Viola biflora L., Sp. Pl. 936 1753. (Syn: Chrysion biflorum (L.) Spach; Dischidium biflorum (L.) Opiz); Viola avatschensis W.Becker & Hulten; Viola biflora var. acuminata Maxim.; Viola biflora var. acutifolia Kar. & Kir. (ambiguous synonym); Viola biflora var. akaishiensis Takahashi & Ohba; Viola biflora subsp. avatschensis (W.Beck. & Hult.) N.N.Tsvelev; Viola biflora var. crassifolia Makino; Viola biflora f. glabrifolia Takahashi; Viola biflora var. platyphylla Franch.; Viola biflora var. hirsuta W. Becker; Viola biflora var. nudicaulis W. Becker; Viola biflora var. valdepilosa Hand.-Mazz.; Viola biflora var. vegeta (Nakai) Takahashi; Viola chingiana W. Becker; Viola crassa Makino (ambiguous synonym); Viola crassa var. shikkensis Miyabe & Tatew.; Viola crassa var. tayemonii (Hayata) S.S.Ying; Viola crassa var. vegeta Nakai; Viola kanoi Sasaki; Viola lutea Lam. (ambiguous synonym); Viola manaslensis F.Maekawa; Viola nudicaulis (W. Becker) S.Y. Chen; Viola schulzeana W. Becker; Viola tayemonii Hayata);
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Austria, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Switzerland, ?Andorra, N-Spain, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Montenegro, Serbia & Kosovo, Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Romania, N-, C- & W-European Russia, Ukraine, Sweden, Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia), Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost), North Korea, Taiwan, Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima Isl.), Siberia (E-Siberia), Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Sakhalin, Ussuri, Amur, etc.), N-Sumatra, Mongolia, Myanmar [Burma] (Magway), China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan), Taiwan, Tibet, Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Hazara), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Astor, Baltistan), India (Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Chumbi, Alaska, USA (Colorado), Canada (Yukon) as per Catalogue of Life;
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Two flower violet, Yellow Wood Violet;
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Viola biflora ABSEP2016/08 : 3 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.

I am sorry to say that in my fatigue I did not think of taking the side profile showing the spur of the flower. Now I rue this as there are two closely related yellow violets V. biflora and V. wallichiana. Since I do not have proper evidence, we cannot be certain of its identity. However, none of my books on local flora list V. wallichiana (Flora of Chamba, Flora of Kullu, Flora Simlensis) and Polunin & Stainton record V. wallichiana up to 3000m. I only saw two specimen, and both nesting under small rocks at 3200m approximately. These point to my sample being likely V. biflora, but that’s where I have to leave the ID.
Viola bifloraYellow Wood Violet (Likely)
Near Ilaqa and above, HP 3200m and above 03-04 September 2016

To me also V.biflora.


I corrected this mistake too. I was dejected to find the first of the two specimen gone but walking further found the second one at 3300m good enough to show the spur. I think this confirms its identity as V. biflora. Please advise
2 images.


On the Kareri trek, I saw several of these violas. Previously I had known this plant only from three different individuals photographed last year. Now I made proper acquaintance with this beautiful flower.

Viola biflora
Kareri Lake trek
2600-3300m
15-16 May 2017
Attachments (9)

No words are enough to appreciate the beauty of your images.



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Flowers from Valley of flowers Uttaranchal , 26 July 2008.  valley of flowers – indiantreepix | Google Groups


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VoF Week : Viola biflora:  Name of species : Viola biflora

Family : Violaceae
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Hill slope
Date of click : 14th Aug`12
Location: After the first bridge cross, enroute to VoF (c apprx 2 Kmse from entrance gate) above 3400 Mtrs height.
Abundance : Not very common.


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VOF Week: Viola biflora- at VOF:
Viola biflora (Family: Violaceae) from VOF.

2 AUG 12
Valley of Flowersabout 11000 – 12000 ft


Crisp tiny flower. Violaceae members are observed in gardens. Nice to see them in nature.


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VoF Week : Viola biflora from Valley of flowers near to Bridge:
Viola biflora from Valley of flowers near to Bridge



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VOF Week 290812_DS_03:
On the way to VOF— again request for id.


This is Viola biflora of Violaceae family.



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Viola wallichiana Ging. ex DC. (accepted name) ??? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Kalinchowk, Dolakha, Nepal
Altitude: 110000 ft.
Date: 25 July 2014

As only flower picture seems to match with images of at Viola biflora L.
We do not have any confirmed posting of Viola wallichiana Ging. ex DC. in efi so far.
P. also see comparative images at Viola


Viola biflora from University of California Botanical Garden-GS16102020-2 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Viola biflora
Photographed from University of California Botanical Garden, 22-4-2019


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SK 3101 02 November 2021: 8 very high res. images.
Location: Rara, Nepal
Altitude: 2957m.
Date: 20 August 2021
Habit : Wild
Viola wallichiana Ging. ex DC. ??


This is Viola biflora rather than Viola wallichiana as per images, keys and details herein.



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References:

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