Viola betonicifolia Sm., Cycl. 37(1): Viola no. 7 1817. (syn: Viola betonicifolia subsp. australiensis W. Becker; Viola betonicifolia subsp. napaulensis (Ging.) Becker; Viola betonicifolia subsp. nepalensis (DC.) W. Becker; Viola caespitosa D. Don (ambiguous synonym); Viola inconspicua subsp. dielsiana W. Becker; Viola longifolia R. Br. ex Ging. (ambiguous synonym); Viola longiscapa DC. ex G. Don; Viola nilagirica Turcz.; Viola patrinii Matsum. & Hayata (ambiguous synonym); Viola patrinii var. caespitosa Ridl.; Viola patrinii var. chinensis Hayata (ambiguous synonym); Viola patrinii var. laotiana H. Boissieu; Viola patrinii var. napaulensis Ging.; Viola phyteumifolia DC. ex G. Don);
China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, ?Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, ?Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, SE-Tibet, Japan, Myanmar [Burma], Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Malaysia, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Isl. (Alor, Bali, Timor), New Guinea, Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania), Sri Lanka, Philippines, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost), Pakistan (Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Murree, Hazara, Chitral, Swat), Pakistani Kashmir (Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
vy-OH-la or vee-OH-la — referring to the Violet genus … Dave’s Botanary
bet-on-ih-see-FOH-lee-uh — having foliage like betony (Stachys officinalis) … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: arrowhead violet, betony-leaved violet, mountain violet, showy violet
Stemless herbs. Leaves cauline, 4 x 1.5 cm, triangular, ovate, acute, serrate, base decurrent to the petiole, puberulus; petiole to 7 cm; stipule to 7 mm. Flowers axillary, solitary, white; pedicels to 20 cm; sepals 3 mm, lanceolate; lower petals pouched at base, 1.2 x 4 mm; anthers connate; ovary 2.5 mm, style 1.5 mm, stigma terminal. Capsule 1-celled; seeds many.
Flowering and fruiting: January-June
Indo-Malesia to Australia
(From India Biodiversity Portal
Viola betonicifolia from Manali – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 1 post by 1 author.
Uploading my photographs of Viola betonicifolia (Syn: V. patrinii) from Manali.
Small Herb at Baba Budangiri -03022014-PKA4 : Attachments (7). 8 posts by 4 authors.
Seen this small herb near Baba Budan giri (Altitude: approx. 5700 ft) in Karnataka.
Date/Time: 26-01-2014 / 05:15PM
Plant Habit: Small herb (approx 4 cm in height).
Some Viola sp. ?
The plant appears like Viola sp. of the Family Violaceae. The species may be Viola betonicifolia J. E. Sm. For determination the floral parts has to observed.
Didimocarpus – Gesneriaceae
Seems to be Viola betonicifolia J.E. Smith
ANSEPT52 Please identify this herb : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
Identified as Viola sp.
Can this be Viola pilosa?
I think Viola betonicifolia
Viola patrinii : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Uploading Viola patrinii photos from my collection. Collected long back, many years over.
This plant is reported only from 3 locations in India.
1. Yercaud- One can find the plant in the forest area near the botanical garden.
2. Kodaikanal: one can find the plant in the rabbit farm grass land
3. Bhaba-Budan-Giri hills: In the top. almost everywhere in the grass lands.
May be found in other places. Not known.
Flora of China does not give any range of Viola patrinii Candolle ex Gingins in Candolle in India.
This more closer to Viola patrinii auct. non DC.: Hook. f. & Thoms. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 183. 1872. = Viola betonicifolia as per Flora of Pakistan (& China), both of which give its range in India.
Also it is closer to Viola betonicifolia as per illustrations:
than Viola patrinii Candolle ex Gingins in Candolle:
16-ID-TSP-23DEC2015-1-Bababudangiri: Plant for ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Kindly identify this plant occurring on grassy slopes at high altitude.This individual was the only one of its kind in the near vicinity. At first I mistook it for a terrestrial Orchid…!
Habitat: Grassy slopes
Sighting: Bababudangiri, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1600 msl
I too had seen this plant at same location. This is some Viola sp.. could be Viola betonicifolia..
On … clue I visited the efl page on Viola betonicifolia @ /species/m—z/v/violaceae/viola/viola-betonicifoliaa.
FOR VALIDATION Viola betonicifolia :: Baba Budangiri :: 14 NOV 2016 :: DVDEC67 : 8 posts by 4 authors. 3 images.
Baba Budangiri Karnataka
Date: 14 NOV 2016 … Altitude: ~ 1733 – 1895 m ( 5686 – 6217 ft) asl
Viola ¿ betonicifolia ? … (family: Violaaceae)
Thanks, … Pl. Also See comparative images in EFI site.
Thanks …; I have seen the Viola page too. I am almost sure the posted plant must be Viola betonicifolia.
I had come across this one @ Bababudangiri during Aug-2015-Identified as V.betonicifolia
I think yes, looks similar to mine from Manali.
Thank you very much … I too strongly think this to be V. betonicifolia.
Names of Plants in India :: Viola betonicifolia Sm. : 1 post by 1 author. 1 image.
Viola betonicifolia in FOI : 5 posts by 2 authors.
I have doubts about images of Viola betonicifolia in FOI being correct.
Pl. see details at Viola betonicifolia Sm.
Hmm…. that is something to think about. Although I can’t point out any particular different feature, the general appearance does look different.
Thanks, …, Corrected now.
Viola species 03 from Paddar valley J&K:
Kindly identify this Viola species
Location: Paddar valley J&K
Altitude: 2600 meters
Date: 19th April 2012
May be Viola betonicifolia
It resembles Viola kunawarensis
Looks V. betonicifolia
I guess ID is correct !
SK 3234 16 September 2021: 6 very high res. images.
Location: Jumla, West Nepal
Date: 23 August 2021
Habit : Wild
Viola betonicifolia Sm. ??
Yes, appears close to images at Viola betonicifolia