Herbs; rhizoids up to 2.5 mm long, c. 0.3 mm thick, numerous, glandular, tapering towards apex, branches up to 2.5 mm long, papillose; stolons up to 10 cm long, profusely branched, glandular. Foliar organs up to 10 x 1.5 mm, linear to strap-shaped, at base of scape and on stolons, 3-nerved, nerves branched further, rounded to obtuse or rarely retuse at apex. Traps 1-3 mm across, subglobose, slightly compressed, subdimorphic, numerous on vegetative organs; those on leaves sessile or subsessile, elsewhere long-stalked; mouth basal; appendages 2, subulate simple, glandular. Racemes up to 30 cm long, 1-1.5 mm thick, erect, rarely branched, 1-9 flowered; scales 1-2 x 0.9-1.2 mm, basifixed, ovate to lanceate, rarely deltoid, 1 or 3 nerved, or nerves altogether absent, acute to acuminate at apex; bracts 1.5-2.5 x 1-1.5 mm, basifixed, ovate to lanceate, 1 or 3 nerved, acute to acuminate at apex, bracteoles 1-2.5 mm long, basifixed, subulate, 1-nerved; sterile bracts and bracteoles rarely seen among fertile ones. Flowers 7-12 mm long; pedicels up to 11 mm long, erect, slightly winged. Calyx-lobes ovate to lanceate; upper lobes 3-6 x 2-3.5 mm, acuminate or rarely caudate at apex; lower 2.5-5.8 x 1.5-3 mm, 2-4 dentate at apex. Corolla blue to violet or pink; upper lip 4-6.5 x 2-3.5 mm, linear-oblong, longitudinally streaked, crested at centre, ciliate along lower margin, truncate, rounded or obtuse at apex; lower lip 4-7 x 3-7 mm, obovate, rarely orbicular, hairy in throat, bigibbous at base, obscurely 3-lobed, rounded or retuse at apex; spur 4.5-7 mm long , curved, conical, acute at apex. Stamens 1.5-2 mm long; filaments strap-shaped; anther thecae distinct. Pistil 1.5-2 mm long; ovary ovoid, compressed; style short; stigma 2-lipped, upper lip semiorbicular, lower truncate and hairy. Capsules 3-4 mm long, ovoid, thickened along dehiscent margin; placenta 1.6-2.5 x 1-1.5 mm, oblongoid or ovoid, compressed; seeds 0.2-0.4 mm across, subglobose to obovoid; hilum terminal, prominent; testa cells reticulate.

Flowering and fruiting: September-March
Marshy grasslands
India and Sri Lanka
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi From India Biodiversity Portal)

According to Janarthanam and Henry (1992) U. purpurascens Graham was validly published on the basis of materials observed in Mahabaleshwar. J. Graham’s catalogue in general did not deal with dried specimens in herbariums. In absence of original materials preserved in any of the herbaria, Janarthanam 82941 (MH) collected from the type locality after a lapse of about 150 years is designated as neotype. U. arcuata proved conspecific to U. purpurascens. It is allied to U. albocoerulea differentiated with character of sickle shaped spur of corolla. U. purpurascens Graham is undoubtedly a distinct species and its inclusion under U.graminifolia Vahl by Taylor in 1989 appears to be erroneous.
Although this species is recognized as distinct in Indian literature, it has been included in U. graminifolia by Taylor and appears as such in IPNI and TROPICOS.

The species is found from south China to India. In China, it has been recorded from Yunnan, Fujian, and Guangdong. In India it is found in the northern parts of Western Ghats from Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa. Janarthanam and Henry (1992) have mentioned Gujarat in the in the distribution based on locality Junnar which is erroneous as Junnar is in Maharashtra. None of the other references record the presence of this species in Gujarat.  All the records are from the top or foothills of Western Ghats.
The species grows on wet rocks, soil covered boulders and grassy slopes (Janarthanam and Henry 1992).  It grows on primary or secondary bare rocky areas in the Western Ghats hills. It is dominant on basalt and lateritic rock outcrops and forms ephemeral flush vegetation. Other common habitats are marshes, swamps and stream sides.
In parts of west Maharashtra, Konkan area and in Goa, the species is used for decoration of Pandal at the time of Ganesh festival. However this is a very minor use and very localised. Hence not influencing the species population to any extent (A. Watve pers. obs. 2010).  

Citation: Watve, A. 2013. Utricularia graminifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.



Kas Week: AVD: 09th Oct 2012 :Utricularia purpurascens:
Attached herewith are images of Utricularia purpurascens.
Family : Lentibulariaceae


QUERY :: Utricularia graminifolia AND purpurascens:
Would like to know whether Utricularia purpurascens is treated as a synonym of U. graminifolia, as put at The Plants List.
Shrikant ji’s Flowers of Sahyadri lists both these species separately.
Have been considering Utricularia purpurascens as an endemic of the Western Ghats.
U. graminifolia is found to be distributed widely.

Not all the things on plant list are accurate which is why they have a confidence level for every synonym. These two are very different plants.

Please consider the query resolved; am happy and convinced with … clarification.

Vidyarthi lage raho. I have to be with my student. … is correct.

One may prefer to treat U. purpurascens Graham as distinct species both for local (endemic taxon) or other reasons, but there are very few genera which have been revised on world-wide basis, and Utricularia is one such example:
Taylor, P. 1989. The genus Utricularia—A taxonomic monograph. Kew Bull., Addit. Ser. 14: 1–724.
I am no fan of The Plant List, because I have already sent them seven lists of corrections, but one should decide each entry on its merit. One of the big omissions of The Plant List has been that family Onagraceae has been revised in 2007 by World-renowned authors, but The Plant List people (2010 publication) do not know about this very important publication and The List has entries of names published in 1964, but not those published in 2007, although both have P. Raven as common author. The GRIN on the other hand has this incorporated even in February 2009 update.
I find no reason to cling to U. purpurascens Graham, in light of above monograph and the fact 2011 publication of Flora of China also follows it, to treat U. purpurascens Graham as synonym of U. graminifolia.

Many thanks … for the clarity. Species of Utricularia always confuse me, not really comfortable with the subtle differences among them. Shrikant ji’s new edition of Flowers of Sahyadri has taken into consideration the updates at The Plants List; … yet it has separate entries for these U. purpurascens and U. graminifolia.
Normally, I follow The Plants List; in case of plants endemic to India, I put a query at eFI to know whether we are following the updated treatments. Many thanks once again.

Utricularia graminifolia:
Utricularia graminifolia
last week in Mahabeleshwar

Requesting to please validate ID of this plant captured near Satara, Maharashtra in October 2014.
Is this Utricularia graminifolia?

efi page on Utricularia graminifolia   

They are not Utricularia graminifolia.
Details in 5864 and 5886 show that they are U. prupurascens (= U. arcuata). Other two could be same but details are not visible.

Thank you … for the ID…

1. …, the efi database does not have a page on the species suggested by …, in efi, both U. pupurascens and U. graminifolia are together on the U. graminifolia page.
2. The plant list considers U. purpurascens as a syn. of U. graminifolia and U. arcuata is a separate entity
3. What should be considered the correct name of this plant – U. purpurascens or U. arcuata
I am a bit confused….

Question is genuine. It is matter of opinion.
P. Taylor considered U. purpurascens as synonym of U. graminifolia and U. arcuata as a distinct entity.
I consider that U. purpurascens and U. arcuata are same and U. graminifolia is different.
You can follow any of it!

ANFEB10 Utricularia sp. for identification : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Family: Lentibulariaceae
Date: 1st February 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Herb

It appears to be U. graminifolia. However, we need capsule and seed characters to confirm.


ANSEPT04/04 Utricularia sp. for identification (2) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Family: Lentibulariaceae
Date: 30th August 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Herb

This is a miniature version of Utricularia arcuata (Synonym of U. purpuracens).
But for the size there are no other differences. I also collected it from Agumbe two years back.

Thank you again sir.


Utricularia graminifolia—–for sharing. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Photo taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonava, Pune in Sept15.

Utricularia purpurascens : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Utricularia purpurascens flowering commonly over the plateau
photographed in Kaas plateau
third week of October 2016


Kas SataraSept.’08; Kaas; Utricularia purpurascens – indiantreepix | Google Groups Albinos – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Kas week : Utricularia reticulata SMP:
I think the flower(Corolla) is showing reticulate venation.
Is it Utricularia reticulata?

The scapes in U. reticulata are twining and flowers are bigger than 1 cm. It is distributed in Konkan region. Inspite of reticulation this is U. graminifolia with erect scapes and flowers are smaller than 1 cm. Pls see the attached image of U. reticulata.


identification no260712sn1:
Please tell me if Utricularia purpurascens is the correct identity or otherwise.

plant habit:herb

I think u r right. this is Utricularia purpurascens

Satisfactory image quality but not views …
Suspect that the ‘habit = climber’ (herb is not a habit attribute). Please confirm habit.
Most likely to be Utricularia reticulata.

White Untricularia sp. for ID :
There were few white flowers found in the carpet of Utricularia
at Chalkewadi (near Satara, Maharashtra). Is this a different species or sub species of morpholigical diffrence ?

Please read Utricularia in subject line instead of Untricularia

This is U.purpurascens  not a different species.
The colour is due to lack of pigment which is very common in plant and animal world. Often refered to as albinos.


Kaas Week : Utricularia reticulata:
Sept., 2012

My thoughts: … the hint of yellow at the center gives me feeling of U. purpurascens; besides the tell-tale blue-purple venation is missing.

Yes …, My mistake! Perhaps my mind got diverted to some other species


KAS Week DS_051012_01 Utricularia graminifolia:
Most of the blue carpets on the Kas valley are “Sita’s Tear“, Utricularia graminifolia
Majestic view created.

Kas week : Utricularia purpurascens SMP:
Utricularia purpurascens

Large scale flowering observed in Aug/Sep every year.

Now U. graminifolia Vahl

Kaas week:
Utricularia purpurascens सीतेची आसवे

Utricularia sp etc. SN151117 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Swamp vegetation with Utricularia, Lindernia, Eriocaulon etc. from Madaye para area of Pazhyangadi Kannur dt, Kerala

I could not find a match as per comparative images at Utricularia

This appears close to images at Utricularia graminifolia Vahl


Devgad, Kokan, MH :: Utricularia-1 for ID :: ARK2021-062: 2 images.
There were many types of Utricularia growing on the lateritic plateau near Devgad, coastal Kokan, MH in Aug 2021.
This is the first type, guessing it to be Utricularia graminifolia.
Requesting to please validate.

Yes, appears so as per images at Utricularia graminifolia Vahl though spur and other details are not seen.


Devgad, Kokan, MH :: Utricularia-4 for ID :: ARK2021-065: 3 images.
There were many types of Utricularia growing on the lateritic plateau near Devgad, coastal Kokan, MH in Aug 2021.
This is the fourth type, the petals seem to have reticulate venation. But am guessing it to be Utricularia graminifolia only based on eFI pics.
Requesting to please validate.

Yes, you are right.


ANSEPT03/03 Utricularia sp. for identification (1) : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Family: Lentibulariaceae
Date: 30th August 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Herb

Utricularia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

Slightly top angle of the flower would have helped. In all the probability it is Utricularia graminifolia. If additional photographs are there please post.

Thank you very much … I unfortunately did not click more photographs

what do they eat?

My friend clicked this angle though. Please see if it can help. Attachments (1)

If that green spathulate thing in 3jpg is called “foliar organ” it can be U. praeterita P. Taylor.

Thank you … I do not know what else to add to what you have said as I wasn’t sure what part of the plant was necessary for identification and did not observe (and click) it correctly.

…, it must be the species what … suggested.
However, what I find in BSI published docs (each species separately in pdf file) –

(i) foliar organ spatulate to obovoid; … upper lip shallowly emarginate to truncate at apex, lower lip obovate to suborbicular .. rounded or slightly 3-4 lobed at apex = praeterita
(ii) foliar organ 10 x 1.5 cm (would it be mm?) linear to strap shaped; …. upper lip rounded or obtuse at apex, lower lip rounded or retuse at apex = graminifolia
That’s why suggested probability of praeterita. But at the same time longer spur is character of graminifolia.
I have never seen any of the two taxa while BSI published docs are based on Janarthanam Ji’s work.

426-2_22-1-2015_Abbigundi : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (6)
Submitting images of a specimen of a herb for identification……Utricularia sp…???
Date/time: 22-1-2015
Location: Backwaters of Bhadra reservoir, Narasimharajapura, Chikmagalur, Karnataka about 1000 msl
Habitat: Wild, in water logged area
Habit: Herb

Utricularia sp.

Cannot say of species, but could not resist appreciating the pics !! Thanks for sharing …

Utricularia species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

I am not sure but this looks like Utricularia graminifolia. The following work may be referred to for confirmation : Janarth. & A.N.Henry, Bladderworts India 57. 1992.

Thanks, …, for the Id. I think it matches with Utricularia graminifolia

Can it be Utricularia praeterita P.Taylor or Utricularia reticulata Sm. ?
Or is it something different?

Utricularia graminifolia

Does not the spur look a bit different and short?

U graminifolia is the most variable species.


ANDEC51 Please identify this Utricularia sp. : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

Nelliyampathy, Kerala
November 2014

Identified as Utricularia graminifolia

Excellent pics …

I think this appears more closer to images at Utricularia praeterita P.Taylor

Utricularia graminifolia


Utricularia praeterita perhaps, Amboli ghat : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Utricularia praeterita for confirmation

amboli ghat, maharashtra last week (9.12.13)
this soft herb was tiny and growing on red laterite rock behind a small waterfall along with Utricularia striatulaImpatiens acaulis and Rhynchoglossum notonianum
making Utricularia striatula appear got large in comparison

I am not sure about the id, but the pics are really admirable… a lovely herb indeed, thanks … for showing…

efi page on Utricularia praeterita

Utricularia graminifolia

Thanks, … So much morphological variation.

Utricularia for id : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 2 authors.
This small Utricularia was seen growing on the top of large rocks at Matheran on 21.8.2013.
It is around 2 – 3 cms in height.
I’m completely confused with all the Utricularia species in the Floras. Please help!

Utricularia species so far in efi

Utricularia lazulina Taylor ??

I think the images are not sufficient to nail down the id.

I feel it maybe Utricularia graminifolia Vahl

it may be!


248 ID wild plant: 13 images.
Please ID wild plant,

Pl. check comparative images at Urticularia.

Yes, it is Urticularia sp., dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant

Wonderful upload. Utricularia from me also.

Does not seem to match with any of the species listed at comparative images at Utricularia

It is Utricularia graminifolia.
It would be nice if the locality is mentioned along with the photo.

It was from Kerala.

Family name: Lentibulariaceae
Common name: Grass Leaved Bladderwort, Sita’s Tear
Local name: MAL: ചൂതാങ്കുല Choothaankula  MAR: Seetechiaswe
Location: near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Dist. Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 25.10.2021, 03.40pm
Habitat: wild, moisture, hilly watering rock
Plant habit: carnivorous, erect, slender weak cylindrical fleshy stem 0.5mm diameter, perennial
Height: 10cm
Leaves: glued for catching insects, green nice ovate, size:03×2.5mm
Flower: size:07×09mm, violet, non fragrant
Fruit: capsules 3-4 mm long, ovoid, thickened along dehiscent margin 
Seed: seeds 0.2-0.4 mm across, subglobose to obovoid; hilum terminal, prominent; testa cells reticulate
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s
Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, China, Nepal Bhutan, Myanmar, East Asian Countries
Medicinal use: veg, malaria, kidney stone, inflammation, urinary infections, swelling, wounds
Propagation: seed

Lot many details have been given.
My identification is based on flower alone. If you see any difference in the characters please analyse them further. I will help you. In this section several new species have been described recently and many more are likely to be discovered

… suggested it as Utricularia lazulina, please check her image and suggestions in the screenshot,

…. has revised Utricularia in S.India.
I do not know about …