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Viscum album L. (Albania, Austria, Belgium, Baleares, England, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Italy, Serbia & Kosovo, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Portugal, Malta, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sicily, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, C-European Russia, Crimea, Belarus, Ukraine, Algeria, Northern Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia [Caucasus], Tibet, China (Yunnan), Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Lebanon (Antilebanon), Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Murree, Hazara), India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland), Myanmar [Burma] (Mon), Nepal, Vietnam, USA (I) (California (I)) as per Catalogue of Life

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Viscum angulatum B.Heyne ex DC. (India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Viscum articulatum Burm.f. (China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan), Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, Torres Strait Isl., E-New South Wales), Java, Taiwan, peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Terengganu, Penang, Perak, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor), Singapore, Vietnam, India (widespread), Philippines, Thailand, Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi, Yangon), Sri Lanka, Nepal, Laos, Sumatra, Borneo, Thailand, Bhutan, Sikkim as per Catalogue of Life)

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Viscum capitellatum Sm. (India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)

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Viscum monoicum Roxb. ex DC. (China (W-Guangxi, S-Yunnan), Bangladesh, India (Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Andaman Isl., Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Mon, Taninthayi, Yangon) as per Catalogue of Life)
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Viscum orientale Willd. (Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Magway, Shan), S-India (Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Andamans, Sri Lanka, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)

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Species as per Flora of India Vol 23 (2012) (Editors N. P. Balakrishnan, T. Chakrabarty, M. Sanjappa, P. Lakshminarsimhan & P. Singh- by Botanical Survey of India) (Accepted name and distribution as per Catalogue of Life as on 8.7.20):
Viscum acaciae Danser (Myanmar [Burma], India (Karnataka))
Viscum album L. (efi link:
Viscum album) (Albania, Austria, Belgium, Baleares, England, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Italy, Serbia & Kosovo, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Portugal, Malta, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sicily, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, C-European Russia, Crimea, Belarus, Ukraine, Algeria, Northern Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia [Caucasus], Tibet, China (Yunnan), Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Lebanon (Antilebanon), Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Murree, Hazara), Jammu &
Kashmir (Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland), Myanmar [Burma] (Mon), Nepal, Vietnam, USA (I) (California (I)))
Viscum angulatum B.Heyne ex DC. (India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh))
Viscum articulatum Burm.f. (efi link:
Viscum articulatum) (China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan), Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern
Territory, Queensland, Torres Strait Isl., E-New South Wales), Java, Taiwan, peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Terengganu, Penang, Perak, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor), Singapore, Vietnam, India (widespread), Philippines, Thailand, Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi, Yangon), Sri Lanka, Nepal, Laos, Sumatra, Borneo, Thailand, Bhutan, Sikkim)
Viscum capitellatum Hook.f. (India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Vietnam)
Viscum heyneanum DC. (S-India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Andaman Isl., Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady))
Viscum loranthi Elmer (China (Yunnan), India (Uttarakhand, Assam, Manipur), Indonesia, Philippines, Sumatra, Myanmar [Burma])
Viscum malurianum Sanjai & N.P.Balakr. (India (Karnataka))
Viscum monoicum Roxb. ex DC. (efi link:
Viscum monoicum) (China (W-Guangxi, S-Yunnan), Bangladesh, India (Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Andaman Isl., Sri Lanka, Thailand, ?Vietnam, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Mon, Taninthayi, Yangon))
Viscum mysorense Gamble (India (Karnataka))
Viscum orientale Willd. (Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Magway, Shan), S-India (Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Andaman Isl., Sri Lanka, Vietnam)
Viscum ovalifolium Wall. ex DC.
Viscum ramosissimum Wall. ex Wight & Arn. (syn. of 
Viscum ramosissimum Roxb.) (S-India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh), Sri Lanka)
Viscum subracemosum Sanjai & N.P.Balakr. (India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu))
Viscum trilobatum Talbot (India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu))

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Flora of Peninsular India with keys at species links:
Viscum ramosissimum Wall. ex Wight & Arn. (syn. of Viscum ramosissimum Roxb.)

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From Floral Database of Tamilnadu

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Viscum angulatum Heyne ex DC.  Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats,  Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri,  Vellore, Virudhu nagar
Viscum articulatum Burm.f. var. articulatum Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats,  Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli,  Vellore
Viscum articulatum Burm.f. var. dichotomum Kurz. is a synonym of Viscum articulatum Burm. f. Herb Eastern Ghats, Deciduous Forests, Parasite R. Vijaya Sankar, 2007 Tiruvanna malai 
Viscum articulatum Burm.f. var. thelocarpum (Danser) R. Rao (?) Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Nilgiri
Viscum capitellatum J.E. Smith Shrub Western Ghats, Deciduous  Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957 Coimbatore
Viscum heyneanum DC. Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Viscum monoicum Roxb.ex DC. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957 Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Viscum orientale Willd. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Deciduous Forests, Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanniya kumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhu nagar
Viscum ramosissimum Wight & Arn. (syn. of Viscum ramosissimum Roxb.) Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests,  Parasite Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Kanniya kumari, Namakkal,  Nilgiri, Tirunelveli,  Viluppuram, Virudhu nagar
Viscum trilobatum Talbot Shrub Mangroves to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Thanjavur, Tirunelveli, Vellore,  Viluppuram

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FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :




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Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India
as on 1.6.14: 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Viscum articulatum Viscum nepalense Santalaceae Leafless Mistletoe

Viscum album Linnaeus subsp. meridianum (Danser) D. G. Long (syn. of Viscum album as per Flora of India Vol. 23 (2013)).
Viscum liquidambaricola Hayata (Syn. of Viscum articulatum as per Flora of India Vol. 23 (2013)).

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A new species of Viscum (Viscaceae) from Bandipur, Karnataka State, India by M.C. Thriveni, G.R. Shivamurthy, K.N. Amruthesh, C.R. Vijay, and K.B. Sadanand – Journal of Systematics and Evolution (Impact Factor: 1.85). 03/2013; 51(02):224. DOI:DOI: 10.1111/jse.12008_2
Link– Background and additional discussion, Illustration of Viscum bandipurense Thriveni et al., sp. nov. & Photographic plate of Viscum bandipurense Thriveni et al., sp. nov.

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Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-

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Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2003)- Details-
Viscum angulatum B.Heyne ex DC.
Viscum articulatum


Mistletoe: The Genus Viscum By Arndt Bussing (2005)- Details


Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys

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……………..
Viscum monoicum
Viscum orientale Willd. 

Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details with keys-

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Antidiabetic Plants in India and Herbal Based Antidiabetic Research By T. Pullaiah, K. Chandrasekhar Naidu (2003)- Details-
Viscum album


Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details with keys

Viscum articulatum var. dichotomum Kurz is a synonym of Viscum articulatum
Viscum monoicum

BSI Mahar. flora mentions only two species of Leafless parasites from Genus Viscum.
a) Internodes flattened; leaves scaly … V. articulatum
b) Internode terete or 4-angled; leaves absent …
V. angulatum


Here are the differentiating features:
Viscum album V. articulatum (inc. var. dichotomum)
Plants dioicious, branching apical Plants monecious, becoming pendulous
Stems terete stems flattened, 3-ridged
Internodes 3-7 cm long internodes 1.5-2.5 cm long
Leaves usually obovate, 3-5 cm long leaves reduced yo scarious scales
Inflorescence terminal, 3-5 flowered spikes, inflorescence axillary, 1-3 together, 3-flowered
Male 3-fld, female 3-5-fld central flower female, lateral male
Berry greenish-white, globose, ca 6 mm Berry greenish-white, globose 3-4 mm    

In Viscum ramosissimum, the internodes are cylindric (terete), i hope.


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As per efi thread:

In Viscum album the leaf is strap-shaped where as in this species (V.monoicum) of Viscum the leaf is some what falcate, coriaceous, attenuated at the base to a short petiole (these characters are found in V.monoicum). According to this two flora only two species of Viscum are found in Assam i.e V. articulatum and V. monoicum. The first (V. articulatum) is leafless. 


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Viscum : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Viscum

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


 

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