.
South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga), Swaziland, South Sudan, D.R.Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Cameroon, Madagascar, Comores, La Runion, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Ryukyu Isl., peninsular Malaysia, Java, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Yangon, Rakhine), India (widespread), Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, SE-Tibet, Thailand, Sumatra, Philippines (Luzon), Palawan, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
.
tod-DAL-lee-uh
— from Malabar name of the plant kaka-toddaliLoudon’s Hortus britannicus
a-see-AT-ee-kuh — of or from Asia … Dave’s Botanary
.
commonly known as: forest pepper, orange climber, wild orange treeBengali: জংলি মরিচ janglee marich, কাঁটা টোডালি kanta todalliGaro: nachi wagumHindi: जंगली कालीमिर्च jangali kalimirchJaintia: saryng khlamKannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಕಾಡು ಮೆಣಸು dodda kadu menasuKhasi: soh satMalayalam: കാക്കത്തുടലി kakkattutaliMarathi: दहन dahan, जंगली काळी मिरची jungli kali mirchi, रान मिरवेल ran mirvelNepali: मैन्-काँड़ा main kanraOdia: ହାଇମରିଚା hai maricha, ତୁଣ୍ଡ ପୋଡ଼ା tunda pordaSanskrit: दहन dahana, काञ्चनः kancanah, तीक्ष्णक्षः tiksnaksahTamil: காட்டுமிளகு kattu-milaku, கிச்சிலிக்கரணை kiccili-k-karanai, மிளகுகரணை milaku-karanai, முளகரணை mulakaranaiTelugu: కొండకసింద kondakasinda, మిరపకాండ్ర mirapa-kandra 
.
Native to
: tropical Africa, s China, Japan, Indo-Malesia;
.
Uses: The leaves and fruits are used as traditional herbal medicine to treat mouth diseases;
.
Medicinal plant- Malaria, cough, etc; 
.
As far as i know (during my ethnobotanical survey in Orissa), this plan is used for mouth ulcer (as it stands for the local name Tundupada: Burning sensation in mouth when taken raw leaves and ripe fruits), and in some other parts used against cough and cold. Yes the Raw leaves are chewed to treat mouth infection. In only one case i found some people cooked the leaves, but did not disclose why;
.
In Kerala, the unripen fruits are used in the preparation of pickles and ripen fruits are listed as wild edible fruits;
.


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Rutaceae week: Wasp attracting plant – Toddalia asiatica fom Chandagalu:
Reference- Toddalia asiatica, This is a higly variable plant and has 3 varieties (floribunda, gracilis & obtusifolia).


– Yes it is Toddalia asiatica the shruby type.


Date/Time- Sep 2010
Chandagal, Mysore district

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Rutaceae Week: Liana – Toddalia asiatica – Wild orange / climbing-orange from Mamandur:

Toddalia Asiatica
WILD ORANGE
Orange climber
the Malabar name for an Indian species of climbing-orange.’
Liana with thorny stem
Citrus family
Rutaceae Week: Liana – Toddalia asiatica – Wild orange / climbing-orange from Mamandur
Medicinal plant- Malaria, cough, etc
Regional: Mirapa Konda [ Telugu ]
Kaadu Menasu meaning Forest Pepper [ Kannada ]
Toddalia Asiatica Var. gracilis Fam. Rutaceae
Limri [Kannada ]
Il`i (Ilzhi) Shingi [ Kannada ]
Mullu Mastige [ Kannada ]
Tamil: Milagarani
27 Mar 10 06:05PM
Mamandur, Tirupati, AP

In Malayalam
Mulakutanni : മുളകുതാന്നി
Mulakutali : മുളകുതാളി
Kara : കാര

Good combination of entries … and …
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. and Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. var. gracilis Gamble are synonyms. T. asiatica being the valid name.
So all these names refer to the same plant.


It is native to Maharashtra too as per BSI Mah flora and reported from Pune Satara, Kolhapur, Sindhudurg (Occasional in Evergreen forests in Hills)
Important character is : Armed large scandent shrub. Prickles curved.
Leaves alternate, 3 foliolate. Leaflets coriaceous sessile.
Flowers are unisexual.
If leaflets more than 2 cm broad: var.asiatica in which the berries are hardly lobed.
If leaflets less than 2 cm broad; and fruits distinctly lobed …var.gracilis.



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Rutaceae Week_RVS1_Toddalia asiatica var. floribunda:
Toddalia asiatica var. floribunda (Wall.) Kurz from Sirumalai hills, Tamil Nadu.
Even though this has been listed as synonym to T. asiatica in TPL: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/tro-50321716, I follow several floras that treat this as a different taxon. Morphologically as well as ecologically (this is a high-altitude replacement of T. asiatica) this is different from the typical variety.



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efloraindia: 191111 BRS179:

Sharing the images of Toddalia asiatica from NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore
Date: Oct.2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Climber



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Toddalia asiatica _191111PD03_ Flora of Orissa]:
sharing the photograph of Toddalia asiatica from Ranpur
Name of the species: Toddalia asiatica
Family: Rutaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habit: Woody liana
Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forests near rivers or streams
Altitude: 150 m above msl
Uses: The leaves and fruits are used as traditional herbal medicine to treat mouth diseases

This is a very very useful medicinal plant for the tribal of Ranpur as the leaves, fruits and flowers are used for mouth diseases.


Is there any reports regarding the culinary value of its (Toddalia asiatica) fruits?


i am yet to come across on the culinary uses of the same species. As far as i know (during my ethnobotanical survey in Orissa), this plan is used for mouth ulcer (as it stands for the local name Tundupada: Burning sensation in mouth when taken raw leaves and ripe fruits), and in some other parts used against cough and cold. Yes the Raw leaves are chewed to treat mouth infection. In only one case i found some people cooked the leaves, but did not disclose why.


In Kerala, the unripen fruits are used in the preapartion of pickles and ripen fruits are listed as wild edible fruits and also I got some literature regarding the etymology of Generic name Toddalia, which is originated from the Malayalam name of the plant,Todali.


many many thanks … for the very valuable information. Yes i am agreed with you on this aspect as there are diverse traditional practices of the same species in different parts of the world which has been formulated and standardize by the tribal people with years of trial and errors.


I wonder if it grows wild in parts of Bengal, being so close to Orissa?



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Rosaceae Week: Rosa of Mt Slamet:
Could you help me ID our plant please. It is a climber with aculeus (prickles) like Rosa. Flowers not seen. West slope of Mt Slamet ca 2000 m alt.


Could it be some Rutaceae?


Yes … you are absolutely right. this is Toddalia asiatica of rutaceae family.



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Names of Plants in India :: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.: via Species‎ > ‎T‎ > Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. … family: Rutaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
tod-DAL-lee-uh — from Malabar name of the plant kaka-toddali (for T. aculeata) Loudon’s Hortus britannicus
a-see-AT-ee-kuh — of or from AsiaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: forest pepper, orange climber, wild orange treeBengali: kada-todaliGaro: nachi wagumHindi: जंगली कालीमिर्च jangali kalimirchJaintia: saryng khlamKannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಕಾಡು ಮೆಣಸು dodda kadu menasuKhasi: soh satMalayalam: കാക്കത്തുടലി kakkattutaliMarathi: दहन dahan, जंगली काळी मिरची jungli kali mirchi, रान मिरवेल ran mirvelNepali: मैन्-काँड़ा main kandaOriya: ହାଇମରିଚା hai maricha, ତୁଣ୍ଡ ପୋଡ଼ା tunda pordaSanskrit: दहन dahana, काञ्चनः kancanah, तीक्ष्णक्षः tiksnaksahTamil: காட்டுமிளகு kattu-milaku, கிச்சிலிக்கரணை kiccili-k-karanai, மிளகுகரணை milaku-karanai, முளகரணை mulakaranaiTelugu: కొండకసింద kondakasinda, మిరపకాండ్ర mirapa-kandra
botanical names: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. … synonyms: Paullinia asiatica L. (basionym) • Toddalia aculeata Pers. … NPGS / GRIN
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed near Mavingundi, Karnataka on 16 DEC 12
Many thanks to … for the ID.


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Fwd: plants for identification :  Attachments (8). 4 posts by 2 authors.

I found this plant in a wet forest of Nilgiris and also in Kolli hills of Eastern ghats (1300m asl). This straggler is quite different from Toddalia asiatica  by having larger leaves and fruits. Is this a different species in higher altitudes or a variety of T. asiatica?
Help me to identify this Rutaceae.
Location where I took the attached pictures: Kotagiri, Nilgiris, TN
Altitude: 2000 m asl
Date: 20 June 2013

This is Toddalia asiatica only. All the different varieties are merged to form a single species in Flora of India by Nair & Nayar.


Toddalia asiatica is the lone species in this genus worldwide and in India. Though it is very polymorphic. Leaves seems within described range.



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Alagarkoil flora 021013 TBN 1 for id : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date           : 29.09.13                                                             
Location     :Bison valley, Alagarkoil hill ranges, Dindigul dt, TN
Altitude      :2000 ft

Habitat        :wild RF
Habit           :shrub
Height         :3 ft
Leaves         :trifoliate; thorns
Flowers       :white
Fruits           not seen:,
Can it be related to Toddalia asiatica

Toddalia asiatica


Toddalia asiatica. This is a common shrub in the waste lands of Mysore 


Thanks for validating my identification. It seems to be very variable ; foi says leaves are shiny. In the plant depicted here leaves were not shiny; In a previous mail from …
several experts have said it is polymorphic and variable.



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Todalia asiatica (L.) Lam.SN Feb-22 :  Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Todalia asiatica (L.) Lam., Fam Rutaceae,
South Chennai, Scrub jungle, spinous straggling shrub
Fruiting

Fruiting twig of Toddalia asiatica var floribunda Gamble observed from Coonor area of Nilgiri, Tamilnadu at an altitude of 1500m



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6-7-2014 of Nilgiris for ID : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
Nilgiris, July 2014. Appox 1300 MSL. Found near steep face of a mountain.
Armed shrub with Palmtley trifoliate leaves. Branches arch out from central point in sides. for id.

This is Toddalia asiatica (Rutaceae)


Thanks … Stand corrected. Clearly thorny.


Possibly Toddalia asiatica var. floribunda.



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ANAUG15 Spiny shrub for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).

Leaves trifoliate
Curved prickles on the stem as well as the leaves

Bangalore outskirts
August 2014


Please confirm if this is Toddalia asiatica


Affirmative


yeah Toddalia asiatica of Rutaceae. Seeds are substituted for pepper in some tribal food preparations.


That is very interesting.



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Spiny Shrub for ID, Auroville, Tamil Nadu, NAW-MAR17-11 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Kindly identify this spiny shrub about 2 metres in height with small orange fruit, photographed at the Auroville greenbelt, Tamil Nadu in March 2017.
Flowers not seen. Leaves with 3 leaflets, underside slightly paler than the top.

This is Toddalia asiatica of Rutaceae.


It is Toddalia asiatica of Rutaceae; cute pictures


It seems to be Toddalia asiatica from Rutaceae


.


I wan’t to know the availability and localities of collection of following Rutaceae members for some urgent research work.
1. Todalia asiatica
2. Zanthoxylum armatum
3. Z.budranga
4. Z.rhetsa
5. Z. ovalifolium
6. Z. acanthopodium

We are having observations of a few of these species in efi site. You may check there if it is of some help.


Toddalia asiatica is available in Eastern ghats, I found many in Velugonda, seshachalam hills, Nallamala hills.of A.P



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SK1230 24 JUNE 2018 : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
LocationSakiyong Khasmahal, Pedong Reshi Rd, India
Date: 16 May 2018
Altitude: 5550 ft.
Habit : Wild
Attachments (5)

Sir i think Walsura trifoliata. Meliaceae family member.

Did not find match for Walsura trifoliolata (A.Juss.) Harms .


Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.


Todallia asiatica?

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Mahabaleshwar 8 Nov 2009; Mamandur,  Tirupati, AP; Sep 2010- Chandagal, Mysore district;

PLANT FOR ID 173 SMP NOV 2009 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
For ID | 12Jul2010AR02 – efloraofindia | Google Groups


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Zanthoxylum asiaticum from Anjana Layout Bangalore-GS30012022-4: 7 very high res. images.

Zanthoxylum asiaticum (L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J.Wen
Syn: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam
Photographed from Anjana Layout, Bangalore, 21-9-2015


A very common plant in scrub jungles here.


 


References:

Catalogue of Life  POWO (Zanthoxylum asiaticum (L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J.Wen, 2018)  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  GRIN  Annonated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flora of China  Flora of Peninsular India Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  ENVIS – FRLHT  Wikipedia  ayurvedic medicinal plants  Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Toddalia asiatica  http://www.plantzafrica.com/planttuv/todalasia.htm  http://www.stuartxchange.org/Dawag.html

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