Simarouba glauca DC. (syn: Quassia simarouba L. fil.; Simarouba officinalis DC.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Simarouba amara Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 860 1775. (syn. Quassia alatifolia Stokes; Quassia dioica P.J.Bergius; Quassia glauca (DC.) Spreng.; Quassia officinalis Rich.; Quassia simarouba W.Wright [Spelling variant]; Simarouba amara var. opaca Engl.; Simarouba amara var. puberula Cuatrec.; Simarouba glauca DC.; Simarouba glauca var. latifolia Cronquist; Simarouba opaca (Engl.) Radlk. ex Engl.; Zwingera amara (Aubl.) Willd.) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1 ;
Bahamas, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua as per POWO;
USA (Florida), Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador,
Panama, Belize as per Catalogue of Life;
Simarouba, oil tree, paradise tree or aceituno, Dysentary bark, Lakshmitaru;
Common names include Paradise Tree, Aceituno, and Bitterwood.
Its seeds produce an edible oil. The tree is well suited for warm, humid, tropical regions. Its cultivation depends on rainfall distribution, water holding capacity of the soil and sub-soil moisture. It is suited for temperature range of 10 to 40 °C (50 to 104 °F). It can grow at elevations from sea level to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). It grows 40 to 50 ft (12 to 15 m) tall and has a span of 25 to 30 ft (7.6 to 9.1 m).
It can be propagated from seeds, grafting and tissue culture technology. Fruits are collected in the month of April / May, when they are ripe and then dried in sun for about a week. Skin is separated and seeds are grown in plastic bags to produce saplings. Saplings 2 to 3 months old can be transplanted to a plantation.
The tree forms a well-developed root system and dense evergreen canopy that efficiently checks soil erosion, supports soil microbial life, and improves groundwater position. Besides converting solar energy into biochemical energy all round the year, it checks overheating of the soil surface all through the year and particularly during summer. Large scale planting in wastelands facilitates wasteland reclamation, converts the accumulated atmospheric carbon dioxide into oxygen and contributes to the reduction of Green house effect or Global warming. It is believed that the leaves and roots of this plant has an ability to fight against cancer cells.
(From Wikipedia on 6.5.14)
Request for ID :160511 : AK-1:
Yes…, it is Simarouba glauca, the oil seed tree or Laxmi Taru.
I think it is a favorite tree of Sri Sri Ravishankar ji.
The tree starts flowering and fruiting at about three years of age. Flowering is annual beginning in December and continuing up to February. The tree starts bearing when they are 4-6 years old and reach stability in production of another 4-5 years. The droplets (blackish purple in pink genotypes and brownish yellow in green genotypes) are ready for harvest by March/April. Season and duration of reproductive phenoperiods vary according to location and climate. Individual fruits have a development and ripening period of 1-2 months. Fruit is ellipsoid drupe, 2 – 2.5 cm long, with thin hard cuticle and juicy fruit pulp.
First I saw two near Kairali niketan school in indiranagar, and two in national games village.
Two beautiful trees are in Lalbagh.
Request Tree ID 46: Bangalore – RA:
Paradise tree (Simarouba glauca), I think.
I will verify it with some more googling, I am not able to find the flowers in the web.
When I google it I got this
The native paradise tree is more useful than Google and easy to grow.
There is a (low res.) flower picture here
Thanks for identifying it, I am pretty sure its the same tree.
You will find some snaps of Simarouba glauca from the link provided below. Close-up of the flower is also there, which confirms me of the identity of this plant as provided by
Thanks … for showing female flower. … picture is of a male plant!
Plz id this tree: pa23 – 2nov2012:
Is this the Simarouba sp.?
Please check Simarouba glauca
Yes I too think this might be Simarouba glauca
Cassia like leaves: Attachments (3). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Please ID this tree.
Clicked from Chandigarh. found a few small trees. i am not sure whether it is a small tree of shrub even. always found it growing in private gardens and to a height of approx. 10 feet or less (minimum 7 feet approx.).
the leaves are almost always in 6 pairs.
leaves are very leathery and first appearance gives an impression to be belonging to Cassia. though it may not even be closely related.
no flowers or fruits or any other structure was found.
A guess…. Could be Simarouba glauca.
… guess seems to go in right direction..
I agree with … id, too.
TSPNOV2015-92-135: Images of Simarouba glauca (Simaroubaceae) : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Simarouba glauca (Simaroubaceae)
Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 900 msl
Date: 29-06-2014, 03-02-2015 and 09-02-2015
yes. laxmitaru. planted in 100 of hectares in many states in sothern indian states. nice to see this new import thriving
Yes …,….recently employed in planting in degraded areas with poor soils.
Simarouba glauca submission : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)- around 550 kb each.
Paradise tree/ Dysentery-bark/ Lakshmi taru
Family – Simaroubaceae
Pls help in identifying this plant 02 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 mb each.
I think this plant will become a big tree.
Pl check for Simarouba glauca.
Sri Sri Ravishankar and his foundation is encouraging the planting of Simarouba glauca and has named it as Lakshmi taru.
What are the benefits of the tree to justify such a name? Is it really useful or just a hype?
Any idea for ID ? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 1 Mb.
Kumily, Kerala (900m), january 2019.
Idea for family ?
MS/2/2020/2 – ID of the tree : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (7)
Can you check for Simarouba glauca?
It looks close.
yes this is Simarouba glauca
Thanks for your quick response & the ID. In fact, ID in my mind was the same. My doubt is cleared.
I think … is correct
Small Tree for ID : Bangalore : 29OCT20 : AK-51 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
A young, cultivated tree seen near a lake.
Seems to be Simarouba glauca.
Experts please validate.
Yes. The ID is correct.
Drupe from Salem: 2 images.
Kindly tell me the name of species found in Salem Tamilnadu
Could be. But photographs are flashy. Hence it is difficult to ID
I agree with …
Request for photos of the flowers of Simarouba glauca.:
I am in need of the photographs of the flowers of Simarouba glauca.. If any of our friends have got good photos, kindly send me for my personal use and oblige.
You yourself have posted at MS/2/2020/2 – ID of the tree
Thanks a lot for tracing out my postings which I did not ! Rather I had forgotten. I took the photos in IIHR Bangalore.
Pl. check at Simarouba glauca (Introduced)
Again thanks a lot … I will inform you if I need any photos and get your permission,
This is Simarouba glauca (paradise tree) .”Lakshmi Taru‘ in Kannada.
Simarouba glauca for validation: 2 high res. images.
Yes, appears close to images at