …, made me learn of the procumbent habit of this Sida cordata.
Digging into my photostream for one sighting of unidentified Sida at Awas beach near Alibag, Maharashtra on Jan 24, 2009, growing in sandy habitat, in Casuarina grove … these plants perfectly fit the procumbent nature of Sida cordata.
Here they are added for quick viewing:
[image: Nagabala (Sanskrit: नागबल)]<>
[image: Bekkina Tale Gida (Kannada: ಬೆಕ್ಕಿನ ತಲೆ ಗಿಡ)]<>
[image: Heartleaf Fanpetals]<>
[image: Sida cordata]<>
[image: Vallikkurgunthotti (Malayalam:

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Height/Length- about 10 cms
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-Green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- cream yellow
Fruits not seen
The 2nd pic is only of the flower the leaves are of some other plant but as it was growing wild it was difficult to separate it out. I have photographed it as was looking very clear

Most probably this is Abutilon indicum. from Malvaceae. Search for the earlier postings of the same plant on the group site.

Yes looks like A indicum but flowers looks small

Looks like a Sida sp. to me, may be S. cordata.

Yes S.cordata (syn: S. veronicifolia) seems to be the right choice.

Yes… my vote is for sid most likely…
BUT do you remember I submitted a creeper like plant that I had said could be SIDA but turned out to be Abutilon indicum?  ((my plant is at URL: efi thread ))

I am confused about the Id I went back to the wild area and touched the leaves they were very rough to touch? Does this give any clue?

I think Leaves usually not so large in S cordata as compared to flowers, this may be due if plant growing in shady area. And leaves may not be so rough if growing in shade. Confusing!!!!!

I still think this is Abutilon.
I think the flowers you have captured are small. They are bigger in Abutilon.
If possible you can check the size of new flowers again.
Bye the way the Abutilon flowers open in late afternoon………..

I think, Sida cordifolia, if the plant is an erect herb. If the plant is creeping then this can be S. cordata.
Leaf size can be up to 5.5 X 3.5cm for S cordifolia and for S cordata it can be 6 X 5cm, according to Flora of Udupi (G K Bhat, 2003).

As the Id was not clear I went again into the wild to capture fresh pics of the plant at 11.30 am. The flowers were already open.
Studying the pics I too think it is Sida Cordata
I have attached 3 pics comparing the stem, leaves, calyx and flowers of the two. The pics of A indicum are from the net a white arrow shows purple tinged stem in A indicum . Pics of Sida Acuta are mine
I hope I am correct.


Is this also Abutilon sp. or is it Sida veronicaefolia ?

The problem is i do not have any leaf of this plant.

Species : unknown

Habit : herb

Habitat : wild, village roadside

Date : 28/02/12, 12.15 p.m.

Place : Hooghly, WB

Yes Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss. (syn: S. veronicifolia Lamk.)


efloraindia: 011211 BRS 225:

Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
Location: NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore (640 MSL)
Date: 01.12.2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Climber?


Sida cordata riddle from Hooghly: Sir,

species : Sida cordata var. cordata
Habit & Habitat : wild herb in unused land among thicket
Date : 26/9/12, 10.35 a.m.
Place : Nalikul (Hooghly)

I think it is no longer a riddle. Whether we follow Flora of China (one of the most reliable and latest Floras), Flora of Pakistan, Enum. Fl Pl. Nepal or The Plant List, the latest name for plants earlier treated under S. humilis Willd. or S. veronicaefolia Lam. ((now spelled veronicifolia as per the ICN) is S. cordata (Burm.f.) Borss. Waalk.



Wild Plant for ID : Oman : 241012 : AK-1:
A very small wild plant seen in Khaboorah, Oman in a field.

Plant was creeping, not standing up.
Leaves suggest a Malvaceae species.
On searching, the closest I came to was Sida cordata.
Experts kindly confirm id.

Yes, this looks like Sida cordata

Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk. : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

Identification, please.  

Date/Time- November 8, 2017; 10:15 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Eastern Melghat

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Herb/Climber

Height/Length- Upto 2’ Height

Height/Length- Yellow

Is it some Cucurbitaceae?

No, it’s not Cucurbitaceae. Sida cordata only
it’s not climber also, I hope … made a mistake; its prostrate herb with some times with trailing branches only, if they have the support that time only branches seems to be trailing shrub otherwise it’s prostrate herb.

You are right. Not a climber. Only ends of the branches appear like tendrils.

Sida cordata is the same as Sida cordifolia? 

No, sir, Sida cordifolia is an erect herb or undershrub, up to 1 m only, entire densely tomentose.
S.  Cordata is prostrate or trailing (if they have support only) herb. up to 2 m, entire hairy.

Other recipients:
Thanks for the clarification. I am not a botanist, so my questions may appear of a preliminary level. A
Thanks for the clarification.
I am not a botanist, so my questions may appear of a preliminary level.

it’s ok sir, I understood.

160719AB1 ID Sida cordata? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Identification, please. Is it be Sida cordata?
Date/Time- November 8, 2017; 09:50 hrs.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Eastern Melghat

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Prostrate herb with tendrils
Height/Length- 2′

Elevation- 700m

Forgot to mention that flowers were yellow, as you can see in the form of buds in one of the photos.

I guess correct ID !

Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk. : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- around 1100 kb each.
Location:  Ranimahal, Palpa
Date: 25 September 2019
Elevation:453 m.
Habit : Wild

Attachments (1)- 6 mb.

Yes sir !

I’d of plant from Agra : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Need I’d of plant from Agra
7 December 19

Sida sp.,

Sida cordataprostrate herb

Long pedicel is diagnostic


Tiny Herb for ID : Bangalore : 23MAY20 : AK-9 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Tiny herb seen growing wild in the grass today.
Is it Sida Species?

Sida cordata !


Please identify the weed plant, similar to Sida Mysorensis, but outer green petals visible.
Name of plant:
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               24.12.2020, 01.20pm
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:      creeping annual weak stem
Height:             01 feet
Leaves:            alternative zigzag apex
Flower:            diameter:20mm, yellow non fragrant, similar to Sida Mysorensis but outer green petals

Sida mysorensis Wight & Arn. ??

Sida cordata?

Some confusion is there! Wait for other members opinion!

My vote for Sida cordata

Is it the same name for Sida erect and Sida creeping?  Attached efi screenshot is correct image for creeping Sida. My 25th ID request is confirmed as Sida erect, and I am forwarding this for your reference.

I agreed as Sida cordata. Thank you very much for identified the weed plant.


Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borss. Waalk.: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Salyan, West Nepal
Altitude: 1103m.
Date: 30 August 2021
Habit : Wild

For me ID is correct. Plenty of these plants seen in waste land near my house.


Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk. :: Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · JUN23 DV427: 3 images.

Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk.
Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · 11:10 AM IST :: about 14 m (46 ft) asl
Many thanks to Alex Y. for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Malvaceae: Sida cordata (Burm.f.) van Borss.Waalk.: 1 high res. image.
synonyms: Sida veronicifolia Lam., Sida humilis Cav., Sida multicaulis Cav.
location/date: Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994