.
India to S. China and Sumatera as per WCSP;
.
China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Vietnam, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Darjeeling, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl.), Singapore, ?Sumatra, Fiji (introduced) as per Catalogue of Life;
.
Images B. Rathinasabapathy, Prashant Awale, Aarti Khale, Sarath Kumar, Surajit Koley, Alka Khare, Anurag Sharma (ID Neil Soares) and Pravin (ID Neil Soares), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images)

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.
ster-ee-oh-SPER-mum
— from the Greek stere (solid, firm) and spermos (seed)
Dave’s Botanary
tet-ra-GON-um or tet-ra-GO-num — four-angledDave’s Botanary
¿ co-LAH-ees ? — ¿ meaning ?
.
commonly known as: yellow snake tree • Assamese: dhapatita, পৰ্ৰোলী parroli • Bengali: পারুল parul • Gujarati: પાડેલી padeli • Hindi: पारल paral, पारोली paroli, पाटल patal • Kannada: ಕಲಾದ್ರಿ kalaadri, ಪಾದರಿ paadari • Konkani: पाडल paadal • Malayalam: കരിങ്ങഴ karingazha, പാതിരി paathiri, പൂപ്പാതിരി puuppaathiri • Manipuri: মিস্সী missi • Marathi: पाडळ padal, पाडळी padali • Mizoram: zinghal • Oriya: pamphunia • Sanskrit: पाटल patal, पाटला patala, पाटलि patali • Tamil: அம்பு ampu, அம்புவாகினி ampuvakini, பாடலம் patalam, பாதிரி patiri, புன்காலி punkali • Telugu: అంబువాసిని ambuvasini, కలిగొట్టు kaligottu, పాదిరి padiri, పాటల patala • Urdu: پارل paral, پاٿل patal
.
Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia 
.
India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris as per Biotik ;
,
100-1100 m; Tropical Himalaya, India, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Malaysia as per Checklist of Nepal
.
Stereospermum personatum [syn. S.colias] locally called Padree is with a yellow corolla tinged with reddish-purple. In S.chelenoides [syn. S.suaveolens] locally called Padal the flowers are dull purple.
.


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Stereospermum colais : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Seeds collected from Jawadhu hills this summer near: Pudurnadu
Tamil Nadu 635655

Thanks, …, for additional aspects.


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Bignoniaceae Week ::Stereospermum colais from CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai :: PKA8:: Bot. name: Stereospermum colais var angustfolia
Family:
Bignoniaceae
Date/Time: 12-06-2010/ 09:10AM
Location: CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai.


 


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Bignoniaceae Week :: Stereospermum tetragonum : Padal : Mumbai : 100113 : AK: Adding pictures of Padal, taken at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai.
Flowers were high up, so couldn’t take a close up.



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Requesting to please ID this tree with whitish flowers captured on the Shilonda trail, SGNP in Mumbai in June 2013.


I think it is Stereospermum colais,


Agree with … This is Padal [Stereospermum personatum, previously S.colias]. A few of my photographs of this are available at this link


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Tree Id : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.

This was a sapling standing in our backyard, now grown upto 5 feet.
Few elders said it is ‘pathiri’ in malayalam.
Plz help me identify it.
Location : North Paravur , Ernakulam , Kerala.

Type : Wild, naturally grown.


Stereospermum tetragonum DC (= S.personatum Hassk., S.coalis Buch -Ham), Fam: Bignoniaceae


.


Fwd: [efloraofindia:178390] Tree Id 311213 SK3 :  Attachments (4).  2 posts by 1 author.

This was a sapling standing in our backyard, now grown upto 5 feet. Few elders said it is ‘pathiri’ in malayalam.
Plz help me identify it.
Location : North Paravur , Ernakulam , Kerala.

Type : Wild, naturally grown.


Stereospermum tetragonum DC (= S.personatum Hassk., S.coalis Buch -Ham), Fam: Bignoniaceae



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Ex-situ Silviculture : Stereospermum colais (Dillw) Mabberley : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).



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Requesting to please ID this tree captured on the Shilonda trail, SGNP, Mumbai in July 2014.

I was told this is Stereospermum angustifolium? How does one differentiate it from Stereospermum chelonoides?


Wrightia tinctoria (Apocynaceae)


Now called Stereospermum personatum [S.colias]. It differs from S.chelonoides by having leaves that are often serrulate and dull-purple flowers, whereas in the latter the flowers are yellow tinged with reddish purple.


Stereospermum colais. पाडळ


Thank you … As per the efi database, the new name for this is S. tetragonum..



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ANAUG06 Tree. for ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).

No flowers or fruits on the tree but I was hoping ID would be possible without them.
Bangalore
July 2014


I doubt about the identification because no phyllanthus species has the leaves origin from the same point while your plants uploaded show that two leaves originate at the same point needs further identification


To me this looks like Padal [Stereospermum personatum syn. S.colias]. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.



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Stereospermum chelenoides : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments(2)

Stereospermum chelenoides
Marathi name : padal
At Tansa WLS, Maharashtra
25March, 2015


Nice photographs, but this could be Stereospermum personatum [S.colais now possibly called S.tetragonum]. Stereospermun chelonoides [S.suaveolens] generally has dull purple flowers.


Stereospermum colais

Any leaf pictures to show the apex? Acute or acuminate?


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Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which PARUL (Sterospermum suaveolens) has been mentioned.


Photo appears to be of Stereospermum tetragonum DC.  rather than those of Stereospermum chelonoides (L.f.) DC. (syn: Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC.)


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Pune- April’09; in SGNP, Silonda Trail- April’09?; at Sagargad , Alibag- April’09?; south end of the national park at Mumbai- May’09?; at CEC – BNHS  on 25th May 2009; at Anashi WLS, Karnataka last week of April ’10; 12-06-2010/ 09:10AM- CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai; national park in Mumbai on 11 June, ’10; Mumbai on 11 June, ’10; V.J.B. Udyan (Rani Bagh), Mumbai; 
Stereospermum colais (Padal;Paral) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Tree from SGNP – indiantreepix | Google Groups For ID-090608RK2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Stereospermum chelonoides (Linn.f.) DC. – Padal Capsules – indiantreepix | Google Groups Stereospermum personatum(HAssk.) Chatterjee – efloraofindia | Google Groups Stereospermum colais from CBD Belapur hills – efloraofindia | Google Groups

Stereospermum personatum fruiting in V.J.B. Udyan (Rani Bagh), Mumbai – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Stereospermum personatum fruiting in V.J.B. Udyan (Rani Bagh), Mumbai – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee – efloraofindia | Google Groups
????? – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Parul – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Heterophragma ? – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Stereospermum colais – indiantreepix | Google Groups
… whose fruits ? – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Request for ID : 070511 : AK-2: Taken at Maharashtra Nature Park on the 6th of April, 2011.
A medium sized tree showing some dried pods as well.

– This is Padal [Stereospermum personatum, syn. S.colias].



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Stereospermum chelonoides:  Stereospermum chelonoides
Marathi name:Padal
At Sagargad,Alibag
On 03Jul,2011


yes Stereospermum chelonoides, Padal (Plant has medicinal importance)


The current name should be S. colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillwyn) Mabb. var. colais.


Agree with … This is Stereospermum personatum [syn. S.colias] locally called Padree with a yellow corolla tinged with reddish-purple. In S.chelenoides [syn. S.suaveolens] locally called Padal the flowers are dull purple.


I think its difficult to differentiate two species with these photos, because the corolla from outside is purple, it will be great if pod photo is available, i think that would help in proper identification, but still i guess S. chenoloides (its very common in Alibaug)


Even though these two species are distinct, the nomenclature of the group is very confusing.
The posted plant, however, is S. colais, as suggested by …
The current name (!?) is S. tetragonum as per TPL
http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-318150


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Stereospermum colais:  Stereospermum colais of Bignoniaceae family, 15th June`12 at Matheran


Very nice find … Excellent set showing flowers fruit and Leaf pattern with its acuminate apex.


 


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Bignoniaceae week :: SMP : Stereospermum colais. Var. colais :Native to India: Pune: Stereospermum colais. var. colais Pune city. Maharashtra
Native to India.
पाडळ



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Popular synonym: Stereospermum colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillwyn) Mabb.
ster-ee-oh-SPER-mum — from the Greek stere (solid, firm) and spermos (seed)Dave’s Botanary
tet-ra-GON-um or tet-ra-GO-num — four-angledDave’s Botanary
¿ co-LAH-ees ? — ¿ meaning ?
commonly known as: yellow snake tree • Assamese: dhapatita, পৰ্ৰোলী parroli • Bengali: পারুল parul • Gujarati: પાડેલી padeli • Hindi: पारल paral, पारोली paroli, पाटल patal • Kannada: ಕಲಾದ್ರಿ kalaadri, ಪಾದರಿ paadari • Konkani: पाडल paadal • Malayalam: കരിങ്ങഴ karingazha, പാതിരി paathiri, പൂപ്പാതിരി puuppaathiri • Manipuri: মিস্সী missi • Marathi: पाडळ padal, पाडळी padali • Mizoram: zinghal • Oriya: pamphunia • Sanskrit: पाटल patal, पाटला patala, पाटलि patali • Tamil: அம்பு ampu, அம்புவாகினி ampuvakini, பாடலம் patalam, பாதிரி patiri, புன்காலி punkali • Telugu: అంబువాసిని ambuvasini, కలిగొట్టు kaligottu, పాదిరి padiri, పాటల patala • Urdu: پارل paral, پاٿل patal
Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia
References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaeFloraSahyadri DatabaseFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant
at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Thane on 20 MAY 12 
at Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka on 24 APR 11
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra on 01 MAY 09


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Bignoniaceae week: Yellow Snake Tree (Stereospermum tetragonum) from Coimbatore BRS 7:  Sharing the images of (Stereospermum tetragonum) from Coimbatore.



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Stereospermum colais : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 mb each. 

Found in temple in Thiruvadisoolam, Chengleput.



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Stereospermum colais : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Found in temple in Thiruvadisoolam, Chengleput.


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Stereospermum colais: 4 images.
Found as cultivated on roadsides Wayanad district, AP in JAN.


.


Please help to get Stereospermum coalis and stereospermum suaveolens saplings:

I am looking for a few saplings of Stereospermum coalisandStereospermum suaveolens.
Will you please help me to get 3 pieces saplings of the each through courier ?
Hope you would help me heartily


It’s not developed privately in nurseries I assume.

But Forest nurseries develop.
You have to contact your State Forest research Wing.
Else I think MP Forest research Wing develop and have the seedlings.
Another options:
1.But easily grow from seeds. You have to find the tree from a nearby hills.
2. It can be developed through cuttings.


Thank you for your response .
It is very rare in West Bengal and neither state run nor the private nurseries make its saplings.
So I am to you for your kind help regarding some saplings or some germinatable seeds


I don’t think so it’s very rare. But occasional atleast in National forests or Tiger reserves.

I have seen Stereospermum colais common in Bandipur Tiger reserve with each tree producing KG’s of seeds(Each weighing less than a gram being a Samara wing seed).
If I get the seeds of S colais I will share with you. I have to visit a place called Jawadhu hills. As COVID still a problem my travel is on delay….


.

References:

The Plant List Ver.1.1  Catalogue of Life (Stereospermum colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillw.) D. L. Mabberley) GRIN  Biotik  Flora of Pakistan &  Flora of China  (Accepted name different from The Plant List)  Checklist of Nepal  Flowers of India  Wikipedia  eFlora  Sahyadri Database  Wikimedia Commons  Flickr: Search  Indian medicinal plants: a … – Google Books

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