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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution

 

Vernonia
albicans
Dc. is a synonym of Cyanthillium albicans (DC.) H.Rob.
Under shrub Plains , Dry
Localities
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli,
Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram
Vernonia anamallica Bedd. ex Gamble Shrub Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore
Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd. = Baccharoides anthelmintica (L.) Moench Herb Plains
to Mid Altitude, Cultivated/escape
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Vernonia arborea Buch.-Ham.= Strobocalyx arborea (Buch.-Ham.) Sch. Bip. Tree Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Kanniyakumari,  Namakkal,
Nilgiri, Salem
Vernonia bourdillonii Gamble Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tirunelveli
Vernonia bourneana W.W. Smith Shrub/ under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Tirunelveli
Vernonia cinerascens Sch.-Bip. is a synonym of Orbivestus cinerascens (Sch.Bip.) H.Rob. Shrub Plains
to Low Altitude, Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri
Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less.= Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob. Herb Plains
to Low Altitude, Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Vernonia comorinensis W.W.Smith Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari,
Theni, Tirunelveli
Vernonia conyzoides DC. is a synonym of Cyanthillium conyzoides (DC.) H.Rob. Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Theni,
Tirunelveli
Vernonia dalzelliana Drumm. & Hutchinson is a synonym of Acilepis ornata (Talbot) H.Rob. & Skvarla Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Vernonia divergens (Roxb.) Edgew. is a synonym of Acilepis divergens (Roxb.) H.Rob. & Skvarla Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dharmapuri,  Dindigul, Salem, Theni,
Tiruchchirappalli,   Tiruvannamalai
Vernonia elaeagnifolia DC. is a synonym of Tarlmounia elliptica (DC.) “H.Rob., S.C.Keeley, Skvarla & R.Chan” Climbing
Shrub
Plains
to Mid Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Indo – Chinese Region
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Vernonia fysonii Calder is a synonym of Acilepis fysonii (Calder) H.Rob. & Skvarla Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul
Vernonia gossypina Gamble Under shrub Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tirunelveli
Vernonia heynei Bedd. ex Gamble is a synonym of Acilepis heynei (Bedd. ex Gamble) H.Rob. & Skvarla Shrub Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari
Vernonia indica Clarke is a synonym of Acilepis dendigulensis (DC.) H.Rob. Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri,
Theni, Tirunelveli
Vernonia malabarica Hook.f. Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
Vernonia membranacea Bedd. ex S. Moore is a synonym of Vernonia raui Uniyal Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble & Fischer 1957
Nilgiri
Vernonia monosis Benth. is a synonym of Monosis wightiana DC. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Ravikumar,
1999
Theni
Vernonia pectiniformis DC. is a synonym of Gymnanthemum pectiniforme (DC.) H.Rob. Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Vernonia peninsularis (Clarke) Clarke ex
Hook.f. var. kodayarensis Henry & Gopalan is a synonym of Acilepis peninsularis (C.B.Clarke) H.Rob. & Skvarla
Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Gopalan
& Henry, 2000
Kanniyakumari
Vernonia peninsularis (Clarke) Clarke ex
Hook.f. var. peninsularis is a synonym of Acilepis peninsularis (C.B.Clarke) H.Rob. & Skvarla
Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Theni
Vernonia pothigaiana Chelladurai &
Gopalan 
Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Endemic
V.Chelladurai
& R.Gopalan 2001
Tirunelveli
Vernonia ramaswamii Hutchinson Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tirunelveli
Vernonia recurva Bedd. ex S. Moore is a synonym of Acilepis nayarii (Uniyal) H.Rob. & Skvarla Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble & Fischer 1957
Coimbatore
Vernonia saligna DC. var. nilghirensis Hook.f. is a synonym of Acilepis saligna (DC.) H.Rob. Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Vernonia salviifolia Wight Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Theni,
Tirunelveli
Vernonia setigera Arn. is a synonym of Acilepis setigera (Arn.) H.Rob. & Skvarla Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari,
Tirunelveli
Vernonia shevaroyensis Gamble is a synonym of Monosis shevaroyensis (Gamble) H.Rob. & Skvarla Tree Eastern
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Salem
Vernonia travancorica Hook.f. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari,
Tirunelveli

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Vernonia arborea = Strobocalyx arborea (Buch.-Ham.) Sch. Bip. Vernonia monosis, Vernonia javanica Asteraceae Tree Vernonia
Vernonia divergens is a synonym of Acilepis divergens (Roxb.) H.Rob. & Skvarla Asteraceae Bandar
Vernonia elaeagnifolia is a synonym of Tarlmounia elliptica (DC.) “H.Rob., S.C.Keeley, Skvarla & R.Chan” Vernonia eleagnifolia Asteraceae Curtain Creeper
Vernonia indica is a synonym of Acilepis dendigulensis (DC.) H.Rob. Decaneurum dendigulense Asteraceae Indian Vernonia
Vernonia volkameriifolia = Monosis volkameriifolia (DC.) H. Rob. & Skvarla Asteraceae Himalayan Tree Vernonia

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Vernonia arborea = Strobocalyx arborea (Buch.-Ham.) Sch. Bip.
Vernonia elliptica = Tarlmounia elliptica (DC.) H. Rob. et al.

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An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys
Vernonia cinerea = Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.

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Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details & keys

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Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys

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Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar – Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 – Science252 pages-
Vernonia albicans DC. in Wight (is a synonym of Cyanthillium albicans (DC.) H.Rob.), undershrub; throughout W. Ghats.
Vernonia anaimudica Shetty & Vivck; vulnerable; Idukki; erect shrub.
Vernonia anamallica Bedd.; vulnerable; (Anaimudi hills); (Anamalai hills); shrub.
Vernonia beddomei 

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1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants-
Vernonia heynii Beddome ex Gamble-I- India – Kerala (Travancore Hills)

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Vernonia multibracteata Gamble- Endangered
Vernonia pulneyensis Gamble- Endangered
Vernonia recurva Bedd. ex S. Moore is a synonym of Acilepis nayarii (Uniyal) H.Rob. & Skvarla – Endangered & probably extinct

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Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
Vernonia cinerea = Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.
Vernonia javanica (Blume) DC. is a synonym of Strobocalyx arborea Sch.Bip.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Vernonia, Acilepis, Baccharoides, Cyanthillium, Gymnanthemum, Monosis, Orbivestus, Strobocalyx & Tarlmounia        

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome


 

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