Sterculia villosa Roxb. , Fl. Ind., ed. 1832 3: 153-154 153 1832. (syn. Sterculia armata Mast.Sterculia lantsangensis Hu; Sterculia ornata Wall. ex Kurz);
stur-KEW-lee-uh — named after the Latin god Sterculius … Dave’s Botanary
vil-OH-suh — covered with soft hairs … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known aselephant-rope treehairy sterculiawoolly ordure tree • Assameseওদাল oudal • Garoubak • Gujaratiસારડોલ sardol • Khasidieng star • Konkani: ¿ सरडोळ ? sardol • Malayalamവക്ക vakka • Manipurihei-rit • Marathiसरडोळ sardol • Mizokhau-pui • Nepaliखावा khavaओडनी odani • Oriyaକୋଦାଳ kodala • Punjabiਮਸੂੱ massu • Tamilஆனைநார் anai-narவக்குநார் vakku-nar • Teluguకుమ్మరపొలికి kummarapolikiకవిలి kaviliనారపొలికి narapolikiవక్కునార vakkunara 
Native to: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan


Sterculia villosa | Kolad | south Konkan | Maharashtra:  Species name: Sterculia villosa
Local name : Sardol
Family : Malvaceae
Observed on : January`13
Habit & habitat : Small deciduous tree, observed leafless in the deciduous forest slope and on the bank of river Kundalika, Kolad village, Raigad Dist., south Konkan, Maharashtra

It is such a lovely tree.. Blooms so beauuutiful, flowers are so tiny and colorful

I love to watch it is leafless when it flowers 🙂

Attaching the pics showing habit, fruits and foliage; thus completing the story.

Wild Tree For ID : 150813 : AK-1 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.

A wild tree, young one, near Saputara on 7/8/13.

Sterculia species?

Sterculia villosa



Encountering this young Sterculia villosa, ascending from within a verdant copse of Memecylon umbellatum, was one of the most enthralling moments of my wanderings in Madh. This tree is leafless in flower and the pendant flower clusters projecting from the ends of the bare branches make for an unforgettable sight in the wild. This particular tree was being enveloped by Celastrus paniculatus and the flowering was relatively sparse.
Have attached some pictures of the papery outer bark and the flowers.

Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in February 2015.

spectacular, again

would celastrus become too burdensome and kill it?

Sterculia villosa at Bhadra WLS, Karnataka.
Family: Sterculiaceae

Please confirm the identity of this tree, recorded from Chakrata area, I hope this can be Sterculia villosa..

Very beautiful pictures … Your id seem correct to me.


Malvaceae week : Sterculia villosa:   Malvaceae week : Sterculia villosa
Near Vasai Mumbai
Also seen at Fort Karnala; Western ghats.

Vow what a beautiful opened fruit!!

Saw only one tree.

People tied all kinds of ropes and bangles over it.

For first four attachments

Place just before Malara Ghat, while travelling from Nagpur -Pandhurna ( MP ) – Bad Chicholi to Bhopal.

Hindi Name – Kullo. Usage :: Commercial Gum.
For next Four attachments
Bad Chicholi (one of the biggest Banyan tree in India) .
Loading album on fB by the evening ‘Vedprakash Singh Gautam’ Facebook.

Any body interested, will have to send me a request to accept him/her as friend, since my photos aren’t for public viewing.

Images by Dinesh Valke and Satish Phadke (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)



On 16/3/08 at Jayanti, Duars, West Bengal; in Goregaon, Mumbai in the month of Jan;  in Aarey area, Goregaon, Mumbai– 27th Dec’09; at Aarey Road, Mumbai 24 Jan.’10; on 29th Jan at Molem in Goa; Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai– Nov.’10?;

Id please – indiantreepix | Google Groups Id this tree please Arunachal Pradesh – indiantreepix | Google Groups File:Sterculia villosa Bra10.png – Wikimedia Commons




Which tree is this? – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Seed for ID – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Sterculia villosa flowering & fruiting – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Sterculia villosa – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Beautiful Pods BK 9 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Malvaceae week :: Sterculia villosaSterculia villosa (Roxb.) Raf.
stur-KEW-lee-uh — from the Latin stercus (manure or dung)
vil-OH-suh – covered with soft hairs
[image: Sterculia villosa]<>
Feb 26, 2011 near Gorai creek, Maharashtra
…common names not yet gathered.
Native to: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
   – [image: Sterculia villosa]<>…
Feb 12, 2011 at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra
– [image: Sterculia villosa]<>…
Feb 9, 2011 at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai
– [image: Sterculia villosa]<>…
Feb 26, 2011 near Gorai creek, Maharashtra
– [image: Sterculia villosa]<>…
Feb 26, 2011 near Gorai creek, Maharashtra
– [image: Sterculia villosa]<>…
Feb 26, 2011 near Gorai creek, Maharashtra
– … more views:

I always wonder , the Sterculia trees so big, Fruits quite large. But the flowers are so small.

Yes … All flowers of Sterculias are very beutiful. They are really artistic in geometry; pentamerous symmetry; texture; colours…..what else can I say. You may add many things to this.


Sterculia villosa

28042011VAI1 – Seeds for ID: Unidentified Seeds – on tree growing wild

Location: Makunda Christian Hospital campus, Karimganj District, Assam
Date: 28th April 2011

They are the seeds of a species of Sterculia possibly Sterculia villosa.

Indeed Sterculia villosa Roxburgh ex Sm.

May be Sterculia villosa but authority should be only Roxburgh and .. Sterculia villosa Roxburgh ex Smith is should be placed as a heterotypic synonym.

Perhaps I am not able to comprehend. The name Sterculia villosa was first proposed by Roxburgh in Hort. Bengal. 50. 1814, but is not accepted as it is nom. nud., the name having become legitimate after description was provided by Smith in Cycl. (Rees) 34: Sterculia no. 16. 1816, as such the name becomes S. villosa Roxburgh ex Sm with official date of publication as 1816.
Roxburgh evidently published detailed description only in 1832 in Fl. Ind. (Roxburgh) 3: 153 (-154). 1832 [Oct-Dec 1832]. I wonder then how Sterculia villosa Roxburgh, 1832 get precedence over Sterculia villosa Roxburgh ex Sm, 1816.


QUERY :: udal, local name of Sterculia villosa in n e India:  Most of the references has udal – local name for Sterculia villosa, in much of north-eastern India including Bengal.
Please provide me the name in Bengali script.

Chanced upon this post, looked into Bengal Plants by David Prain, p 274., and found there is no Bengali name for this plant. I copy the other vernacular names below :-
Sterculia villosa Roxb. = Hind. UDAL; Santal GANGHER; Kol. SISI, PIRONJA.

Neither there is any Bengali name in the AN ENGLISH INDEX TO THE PLANTS OF INDIA by H. Piddington.

After reading your observations, I referred The Useful Plants of India (NISCAIR) to find out if there is any mention of a name for this plant in Bengali … none.

I am afraid there is any eBook of The Useful Plants of India (published by NISCAIR). It is available only in bookstores.

Yes, …, now i see that it is from another pub.-

Ah, many thanks … this online reference is a fantastic treasure.

Names of Plants in India :: Sterculia villosa Roxb. ex Sm.:  via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > ‎ Sterculia villosa Roxb. ex Sm. … (family: Malvaceae, also placed in Sterculiaceae)

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
stur-KEW-lee-uh — named after the Latin god SterculiusDave’s Botanary
vil-OH-suh — covered with soft hairsDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: elephant-rope tree, hairy sterculia, woolly ordure treeAssamese: ওদাল odalaGaro: ubakGujarati: સારડોલ sardolKhasi: dieng starKonkani: ¿ सरडोळ ? sardolMalayalam: വക്ക vakkaManipuri: hei-ritMarathi: सरडोळ sardolMizo: khau-puiNepali: खावा khava, ओडनी odaniOriya: କୋଦାଳ kodalaPunjabi: ਮਸੂੱ massuTamil: ஆனைநார் anai-nar, வக்குநார் vakku-narTelugu: కుమ్మరపొలికి kummarapoliki

botanical names: Sterculia villosa Roxb. ex Sm. … synonyms: no synonym known
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed near Gorai Creek on 26 FEB 11

Dear Kannad-knowing friends, please provide valid name(s) (in Kannada) for this plant with valid reference(s), and the name(s) in native script.

Sterculia villosa Roxb, Fl.ind.3:153,1932 Grahams Cat 19 Santapau Fl.khandala21.1953 Blatter878. Santapau collected tree with fls in decmber 1942,
S.urens Roxb S,guttata Roxb Hort. beng 1814 S.colorata Roxb, ; S,companulata Wall are other native trees near Batteryhill, some s.guttata seeds eaten by monkeys and man. All tehse are introduced to Cal gdn. Lal Bgh Gdn lists 8 species except S,villosa. Dr Mari Gowda late director and First Indian taxonomist has given local names. Except S.urens and alata, s.colorata in Cor. pls. others are in posthumous publ. after 1815.ExSm ex wall. etc and Carey as editors which was corrected by CBClarke1872 Roxb jr

I have displayed these native trees as 4X2 ft blow ups in Min Env at Bikaner House during Indira as PM. As. S.guttata fls now anyone can get good images in Cal now close to largepalm house.
Without knowledge of original habitats for native sp we should not copy and write revisionary accts including myself on Michelias in Makumforest nr santapau spent mn yyrs in Hilltpat Khandala and just enumerated his taxa with critical notes for his Ph.d. of London. Henceit is criticality which is more imp than bulk copying. Dr S;k.vaugh my senior did work on AP state but did not get time to publish at all as he joined Sandoz immediately. and retiring in Mahyco. Sterculia trees are genetic resources like Gzarcinia and som one take up work in sahyadri range

… names update …  • Teluguకుమ్మరపొలికి kummarapolikiకవిలి kaviliనారపొలికి narapolikiవక్కునార vakkunara 


SS_15_June_2017_Request_for_ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Please find attached images of a tree. The flowering season for this tree could be in month of February/March, Unfortunately I could not observe the tree during that time.
In April, the tree was completely leafless and only some scarlet red colour fruits were seen on it. The new leaves have stared coming from Mid-May.
Please help me ID this tree.
Location: Charkop, Kandivali West, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Date: observed from April to June 2017

Sterculia villosa Roxb. [Malvaceae].

Tree for ID_AS_April’18_P302 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help ID following tree.
Location: Datyar, Solan District, Himachal Pradesh (elevation: 517m )
Date: March 2018.
The approximate height of a tree was 20 feet. The bark and branches were smooth and there were no leaves.

Sterculia, most probably Sterculia villosa.

sterculia villosa : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Stercuila villosa (UDAL)



Request for ID- 13022011RA1: Rerquest ID of this Sterculia sp. seen at Rani Baug on 6 Feb. 2011. It is supposed to be a South Indian species.

Sterculia villosa

– Thanks ., but no this is not S. villosa as … was present at the walk and said this is another species.

– Its definitely Sterculia villosa Roxb. ex DC.

Thanks … Sir had an explanation for this being different sp. but will need to check this again.

– The flowers look close to those I had seen and posted few days back from Karnala. Of course … sir always has something more. Will await for the response.

– 100 % it is Sterculia villosa.

Yes … Just spoke to Sir, only one specimen is available in the Xavier’s herbarium. Id will be known soon. I am posting separately the Sterculia villosa seen very close to the tree under question at Rani Baug. One can see the bark difference and the typical flower pattern.

It appears to be Sterculia villosa

I agree with you.


14122020PP33 images.
Request for identification of tree.
Date: 22nd June 2020
Time: 1110 hrs
Location- Eco-park, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh
Habitat- Wild, on a hilly slope

Brassaiopsis hainla (Buch.-Ham.) Seem. ??

Maybe. But it does not have distribution in the area as per POWO and Checklist of Nepal.

Was it planted?

Saroj sir, does that species grow up to be a large tree like this? I couldn’t find a similar picture of such a form for this species, online. …, this was wild (atleast, looked like it), and there were several of them together forming a small patch of the same tree.

It can grow upto 15 m. in height !

Ok, thanks.

Sterculia villosa?

Yes, appears quite close as per images at Sterculia villosa

So, this is Sterculia villosa for sure?

To me it is. Photos are clear. Distribution is matching, as well as the details you had given about several trees growing together.


please id.. i have seen this one in Yamuna valley . but here in Tehri Garhwal i have found only in seedling stage. please id. if possible.: 1 image.

There seem to be two possibilities..

Acer sp. or Sterculia sp. but conclusion is difficult…

Sterculia villosa

Yes I too agree with Sterculia villosa

I am also in the favour of family sterculaceae..