Tetrastigma aplinianum (Collett & Hemsl.) Momiy. (Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma], ?India as per Catalogue of Life)

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0568-7-7.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0570-2.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0572-7-2.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0567-6-2.JPG

Tetrastigma bracteolatum (Wall.) Planch. (Central Himalaya to Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal as per POWO)

     


Tetrastigma gamblei B.V.Shetty & P.Singh (India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of Life)
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0391.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0389-5.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0390-3-2.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0390-7.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0388-7.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0387-4.jpg

Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston ex Mabb. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mon), peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Kelantan, Perak, Penang Isl., Trengganu, Pahan, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor), +Singapore, Java, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Nepal, Laos, Vietnam as per Catalogue of life)

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC09910.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC09905.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC09906-5.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC09909-6.JPG

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0379-4.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0381-2-5.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0380-8-4.jpg

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/W42dlt7LCXJnyWn-DK1ll-F926Itc3jWhUxKUgwHbQQrwF7HVD_TeXUQdnMPyAa1u0holH2uTGCmssN2bBAmyBL7IKMnbEATN5CFzAaHq_eGvSA-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/i7rPCLxduNVXhCFXXJERHMDJxLbFCN-34FTJZBtIsNTJZoasnri5DmtLTVBC5h70EXTl2H9uvq-8Bo-yIsc5rLCQj4_MMFExRBG071o8hA8NI-M-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/pAEerfNk99Hnny1a-6nMnMSlAbDmZXkfsl8E7-EMzgqIQD2Unu3TNJpNZijnrKQOODhb2LBqKCgv4nHvJGug6avlAih7hLitridOYppq15t4dwc-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/KwUG7i9EnqJEaX6hR69O1ukHQAwSx2KNwFUawwSExb8FNowhHxmvP0_DEK2307LIQUMFjfk_qWoS8T_9eS6eWG9PCgktf_DLSV1uJKsshlaedbw-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/JH63qZq8gK9mGIBjmnHG6-0_0eEsiXjfhove0adLgf2NJ3yONoVsg-lXhmO4CG_R4WpbS380fQ24gaGh9hh2Qe9DBWX7kmQD-gTAmEwCsk-rJw-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ewyqTohlMYzKaIzBZpRgxs0tB99_x4PYIWXWKAi32lbpyWhbfPBbfxO0ETA0jIgliFOFrW_TOID6Z0Rd93s3cn_vsTG02bC3xiz5XCJWmxmqmw-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/j_biaHNlJbjU_vRKuzXxLucJGVi-fYcENMfBTrgsXwJzICYC6tbUK3ZndKYiWkGV7WIu80aeiQswaJccelsdX-YzJ8l5elZWY3esJLFL_uYmpA-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/41mHA46R0gxJgOJlDh5DzToDr_qre38RmKe_cddOc7yIvhFnHkE0SdERB5G09NPpI1hSRr0N6qZhO4Rc9FPW6LFLMCaklnKXIGCfCycD3ihSCQ-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/WZWm5IvFkD63pL5mkFRQCshATXxIcSOQxJEnbFXI6LjdDmp7eR226rW-rQoq8gtUQcS9yOd4VanUIwXz-vG-Gc6PtrEI5HSPZHUJR4-hyiQN-g-w5000-h5000.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_6630.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_6627.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_6628.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_6632.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_6633.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_6634.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_0168.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Vitaceae%20-4--5.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_0166.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_0167.JPG

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Vitaceae%20-1--6.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Vitaceae%20-2--7.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Vitaceae%20-3--3.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Vitaceae-4.jpg


Tetrastigma obtectum (Wall. ex M.A. Lawson) Planch. ex Franch. (China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, India (Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur), Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Nepal, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0333%20copy-8.JPG

Tetrastigma rumicispermum (M.A. Lawson) Planch. (Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], China (Yunnan), Tibet, India (Darjeeling, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya), Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, peninsular Malaysia (Trengganu, Pahan) as per Catalogue of Life)

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0330-8.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0329-0.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0325-2-3.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0328-3-9.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0326-0.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0638-0.JPG

 /wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_1119-0.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_1123-9.JPG

Tetrastigma serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya), Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Java, ?Jammu & Kashmir, Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, Mindoro), Palawan, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2719_11Jan2016iPhone.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5602_11Jan2016.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5613_11Jan2016.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5616_11Jan2016.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_MG_8357crop_05Nov14.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_MG_8641_28June2016.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_MG_8613_28June2016.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/image1-1-1.jpeg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/image2-4.jpeg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0741-0-1.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0742.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0755-6.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0754.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0753.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0746-3.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0745.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0743.JPG

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/CSC_0886.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/CSC_0887.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0318-5-5.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0319.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0318-4.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0319-4.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0337-1-4.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0338-7-0.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0786.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0775-3.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0769-2.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0785.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0784.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0764-3-8.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0766.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0782.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0447.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0446-3-8.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0444-8-2.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/385%20-2-.JPG

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/385.JPG

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_1777.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_1774%20-%20Copy.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_1775.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_1774.JPG

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0992-8.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0991-4.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0988-8-2.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0987-4.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0985-2-8.JPG

Tetrastigma sulcatum (P. Lawson) Gamble (India (Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala) as per Catalogue of life)


.


.
Keys in Flora of Bhutan:
1. Leaves all 3-foliolate ……. 2
+ At least some leaves 4 — 7-foliolate …….. 4
2. Leaflets coriaceous, subentire or with minute teeth at vein ends; petals blunt at apex; berry ellipsoid ……… 8. T. campylocarpum
+ Leaflets membranous, serrate or serrulate; petals produced into subulate point; berry globose ……… 3
3. Stems often pubescent; leaflets ovate or elliptic, 3.5 — 9cm broad; cymes lax, 3 — 7cm diameter ……….. l. T. bracteolatum
+ Stems glabrous; leaflets lanceolate, 2.5—5cm broad; cymes compact 2—_4.5 cm broad ………. 2. T. dubium
4. Leaves pedately divided …….. 5
+ Leaves digitately divided …….. 10
5. Slender climber with bifid tendrils; leaflets small, 2- 10 x 1 —3cm ……. 4. T. serrulatum
+ Robust climbers with simple or bifid tendrils; leaflets large, 6—20 x 2—8.5cm. ….. 6
6. Leaflets obovate or broadly oblanceolate; leaflet serration reduced to subulate vein tips; cymes rounded, 4 — 10cm diameter ………… 5. T. rumicispermum
+ Leaflets lanceolate, elliptic or sometimes oblanceolate, distinctly serrate; cymes rounded, 2 — 7cm, or corymbose to paniculate, 8 — 15cm diameter ….. 7
7. Cymes lax, corymbose or paniculate, 8 — 15cm diameter …… 8
+ Cymes compact, rounded, 2—7cm diameter …….. 9
8. Cymes corymbose, glabrous; leaves thinly coriaceous, marginal serrations numerous …………6. T. corymbosum
+ Cymes +/- paniculately arranged, puberulous; leaves thickly coriaceous, serrations few, distant …… 7. T. aplinianum   
9. Leaflets lanceolate, 6— 14 x 2.5 – 5cm; petals with subulate point ….. 2. T. dubium
+ Leaflets elliptic or narrowly ovate, 10—20×4—8.5cm; petals with short blunt point …………. 3. T. leucostaphylum
10. Stems and petioles pubescent; tendrils radiately branched; leaflets small,5.510 x 2.5 -4cm …………10. T. obtectum
+ Stems and petioles glabrous; tendrils simple; leaflets large, 8—20x 2.5 —8cm 1 1
11. Leaflets subentire or remotely denticulate, coriaceous; stigma disc-like; berry ellipsoid, -seeded ………. 8. T. campylocarpum
+ Leaflets serrate, membranous or subcoriaceous; stigma 4-lobed; berry globose, 2-seeded ……. 9. T. planicaule
.

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Tetrastigma_1.JPG

Keys as per efi thread:
Keys from Flora of India vol-5 are attached.
Attachments (3)


.  

Tetrastigma species in India:

  1. Tetrastigma affine (Ganep. ex Osmasto) Raizada & H.O.Saxena
  2. T. andamanicum  (King) Suess.
  3. T. angustifolium (Roxb.) Planch.
  4. T. bracteolatum (Wall.) Planch.
  5. T. campylocarpum (Kurz) Planch.
  6. T. canarense (Dalzeil) Gamble
  7. T. dubium (M.A.Lawson) Planch.
  8. T. gamblei B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh
  9. T. hemsleyanum Diels & Gilg
  10. T. hookeri (M.A.Lawson) Planch.
  11. T. leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston
  12. T. muricatum (Wall.) Gamble
  13. T. nilagiricum (Miq.) B.V.Shetty
  14. T. obovatum Gagnep.
  15. T. obtectum (Wall. ex M.A.Lawson) Planch. ex Franch
  16. T. planicaule (Hook.f.) Gagnep.
  17. T. rumicispermum (M.A.Lawson) Planch.
  18. T. serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch.
  19. T. sulcatum (M.A.Lawson) Gamble

References:

  1. Shetty, B.V. and Singh,P. 2000. Vitaceae. In; Singh, N.P., Vohra, J.N., Hajar, P.K. and Singh, D.K. (eds.) Flora of India Vol-5. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp. 246-324.
  2. eFI page (and references therein)  

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Tetrastigma
gamblei

Shetty &
Singh
Shrub Western Ghats,
Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Theni
Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston Large
climber
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Namakkal, Salem, Theni, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli,
Tiruvanna malai
Tetrastigma nilagiricum
(Miq.) Shetty         
Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Matthew,
1999
Coimbatore,  Dindigul, Kanniya kumari, Namakkal, Madurai,
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Tetrastigma
sulcatum

(Lawson)
Gamble
Large
climber
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,  Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Theni

.

.

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 20.10.14: 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Tetrastigma bracteolatum Vitis bracteolata Vitaceae Monjam Hei
Tetrastigma leucostaphylum Vitis leucostaphylum, Tetrastigma leucostaphylum, Cissus leucostaphyla Vitaceae Indian Chestnut Vine

.

Tetrastigma aplinianum (Collett & Hemsl.) Momiy. (No distribution given in India)

.


.

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2003-Description & Keys)

.
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details-

.

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-

.

Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys

.
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. NayarTropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 – Science252 pages-
Tetrastigma bracteolatum (Wall.) Planch. : Climber; Nepal to E. Himalaya.
Tetrastigma canarense (Dalziel) Gamble, climbing shrub; hills of the W. Ghats.
Tetrastigma dubium (M. A. Lawson) Planch. : Climber; E. Nepal to E. Himalaya.
Tetrastigma hookeri (M. A. Lawson) Planch. ………………………..
Tetrastigma sulcatum (P. Lawson) Gamble climbing shrub; the W. Ghats range, E. Ghats region. …………

.
Floristic Plants of the World By Rashtra Vardhana (2006)- Brief details-

.

Tetrastigma ‎(Vitaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tetrastigma (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added the list of Indian species.


.

Tetrastigma‎‎ (Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
Pl. go throughTetrastigma‎‎ (Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.
I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *