Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau (syn: Scrophularia chinensis Linnaeus; Celsia coromandeliana Vahl; Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze; V. sinense H. Léveillé & Giraud). as per Flora of China;
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Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau, Fl. Purandhar 90 90 1958. (syn. Celsia chinensis (L.) Druce; Scrophularia chinensis L.) as per POWO;

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Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, India, Laos, Thailand, West Himalaya as per POWO;
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ver-BASK-um — corruption of the Latin barbascum, meaning with a beard … Dave’s Botanary
chi-NEN-see or chi-NEN-say — of or from China … Dave’s Botanary 

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commonly known asChinese mullein • Bengaliকুকসিমা kukshima • Gujaratiકલહાર kalharકુલાહલ kulahalકુટકી kutki • Hindiगीदड़ तमाकू gidar tamakuकोखिमा kokhimaकुलाहल kulahal • Kachchhiઅડબાઉ મૂરી adbau muri • Kannadaಕಾಡು ಹೊಗೇಸೊಪ್ಪು kaadu hogesoppu • Marathiकुटकी kutki • Odiaକୁଳାହକ kulahakaପୋକଶୁଂଘା poka sungha • Sanskritभूतकेशी bhutakeshiकुलाहक kulahakaकुलाहल kulahala • Tamilஆற்றுமேலழகி arrumelalaki 
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Herbs 60-90 cm high. Radical leaves 5-7.5 cmx 2-3cm. Petiolate, lyrately pinnatified; lower cauline similar; upper smaller, sessile.Inflorescence of simple or branched terminal raceme; flowers yellow. Capsule c 0.6 cm across, subglobose. Seeds oblong truncate, warted.
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Verbascum chinensis from kaithal-Haryana : This herb was photographed from fields near my village in Distt.
Kaithal, Haryana. Please validate the identity, does it still belong to Scrophulariaceae?


– yes you are right sir, can you tell me about the smell of leaves???????????(chili like strong!!)\


– This plant is verbascum chinensis. I have also observed the same plant in SGNP, Borivli, at open and dry places, in flowering stage. These plants are few in nos.


– Here are mine from Village Sutana Panipat



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ID request 2142011SP02: Small herb clicked at Yeoor Hill, SGNP.


– Verbascum chinense (popular as and synonym: Celsia coromandeliana) … commonly known as: Chinese mullein • Bengali: kukshima • Gujarati: kalhar • Hindi: गादर तंबाकू gadar tambaku, कोखिमा kokhima, कुलाहल kulahal • Kannada: ಕಾದು ಹೊಗೆಸೊಪ್ಪು kadu hogesoppu • Marathi: कुटकी kutki • Sanskrit: भूतकेशि bhutakeshi, कुलाहल kulahal • Tamil: ஆற்றுமேலழகி arru-mel-alaki



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Verbascum chinensis: Verbascum chinensis
At Kas Plateau, Satara
19June,2011



For Id- 261211- NS1- Flora of Madhya Pradesh: This plant was photographed in wild, at Betul, MP. Dated- 14 th Dec 11.
Plz Provide Id.


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identification no210412sn1: Kindly help Id this plant.

date/time: march12
location: mulshi, pune
habitat:wild
plant habitat:Herb?

height:may be 2 ft. or about


Apparently, it look likes Celsia coromandeliana from Verbenaceae.


The correct name is Verbascum chinense, and it belongs to family Scrophulariaceae.



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Plz id the herb: pa102 – 29april2013 : Attachments (1).  6 posts by 5 authors.
Plz id this herb from Nagla region in Thane.
Sorry again as I have got only one photo.
I had gone with a group and cud not take my time to click more pix.


Verbascum chinense I hope


This is Verbascum chinense, Scrophulariaceae, most probably


Verbascum chinense. The leaves emit a pungent smell when crushed.


Verbascum chinense (L) Santapau, (= Celsia coromandeliana), of Scrophulariaceae family.



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Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Verbascum chinense from Panipati-NS 4 : Attachments (7). 2 posts by 2 authors.

This robust herb was shot from cultivated field periphery around Yamuna river in Panipat..

Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau


Excellent photographs …



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Scrophulariaceae week :: Verbascum chinense. Pune SMP1 :  4 images. 2 posts by 2 authors.

Verbascum chinense (L) Sant.
‘Kutaki” कुटकी
Herbs 60-90 cm high. Radical leaves 5-7.5 cmx 2-3cm. Petiolate, lyrately pinnatified; lower cauline similar; upper smaller, sessile.Inflorescence of simple or branched terminal raceme; flowers yellow. Capsule c 0.6 cm across, subglobose. Seeds oblong truncate, warted.


Very good photographs …



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Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Verbascum chinense from Panipati-NS 4 :  Attachments (7). 2 posts by 2 authors.
This robust herb was shot from cultivated field periphery around Yamuna river in Panipat..

Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau



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Its an annual herb, around 50 to 100 cm high.
Photographed at Satara, Maharashtra.
Bot. name: Verbascum chinense

 


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scrophulariaceae week : sending some images of scrophulariaceae members. Verbascum chinensis.jpg



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Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Verbascum chinense from Delhi-GS-43 :  Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.

Verbascum chinense, photographed from Delhi



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Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau

at Yeoor Hills on various dates


Apart from the basal leaves the upper leaves of this are alternate as against opposite leaves in most genera of Scroph.



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ID Request 250314SG :  Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Please help identify this herb in jowar field at Dhavlas, Maharashtra. Photo 25Mar14.


This is Verbascum chinensis in my opinion.



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Verbascum chinense : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Found this small herb in yeoor hills forest near thane
Verbascum chinense of Scrophulariaceae
called kutki in marathi

April 2014


Thanks for bringing this species to light.



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ID request 26062014PC1 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3 + 6).

Kindly identify this wild herb (height – 50-60 cm) growing in Kolhapur, Maharashtra.


This is Kutki [Verbascum chinensis]. Will send my photographs of this later if required.


My photographs of Kutki. Attachments (6).


Thank you … for the identification (think it is Verbascum) and the beautiful photographs; wonder why my photographs never come out so clear.



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Verbascum chinense from Pantnagar: DSR_March_3 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

I saw and shot this species of Verbascum (V.chinense, Scrophulariaceae) few days back.

Earlier it was not seen here in Pantnagar, though well known in other parts of Uttarakhand.


nice

i particularly like your arrangement of the specimen parts in one..

very eye-catching

reminds me of botanical illustrations of yore

did you see other rosettes of basal leaves around… if you do I would love to see the basal leaves


interesting
leaves almost similar at base as up the stem


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Id please SR1 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
can anyone help me if this plant please
It is herb with aromatic smell
it has rosette of leaves on ground
I don’t have picture of entire plant unfortunately
picture taken at Bhandardara MH 

Dated Nov 2015


looks like Verbascum chinensis


Thanks, … Image of flowers seem to match with images at Verbascum chinense

Yes Thanks



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Verbascum chinense—-for sharing and validation : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in april15.


You are right …


Yes … its V chinensis



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Verbascum chinense ATJULY2016/03 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Verbascum chinense (Syn. Celsia coromandeliana)
Near Shimla Airport
July 2016


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requesting to Id this wild plant at Kondiwade village Pune


Verbascum chinense


Yes, Verbascum chinense


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Bengali name of Verbascum chinense : 3 posts by 2 authors.

Please help me with the Bengali name kokshima OR kukshima for Verbascum chinense in native script.
Reference [PDF] : Morphology and medicinal uses of plants (Shodhganga).

Here you are.

কোকসিমা, কুকসিমা

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Telugu name for Verbascum chinense : 2 posts by 1 author.

Please help with Telugu name, if any, for Verbascum chinense.
I checked through Flora Andhrika Part IV … seems that there is no local name known for the plant.

I can’t find any telugu name for verbascum, probably it is not widely distributed in A.P


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via Species‎ > ‎V‎ > Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau … family: Scrophulariaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ver-BASK-um — corruption of the Latin barbascum, meaning with a beard … Dave’s Botanary
chi-NEN-see or chi-NEN-say — of or from China … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asChinese mullein • Bengaliকুকসিমা kukshima • Gujaratiકલહાર kalharકુલાહલ kulahalકુટકી kutki • Hindiगीदड़ तमाकू gidar tamakuकोखिमा kokhimaकुलाहल kulahal • Kannadaಕಾಡು ಹೊಗೇಸೊಪ್ಪು kaadu hogesoppu • Marathiकुटकी kutki • Odiaକୁଳାହକ kulahakaପୋକଶୁଂଘା poka sungha • Sanskritभूतकेशी bhutakeshiकुलाहक kulahakaकुलाहल kulahala • Tamilஆற்றுமேலழகி arrumelalaki 
botanical namesVerbascum chinense (L.) Santapau … synonymsCelsia coromandelina Vahl • Scrophularia chinensis L. • Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze • Verbascum sinense H. Lév. & Giraud … Flora of China 
January 1, 2009 … Yeoor Hills 


Thanks a lot for the Tamil name in tamil script. Without Tamil script it is meaningless and readed wrongly in English(arrumelalaki).

Tamil: ஆற்றுமேலழகி arrumelalaki
It means Beautiful women over river.
Unfortunately English does not have letter for consonant ‘ழ’.
Indian languages also does not have ‘ழ’ except Malayalam(Any way it is closely related with Tamil).
Even ‘Tamil’ (தமிழ்) word has ‘ழ’ at 3rd position after removing a vowel.

Thanks … Thanks for meaning of the descriptive name.


update … • Kachchhiઅડબાઉ મૂરી adbau muri


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Gujarati name(s) of Verbascum chinense : 5 posts by 3 authors.

Please help with Gujarati name(s) of Verbascum chinense in native script.
I found kalhar, kolhala, kutki listed in Biological Diversity of Gujarat [PDF]
kalhar could be કલહાર OR કલાર – both entries found in Gujarati Lexicon
kolhala could be rather કુલાહલ kulahal – એક જાતનું વૃક્ષ – entry found in Gujarati Lexicon
kutki must be કુટકી kutki – this name is used in Marathi too.

Sorry for not being able to reply earlier. In Gujarati, this plant is known by two variants of the same name – કલાર and કલહાર. In Kachchhi, it is known as અડબાઉ મૂરી

Kulāhala is the Sanskrit name of this plant. In Gujarati, the name કુટકી seems to have been appropriated to refer to the Ayurvedic medicinal plant Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. One of the descriptions of કુટકી in the Gujarati Lexicon suggests as much.

Thank you very very much … Will update the Kachchi name to names’ database soon.


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Id from Chandigarh 17-09-2017 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Habit- small herb, leaves slightly lobed margin
Habitat- along roadside

location- Chandigarh
Date- 14-09-2017

Verbascum chinense

 


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Clicked this shrub by the roadside in front on the Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur, RJ in March 2018.
Is this Verbascum chinense or anything else?
Requested to please ID.

I too think this is Verbascum chinense, … 



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Verbascum chinense : Attachments (5)
PFA.
Date:- 27-06-2018
Place:- Kinhi, Parner, A.Nagar (MS)
Habitat:- Wild.

Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau [Scrophulariaceae].


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in Pachgani in June 2008; at yeoor, near Thane- Feb.’09?; in the dry stream bed of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai- Feb.’09?; 19th Feb., 2009- Yeoor Forest Range, SGNP, Mumbai; From Nahan in June 2008;  ID Required – indiantreepix | Google Groups Plant for ID 19/07/2008 SMP9 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Flowers from SGNP – indiantreepix | Google Groups (130409SCS4-8) Is it Launaea procumbens, Sonepat, Haryana – indiantreepix | Google Groups
ID request of herb from Pakistan : 9 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (9)
Its a plant from Jhok Reserve forest, Lahore Pakistan near river ravi. Please identify the plant.

Looks like Verbascum species to me.


Yes, Verbascum chinense…!!



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24th of October, 2008- Kodaikanal- 2100 meters;  Request for ID: 070310-AK-3 – efloraofindia | Google Groups


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Mahabaleshwar, MH :: Verbascum chinense :: ARK2020-077 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 650 kb each. 

Verbascum chinense
Seen in Mahabaleshwar, MH in March 2020.

Catalogue of life gives Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau as a syn. of Verbascum coromandelianum subsp. sinense (L.) D. Mc Kean with distribution as China (Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi, N.W.Frontier Prov., Peshawar), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir).
POWO gives Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau with native range is Afghanistan to S. China and Indo-China (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, India, Laos, Thailand, West Himalaya)
POWO also gives Verbascum coromandelianum subsp. sinense with native to China South-Central.
Catalogue of life also gives Verbascum coromandelianum subsp. coromandelianum with distribution as Afghanistan (Kandahar), ?Pakistan, India, Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mandalay, Yangon), NE-Thailand, Sri Lanka, Laos, Cambodia, India, Bangladesh.

POWO gives Verbascum coromandelianum with native range is E. & SE. Afghanistan to Myanmar (Afghanistan, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka).

We have mainly only two species in India as per details at Verbascum
(V. chinense and V.thapsus)

Can anybody help in clearing this confusion? What should be the status of our V.chinense?


Flora of China mentions Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau (syn: Scrophularia chinensis Linnaeus; Celsia coromandeliana Vahl; Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze; V. sinense H. Léveillé & Giraud).
I could not find any clue on searching the net

there are many such problems with closely related species on different databases. Therefore, I consult only POWO at present.


POWO is not the ultimate solution. Catalogue of Life is far ahead in many families, particularly those which are not there in WCSP from Kew.

Both needs to consulted simultaneously where species are not listed in WCSP.

However, any inputs in this matter.


You are right, … But the confusion arises when one data base considers some species as accepted and the other as a synonym of some other name.


Flora of China mentions Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau (syn: Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze), while POWO reports both of them (Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau & Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze)) as independent species.

We do not know the difference between the two.


Verbascum chinense is what was described in Flora of British India as Celsia coromandelianum

Differences are so obvious
V. thapsus: stamens 5, basal leaves not divided, cauline strongly decurrent, densely woolly
V. chinensis: stamens 4, basal leaves lyrate-pinnatifid, cauline not decurrent, not densely woolly.

The species are well represented on Flowers of India


I am asking for the difference between Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau & Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze.

Flora of China mentions Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau (syn: Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze), while POWO reports both of them (Verbascum chinense (Linnaeus) Santapau & Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze)) as independent species.


Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze as understood as distinct species is described in FBI as V. celsioides Benth. It will have 5 stamens but sometimes 4 (hence confusion), lower leaves are pinnatisect , 4-6 inch long (lyrate-pinnatifid, 2-4 inch long in chinense), pedicels 12-20 mm long (only 4-8 mm long in Chinense), filaments woolly (hairy in chinense)

All three are described in FBI, we can always find from there.


Thanks a lot, … I will look at our observations based on this.


Here is the description from FBI as per IBIS Flora:
Benth, in DC. Prodr. x. 229 ; glandular-pubescent, lower leaves pinnatisect, upper auricled cordate acuminate, flowers racemose.
KUMAON ; at the foot of the hills, Edgeworth. The PUNJAB ; at Hussan, Aitchison.
Stem 2-3 ft. Leaves 4-6 in., sessile or petioled, irregularly toothed and lobulate. Flowers in a long loose raceme ; bracts ovate-lanceolate ; pedicels 1/2-3/4 in. Sepals oblong, obtuse. Corolla 1/2 in. diam. Stamens 4-5 ; filaments woolly.—This species, being sometimes tetrandrous, unites Verbascum with Celsia.
Vahl Symb. iii. 79 ; finely pubescent or tomentose, glandular above, root-leaves petioled lyrate-pinnatifid, cauline sessile oblong-ovate toothed, racemes simple or panicled, sepals entire or toothed. Benth, in DC. Prodr. x. 246 ; Roxb. Fl, Ind. iii. 100 ; Wall. Cat. 2631 ; Wight Ill. t. 165, bis f. 1, right hand, and Ic. t. 1406 ; Dalz. & Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 176 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, iv. 358. C. viscosa, Roth Catal. Bot. ii. 69, and iii. 50 ; Wight in Hook. Journ. Bot: i. (1834) 228, t. 129 ; Nees in Trans. Linn. Soc. xvii. 81, in part.
Throughout INDIA ; from the Punjab to Ceylon and Pegu, ascending to 5000 ft.— DISTRIB. Affghanistan, Ava, China.      
Annual. Stem 2-3 ft., stout or slender. Leaves 2-4 in., the large terminal lobe usually oblong, obtuse, toothed. Raceme 1-2 ft. ; pedicels 1/4-1/3 in. ; bracts ovate, shorter. Sepals oblong or ovate. Corolla 1/2 in. diam., yellow. Filaments all hairy. Capsule subglobose, 1/4-1/3 in. diam.
Vahl, Symb. Bot. v. 3 (1794) p. 79. An annual herb ; stem 2-3 ft. high, hairy, often branched near the top. Leaves : radical 2-4 by 3/4-1.1/2 in., on long petioles, lyrate, compound or pinnatisect, with several small leaflets or segments at the base and a large ovate-oblong subacute terminal lobe ; lower cauline leaves similar but smaller, and with shorter petioles ; upper cauline leaves gradually becoming smaller and sessile, passing into bracts, all coarsely dentate, more or less hairy on both sides. Flowers yellow, in simple or branched terminal racemes 1-2 ft. long ; rhachis glandular-pubescent ; pedicels longer than the calyx, glandular-pubescent ; bracts (or floral leaves) foliaceous, ovate, acute, sessile, gradually becoming smaller upwards. Calyx rather less than 1/4 in. long, deeply divided, glandular-pubescent ; lobes 1/6 in. long, linear-oblong, subacute. Corolla rotate, 1/2 in. in diam. ; lobes 5, rounded. Filaments densely bearded with purple hairs. Ovary globose, glabrous ; style glabrous. Capsules 1/4-1/3 in. in diam., subglobose. Seeds 1/50 in. long, oblong, truncate, warted. Fl. B. I. v. 4, p. 251 ; Dalz. & Gibs. p. 176 ; Wight, Icon. t. 1406 ; Aitch. Pb. & Sind Pl. p. 105 ; Trim. Fl. Ceyl. v. 3, p. 240 ; Woodr, in Journ. Bomb. Nat. v. 12 (1898) p. 174 ; Watt, Dict. Econ. Prod. v. 2, p. 241. Celsia Arcturus, Grah. Cat. p. 141 (not of Jacq.).—Flowers : Jan.-May. VERN. Kutaki. Konkan : Law ! Deccan ; waste places, Dalzell & Gibson ; Poona, Cooke !, Wood¬row ! ; Raighar Fort, Dalzell & Gibson. Gujarat : Woodrow. Sind : Stocks ! — Distrib. Throughout India ; Ceylon, Afghanistan, Ava, China. The plant has some repute in native medicine. See Watt, Dict. Econ. Prod. l. c.
Even from the above, I am not able to bifurcate our posts at Verbascum chinense.
May I request you to have a look at Verbascum chinense and point out one post which is different from others?

Verbascum from Kodaikanal2008; and from verbascum from Nahan (few images look different from typical V.chinense)


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Plant for ID : Nasik : 17JAN21 : AK-13: 3 images.
A wild plant seen in a farm.


Verbascum coromandelianum subsp. sinense (L.) Mc Kean ??
Syn : Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau

Thanks for the id. Verbascum came to my mind as well.

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ID Help: yellow brassica-ish weed: 3 images.
Bhopal

Black soil
11/11/2021


Verbascum chinensis



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References:

POWO  Catalogue of Life (Verbascum coromandelianum subsp. sinense (L.) D. Mc Kean) The Plant List Ver.1.1  Flora of China  FOC illustration  Flora of peninsular India Chinese Mullein

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