Snap Ginger, Cardamon ginger, Indian ginger • Hindi: कुलंजन Kulanjan • Malayalam: Aratta • Kannada: Chikkadumparaasme • Oriya: Toroni • Sanskrit: Rasna, सुगंधमूल Sugandhamoola, Kulanjana; 


Plant for ID-111210MN:
Date/Time 5.12.2010    10 a.m.
Location- Place, Altitude, GP- Ovalekar Wadi Butterfly Garden, Thane.
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Cultivated
Plant Habit-shrub
1 meter

–  This should be Alpinia calcarata. Elettaria has lateral inflorescences that arise from near the ground, not on leafy shoot. Large cardamom is Amomum subulatum, not Elettaria.


flora of Panipat- Alpinia calcarata from Herbal Garden Samalkha Panipat:
Alpinia calcarata
Family: Zingiberaceae
From Herbal garden Bel Pattar Herbal garden Samalkha Panipat on 28-6-11


uttarakhand uid1 20102011:
Sending photos of some alpinia sp. need validation. Kindly identify the same
Location-Place, Altitude, Pantnagar, uttarakhand (introduced)
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Height/Length- About 1 – 1.5 m tall
Leaves Type/Shape/ Size-Leaves aromatic
Flowers Size/Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-
Fruits Type/Shape/ Size Seeds-As in photo

May be Alpinia zerumbet.

Hope all photos are taken from the same plant.
The flowers are extremely different from Alpinia zerumbet.
Close up of the flower shows similarity with A. calcarata.
I cant to compare this one with any of the Indian species.
More datas and photos are needed for the confirmation of the ID.

It is Alpinia calcarata or Rasna.


Is it Alpinia calcarata ? From Mulshi, Pune.:
This ginger herb was photographed on 30th May at Mulshi at a private farm.
Through flowers I guessed it as Alpinia calcarata.
Plz confirm d Id.
Height 3 feet

You are correct. It is Alpinia calcarata.

Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: SN Aug 05 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Alpinia galanga cultivated herb for it rhizome which is used in Indian system of medicine

Nice photos, A small correction on its identity,
This Alpinia calcarata Rosc.
Syn: Alpinia cernua Sims; A. spicata Roxb.; A. erecta Steud. Languas calcarata (Rosc.) Alston.


Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Alpinia calcarata from Delhi for validation-GSAUG23 :
Alpinia calcarata Roscoe
Photographed from Herbal Garden of Hamdard University, New Delhi, pl. validate

Super shot sir, the ID is right


Nice flower …

Arecaceae, Araceae, Zingiberaceae Fortnight 1-14 Aug 2014: Alpinia calcarata (Zingiberaceae) from Uttarakhand_DSR_11 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Alpinia calcarata (How.) Roscoe [Zingiberaceae] is a cultivated species in Pantnagar

Attached is a picture of Alpinia calcarata captured at Jijamata Udyan, Flower Show 2013 in February 2013.
Requested to please validate the ID.

you are right, A. calcarata, very nice shot

Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Elletaria cardamomum from Delhi-GSAUG63 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Elletaria cardamomum
Photographed from Herbal Garden, Hamdard University, Delhi

I think this should be Alpinia sp.

This is not Elletaria cardamomum. In this case the inflorascense arises from the base. This is most probably Alpinia calcarata?

Thanks … Not very well versed with this family I took label on face value. Thanks for correction.

Please find the photo of Alpinia calcarata

Seen this large herb at Toranmal (Nandurbar Dist, Maharashtra) in a garden.
Bot. name: Alpinia calcarata ??
Family: Zingiberaceae
Date/Time: 16-08-2014 / 10:00AM

Affirmative …, nice set of photos

The fluorescent blue winged pollinator looks awesome.
How to differentiate this one from A.zerumbet?

Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Alpinia calcarata for ID-GSG (AUG11) : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
I hope the following images are Alpinia calcarata. Photos taken from herbal gardens at Bangalore and Haryana.

Alpinia calcarata


Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: August 1 to 14, 2014 : Zingiberaceae : Alpinia calcarata : Mumbai : AK-123 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Commonly known as Snap Ginger, seen at MNP, Mumbai during April, 2013.


These pictures were recorded from Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra..
I hope they are rightly identified..

You are rightly identified …

Fwd: [efloraofindia:234145] For identification BS 1- 211015 : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Found these along the river above Thirupaprappu falls in Kanyakumari dist. in the southern ghats.
Couldn’t find a photo match online.

Must be some Alpinia sp. (Zingiberaceae).

Alpinia species so far in efi 

Thank you. Probably Alpinia galangal.

I also think, it is Alpinia galangal

Alpinia calcarata.

It is Alpinia calcarata or Rasna or Chitaratha. Alpinia galanga is also known as Rasna


ID-TSP-19NOV2015-1: Alpinia sp for ID assistance. : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Kindly identify the specimen. The board by the side of the specimen says it is Alpinia galalnga….!? 

Habit: Herb, around 1 m in height. 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Herbal garden at Devarayanadurga, Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 14-01-2015 and 14-06-2015

To me it looks like Alpinia calcarata

efi pages on Alpinia galangal & Alpinia calcarata

Alpinia calcarata



identification for ginger spp : 4 posts by 2 authors. 3 images.
Please help me to identify the above ginger species, i found this one near sirsi, Karnataka

Alpinia calcarata


Valid ID for Alpinia spp. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Please valid identification for this Alpinia
Locality: Theerthalli, Shivamoga
Flower: November, 2016

Alpinia calcarata (Rasna)


Alpinia calcarata :: TMC Biodiversity Park :: 15 APR 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
TMC Biodiversity Park  Thane
Date: April 15, 2018 … Altitude: about 15 m (50 feet) asl
Alpinia calcarata  (Haw.) Roscoe


Swamy/New series/ID/8 – Plant for ID Alpinia calcarata: 1 image.
I am attaching the photograph received from Chennai for ID.  Photograph taken last week  (May 5th). For me it looks like Alpinia calcarata. Please confirm/ suggest the ID. Unable to get habit photo from the sender inspite of my request.. Therefore, only one photograph available for ID.

It seems to be Elettaria cardamomum.

Looks like net images are confusing. Both species showing same type images
except for few images for Elettaria cardamomum ! However, this sp. should be Alpinia calcarata (Andrews) Roscoe ! Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

I had also photographed Elettaria cardamomum in June 2020 which I am posting here for reference.

Images of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton  Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton
looks different in POWO and GBIF !

Thanks Saroj ji for clarification and detailed info with links. I am taking as Alpinia calcarata.

Images of Elettaria cardamomum are different as per images herein.


Swamy/New series/ID/26 – ID of the plant : Alpinia sps.: 4 images.
One of my friends in Chennai has sent these pictures for ID. Please confirm/ suggest the ID. Photographed yesterday. My ID is Alpinia calcarata. Please confirm/ suggest a new ID.

Yes I also think Alpinia calcarata.


310 ID wild plant Zingiberaceae: 14 high res. images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 08.05.2022, 11.50am
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: erect clustered obliquely, pseudostem 12mm diameter, numerous young shoots at base, perennial
Height: 05 feet
Leaves: aromatic, alternate, lengthy, apex, size:20×2 inches
Flower: inflorescence racemose, clustered, size:03.5x2cm, white with purple shade, non fragrant
Camera: CANON EOS1500D

Alpinia !

Yes, it is Alpinia calcarata, dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant,


I’d needed for this plant?:
Location: Rajouri, j and k


Seems to Alpinia calcarata

sk2015sept15/15 – unknown herb : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Someone told me that it is a ELACH (cardamom) plant. Around 3 to 4 ft tall, a tufted kind of plant, leaves are about 2 ft long. Is it Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton?

efi page on Elettaria cardamomum  

It is difficult to identify in the  veg. stage. Hope it may be Alpinia calcarata.

Many thanks to …, hope some day i will find its flowers.


Sharing the images of Greater Galanga (Alpinia galanga).:  No images seen now.

Please recheck the id. It looks like A. calcarata to me. (or there is a chance that they are mixed up here, the 2nd pic looks more of A. galanga)
Leaves aromatic in A. calcarata but not so in A. galanga. (Of course there are differences in the flowers and infl. etc.)



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