Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1: 47 1796.;
.
Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Yangon), Bangladesh, China (Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines (throughout), Sulawesi, Sumatra, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Isl., Sumatra, Java, India (throughout), Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan (I), Singapore (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Raiatea (I), Huahine (I), Maupiti (I)), Tonga (I) (Vava’u (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I)), Niue (I), Fiji (I), New Caledonia (I), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I), Molokai (I), Lanai(I)), Rotuma Isl. (I), Seychelles (I), USA (I) (Florida (I)), Costa Rica (I), Peru (I), Cuba (I), Peru (I), Panama (I), Belize (I), Jamaica (I), Nicaragua (I), Guatemala (I), Puerto Rico (I), Surinam (I), Ecuador (I), Brazil (I), Haiti(I), Dominican Republic (I), Mexico (I), Venezuela (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Anguilla (I), Antigua (I), Saba (I), St. Kitts (I), Nevis (I), Montserrat (I), Guadeloupe (I), Dominica (I), Martinique (I), St. Lucia (I), St. Vincent (I), Grenadines (I), Grenada (I), Barbados (I)), Trinidad (I), Bahamas (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (St. Croix (I), St. John (I), St. Thomas (I), Tortola (I)), Colombia (I) (Antioquia (I), Bolvar (I), Boyac (I), Cauca (I), Choc (I), Cundinamarca (I), Nario (I), Quindo (I), San Andrs (I), Providencia y Santa Catalina (I), Santander (I), Valle (I)), Bolivia (I), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of life (Thunbergia fragrans subsp. fragrans syn: Thunbergia angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Nees; Thunbergia bodinieri H. Lév.; Thunbergia celebica Bremek.; Thunbergia cordata Colla (ambiguous synonym); Thunbergia heterophylla Wall.; Thunbergia java Hoffmgg.; Thunbergia javanica Gaertn. fil.; Thunbergia linearifolia Bremek.; Thunbergia loheri Bremek.; Thunbergia longiflora F. Muell.; Thunbergia mindanaensis Bremek.; Thunbergia roxburghia Nees; Thunbergia scandens Pers. ex Nees; Thunbergia subsagittata Blanco; Thunbergia volubilis Pers.);
.

Images by J.M.Garg (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg)

.
Sweet clock-vine, white thunbergia, white lady, inthiraanputpam • Hindi: चिमीन Chimine • Marathi: चिमीन Chimine • Malayalam: Noorvan-valli • Tamil: இ.த்ரபுஸ்பம் Indrapushpam;
. 

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Acanthaceae Week: Thunbergia fragrans – Sweet Clock Vine: Acanthaceae Week: Thunbergia fragrans Sweet Clock Vine
(Id confirmation required)
Native, Climber, (No leaf pictures photographed )
Muthodi forest, Chikmagalur dist. Karnataka
06 Aug 2006

beautiful flower. It is Thunbergia fragrans. Here is mine from Matheran.


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Adding leaf and additional flower view.

2 images.

I have these plants in my house.  This is a cultivated plant in Mysore city.



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Thunbergia from Ajanta (NSJ 07.02.2011-01): Thunbergia from Ajanta. Photo taken in December -2010

Looks like Thumbergia fragrans. Cultivated plant. Plenty around Mysore city .



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Date/Time- Sep 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Garden? Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Climber
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- green pear shaped
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- milky white
Fruits not seen


This is Thumbergia fragrans… white lady… WAS the flower fragrant esp when first opens in am..???

the flower was not fragrant and is not as opposed to its net (info from net)



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Date/Time-Sep 2011 Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden ?Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Climber growing very rapidly
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- dark green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- milky white flowers
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-not seen
Non fragrant


Thunbergia fragrans of Acanthaceae family.


I am sorry … but yesterday I had posted a creeper which was Id as T fragrans but its leaves are totally different than this creeper. Kindly refer to it. I cannot attach its pics as 2 threads would mix up


I think both are same species.
Leaves do not show much variation Plese compare picture no. 260920111981.jpg  and 230920111877.jpg
(previous post use the link below) with 270920112017.jpg (this post).
Look at the picture 230920111877.jpg you can see that there different types of leaves in the same stem.

Size and shape may vary according to the availability of light/shade and water for some plants. But if you compare the flowers they are basically the similar.
Link for previous post for comparison.

Ok but I am not fully convinced about the leaves My previous post the leaves are much longer and pale green whereas todays post they are roundish broager and dark green. But I take your word as I am totally ignorant about plants



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KAS Week:: (Thunbergia fragrans – 03/10/2012-NJ): Thunbergia fragrans – (Chimene in Marathi)


This is found in the ghat section on way to Kas. This is not the actual plant found on the plateau. This climber is found on many hilly areas of Western ghats. Generally the flowers are bigger than its counterpart planted in gardens in cities as ornamental.



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Plz id this wild flower: pa12 – 27oct2012: Plz id this wild herb / shrub of about 2 – 3 foot tall at the most. It was located at an awkward position in a dense area which I could not penetrate and only managed these pix from a distance.


This is the Common Forest Thunbergia [Thunbergia fragrans].



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Plz id this wild flower: pa12 – 27oct2012: Sending a few of my photographs.



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SYMBIOSIS : 275: Attaching an image of a Blank Swift butterfly on the flower of a Thungergia fragrans.


 


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Panchagani tour… Thunbergia fragrans: Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Sharing pic of Thunbergia fragrans, Acanthaceae

It is common & beautiful climber flowering at Panchagani (posted on 17.9.13)


Thanks … for showing this too.. fresh, rain splashed Thunbergia..


Yes
My observations:
This plant is observed at many places on way to Panchgani Mahabaleshwar and also enroute Kaas in this season but is not there on actual plateau.
It is also grown in many bungalows in Pune as ornamental.

The flowers at these altitudes are somewhat larger than those found here in city.



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BND 86 21/11/14 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).  Please ID this small leguminous climber with opposite compound leaves and white flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Mar 2012


Flowers seems to be Thunbergia fragrans


 

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Acanthaceae Fortnight::Thunbergia fragrans::NSJ-09 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2). Thunbergia fragransfound everywhere in western ghats at start of the monsoon.


 

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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Thunbergia fragrans :: Jijamata Udyan :: ARKMAR-18/30 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3). Attached are pictures of Thunbergia fragrans captured at Jijamata Udyan in March 2013 and SGNP in August 2013.


 

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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Thunbergia fragrans :: Tungareshwar WLS & SGNP :: DVMAR112/123 : 1 post by 1 author. 4 images. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary & Sanjay Gandhi National Park at different times



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ACANTHACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Thunbergia fragrans- for id validation from Nagpur:: NS MARCH 42/42 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4). Please validate the id of this Thunbergia recorded from Nagpur, is this Thunbergia fragrans…?


seems right



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Acanthaceae Fortnight ::Fruits of Thunbergia fragrans :: Matheran::: PKA-MAR89/89 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2). Thunbergia fragrans is very common climber in Matheran region. Came across the fruits/capsules of this climber at Matheran.


 

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Acanthaceae Fortnight : Thunbergia fragrans : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 31MAR15 : AK-32 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1). Seen at Jijamata Udyan in Mumbai.


 


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Identification of Plant specimen : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Pl help me to identify the attached plant specimen
It is Twiner. Leaves opposite and tomentose with slight serration in the margin on the margin. Wild– Looks like a member from Acanthaceae. Resemblances to Thunbergia fragrans

Recorded at Yelagiri Hills, Vellore Dist, Tamilnadu on 14-07-15


Yes Thunbergia fragrans (Acanthaceae) to me too.



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MSJuly,2015/08 Thunbergia sp. ? for ID : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Place : Khawzawl, Mizoram
Date : 27/07/2015

Habit : Climber
Habitat : Wild

Thunbergia fragrans to me.



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SYMBIOSIS : 837 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching an image of a Scarlet Sunbird (Male. juvenile) visiting flower of Thumbergis fragrance.



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Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)

Sharing some pictures of Thunbergia fragrans shot on 10 August 2016 at Mudkhu Nepal at 5000 ft.


I think yes. Wonderful images.



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Thunbergia fragrans : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Thunbergia fragrans
Kaas plateau

second week of October 2016



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Fwd: THUNBERGIA FRAGRANCE : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Thunbergia fragrance.



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On 17/8/08 in Talakona forest, AP near Tirupati; in SGNP, Mumbai- Dec.’08; chapramari, north bengal, Oct08; at Borghat, Mumbai-Pune old highway- 15th Aug 2009; Yeoor Hills- 19 SEP 09; at Tungareshwar- Dec’09; Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh in Feb 2010; Sunset point, Matheran- Aug’10?; Chethalayam, Wayanad- Sept’10?;
Thunbergia fragrans- Sweet clock-vine or white thunbergia? – indiantreepix | Google Groups ID Request 3 – North Bengal –17May09-SJ – indiantreepix | Google Groups Is it Thunbergia fragrans only? – indiantreepix | Google Groups


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Flower for Id -ID04102019SH2 : 20 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (3) – around 900 kb each.

Flower for id pl.
Location – Sirsi (North Karnataka)
Date – September 2019


Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. 


I agree with …


yes. jungle thunbergia or officially Thunbergia fragrans Roxb.
though I have only seen them in highly cosseted glass houses in the western countries and not in our botanical gardens on the eastern gangetic planes nor in the “Jungles”: more like  overgrown  neglected mango orchards of old family owned jamindaris.
while I was pondering these weird data in my mind, I was surfing absentmindedly for just a few  botanical drawings of this beautiful flower
and I found this picture and its parent page , a hortus from a nursery and hotsouse gardens in AUSTRALIA of all places, is really from Curtis’s botanical journal page 58.
why is  it worth mentioning? it is because….. he writer of that hortus, says its not fragrant, but also tells us that Roxburgh had said its fragrant.
and surmises that perhaps the heat of a tropical forest is needed to bring out the fragrance//scent of the flower.
MY QUESTION TO ALL OF OUR MEMBERS, INCLUDING …, did you notice a scent near this vine or the flower?

I wonder if it should sprout out in a few months after monsoon and heat? thanks. this is asking a bit much, but I will appreciate it   ..


Attachments (1) – 4 mb.


thanks … for that one more picture of the bud.


I feel I have not noticed any fragrance in wild flowers I have seen. May be it is very mild or not during the day time.


Thanks once again … for the additional information and I must confess that I didn’t notice any fragrance from these flowers. Again Sirsi being a hill station from Karnataka the climate may not be very hot throughout the year. So perhaps the question of fragrant flowers even in summer is ruled out.
Just deviating a bit, I had seen a climber in Wayanad last winter and looking at those flowers thought that these should be Thunbergia fragrans. I don’t know id of the flower yet but posting it in this thread just to remove the confusion.

Attachments (1) – 1 mb.


No. Look different. Pl. check comparative images at Thunbergia


Latest image looks like a Thunbergia, but not T. fragrans ……throat is wide .


Seems to be Thunbergia grandiflora ‘Alba’.

Leaves would have helped.


No !


It is not Thunbergia fragrance.  I have T.fragrance in my home garden. Though the species name is fragrance it does not have any fragrance. Posting the pictures in a separate mail.


 

Images by Neil Soares (Identified by Prasad Dash & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

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Please identify this climber – 080311NS-8:  Photographed in the compound of my bungalow in Khandala over the weekend. Please identify this climber.


– Had thought of that, but T.fragrans looked slightly different to me.


– According to Dr. Almeida’s ‘Flora of Maharashtra’ Vol 4A , Thunbergia laevis is a synonym of Thunbergia fragrans.


– I think this is Thunbergia laevis


– According to the KEW Plant List which has updated all plant names with accepted names and synonyms, T. laevis Nees is to be treated as T. fragrans var. laevis (Nees) C. B. Clarke ex Hook.f. as was done in Flora of British India.

This (T. fragrans var. laevis) differs from T. fragrans var. fragrans in having flowers two in each leaf axil (you can see that in first photograph, one perhaps dried up and one fresh), pedicel much thickened above in fruit, flowers without fragrans, tube greenish and capsule puberulous.


– Dr. Almeida has mentioned T.fragrans var. laevis as one of the synonyms and that’s fine with me – T.fragrans var. laevis it is.



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Please identify this climber – 080311NS-8: Had thought of that, but T.fragrans looked slightly different to me.



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MS/9/6/2019 – Thunbergia fragrance : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Posting pictures of Thunbergia fragrance: This has a reference to a recent posting on Thumbergia by …
Date/Time- 2017
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS- Mysore
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild  : garden 
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb : Climber
Height/Length-  4 to 5 ft
Flower – white

The flower does not have fragrance. 


Thank you for photos, … and your response to my question about presence or absence of fragrance in Thumbergia fragrans

that was a thread by …
I wonder why would a physician-botanist of a substantial knowledge and caliber make such a mistake? or was it a mistake or the species has lost the ability to produce the necessary oils? we will perhaps never know.

i am very appreciative of your generosity and all members who are responding to my question


Thanks a lot … I am appreciative of your important & appropriate queries.


Excerpts  from FoI:

There has been lot of confusion on why the species name is fragrans. Dr. Roxburgh, who gave the name to this flower, says in his book, Plants of the Coast of Coromandel:
the plant possesses a peculiar and agreeable fragrance, and the beauty of its flowers, although not fragrant, entitle it to a place in the flower-garden”
So, the plant possesses a fragrance, but not the flowers

then. try to smell the leaves, crush some and smell….


There is no fragrant smell even after crushing leaves.



.
We have been mostly considering our posts as Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. so far, based on references herein.
However, Catalogue of Life gives following with distribution in India:
Thunbergia laevis Wall. ex Nees var. laevis (India (E- N- & peninsular India), Sri Lanka, Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Sierra Leone (I))
Thunbergia fragrans var. hispida Gamble (India (Andhra Pradesh))
I tried to find out the differences between these and found one source at A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998)
Keys are as below:
Leaves with a pair of basal lobes on either side, flowers usually solitary in leaf axils- Thunbergia fragrans
Leaves with a single basal lobes on either side or entire, flowers 2-4 in leaf axils- Thunbergia laevis
Thunbergia laevis var. laevis – stem strigulose or glabrescent on angles. Flowers 2-3 in leaf axils. Corola limb 10-11 mm across lateral lobes.
Thunbergia laevis var. vestita – stem and leaves distinctly scabrid, hispid or hirsute. Flowers often solitary. Capsule tomentose.
Thunbergia laevis var. laevis – stem and leaves glabrous or sparsely puberulous. Leaves 2.2-5.6 * 1.5-3.3 cm, generally with one basal lobe on either side. Flowers 1-3 in leaf axils; pedicels slender, to 2 cm long; corola less than 2.5 cm across lateral lobes.

Right now I am not sure weather to follow them or not.


Distribution of Thunbergia fragrans subsp. fragrans is as below:

Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Yangon), Bangladesh, China (Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines (throughout), Sulawesi, Sumatra, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Isl., Sumatra, Java, India (throughout), Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan (I), Singapore (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Raiatea (I), Huahine (I), Maupiti (I)), Tonga (I) (Vava’u (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I)), Niue (I), Fiji (I), New Caledonia (I), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I)), Rotuma Isl. (I), Seychelles (I), USA (I) (Florida (I)), Costa Rica (I), Peru (I), Cuba (I), Peru (I), Panama (I), Belize (I), Jamaica (I), Nicaragua (I), Guatemala (I), Puerto Rico (I), Surinam (I), Ecuador (I), Brazil (I), Haiti (I), Dominican Republic (I), Mexico (I), Venezuela (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Anguilla (I), Antigua (I), Saba (I), St. Kitts (I), Nevis (I), Montserrat (I), Guadeloupe (I), Dominica (I), Martinique (I), St. Lucia (I), St. Vincent (I), Grenadines (I), Grenada (I), Barbados (I)), Trinidad (I), Bahamas (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (St. Croix (I), St. John (I), St. Thomas (I), Tortola (I)), Colombia (I) (Antioquia (I), Bolvar (I), Boyac (I), Cauca (I), Choc (I), Cundinamarca (I), Nario (I), Quindo (I), San Andrs (I), Providencia y Santa Catalina (I), Santander (I), Valle (I)), Bolivia (I), Honduras (I)


I checked all our observations in efi site.

I think keys above are not proper and there is no clear cut demarcation between the two species as pointed out by keys above.
Lobes are quite variable with a single post showing one, one and a half lobes. Some are showing more than two lobes and I think it depends on the age of the leaf also.
Immature leaves are showing more lobes compared to mature leaves.
I think flora by Dr. Almeida gives Thunbergia fragrans var. laevis as a syn. of Thunbergia fragrans as per thread: Please identify this climber – 080311NS-8
Different sources available online, show both the species with contradicting descriptions, as below:
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)
In view, I feel let us have only one species as Thunbergia fragrans.

That would be a good decision.


yes. until some grad student collects lots and lots of specimen from different states and ecosystems and does thorough exam and writes a detailed paper



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27032020EPT69 : 6 posts by 3 authors. 4 images– around 500 kb each.
Presenting for ID
Location : Javadhu hills, Eastern Ghats
Elevation : 3600 feet
Creeper on natural fence
Taken on 12.02.2020

Thunbergia fragrans ?? Pls check


Yes, …, I too agree with you,



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Flower for Id – ID13082020SH2 Thunbergia lexis or fragrans ? : 9 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.

Going through some old, unidentified photos in this Lockdown period.
Flower for Id. Is this Thunbergia lexis or fragrans ?
Location – SGNP, Mumbai

Date – August 2013


Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. !


Yes. Nevertheless please post the photographs of the habit/ leaves.  A common climber garden plant here. I have this plant in my garden. It is ironical that the flowers do not possess any fragrance !


Posting another photographs with leaves … Attachments (2)


T.fragrans only. T.laevis is synonym.



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Need help with white-flowered annual twiner : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- around 700 kb each.
Bhopal; Vindhyan sandstone derived soil; 20/10/2020

Thunbergia fragrans most likely.


Flower does not look like.


Thunbegia only


Thunbergia

Acanthaceae member,


Ok.



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A climber for Id (P1290799/801/804) : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
This climber was found on in Yeoor, Thane, MaharashtraLeaves were opposite.


Thunbergia sp


Thunbergia species so far in efi.


Only option I see is Thunbergia fragans!
close-up of immature fruit with small persistent sepals (Photo: Sheldon Navie)


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Flower for Id – ID19022021SH2
1 image.

Flower for Id pl.
Location – Pune
Date – Feb 2021

Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. !


I too with …


A common garden plant, a climber, in my place. I have many in my garden. Though it is  named fragrance (sps.) it has no fragrance – “irony of fate” !!!
Plant one and you get many.


Yes, now I remember. I had seen this before and had wondered about it’s name ‘fragrans’ and not having any 🙂


.

Yes.


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Thunbergia fragrans Roxb.: 8 very high res. images.

Location: Balaju, Kathmandu
Date:  28 July 2021
Elevation: 1500m.
Habit : Wild 

Yes. Contrary to its species name it has no fragrans. Common name white-lady. But why the flowers are not fully opened. But there is slight variation in leaves compared to the pictures on NET. In fact I have this plant in my garden. Comes up on its own. In Tamil Nadu the plant is known as indrapushpam & used in Sidda medicine. 


… has some doubts about leaf shape. Your opinion please


I think it matches quite well as per images at Thunbergia fragrans and there is no other closer species to it.


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Thunbergia fragrans Roxb.: 6 very high res. images.
Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 1057m.
Date: 12 August 2021
Habit : Wild



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References:

Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)

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