Tetrastigma gamblei B.V.Shetty & P.Singh (India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of Life)
Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston ex Mabb. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mon), peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Kelantan, Perak, Penang Isl., Trengganu, Pahan, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor), +Singapore, Java, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Nepal, Laos, Vietnam as per Catalogue of life)
Tetrastigma obtectum (Wall. ex M.A. Lawson) Planch. ex Franch. (China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, India (Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur), Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Nepal, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)
Tetrastigma serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya), Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Java, ?Jammu & Kashmir, Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, Mindoro), Palawan, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)
Keys in Flora of Bhutan:
1. Leaves all 3-foliolate ……. 2
+ At least some leaves 4 — 7-foliolate …….. 4
2. Leaﬂets coriaceous, subentire or with minute teeth at vein ends; petals blunt at apex; berry ellipsoid ……… 8. T. campylocarpum
+ Leaﬂets membranous, serrate or serrulate; petals produced into subulate point; berry globose ……… 3
3. Stems often pubescent; leaﬂets ovate or elliptic, 3.5 — 9cm broad; cymes lax, 3 — 7cm diameter ……….. l. T. bracteolatum
+ Stems glabrous; leaﬂets lanceolate, 2.5—5cm broad; cymes compact 2—_4.5 cm broad ………. 2. T. dubium
4. Leaves pedately divided …….. 5
+ Leaves digitately divided …….. 10
5. Slender climber with biﬁd tendrils; leaﬂets small, 2- 10 x 1 —3cm ……. 4. T. serrulatum
+ Robust climbers with simple or biﬁd tendrils; leaﬂets large, 6—20 x 2—8.5cm. ….. 6
6. Leaﬂets obovate or broadly oblanceolate; leaﬂet serration reduced to subulate vein tips; cymes rounded, 4 — 10cm diameter ………… 5. T. rumicispermum
+ Leaﬂets lanceolate, elliptic or sometimes oblanceolate, distinctly serrate; cymes rounded, 2 — 7cm, or corymbose to paniculate, 8 — 15cm diameter ….. 7
7. Cymes lax, corymbose or paniculate, 8 — 15cm diameter …… 8
+ Cymes compact, rounded, 2—7cm diameter …….. 9
8. Cymes corymbose, glabrous; leaves thinly coriaceous, marginal serrations numerous …………6. T. corymbosum
+ Cymes +/- paniculately arranged, puberulous; leaves thickly coriaceous, serrations few, distant …… 7. T. aplinianum
9. Leaﬂets lanceolate, 6— 14 x 2.5 – 5cm; petals with subulate point ….. 2. T. dubium
+ Leaﬂets elliptic or narrowly ovate, 10—20×4—8.5cm; petals with short blunt point …………. 3. T. leucostaphylum
10. Stems and petioles pubescent; tendrils radiately branched; leaﬂets small,5.510 x 2.5 -4cm …………10. T. obtectum
+ Stems and petioles glabrous; tendrils simple; leaﬂets large, 8—20x 2.5 —8cm 1 1
11. Leaﬂets subentire or remotely denticulate, coriaceous; stigma disc-like; berry ellipsoid, -seeded ………. 8. T. campylocarpum
+ Leaﬂets serrate, membranous or subcoriaceous; stigma 4-lobed; berry globose, 2-seeded ……. 9. T. planicaule
Keys as per efi thread:
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 20.10.14:
Tetrastigma aplinianum (Collett & Hemsl.) Momiy. (No distribution given in India)
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2003-Description & Keys)–
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details-
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys–
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys–
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar –Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 – Science – 252 pages-
Tetrastigma bracteolatum (Wall.) Planch. : Climber; Nepal to E. Himalaya.
Tetrastigma canarense (Dalziel) Gamble, climbing shrub; hills of the W. Ghats.
Tetrastigma dubium (M. A. Lawson) Planch. : Climber; E. Nepal to E. Himalaya.
Tetrastigma hookeri (M. A. Lawson) Planch. ………………………..
Tetrastigma sulcatum (P. Lawson) Gamble climbing shrub; the W. Ghats range, E. Ghats region. …………
Floristic Plants of the World By Rashtra Vardhana (2006)- Brief details-
Tetrastigma (Vitaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tetrastigma (Pl. click).
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added the list of Indian species.
Tetrastigma (Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.