Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 348 1807. (Syn: Amomum angustifolium Salisb. [Illegitimate]; Amomum zingiber L.; Amomum zinziba Hill [Spelling variant]; Curcuma longifolia Wall; Zingiber aromaticum Noronha [Invalid]; Zingiber cholmondeleyi (F.M.Bailey) K.Schum.; Zingiber majus Rumph.; Zingiber missionis Wall; Zingiber officinale var. cholmondeleyi F.M.Bailey ……; Zingiber sichuanense Z.Y.Zhu, S.L.Zhang & S.X.Chen; Zingiber zingiber (L.) H.Karst. [Invalid]);
Common name: Ginger • Hindi: अदरक Adrak • Manipuri: শীঙ Shing • Marathi: आले, सुंठ Alha, Aale • Tamil: இஞ்சி Ingee, Inji • Malayalam: ഇഞ്ചി Inchi, Enchi • Telugu: అల్లపు చెట్టు, అల్లము, శొంటి Allam, Allamu, Allamu chettu, Shonti • Kannada: Alla, Shunthi • Bengali: আদা Ada • Oriya: ଅଦା Ada • Urdu: ادرک, آدی Adrak, Adi • Assamese: আদা Ada • Gujarati: આદું Adu, સૂંઠ Sunth • Sanskrit: Adraka • Nepali: अदुवा Aduwa
The English name ginger comes from French: gingembre, Old English: gingifere, Medieval Latin: gingiber, Greek: zingíberis. (ζιγγίβερις). Ultimately the origin is from the Dravidian word(Tamil) inji ver. The botanical term for root is ver, hence inji root or inji ver.
Ginger produces clusters of white and pink flower buds that bloom into yellow flowers. Because of its aesthetic appeal and the adaptation of the plant to warm climates, ginger is often used as landscaping around subtropical homes. It is a perennial reed-like plant with annual leafy stems, about a meter (3 to 4 feet) tall. Traditionally, the rhizome is gathered when the stalk withers; it is immediately scalded, or washed and scraped, to kill it and prevent sprouting. The fragrant perisperm of Zingiberaceae is used as sweetmeats by Bantu, also as a condiment and sialogogue.
In India and Pakistan, ginger is called adrak in sanskrit, Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu, aad in Maithili, aadi in Bhojpuri, aada in Assamese and Bengali, Adu in Gujarati, hashi shunti (ಹಸಿ ಶುಂಟಿ) in inji (இஞ்சி) in Tamil and Malayalam, inguru (ඉඟුරු) in Sinhalese, alay in Marathi, and aduwa(अदुवा ) in Nepali. Fresh ginger is one of the main spices used for making pulse and lentil curries and other vegetable preparations. Fresh, as well as dried, ginger is used to spice tea and coffee, especially in winter. Ginger powder is also used in certain food preparations, particularly for pregnant or nursing women, the most popular one being katlu which is a mixture of gum resin, ghee, nuts, and sugar. Ginger is also consumed in candied and pickled form. In Bangladesh, ginger is finely chopped or ground into a paste to use as a base for chicken and meat dishes alongside onion and garlic.
(From Wikipedia on 30.8.13)
Rhizomatous herbs; rhizome thick, dull yellow. Leafy stem to 60 cm high. Leaves to 25 x 2 cm, elliptic-oblong, acuminate. Peduncles to 30 cm long, erect; spike 3-5 x 3 cm, obovoid; bracts 2.5 x 2 cm, obovate, green. Flowers few; calyx 2 cm long; corolla white, tube small; labellum 3 x 2.5 cm, white, obovate.
Flowering and fruiting: September-December
Cultivated in Tropical countries
id required : spice 9 : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 5 authors.
I am sending you some spices used for making
could you please let me know the identification for them and the scientific names.
there will be around 15 spices.
I think ‘Soonth’ (?) from Sachin’s list.
I think it’s Zingiber officinale as per the Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ginger
Dried ginger is called “Chukku” in Tamil.
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: SN Aug 02 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Zingiberaceae Fortnight 1 Aug to 15 Aug 2014 : Zingiber officinale : MN02 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
Zingiber officinale (Ginger)
from our balcony – Dombivli
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: August 1 to 14, 2014 : Zingiberaceae : Zingiber officinale : Nasik : AK-21 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Zingiberaceae Fortnight ps : Zingiber officinale Roscoe : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
The ID is 100% correct because this is growing in my house!
Most varieties of Z. officinale in Indonesia have narrow leaves. Your ginger has broad leaves. Is it variety rubrum?
It is the common ginger we buy in the local bazaar. I placed a small rhizome under the ground…… don’t know the variety.
The current state of this very individual, transferred from the pot to an empty space.
Please share the flowers…will have to wait and watch..
Yes Sir, will have to wait for its flower… will share in this very thread.
TSPNOV2015-94-137:Zingiber officinale ( Zingiberaceae) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae)
Habit: A rhizomatous herb
Sighting: Mudigere, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 900 msl
loved the habitat pic best of all