Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 2: 116 1797. (syn. Aralia labordei H.Lév.; Cranzia aculeata (Sm.) Oken; Cranzia asiatica (L.) Kuntze; Cranzia nitida Kuntze; Limonia oligandra Dalzell (Unresolved); Paullinia asiatica L.; Rubentia angustifolia Bojer ex Steud. (Unresolved); Scopolia aculeata Sm.; Scopolia angustifolia Spreng. (Unresolved); Toddalia aculeata (Sm.) Pers.; Toddalia angustifolia Lam.; Toddalia asiatica var. floribunda (Wall.) Kurz; Toddalia asiatica var. gracilis Gamble; Toddalia asiatica var. obtusifolia Gamble; Toddalia floribunda Wall.; Toddalia nitida Lam.; Toddalia rubricaulis Roem. & Schult.; Toddalia tonkinensis Guillaumin; Zanthoxylum floribundum Wall. (Unresolved));
Ethiopia to Eswatini, W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia: Assam, Bangladesh, Burundi, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO (Zanthoxylum asiaticum (L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J.Wen);
South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga), Swaziland, South Sudan, D.R.Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Cameroon, Madagascar, Comores, La Runion, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Ryukyu Isl., peninsular Malaysia, Java, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Yangon, Rakhine), India (widespread), Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, SE-Tibet, Thailand, Sumatra, Philippines (Luzon), Palawan, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
tod-DAL-lee-uh — from Malabar name of the plant kaka-toddali … Loudon’s Hortus britannicus
a-see-AT-ee-kuh — of or from Asia … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: forest pepper, orange climber, wild orange tree • Bengali: জংলি মরিচ janglee marich, কাঁটা টোডালি kanta todalli • Garo: nachi wagum • Hindi: जंगली कालीमिर्च jangali kalimirch • Jaintia: saryng khlam • Kannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಕಾಡು ಮೆಣಸು dodda kadu menasu • Khasi: soh sat • Malayalam: കാക്കത്തുടലി kakkattutali • Marathi: दहन dahan, जंगली काळी मिरची jungli kali mirchi, रान मिरवेल ran mirvel • Nepali: मैन्-काँड़ा main kanra • Odia: ହାଇମରିଚା hai maricha, ତୁଣ୍ଡ ପୋଡ଼ା tunda porda • Sanskrit: दहन dahana, काञ्चनः kancanah, तीक्ष्णक्षः tiksnaksah • Tamil: காட்டுமிளகு kattu-milaku, கிச்சிலிக்கரணை kiccili-k-karanai, மிளகுகரணை milaku-karanai, முளகரணை mulakaranai • Telugu: కొండకసింద kondakasinda, మిరపకాండ్ర mirapa-kandra
Native to: tropical Africa, s China, Japan, Indo-Malesia;
Uses: The leaves and fruits are used as traditional herbal medicine to treat mouth diseases;
Medicinal plant- Malaria, cough, etc;
As far as i know (during my ethnobotanical survey in Orissa), this plan is used for mouth ulcer (as it stands for the local name Tundupada: Burning sensation in mouth when taken raw leaves and ripe fruits), and in some other parts used against cough and cold. Yes the Raw leaves are chewed to treat mouth infection. In only one case i found some people cooked the leaves, but did not disclose why;
In Kerala, the unripen fruits are used in the preparation of pickles and ripen fruits are listed as wild edible fruits;
Rutaceae week: Wasp attracting plant – Toddalia asiatica fom Chandagalu:
Reference- – Toddalia asiatica, This is a higly variable plant and has 3 varieties (floribunda, gracilis & obtusifolia).
– Yes it is Toddalia asiatica the shruby type.
Date/Time- Sep 2010
Chandagal, Mysore district
the Malabar name for an Indian species of climbing-orange.’
Liana with thorny stem
Rutaceae Week: Liana – Toddalia asiatica – Wild orange / climbing-orange from Mamandur
Medicinal plant- Malaria, cough, etc
Regional: Mirapa Konda [ Telugu ]
Kaadu Menasu meaning Forest Pepper [ Kannada ]
– Toddalia Asiatica Var. gracilis Fam. Rutaceae
Limri [Kannada ]
Il`i (Ilzhi) Shingi [ Kannada ]
Mullu Mastige [ Kannada ]
27 Mar 10 06:05PM
Mamandur, Tirupati, AP
Mulakutanni : മുളകുതാന്നി
Mulakutali : മുളകുതാളി
Kara : കാര
Good combination of entries … and …
It is native to Maharashtra too as per BSI Mah flora and reported from Pune Satara, Kolhapur, Sindhudurg (Occasional in Evergreen forests in Hills)
Rutaceae Week_RVS1_Toddalia asiatica var. floribunda:
Sharing the images of Toddalia asiatica from NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore
Toddalia asiatica _191111PD03_ Flora of Orissa]:
sharing the photograph of Toddalia asiatica from Ranpur
Name of the species: Toddalia asiatica
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habit: Woody liana
Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forests near rivers or streams
Altitude: 150 m above msl
Uses: The leaves and fruits are used as traditional herbal medicine to treat mouth diseases
This is a very very useful medicinal plant for the tribal of Ranpur as the leaves, fruits and flowers are used for mouth diseases.
Is there any reports regarding the culinary value of its (Toddalia asiatica) fruits?
i am yet to come across on the culinary uses of the same species. As far as i know (during my ethnobotanical survey in Orissa), this plan is used for mouth ulcer (as it stands for the local name Tundupada: Burning sensation in mouth when taken raw leaves and ripe fruits), and in some other parts used against cough and cold. Yes the Raw leaves are chewed to treat mouth infection. In only one case i found some people cooked the leaves, but did not disclose why.
In Kerala, the unripen fruits are used in the preapartion of pickles and ripen fruits are listed as wild edible fruits and also I got some literature regarding the etymology of Generic name Toddalia, which is originated from the Malayalam name of the plant,Todali.
many many thanks … for the very valuable information. Yes i am agreed with you on this aspect as there are diverse traditional practices of the same species in different parts of the world which has been formulated and standardize by the tribal people with years of trial and errors.
I wonder if it grows wild in parts of Bengal, being so close to Orissa?
Rosaceae Week: Rosa of Mt Slamet:
Could it be some Rutaceae?
Yes … you are absolutely right. this is Toddalia asiatica of rutaceae family.
Names of Plants in India :: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.: via Species > T > Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. … family: Rutaceae
tod-DAL-lee-uh — from Malabar name of the plant kaka-toddali (for T. aculeata) … Loudon’s Hortus britannicus
a-see-AT-ee-kuh — of or from Asia … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: forest pepper, orange climber, wild orange tree • Bengali: kada-todali • Garo: nachi wagum • Hindi: जंगली कालीमिर्च jangali kalimirch • Jaintia: saryng khlam • Kannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಕಾಡು ಮೆಣಸು dodda kadu menasu • Khasi: soh sat • Malayalam: കാക്കത്തുടലി kakkattutali • Marathi: दहन dahan, जंगली काळी मिरची jungli kali mirchi, रान मिरवेल ran mirvel • Nepali: मैन्-काँड़ा main kanda • Oriya: ହାଇମରିଚା hai maricha, ତୁଣ୍ଡ ପୋଡ଼ା tunda porda • Sanskrit: दहन dahana, काञ्चनः kancanah, तीक्ष्णक्षः tiksnaksah • Tamil: காட்டுமிளகு kattu-milaku, கிச்சிலிக்கரணை kiccili-k-karanai, மிளகுகரணை milaku-karanai, முளகரணை mulakaranai • Telugu: కొండకసింద kondakasinda, మిరపకాండ్ర mirapa-kandra
botanical names: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. … synonyms: Paullinia asiatica L. (basionym) • Toddalia aculeata Pers. … NPGS / GRIN
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Photographed near Mavingundi, Karnataka on 16 DEC 12
Many thanks to … for the ID.
I found this plant in a wet forest of Nilgiris and also in Kolli hills of Eastern ghats (1300m asl). This straggler is quite different from Toddalia asiatica by having larger leaves and fruits. Is this a different species in higher altitudes or a variety of T. asiatica?
Help me to identify this Rutaceae.
Location where I took the attached pictures: Kotagiri, Nilgiris, TN
Altitude: 2000 m asl
Date: 20 June 2013
This is Toddalia asiatica only. All the different varieties are merged to form a single species in Flora of India by Nair & Nayar.
Toddalia asiatica is the lone species in this genus worldwide and in India. Though it is very polymorphic. Leaves seems within described range.
Alagarkoil flora 021013 TBN 1 for id : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date : 29.09.13
Location :Bison valley, Alagarkoil hill ranges, Dindigul dt, TN
Altitude :2000 ft
Habitat :wild RF
Height :3 ft
Leaves :trifoliate; thorns
Fruits not seen:,
Can it be related to Toddalia asiatica ?
Toddalia asiatica. This is a common shrub in the waste lands of Mysore
Thanks for validating my identification. It seems to be very variable ; foi says leaves are shiny. In the plant depicted here leaves were not shiny; In a previous mail from …
Todalia asiatica (L.) Lam.SN Feb-22 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Todalia asiatica (L.) Lam., Fam Rutaceae,
South Chennai, Scrub jungle, spinous straggling shrub
Fruiting twig of Toddalia asiatica var floribunda Gamble observed from Coonor area of Nilgiri, Tamilnadu at an altitude of 1500m
6-7-2014 of Nilgiris for ID : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
Nilgiris, July 2014. Appox 1300 MSL. Found near steep face of a mountain.
Armed shrub with Palmtley trifoliate leaves. Branches arch out from central point in sides. for id.
This is Toddalia asiatica (Rutaceae)
ANAUG15 Spiny shrub for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Please confirm if this is Toddalia asiatica
yeah Toddalia asiatica of Rutaceae. Seeds are substituted for pepper in some tribal food preparations.
That is very interesting.
Spiny Shrub for ID, Auroville, Tamil Nadu, NAW-MAR17-11 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Kindly identify this spiny shrub about 2 metres in height with small orange fruit, photographed at the Auroville greenbelt, Tamil Nadu in March 2017.
Flowers not seen. Leaves with 3 leaflets, underside slightly paler than the top.
This is Toddalia asiatica of Rutaceae.
It is Toddalia asiatica of Rutaceae; cute pictures
It seems to be Toddalia asiatica from Rutaceae
availability and localities of collection of Rutaceae members : 4 posts by 2 authors.
I wan’t to know the availability and localities of collection of following Rutaceae members for some urgent research work.
1. Todalia asiatica
2. Zanthoxylum armatum
5. Z. ovalifolium
6. Z. acanthopodium
We are having observations of a few of these species in efi site. You may check there if it is of some help.
Toddalia asiatica is available in Eastern ghats, I found many in Velugonda, seshachalam hills, Nallamala hills.of A.P
SK1230 24 JUNE 2018 : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Sakiyong Khasmahal, Pedong Reshi Rd, India
Date: 16 May 2018
Altitude: 5550 ft.
Habit : Wild
Sir i think Walsura trifoliata. Meliaceae family member.
Did not find match for Walsura trifoliolata (A.Juss.) Harms .
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Zanthoxylum asiaticum from Anjana Layout Bangalore-GS30012022-4: 7 very high res. images.
Zanthoxylum asiaticum (L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J.Wen
Syn: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam
Photographed from Anjana Layout, Bangalore, 21-9-2015
A very common plant in scrub jungles here.
Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa??
Does it have so many spines on the main branch & stem? It is a common tree here in Shiva temples. But it does not have so much spines. Is it a variant or different species ?
Looks different. It is
Catalogue of Life POWO (Zanthoxylum asiaticum (L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J.Wen, 2018) The Plant List Ver. 1.1 GRIN Annonated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal Flora of China Flora of Peninsular India Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post ENVIS – FRLHT Wikipedia ayurvedic medicinal plants Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Toddalia asiatica http://www.plantzafrica.com/planttuv/todalasia.htm http://www.stuartxchange.org/Dawag.html