Strychnos nux-vomica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 189 189 1753. (Syn: Strychnos colubrina (ambiguous synonym); Strychnos lucida Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Strychnos nux-vomica var. oligosperma Dop; Strychnos ovalifolia Stokes (ambiguous synonym); Strychnos spireana Dop; Strychnos vomica St. Lag.; Strychnos wallichiana Steud. (ambiguous synonym));
China (I) (Fujian (I), Guangdong (I), Guangxi (I), Hainan (I), S-Yunnan (I)),
Taiwan (I), Java, India, Myanmar [Burma], Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, N-peninsular Malaysia, Philippines (I), Thailand, Andaman Isl. (South
Andaman Isl.), Nepal, Cuba (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
STRIK-nos — ancient Greek word for deadly, referring to poisonous alkaloids contained in the seed integuments … Dave’s Botanary
¿ NUKS-vo-mi-kuh ? — Latin nux (nut); vomica (causing vomiting) … Google search
commonly known as: nux vomica, poison nut, quaker buttons, semen strychnos, snake-wood, strychnine tree • Gujarati: ઝેરી કોચલું jheri-kochalu • Hindi: जहर jahar, कजरा kajara, कुचला kuchala • Kannada: ಹೆಮ್ಮುಷ್ಟಿ hemushti, ಇಟ್ಟಿ itti, ಕಾಸರ್ಕ kasarka, ಮುಷ್ಟಿ ಮರ mushti mara, ನಂಜಿನಕೊರಡು nanjinakoradu, ವೀಷಮುಷ್ಟಿ vishamushti • Konkani: कजरो kajro, ಕಾರ್ಯಾ ರೂಕು karya ruku • Malayalam: കാഞ്ഞിരം kanjiram • Marathi: काजरा kajara, कुचला kuchala • Odia: ବିଷମୁଷ୍ଟି bishamushti, ବିଷତରୁ bishataru, ବିଷତିନ୍ଦୁ bishatindu, ଦୀର୍ଘପତ୍ର dighapatra, ଜଳଜ jalaja, କିମ୍ପାକ kimpaka, କୋଚିଲା kochila, କୁଚେଳକ kuchelaka, କୁଳକ kulaka, ମର୍କଟେନ୍ଦୁ markatendu, ରମ୍ଯ ଫଳ ramya phala, ରଣମୁଷ୍ଟି ranamushti • Punjabi: ਕੁਚਲਾ kuchla • Sanskrit: गरद्रुम garadruma, कारस्करः karaskarah, किम्पाक kimpaka, कुपाक kupaka, रम्यफल ramyaphala, तिन्दु tindu, वरम्बरा varambara, विषमुष्टि vishamusti, विषतिन्दु vishatindu • Tamil: அக்கு akku, எட்டி மரம் etti-maram, கருங்காலி karu-n-kali, கடுமரம் katu-maram • Telugu: ముష్టిగంగ mooshtiganga, ముష్టి mushti, ముషిడి musidi, ముష్టివిత్తులు mushti-vittulu, విషముష్టి vishamushti • Tibetan: ཀོ་བྱི་ལ ko-byi-la • Tulu: ಕಾಯೆರ್ ಮರ kayer mara • Urdu: کچلا kuchala
Tree for Id- 210309JM – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
In Kinnarsani WS, AP on 15/2/09. Somebody from Forest dept. told the name, but not able to recall now.
Looks like Strychnos nux-vomica
Links for Strychnos nux-vomica (Poison Nut, Semen strychnos, Quaker Buttons, Strychnine tree, Nux vomica): http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/n/nuxvom08.html (details alongwith medicinal use & with an illustration), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strychnine_tree (some details),
http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ETO/content/ETO_5_3X_Strychnos_Nux-Vomica.asp?sitearea=ETO (details alongwith medicinal use)
Looks like Strychnos nuxvomica.
Tree’s sporting the summer look #8 of 15 | Strychnos Nux Vomia – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (9)
Strychnos Nux Vomica
Orange red fruit, One can see some of the fruits eaten up. The fruits are considered Poisonous – both pulp and seed. But, this does not prevent some of the birds like hornbill, parrot and primates like langur eating them !!!
At present, 1 Kg of the fruit costs Rs. 300/- (for Medicinal purpose)
Date/Time-27 Mar 2010, 11:06:48
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Mamandur, Andhra Pradesh,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Eastern ghats
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length-approx – 18 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Oval, oblique, apex -rounded or acute, As in the picture, Size – ~5 inches
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-cm –
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Poisonous, globular, hard shell-Oranged red color, 2.5 inches Please see the picture of the pulp.
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-1 Kg of the fruit costs Rs. 300/-. But, birds like hornbill, parrot and primates like langur are known to eat the them !!!
Check this link
But, Is it used in making a person to vomit ? Please clarify.
Little bit literature on Strychnos Nux Vomica literature, thought of sharing with you.
Few decades back the seeds were exported to Australia in a large scale – to control Rabbit overpopulation
Used in rat poisoning,
Bitter taste 1 : 4,00,000 strychnine and water proportions can still make the water taste bitter,
To treat mentally ill patients, Improve blood circulation
Used in small quantities by drug addicts for small time pleasures,
Entire tree is poisonous, but the poison is mainly concentrated in the seeds. Sometimes, the grazing cow eats the leaves of this tree, and then the milk of this cow tastes bitter like that of the tree. Then the milk is considered dangerous to humans.
English poet Milton, when these seeds entered London city in 1637.
“That fatal and
built in the eclipse and
rigged with curses dark”
you provided good information, also I appreciate your quotes on Milton’s poetic view.
Once I read in a book on Indian NTFPs quoting that the name ‘vomica’ does not relates to vomiting.
If any of you like to share more information of this nomenclature origin?
The grey disc-shaped seeds of this tree is exported to many nations from Dindigul and Madurai District of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Name: Yettikaai; Yetti
Additional useful information …
Success! – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 10 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (3)
After almost a year of trials and errors and disappointment, a batch of seeds have finally sprouted. Attached are some pics.
Any guesses as to the ID?
what are those seeds of by the way?
You mean the gliricidia sepium that you had taken from me? If it is so, I am surprised it sprouts so easily.
The gliricidia sprouted easily enough. This is not the same. Meant to send you a pic.
Strychnos nux-vomica L. I believe.
… salutes dear … and in general to the group !!
I agree with Dinesh.
I agree with
YES! Nux Vomica.
I think, this is a kind of dormancy in seeds. It can be due to hard seed coat which needs to be broken. the treatment can be hot water, acid treatment or rubbing with sand paper. Purpose is to weaken the seed coat. The process is known as scarification. In nature it is brought about by microorganisms or friction. You may try chemical or mechanical scarification to break the dormancy.
Nux vomica is enlisted in the top 10 poisonous plants of the world so beware of handling the seeds.
Request for ID – 250211SC1: Saw this tree in Thattekad (near Kothamangalam in Idukki Dist.) last month. Which are these fruits?
Can this otherwise be a species of Crataeva?
– This looks like Strychnos nux-vomica. Three-nerved leaves can be clearly seen.
I think Strychnos nux-vomica only
– In Malayalam, Kanjiram maram, with very bitter taste having poisonous effect.
– Yes Agree with … Strychnos nux-vomica. Seen many such plants in Tirupati
Strychnos nux-vomica.. sharing 23032011pj1: It’s flowering time for Strychnos nux-vomica, you can see shiny light green leaves with greenish white flowers, favourite for Malabarpied hornbill.
Kaiga is natural habitat for this species and harbours many endemic species of plant.
– Hornbills are very fond of Strychnos fruits and have the capability of detoxifying the major alkoloids strychnine and brucine present in these fruit.. really wonderful topic to study.
Identification of a tree at BPT Garden/Sagar Upavan, coloba:ID05: Kindly identify this tree.
This is strychnos nux-vomica marathi name Kajra.
Strychnos nux-vomica: Marathi name: Kajra, Kuchla. At Akshi,Alibag 31March 2012
Beautiful pics. I had never seen this in flowers.
Glistering pics…new to me, I have never seen the plant though I have heard the seeds are poisonous, known as “Kuchla“, I hope I am right..
You are right … http://ecoport.org/ep?SearchType=pdb&PdbID=98825
Strychnos nux-vomica: Sharing few photographs of Strychnos nux-vomica.
Location: Sagar Upwan, Colaba, Mumbai.
Date/Time: 14-04-2012 / 07:20AM.
Strychnos nux-vomica – Poison Nut from Chandragiri fort, Vijayanagara Kingdom, Andhra Pradesh
18 Jan 2011 06:03 PM
Chandragiri fort, Andhra Pradesh
In Malayalam “Kanjiram“
tree for ID – Srisailam Forest – 03022014-NAW2 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly identify this tree.
Photographed on the 2nd Feb 2014 in the Srisailam Tiger/ Wildlife Reserve, Andhra Pradesh, about 30 km north of Srisailam on the roadside. habitat deciduous forest.
Tree about 8-10 metres high.
full of spherical fruit with woody shell, green (unripe), orange (ripe) to black (dried) 3-5 cm in diameter. leaves with 3 prominent veins, 6-8 cm in length.
Strychnos nuxvomica – poisonus seeds, rich with useful alkaloids, non timber forest product, star tree of Aswin star first of 27 stars. The sticks are used in Homa.
i picked up a few fruit from the ground around the tree – could you share some tips for handling the fruit to extract seed and henceforth for germination?
Hebri :: Strychnos nux-vomica :: DVJAN29 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 2 images.
Sita Nadi Nature Camp (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary) … Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 27 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 80 m asl
The trunk bore a placard with the ID. Thought of sharing the photo of mighty grown tree.
Strychnos nux-vomica L. … (family: Loganiaceae, Strychnaceae)
Strchnos nux-vomica (Loganiaceae) : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Strchnos nux-vomica (Loganiaceae)
30 July,2016, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh
Strychnos nux-vomica : 2 posts by 2 authors.
Tree for validation :: Devgad, Konkan :: March 2016 – ARKOCT01 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
This tree was growing wild on the mountain top. It was in full bloom in March 2016. Some fruits from last season were also seen.
Could this be Strychnos nux-vomica?
I think Strychnos potatorum
I had gone through Loganiaceae page; the green flowers under Strychnos potatorum are flowers of S.nuxvomica; but S.potatorum posted by P.Santhan in efi pages with white flowers is S.potatorum.
yes it is Strychnos nuxvomica, which is abundant in our area
Thank you … for concluding with the ID.
Names of Plants in India :: Strychnos nux-vomica L. : 3 posts by 2 authors.
The name karun gali- கருங்காலி and katu maram- காட்டு மரம் may not be for nux vomica.
Karungali don’t grow in tamilnadu’s plains. Nux vomica is a tree of dry zones.
We need to explore more in this.
Thanks … for validation.
The names have links embedded – please click on them – the links will lead to pages where reference information is put; they too have links embedded.
Both of these have entries in Tamil dictionary as strychnine tree – Please correct me if any error.
Strychnos nux-vomica at Kali Tiger Reserve : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Seen this huge tree at kali Tiger Reserve, North Karnataka.
Bot. Name: Strychnos nux-vomica
Strychnos nux-vomica seedling : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 1 Mb.
ID plz.. : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
Tree species in full blooming now.
Fruits look like Strychnos nux-vomica
Re: Tree no 2 from Wayanad : 7 posts by 5 authors. 5 images.
Strychnos only could be nux-vomica,
Strychnos nuxvomica ?
Yes, Strychnos nux-vomica
Kaanjiram (കാഞ്ഞിരം) in Malayalam
22032020EPT54 : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)- around 500 kb each.
Location : Javadhu hills, Eastern Ghats
Elevation : 3600 feet
Hillside, on rocks
Taken on 12th Feb 2020
Presenting Tree for ID
Ziziphus nummularia ??
Loganicaeae member Strychnos only sir,
Mostly S. nux-vomica,
Looks more like S. nux-vomica
Thanks. A specimen tree is available in Adyar Poonga in Chennai.
Thanks, … for the id.