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Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Vitex altissima L.f. Tree Dry Evergreen
to Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All districts
Vitex leucoxylon L.f. Tree Deciduous
Forests, Riparian, also Cultivated
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Chennai,
Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Theni, Tirunelveli, Nilgiri, Tiruchchira ppalli,
Tiruvanna malai, Viluppuram
Vitex negundo L. var. negundo small
tree
Plains,
Open Moist Localities, Cultivated
  All
districts
Vitex negundo L. var. purpurascens Sivar. & Moldenke is a synonym of Vitex negundo L. Small
tree/ shrub
Deciduous
Forests, Cultivated in Plains
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Vitex peduncularis Wall. ex Schauer Tree Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Dharmapuri,
Nilgiri, Tiruchchira ppalli
 
Vitex pinnata L. Tree Western
Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,
Tirunelveli 
Vitex trifolia L. Small
tree/ shrub
Plains,
Open  Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Cuddalore, Ramanatha puram, Tiruvanna malai, Viluppuram
 

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Vitex altissima Verbenaceae Peacock Chaste Tree
Vitex leucoxylon Wallrothia leucoxylon Verbenaceae White-Wood Chaste Tree
Vitex negundo Verbenaceae Chaste Tree
Vitex trifolia Verbenaceae Three-Leaved Chaste Tree

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The genus Vitex: A review by Anita Rani and Anupam Sharma1 Pharmacogn Rev. 2013 Jul-Dec; 7(14): 188–198.
Abstract– The review includes 161 references on the genus Vitex, and comprises ethnopharmacology, morphology and microscopy, phytoconstituents, pharmacological reports, clinical studies, and toxicology of the prominent species of Vitex. Essential oils, flavonoids, iridoid glycosides, diterpenoides and ligans constitute major classes of phytoconstituents of the genus. A few species of this genus have medicinal value, among these, leaves and fruits of V. agnus-castus Linn. (Verbenaceae) has been traditionally used in treatment of women complaints. V. agnus-castus has also been included in herbal remedies, which are in clinical use to regulate the menstrual cycle, reduce premenstrual symptom tension and anxiety, treat some menopausal symptoms as well as to treat hormonally induced acne. Despite a long tradition of use of some species, the genus has not been explored properly. In the concluding part, the future scope of Vitex species has been emphasized with a view to establish their multifarious biological activities and mode of action.has been traditionally used in treatment of women complaints. V. agnus-castus has also been included in herbal remedies, which are in clinical use to regulate the menstrual cycle, reduce premenstrual symptom tension and anxiety, treat some menopausal symptoms as well as to treat hormonally induced acne. Despite a long tradition of use of some species, the genus has not been explored properly. In the concluding part, the future scope of Vitex species has been emphasized with a view to establish their multifarious biological activities and mode of action.
Species used in medicine:

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Ayurvedic Drugs and Their Plant Sources By V. V. Sivarajan, Indira Balachandran (1994)- Details-

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1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Vitex wimberleyi Kurz- Indeterminate- Andamans

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Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-

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Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (2005)- Details-
Vitex agnus-castus
Vitex trifolia


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Vitex : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Vitex

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


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Pl. go through Vitex page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by Bhagyashri Ranade ji).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know. 


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