London False-rocket;


Brassicaceae Week: Sisymbrium loeselii from Kashmir:
Sisymbrium loeselii L.,Cent. pl. I:18. 1755
Common name: London false rocket
Tall annual herb reaching 1 m or more, somewhat hispid in lower part; basal and lower leaves long petiolate, lyrate-pinnatipartite with large triangular-hastate lobe and lateral smaller lobes, upper leaves sucessivel smaller with shorter petioles, uppermost subsessile; Flowers bright yellow, 6-8 mm across, in up to 40 cm long raceme; pedicel 8-12 mm long, petals 5-8 mm long; siliqua 20-40 mm long, linear-subcylindrical,, 1 mm broad.
Very common in Kashmir valley on roadsides, wastelands and field borders.

Sisymbrium loeselii  is valued in Kashmir for the medicinal properties of its seeds . Its vernacular name is “Tsari Lashij”. It is included by  Walter Lawrence  in the list of most important indigenous medicines of Kashmir in his book “The Valley of Kashmir” (Chap IV, p76.) where its action is described as an antiperiodic. A few decades back its seed would fetch a good price among local dealers of herbal medicine.


Location: Paddar Valley J&K
Altitude: 3800 meters

any closer pics of the leaf and flower, by any chance?

I hope Sisymbrium loeselii
S. irio has much smaller flowers and does that grow at that altitude.

Thanks a lot for correction Sir

I’d request for Brassica sp.: 4 high res. images.
Location Ganderbal kashmir
Date of collection:4-11-2022

Sisymbrium irio L. !

In Sisymbrium irio (from a Wiki article) the upper leaves are linear and younger pods overtop the flowers but this does not seem to be so from the photographs. I wonder if this could be some other species. Incidentally this plant is called “Dand Hak” in Kashmiri literally meaning “Greens for cattle” i.e. wild.

A public domain photo attached (attribution:By ZooFari – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6202627) shows both features i.e. linear leaves and young pods overtopping the flowers

Yes, appears close to images of Sisymbrium loeselii L. at
Further keys can be checked in BSI Flora of India and Flora of Pakistan, as both are quite close.

I too agree with S.loselli

Sisymbrium loeselii
is common in Kashmir and is called Tsari Lashij” meaning “sparrows broom” because of its dainty habit.
It is well known for its medicinal uses.
The photos posted by … appear to be of another plant called “Dand Hak” meaning  “Greens for Cattle” because of its robust habit. It is not reputed to be medicinally important. I have also attached a photo of a small “Dand Hak” plant.
In “Dand Hak” the leaves are much more deeply lobed than in S . loeselii. Please see attached photos comparing the two side by side.
In “Dand Hak” the stem has denser and bigger hairs than in S. loeselii. Please see attached photos comparing the two side by side.
Whether it is a variety of S.loeselii or a different  species is beyond my competence to opine on.
Perhaps … who has published papers from Botany Department of Kashmir University in his early career could guide us in this matter.
3 images

To me both appear to be the same species. Maybe … can clarify further.

Maybe they are two varieties of same species but different enough to have different local names

Yes it is S. loeselli


Sisymbrium loeselii from Srinagar: 3 images- 1 high res.
Am posting a few photographs of S.loeselii growing wild on dry land in Srinagar. It is a very common medicinally important weed  and its local Kashmiri name is “Tsari Lashij”  meaning Sparrow’s Broom. The compact inflorescense and the seed pods resemble a broom. The seeds of a closely related species S.irio with the Hindi name “Khub Kalan” are important in Unani medicine and supposed to be a  very effective medicine for small pox, measles and all sorts of fevers.

Yes, nice upload





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