Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce, Fl. Berkshire 342. 1898 (“1897”) (Syn: (≡) Gentiana pulchella Sw. (basionym)) as per GRIN;
.

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Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce, Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 613 1917. (Syn: Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) Babu; Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) S.R.Rao & Hemadri; Centaurium roxburghii (D.Don) Druce; Erythraea meyeri Bunge; Erythraea roxburghii G.Don) as per Indian Gentianaceae: A Check-list By Sunita Garg;
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sen-TAR-ee-um — referring to the Centaur Chiron who discovered the medicinal uses of the plant that came to be known as CentauryDave’s Botanary
MY-er-eye — named for Karl Antonovich von Meyer, German, Russified botanist and explorerDave’s BotanaryWikipedia
.
commonly known as: field centaury, pink centauryHindi: बारीक चिरायता barik chirayata, खेत चिरायता khet chirayataKannada: ಕಾಡು ಕೆಂಪು ಜೀರಿಗೆ kaadu kempu jeerigeMarathi: लुंटक luntakOriya: ଘୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ghumna
.
Distribution: c & e Europe, Egypt, Turkey, Mediterranean, Iran, Pakistan, India, c Asia

As per efi thread:
Due to confusion and different and conflicting keys between different sources (Flora of PakistanFlora of Chinaefi threadPOWO1POWO 2POWO 3), I am keeping all our posts at Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce and Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer under Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce only, till there is more clarity in the matter.  

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Centaurium pulchellum from Morni, Haryana:
Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce, Fl. Berks. 342. 1897
syn: Erythraea ramosissima (Vill.) Pers.; Gentiana pulchella Sw.; Gentiana ramosissima Vill.

Usually a small annual herb with branches mostly from base or middle; leaves ellptic lanceolate up to 2.5 cm long, up to 1 cm broad, entire; flowers in dichasial cymes, pink; calyx tubular; corolla tubular, tube longer than
lobes, lobes ovate-lanceolate obtuse; capsule oblong, included in the calyx. A plant of mostly moist meadows.
Photographed from Chandrawal Resort, Morni, Haryana on April  9, 2011.


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Yet another small herb found in the same uncultivated land.
Species : UNKNOWN
Habit & Habitat : small wild herb bearing very small pink flower, about one foot, uncultivated land
Date : 17-04-12, 9.20 a.m.
Place : Hooghly, WB


It doesn’t look like Talinum fruticosum. This might be a plant that belong to the family Gentianaceae 


This can be Centaurium pulchellum I think…


My images very well match with those of available at –
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Centaurium_pulchellum



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This one is Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Krause, Sturm. Fl. Deutsch 10: 14, 1903
An erect, small, glabrous, leafy herb. Leaves sessile, decussate, ascending, short-pointed, oblong. Flowers rosy, sometimes dull-white, in axillary and terminal clusters. Calyx tubular, sepals 5, lanceolate or linear. Petals 5, spreading, tube very short. Stamens 5, near the mouth of the corolla-tube. Capsule oblong, as long as or longer than the calyx, many-seeded. Seeds black.
Was shot from Yamuna river bank Panipat Distrit (Haryana), in April 2012

Yes … I also have from Morni trip



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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week: Gentianaceae-Centaurium pulchellum from Morni hills:
Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce, Fl. Berks. 342. 1897.

Syn: Erythraea ramosissima (Vill.) Pers.; Gentiana pulchella Sw.
Small annual herb, branched from base with several stems; basal leaves lanceolate or elliptic, acute; cauline leaves elliptic-lanceolate, up to 25 mm long, acute to acuminate, entire; flowers pink, 8-14 mm long, many in biparous cymes; pedicel 2-3 mm long; calyx tubular with linear 5-8 mm long lobes; corolla tubular, tubue 6-10 mm long, lobes ovate-lanceolate, 4-6 mm long; capsule oblong, hidden in calyx.
Photographed from Morni hills


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I have only one plant for this month’s family week…. :‘-(Species : Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce
Habit & Habitat : small herb in uncultivated land
Date : 17/3/12, 9.24 A.M.
Place : Gobra (Hooghly)
ID help :


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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Fortnight: Gentianaceae-Centaurium pulchellum from Morni hills-GSJUL04: 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3). Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce, Fl. Berks. 342. 1897.

Syn: Erythraea ramosissima (Vill.) Pers.Gentiana pulchella Sw.
Small annual herb, branched from base with several stems; basal leaves lanceolate or elliptic, acute; cauline leaves elliptic-lanceolate, up to 25 mm long, acute to acuminate, entire; flowers pink, 8-14 mm long, many in biparous cymes; pedicel 2-3 mm long; calyx tubular with linear 5-8 mm long lobes; corolla tubular, tubue 6-10 mm long, lobes ovate-lanceolate, 4-6 mm long; capsule oblong, hidden in calyx.
Photographed from Morni hills 

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This herb with lovely pink flowers was recoded from yamuna river bank in Panipat..
Centaurium pulchellum….

Yes … Very good photographs.


This species probably have variation in colour of flowers from almost white to pink. Common here also but produce lightest pink flowers here in Pantnagar.



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Plant Id Kashmir : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Pls help in ID of this caryophyllaceae plant. Grows at dry sites .. 1600 m altitude.
Any Gypsophila/ Silene ….


Not Caryophyllaceae!
Gentianaceae– some Canscora sp. I hope.


I thought Centaurium pulchellum.


Yes, should be C. pulchellum..


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Request for id of a herb: 2 images.
Request for I’d of a herbaceous weed from Bilaspur. Photographed in April 2022. Is it Centaurium?


Centaurium pulchellum


I concur with … Perfect ID !



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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week: Gentianaceae :: :Centaurium meyeri at Telbaila:

This herb was photographed at Village “Telbailla”, Lonavala region, Maharashtra.
Common name: Luntak
Scientific name: Centaurium meyeri (Erythrea Roxburghii)
Family: Gentianaceae.
Annul herb, 5 –20cm high. Leaves opposite and seesile.
Flower pink, star shaped
Common in moist grasslands and fields.


Place: at Ratanwadi (~2475 ft asl), near Bhandardara, Maharashtraon map
Time: January 14, 2012 at 4.10pm
Habit: small procumbent ¿ OR decumbent ? herb, about 6″ – 7″ high
Habitat: in a paddy field
Flower (in blooming stage) size: about 2 – 3 mm across, and about 8 – 10 mm long
Apologies; pictures do not show required aspects.


I think this is Centaurium meyeri (Family: Gentianaceae).


Oh what happiness ! Many many thanks … salutes !



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ID280111phk2:
A small herb growing in padyfeilds
Is it Canscora spp.
Today at Alibag, Maharashtra


– This could be Centaurium centauroides (= Erythraea roxburghii). FoI includes these names (flowers are pink here) as synonyms to C. meyeri (= E.meyeri), whose flowers are said to be ‘invariably white’ (Ref. FBI).


– Yes the flowers seem clearly pedicellate. This should be Centaurium centauroides (= Erythraea roxburghii)  as suggested by ..


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Location of Halenia perrottetii, Hoppea dichotoma and Centaurium centaurioides:
Can any one help me to locate Halenia perrottetii, Hoppea dichotoma and Centaurium centaurioides in South India???


I have seen Hoppea on wet rock faces growing as a tiny herb within small vegetation clumps along with Utricularia and other tiny sedges.

Centaurium is more of a marshy habitat plant, rice fields left unattended after harvest should be a good place to look for this plant.
For Halenia you will have to go search among grass slopes on the margins of the shola forests in Niligiri hill ranges.



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Names of Plants in India :: Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce :  6 posts by 4 authors.
via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > ‎ Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce … family: Gentianaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
sen-TAR-ee-um — referring to the Centaur Chiron who discovered the medicinal uses of the plant that came to be known as CentauryDave’s Botanary
MY-er-eye — named for Karl Antonovich von Meyer, German, Russified botanist and explorerDave’s BotanaryWikipedia
commonly known as: field centaury, pink centauryHindi: बारीक चिरायता barik chirayata, खेत चिरायता khet chirayataKannada: ಕಾಡು ಕೆಂಪು ಜೀರಿಗೆ kaadu kempu jeerigeMarathi: लुंटक luntakOriya: ଘୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ghumna
botanical names: Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce … synonyms: Erythraea meyeri Bunge • Erythraea roxburghii G.Don • Centaurium roxburghii (D.Don) Druce • Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) S.R.Rao & Hemadri • Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) Babu … Indian Gentianaceae – A Checklist © by Sunita Garg
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed at Ahupe, Maharashtra on 18 JAN 2014


Oasis after a long drought.


This herb is known as ઝીણકું કરિયાતું [Jhinku Kariyatu] in Gujarati.
In Marathi, the Warli community of Vikramgad taluka refers to this plant as लंटक.


Thank you very much … this is a super help. Will incorporate the Gujarati name and the Marathi variant into my notes soon.


sen-TAR-ee-um — referring to the Centaur Chiron … Dave’s Botanary
pul-KEL-um — pretty … Dave’s Botanary
MY-er-eye — named for K A von Meyer, German, Russified botanist and explorer … Dave’s Botanary • Wkipedia

commonly known as: field centaury, pink centaury • Gujarati: ઝીણકું કરિયાતું jhinku kariyatu • Hindi: बारीक चिरायता barik chirayata, खेत चिरायता khet chirayata • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಕೆಂಪು ಜೀರಿಗೆ kaadu kempu jeerige • Malayalam: തീപ്പെരുപ്പൻ പുല്ല് theepperuppan pullu • Marathi: लहान किरायत lahan kirayat, लुंटक luntak • Odia: ଘୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ghumna, ପିତା ଶାଗ pita saga

botanical names:

  • Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer … synonymsCentaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce • Centaurium roxburghii (G.Don) Druce • Erythraea meyeri Bunge … Flora of Pakistan
  • Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce, Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 613 1917. … synonymsCentaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) Babu • Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) S.R.Rao & Hemadri • Centaurium roxburghii (D.Don) Druce • Erythraea meyeri Bunge • Erythraea roxburghii G.Don … Indian Gentianaceae: A Check-list by Sunita Garg

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~

field centaury, pink centaury
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
ઝીણકું કરિયાતું jhinku kariyatu
  • Many thanks to Viplav Gangar for help with this name … efloraofindia
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
बारीक चिरायता barik chirayata, खेत चिरायता khet chirayata
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಾಡು ಕೆಂಪು ಜೀರಿಗೆ kaadu kempu jeerige
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
തീപ്പെരുപ്പൻ പുല്ല് theepperuppan pullu
  • thuporuppenpullu … for synonym Centaurium roxburghii (G.Don) Druce … ENVIS – FRLHT
  • Many thanks to VC Balakrishnan for help with this name … facebook
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
लहान किरायत lahan kirayat
लुंटक luntak
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଘୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ghumna, ପିତା ଶାଗ pita saga
~~~~~ x ~~~~~

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QUERY :: Erythraea roxburghii // Centaurium meyeri : 3 posts by 2 authors.

Please help me know about species of Centaurium distributed in northern Western Ghats.
Intent of query is to know whether Erythraea roxburghii G.Don and Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce are synonymous OR are distinct.
At The Plants List their entries are found separate as Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) S.R.Rao & Hemadri AND Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce RESPECTIVELY … each of the entries are at low confidence level.
If there is only one species distributed in northern Western Ghats – it would then be
Erythraea roxburghii G.Don as described in Cooke’s Flora of the Presidency of Bombay … synonym of Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) S.R.Rao & Hemadri.
Please validate.


Referring … Indian Gentianaceae – A Checklist by Sunita Garg
Would like to believe Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce to be the only species distributed in northern Western Ghats …synonyms: Erythraea meyeri Bunge • Erythraea roxburghii G.Don • Centaurium roxburghii (D.Don) Druce • Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) S.R.Rao & Hemadri • Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) Babu


Thanks, …, for digging up.
I have restructured efi page accordingly. Pl. have a look at Centaurium meyeri, Centaurium pulchellumCentaurium & sends your comments, if any.


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Gentianaceae Week: RVS1: Centaurium mairei : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Centaurium mairei from Bangalore, KA.
Please validate the id…


Thanks … for another niceupload.


I think you mean to say it as Centaurium meyeri (efi page). Pl. confirm.   


Both Tropicos and TPL use the spelling: Centaurium mairei Zeltner. An another record of Tropicos says C. pulchellum var. meyeri is the accepted name.
But, IPNI and Fl. Pakistan use C. meyeri (Bunge) Druce (note the difference in author names, too). According to Fl.Pak., this name is now a synonym of
Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer
So, I think we should use the latest combination:
Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer



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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Fortnight: Gentianaceae :: :Centaurium meyeri at Telbaila:: PKA2 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).

This herb was photographed at Village “Telbailla”, Lonavala region, Maharashtra. 
Common name: Luntak  
Bot. name: Centaurium meyeri (Erythrea Roxburghi 
Family:  Gentianaceae 
Annul herb, 5 –20cm high. Leaves opposite and seesile.Flower pink, star shaped
Common in moist grasslands and fields.


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Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Name of species-  Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce
Common Name-  बारीक चिरायता
English Name- Pink Centaury
Family-  Gentianaceae
Description- Near fresh water pond in few number.Oppositely arranged stalkless leaves, 2-3 cm long, are oblong in shape. Flowers occur in dichotomous cymes with a flower in each fork. Flowers are 1-2 cm, star-shaped, pink in color, with 5 spreading petals. Five stamens protrude out of the flower. Capsule 8-10 mm.
Date- 16 April, 2016
Place- Gunshi (26.468306,75.93986), Tonk, Rajasthan


Thanks, …, for the beautiful posting.


beautiful. known in herbal world as miniature quinine, quinine weed is in danger in Europe. I think its also in danger in India, but not sure of  when was the survey done last.
regardless I hope these survive the climate change and human intrusion


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Seen this small herb in a field. Looks like some Centaurium sp. (Family: Gentianaceae).
Date/Time: 15-01-2013 / 02:00PM
Location: En route Siddhagad (Murbad region), Maharashtra
Habitat: Wild


Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce? http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/43790.html


Centaurium – some‎ species in India & eFI with some keys


This must be Centaurium meyeri.



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Seen this small herb in a field. Looks like some Centaurium sp. (Family: Gentianaceae).
Date/Time: 15-01-2013 / 02:00PM
Location: En route Siddhagad (Murbad region), Maharashtra
Habitat: Wild


desert gentian?
ps although I dont know if there is a desert in maharashtra?

Appear as C.pulchellum!


it is Centaurium sps.


I think close to images at Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer as per keys herein.



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Centarium pulchellum var. meyeri—-for sharing and validation : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Not the best pictures but matches. Taken at Aamby valley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in Dec.16.



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Centaurium pulchellum, alibaug:
Centaurium pulchellum, syn C. meyeri alibaug
at my place in a paddy field
6 february 2013

Yes, a tiny beauty..



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08/03/09 at Amravati Maharashtra; For ID 080309 VR – indiantreepix | Google Groups

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Fwd: Tiny herb for identification : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
sending photos of a tiny herb for identification taken near a water logged place


This could be a species of Centaurium


Yes, I agree with …


May be Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer as per images & keys herein.

Small herb seen at a Dhavalya village near Pholadpur (Maharashtra).
Canscora sp??
Date/Time: 27-12-2013 / 09:15AM


Chironia gratissima ?


This is Centaurium meyeri from Gentianaceae.



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Canscora sp for ID–17012014-PKA-1 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).

Requesting ID for this Canscora sp. seen in a dry paddy field at Dhavale Village, (At the base of Mahabaleshwar) Maharashtra.
Plant Habit: small herb
Habitat: Wild.
Dt/Time: 27-12-2012 / 09:15AM


Why not Canscora diffusa. There are of course lot of confusions due to several closely related species.


Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce ? [earlier … Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce]


It is Cantaurium certainly not Canscora


Centaurium meyeri as per another thread


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Lonavala (Maharashtra) on 18 Jan 2009; 17 Jan, 2010  Time : 10 am- Lonavala dam, Maharashtra;

Centaurium mayeri – efloraofindia | Google Groups
ID190109phk 1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


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Tiny Herb for Id : Nasik : 04JAN21 : AK-01: 2 images.
A very tiny herb.
Seen at Gangapur Grasslands.


Centaurium centurioides, Gentianaceae,


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Centaurium pulchellum, Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri, Centaurium centaurioides:
Due to confusion and different and conflicting keys between different sources (Flora of PakistanFlora of Chinaefi threadPOWO1POWO 2POWO 3), I am keeping all our posts at Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce and Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer under Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce only, till there is more clarity in the matter.


Thanks Sir, I fully agree with your logical resolution.


 


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References (for Centaurium pulchellum (Swartz) Druce):
GRIN  Flora of China (Centaurium pulchellum (Swartz) Druce)
Indian Gentianaceae: A Check-list By Sunita Garg (Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce syn: Erythraea ramosissima  var. pulchella (Sw.) Griseb.; Gentiana pulchella Sw.; Centaurium ramosissima (Pers.) Druce) 
India Biodiversity Portal  Wikipedia
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References (for Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer):
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce (Syn: Erythraea meyeri Bunge; Erythraea roxburghii G.Don) (Details with an illustration)  

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