Terminalia paniculata Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 383 1821. (syn: Myrobalanus monoptera (Roth) Kuntze; Pentaptera alata Wall. ex Banks; Pentaptera huliva Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Pentaptera paniculata Roxb.; Pentaptera triopteris Heyne ex Steud.; Terminalia acuta Herb. Madr. ex Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Terminalia alata Herb. Madr. ex Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Terminalia monoptera Roth; Terminalia triopteris Heyne ex Wall.);
India as per Catalogue of Life;
flowering murdah, paniculate winged myrobalan • Kannada: ಕಿಮ್ದಳ kindal • Konkani: किंडल kindal, किंझोळ quinzol • Malayalam: മരുത് maruth, ല്ലുമരുത് pullumaruth, തേമ്പാവ് theempaav • Marathi: किंजळ kinjal • Sanskrit: अश्वकर्ण asvakarna • Tamil: பில்லைமருது pillai-marutu, புல்லமருது pullamarutu, பூமருது pu-marutu • Telugu: పులిమద్ది pulimaddi, పుటకరక్కాయ putakarakkaaya;

Terminalia paniculata (Kinjal): Many trees of this Combretaceae member Terminalia paniculata (किंजळ) were
observed on roadside near Ambolgad Rajapur Konkan Maharashtra. Dec 2010


070311-PR For ID- Chennai.: These winged seeds were found hanging in bunches on a tree which had the
bark and leaves and habit of Lagerstroemia speciosa.
As photography is not allowed in the garden, I am hoping the seeds will throw some light on the ID.
I think the flowers , a few weeks ago, were small and inconspicuous.

– These could be fruits of Terminalia paniculata.

– I don’t know what link I checked yesterday but I saw a fruit like a guava and so was misled.
Yes, I am convinced the seeds are of Terminalia paniculata. Are the flowers like those of Arjuna?

ID confirmation MS310311 -21 – Terminalia species?: I am attaching the photographs of a tree, possibly a species of Terminalia for confirmation of ID.  The photos were taken on 27.12.2010 in Sakrebayalu, near Shimoga, Karnataka.

This is a big tree.

– Yes I agree. It is Terminalia paniculata (Marathi Kinjal)

A very common tree near Rajapur Ratnagiri.

The wood is supposed to be good for house construction.


Terminalia paniculata seedling:   Seedling of a Terminalia paniculata (Kingal).
Date/Time- August 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Hyderabad
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Potted seedling
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Tree
Height/Length- 15 inches
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Oblong and alternate


Hello :  Attachments (2 + 10). 5 posts by 4 authors.

These photographs are from Ratnagiri clicked in last week of Jan. 2013

and help for ID pl

I hope its a Terminalia paniculata

Kinjal in Marathi 🙂

Yes किंजळ

Terminalia paniculata.

Family : Combretaceae

Agree. Sending a few of my photographs (10).

Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date           :30. 08.14                                                             
Location     :Yelagiri hills, near Vellore, TN
Altitude      :3000ft
Habitat        :?wild
Habit           :tree
Height         :30 ft
Leaves         :

Flowers       :as seen

Combretaceae flowers (Terminalia sp.) and Vitaceae fruits are mixed up!

Can this be Syzigium sp?

Alternately arranged leaves and the presence of a pair of glands on the petiole pointing to Terminalia.

Terminalia – species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

Terminalia paniculata Roth is reported from Thiruvannamalai district, leaves and inflorescens appears like that of T. paniculata

I too think that this could be T. paniculata

The specimen in Termilania paniculata. But the fruit found in Yelagiri flora 030914 TBN 3 c P1120663.JPG belongs to some Vitaceae family plants.


ANOCT09 Please confirm if Terminalia paniculata : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Nandi Hills
1st October 2014

More photos- Attachments (6)

Yes it is Terminalia paniculata

26Sep14_SR_Tree for ID_Trivandrum : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).

This is an old tree found in Trivandrum amidst a group of Albezia

It is found to be in flower during winter when cattle egrets flock to it in search of insects.

Can anyone identify (Sorry for the poor photographs)

A wild-guess from the available clarity would be Terminalia paniculata

I dont think it is Terminalia paniculata. Precise location in Trivandrum city would be more easy for me to take a good photograph.

This is Terminalia paniculata Roth, rather found throughout kerala. It is also found in Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamilnadu (Western Ghats)

Flowers of Terminalia paniculata.
Location: North Karnataka, Kadra.



Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: Combretaceae- Terminalia paniculata at Mahad- -PKA-DEC19:: : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).

Seen this tall tree in Mahad area (near Raigad fort).  

These trees were in abundance and entire forest was shining Rusty red.

Local name: “Kinjal” or “Kindal“.

Bot. name: Terminalia paniculata

Family: Combretaceae



Terminalia paniculata Roth., common wild tree from the Western ghats area of Karnataka

Very good photographs …


CCM Fortnight: Combretaceae- ANDEC45 Terminalia sp. for identification : 18 posts by 9 authors. Attachments (3). Bangalore outskirts

I think Terminalia paniculata..

Terminalia paniculata has a large central wing of the fruit and two smaller lateral wings which is not the case here.

Which Terminalia sp. can it be sir?

To me it’s Terminalia paniculata

Not very sure but it could be Triplaris weigeltiana of Polygonaceae.

Seen in Lalbagh by me.

Your identity does seem to match ma’am. But is this tree commonly planted I wonder? Also, I have to mention that the village in which this tree is found overlaps with Bannerghatta National Park. Several wild trees have been left as such (like Dalbergia latifolia) and the planted trees in the area only extend to Acacia auriculiformis, Syzygium jambos, Pongamia pinnata.

That only the experts can decide….since I am not one.

Let us wait for experts to validate.

This looks like Terminalia paniculata to me.
… did you have a look at the underside of the leaves?
There would be pair of glands at the junction of the petiole and the midrib if it is Terminalia paniculata.
We will wait for the experts to comment.

I will visit the area this weekend and get some photos of the glands if present. Will update soon!

When so many experts are verifying, I suppose my guess was a wrong one.

Thank you very much …
And … No harm done. I learnt that there is a tree that has fruits which resemble Terminalia paniculata fruits. 🙂 Thank you.

Terminalia paniculata किंजळ

Name: Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Family: Combretaceae
Tamil name: பேய் கடுக்காய்
Location: Siruvani foot hills, Coimbatore, TN
Alt.: 500 m asl
Date: 05 Nov 2014

Dear all, is my ID right?

Yes it is Terminalia paniculata only.

It matches with Terminalia paniculata.

ANJAN33/33 Terminalia paniculata : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Family: Combretaceae
Date: 9th January 2015
Place: Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
Habit: Medium sized tree

Beautiful close ups. A complete set.
Are these flowers? in first photograph. I think so.

Will anybody clarify about the distinguishable feature about the basal glands of the leaves nicely shown here or they are just a character of Terminalia?

Thank you sir. I think they are the young fruits. I assume after a point they become reddish


Amboli Ghat :: Terminalia paniculata :: DVJAN92 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.

Amboli Ghat Maharashtra

Date: 23 DEC 2014 … Altitude: from 400 m to 700 m asl

Terminalia paniculata Roth  (family: Combretaceae)

Beautiful photography from Amboli Ghat.


It is my pleasure to share few images of Terinalia paniculata (Combretaceae 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: wild, Moist deciduous forest 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 08-10-2014, 03-12-2014 and 26-11-2015

Fairly common in the dry deciduous forests of the South. Popular by the name Kindal

GRAM2017 Terminalia sp. ? : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (13)

Found this tree in bloom at Thirthahalli, Shimoga in Oct 2016.

Pl. Check comparative images at Terminalia page in efi

I think appears closer to images at Terminalia elliptica Willd. as per comparative images at Terminalia

Thank you very much! I thought so too, but needed confirmation..

It looks more like Terminalia paniculata to me

Yes, T. paniculata. Note the subglobose foliar glands, invaginated at the apex and the dense panicles with subfoliaceous bracts. This is an endemic species. There is beautiful drawing in [unpubl.] Icones Roxburghianae No. 2252 (CAL).

The type material, collected by Benjamin Heyne from peninsular India was housed in the Berlin herbarium and was probably destroyed during World War II.


Tree for ID, Auroville, Tamil Nadu NAW-MAR17-05 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly identify this tree with minute flowers photographed at the Auroville Botanical Garden, Tamil Nadu in March 2017.

Tree about 7 metres in height.

It is Terminalia paniculata of Combretaceae

Terminalia paniculata?

Thanks …, The butterfly-like fruits are disclosing the ID here. There are good images in efi page.

Terminalia species (T.myriocarpa ?)

Thanks, …  Identified as Terminalia paniculata

Noted the ID. Thanks …

Saw this young sapling of Terminalia elliptica near Devgad, MH in May 2017.
Requested to please confirm ID.

In vegetative condition, T. elliptica can be distinguished from T. arjuna  (the only two species in India under sect. Pentaptera) with certainty by the presence of conspicuous, often shortly stipitate, clavate or turbinate foliar glands on the undersurface of the leaves at or near the junction of petiole and lamina and sometimes also on the midrib some distance away from the base.  In T. arjuna, the foliar glands are small, circular and sessile.  In this case, therefore, the images are referable to T. elliptica Willd.

These foliar glands look very much like those found on Terminalia paniculata.  In Terminalia elliptica the glands tend to be stalked and are often further up on the leaf blade.

Thank you for the suggestion. I was asked to confirm whether this is T. elliptica or not. Now you are telling about T. paniculata. The important fact that comes out of this discussion is that the respected members should be discouraged to post any image of the sterile materials. It is already difficult to identify a plant accurately through the images without measurements and of dissected parts. We can identify the images with our prior acquaintances and familiarity but in unknown groups, it is very very difficult to identify a sterile material.

02092017BHAR3 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) – 2 MB or more.
Found in Yelagiri hills of Eastern ghats.
Locals called in Piluvai or Piluva tree in Tamil. (Sadly google does not result anything).
It was in full bloom with fragrance in air.
I found it across the hills widely distributed and could easily identify with the white flowers.

More pictures. Attachments (1) – 5 MB.

Some Terminalia species.

It may be Terminalia arjuna (See the characteristics of stem if buttress form at base or not) or Terminalia chebula belongs to family Combretaceae

Thanks Tapas Sir.
But I have a doubt with the more pictures taken on it.
I doubt  the parts in red color are fruits?
Attachments (1) – 3 MB.

Some Terminalia species.

It may be Terminalia arjuna (See the characteristics of stem if buttress form at base or not) or Terminalia chebula belongs to family Combretaceae

Thanks … It is Terminalia paniculata (/species/a—l/cl/combretaceae/terminalia/terminalia-paniculata)

But I have a doubt with the more pictures taken on it.
I doubt  the parts in red color are fruits?

Another Picture.

Yes, T. paniculata.


How to reproduce through the Wing seeds or samara?
Is there any way? or it can be reproduced through cuttings.

i made some saplings by sowing many seeds together in a ‘mother bed’ and later transplanting into separate bags. Not all seeds germinate.

Need help in ID : 11 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1) – 5 MB
Saw this tree flowering in Goa & Karnataka border. Can you help in identifying.

it is Terminalia paniculataCombretaceae

It looks like Terminalia paniculata pods

Yes, Terminalia paniculata.

Winged fruits of T.paniculata. However, ID credit goes to …


Goa, May 2019 :: Tree for ID :: ARK2019-33 : 14 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
Requesting to please ID this shrub/tree captured on a cliff in South Goa in May 2019.

Terminalia ?

Very doubtful suggestion: leaves have some resemblance to Cananga.

do you have any close ups of the leaves?
I see what look like cashew trees around and also coconut leaves. Is this tree wild or was it planted?

I think this tree was growing wild. It was captured in a fort in South Goa (Cabo de Rama) and was growing on the slope reaching out to the sea.
I do not have any further pics.
The leaves seem to have a gland on the reverse side.
Unfortunately, I also cannot upload any cropped pics as I have lost the software to crop pics. Will try to post the closeup in another 4-5 days.

If so, pl. post the original image.

Please find attached a cropped image of the leaves.

Hoping, this would help to ID.

Thanks, …, Looking at the glands below the leaves it seems to be Terminalia paniculata Roth

There are glands at the leaf base which is the characteristic feature of Terminalia species.


Flower for id – ID04102019SH1 Is this Hopea parviflora ? : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Flower for id pl.
Is this Hopea parviflora ?
Location – Sirsi (North Karnataka)
Date – September 2019

To me looks different at first glance.

Is it Terminalia paniculata ?

May be as per Terminalia paniculata
But I am not sure.


Konkan, MH :: Terminalia paniculata :: ARK2021-013
6 high resolution images.

Seen this profusely fruiting tree in a village near caostal Devgad, MH in the last week of December 2020.
Terminalia paniculata. Saw this abundantly in the region.


Fruit for Id -ID10032021SH3. Which Terminalia sp. ?: 4 images.
Fruit for Id pl. Which Terminalia sp. ? .
Location – Dahanu
Date – January 2021

Terminalia alata


Requesting a tree Id.: 1 high res. image.

Found growing in forest fringes of the Agasthyamalai biosphere reserve. 
The flowers are exceptionally small with anthers sticking out. I has a peculiar smell.

Any habit image?

Looks like Terminalia paniculata…..not sure..

Terminalia paniculata


Tree for Id -ID09112022SH2: 2 images- 1 high res.

Tree for Id pl.
Location – Kudal, Maharashtra
Date – October. 2022

Pl. post close up of flowers.

Go with Terminalia.

I am posting the close up but it’s very blurred.

I think close to images at

Yes, Terminalia paniculata (’किंजळ’ in Marathi) is very common in this region.


Combretaceae: Terminalia paniculata Roth: 1 high res. image.
synonyms: Terminalia monoptera Roth, Pentaptera paniculata Roxb., Terminalia alata Herb.Madr. ex Wall.

location/date: Chilenahalli, Bangalore Distr., Karnataka, July 1997



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