Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr., J. Ind. B. S. 24: 131 (1945). (Syn: Lindernia multiflora (Roxb.) Mukherjee; Vandellia hirsuta Buch.-Ham.ex.Benth.; Vandellia multiflora (Roxb.).G.Don) as per IUCN Red List (LC);

Lindernia viscosa is widely distributed in tropical Asia (Cambodia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam). In India, it is found in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh Bihar, Goa, Meghalaya, Manipur, West Bengal (Cook 1996).
It is mostly found in waysides, edges of forests, swamps and moist shady places. However, it is rarely found in wetlands (Cook 1996).
(From IUCN Red List (LC) )

Erect or diffuse hirsute annual herbs, rooting at lower nodes. Leaves 1.5-5 x 1-3 cm, broadly ovate, oblong or obovate, base rounded or truncate, margin crenate-serrate, apex obtuse, hirsute on both surfaces, penninerved; petiole to 1.5 long; upper leaves much smaller and subsessile. Inflorescence a terminal lax, many-flowered raceme; peduncle sparsely glandular-pubescent; pedicels 5-8 mm long, glandular-pubescent; bracts minute, lanceolate. Calyx deeply 5-lobed almost to the base, glandular hispid; lobes 3-4 mm long, linear-lanceolate. Corolla c. 5 mm long, upper lip pale brown, lower lip white with yellow spots at mouth. Stamens 4; longer pair of filaments with a knee-like appendage. Capsule c. 2.5 mm long, ovoid, glabrous, slightly shorter than the calyx lobes. Seeds straw-coloured, shortly cylindric.
Flowering and fruiting: July-October
Wet areas in moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
Indo-Malesia and China

Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: For id from Gori Valley-NS 37 : Attachments (8). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This very small herb with attractive flowers was shot from near Shilling in Gori valley area, please help to id…

to me this looks like any Lindernia sp. Linderniaceae

Lindernia species in efi so far along with keys 

Id resolved as Lindernia viscosa in view of similar uploads on the forum… please opine, if otherwise..

Yes … is right. This is Lindernia viscosa


Gori Valley Tour: Herb 1 for id: This very beautiful and tiny herb most probably from Scrophulariaceae.. was shot from the boundaries of a grazing field in the area.. near Shilling village.. I hope to get id clues…

Lindernia sp.?

please check Lindernia viscosa/L.pusilla

Closer to Lindernia multiflora (Roxb.) Mukerjee (Scrophulariaceae)!

I have taken this as Lindernia viscosa


SCROPHULARIACEAE Fortnight: Lindernia multiflora from Uttarakhand_DSR_22 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Lindernia multiflora (Roxb.) Mukerjee is a rainy season wild herb usually found in Paddy fields.
Now it is in Linderniaceae
Photographed in Pantnagar.


Lindernia viscosa: Lindernia viscosa
Sticky false pimpernel
At Phansad WLS, Maharashtra



[EfloraofIndia_160212PD03_Lindernia viscosa_Flora of Odisha]: sharing the images of Lindernia viscosa taken from Ranpur

Name: Lindernia viscosa
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Wild, near river bed and grasslands in moist places

Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Odisha

Again superb Close ups

Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Boldingh is a frequent rainy season wild herb in Pantnagar.
Now it is in Linderniaceae

Photographed in Pantnagar


Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Lindernia viscosa at Mumbai -PKA21:: :  Attachments (5).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Seen this small herb at the outskirts of Mumbai in a wet grassland.
Bot. name: Lindernia viscosa
Date/Time: 24-10-2012/ 10:30AM

Very beautiful pics … this identifies mine from Gori valley, thanks..


Hooghly – Vandellia multiflora G. Don ? : Attachments (6). 2 posts by 1 author.

Again a set of poor photographs, recorded yesterday. (20.8.13)

The plant is succulent, glabrous.

EFI groups all-in-one !!! Thanks to IUCN.

some interesting links –

Attaching key and descriptions from Hooker, Prain & Haines. Also a couple of fresh photo.


Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr. (?) from Kamrup district, Assam :  Attachments (13). 3 posts by 3 authors.

Attached images may be Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr. Please validate the ID.
Date :31.08.2013
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Linderniaceae
Genus & species : Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr (?) 
Habitat: Grows wild on damp place

Habit : Herb

Not aware of the species but very good pictures of a Lindernia

Lovely pics … some of the earlier uploads also point toward this being Lindernia viscosa

I had also posted this from Gori Valley.. thanks for sharing..



Hooghly – might be Vandellia hirsuta Benth, : Attachments (6). 4 posts by 3 authors.

This is from Serampore (recorded today- 26.8.13), Hooghly, Flowers are as small as my previous upload, but the plant is not as succulent and seems to be slightly hairy.

Is it not same as in your other post: Hooghly – Vandellia multiflora G. Don ? (Identified as Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr.)

I fail to understand how a glabrous plant, and with different sepal-to-capsule ratio can be grouped into a single taxon, viscosa.

I think, besides glabrous, other salient differences are 1) leaf margin [crenate/sinuate vs. serrate] 2) in this plant orbicular capsule is smaller than sepals (a 2in1 plate + key attached).
Less important point, as i have observed, this plant is rather less succulent (it might be due to less humid soil).

ANJAN42/42 Please identify this herb : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Date: 9th January 2015
Place: Aralam
Wildlife Sanctuary
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Riparian

Looks to be Lindernia viscosa

Thank you for the quick ID sir.


Lindernia sp. from Assam KD 01 July ’15 : 4 posts by 3 authors.

Attached images may be Lindernia sp. Please ID the plant.
Date : 06.07.2015
Location: Assam
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Genus & species : Lindernia sp.(?)
Habitat: Grows wild on wet places.

Habit : Prostrate herb

Lindernia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

I hope this is Lindernia viscosa

I also agree with you …, my plant shot from Gori valley was identified as L. viscosa, and this matches with that…

Attached are pictures of Lindernia sessiliflora captured in my pot garden at Mumbai in September 2012.

Could you please confirm the ID?

efi page on Lindernia nummulariifolia (syn: Lindernia sessiliflora (Benth.) Wettst.)

Appears close to images at Lindernia viscosa


Thank you … Attaching some more pics of the plant in the same season but in different years.

Attachments (3)


Requesting ID of the small plant: 11032013: ARK-01 : 2 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.

Growing in my pot garden in the monsoons and captured in Sep 2012.

look like Lindernia sp. compare with L. sessiliflora

Yes Lindernia sp (Scrophulariaceae)!

Appears close to images at Lindernia viscosa

Kokan :: Lindernia for ID :: ARK2019-55 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Requesting to please ID these flowers. A cropped pic is also attached.
They were growing in a field post harvest. The pics were captured near Devgad, coastal Kokan, MH in Apr 2019.

… may be of Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr.. Pl. check


Fwd: Scrophulariaceae member found in Koloriang,Arunachal Pradesh.12.11.16 : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)

Attachments (3)

Possibly Lindernia mollis

Looks close. Col has shown distribution in Assam, so it may be possible !

This one is reported from Kurung Kumey district, Arunachal Pradesh already.

It may be correct !

I took this species to the notice of  P. Sunojkumar, as he have worked in Lindernia of India.

His comments were: 
It is Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr. (=Lindernia hirsuta). 
This species shows high variation in its leaf shape and hair pattern (glabrous to densely hirsute). But there is no considerable variation seen in the floral characters.

Lindernia mollis / Vandellia montana ? : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5) – 1 mb each.

This sample was collected Sept 14 2020 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Definitely in the Linderniaceae family, distinctive for the large leaves (3-4cm) and relative small flower (~4mm). Appreciate your input

Looks different.

Can it be Lindernia diffusa? I have found the same plant and was never sure about its identity.

Thanks, … But looks different from Lindernia diffusa as per
Research Gate

I think this is Lindernia viscosa (a highly variable species) as per images and details herein and as per comparative images at Lindernia

Since I posted these photos I had been wondering whether it is Lindernia multiflora (Roxb.) Mukerjee. It’s very similar to this specimen.  However, all other confirmed L. viscosa photos I see have the corolla’s lower lip at right angles to the upper lip (as in other L. viscosa samples I’ve seen near here), but in the area I’ve collected these samples none of them have this characteristic. Since this characteristic is not in the descriptions, I guess it isn’t essential. Thanks for your identification, I trust your judgment. 

Leaf shape is different in your link at this specimen

Thank you …, I had puzzled over this plant for some time. You must be correct

4 Identify weed plant : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Please identify this weed plant.

Name of plant:

Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District(far east), Kerala PIN:686671

Date:09.10.2020, Noon


Habitat: wild moisture

Plant habit: crawling


Leaves shape:oval side jaws and tip

Flower:3x2cm,white, non fragrant.

Lindernia viscosa ??

Hope … is correct,

Agree with Lindernia

Vandellia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr. (Linderniaceae)

Syn: Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr.

Agree with …!


3 images.

Please ID weed plant,
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               04.10.2020, 07.50am & 05.10.2020, 07.00am
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture paddy ridges
Plant habit:      creeping hairy annual weak stem
Height:             05cm
Leaves:            opposite heart shaped zigzag
Flower:             diameter: 04mm, white non fragrant

Forwarding more images (date:07.10.2020, 07.40am).
3 images.

Vandellia viscosa (Hornem.) Merr. Syn : Lindernia viscosa (Hornem.) Bold.

I agree with you, it is V. viscosa.  Thank you very much for identified the weed plant.


Annonated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  The Plant List (Lindernia multiflora (Roxb.) Mukerjee- Unresolved)