Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 41 1775. (Syn: Cynoglossum abyssinicum Hochst. ex Engl.; Cynoglossum canescens Willd.; Cynoglossum formosanum Nakai; Cynoglossum formosanum f. albiflorum Masam.; Cynoglossum hirsutum Thunb.; Cynoglossum hispidum Jacq. ex Roem. & Schult. [Invalid]; Cynoglossum lanceolatum f. albiflorum (Masam.) Yonek.; Cynoglossum micranthum Poir.; Cynoglossum micranthum Desf.; Cynoglossum platyphyllum Klotzsch; Cynoglossum racemosum Roxb.; Echinospermum paniculatum E.Mey. ex A.DC.; Paracynoglossum lanceolatum (Forssk.) R.R.Mill (Unresolved));
South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Lesotho, Swaziland, Liberia, Nigeria, Sudan, South Sudan, Ivory Coast, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Togo, Congo (Brazzaville), Cameroon, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Benin, Madagascar, Taiwan, Java, China (Fujian, S-Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Cambodia, N-India, Bangladesh, Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir, Dras), Laos, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia, Bhutan, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Nepal, Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Pakistani Punjab, Swat), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Baltistan), Philippines (Luzon), ?Sri Lanka, N-Thailand, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Saudi Arabia (Asir), Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Chin, Shan) as per Catalogue of Life;
Cynoglossum zeylanicum looks similar to C. lanceolatum (flowers 2-2.5 mm across) but easily differentiated by larger (4-5 mm across) flowers. Also leaves are short-appressed hairy and not with long bulbous-based hairs.
Cynoglossum lanceolatum from Morni hills:
Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 41. 1775. Syn: C. micranthum Desf.
The species is quite distinct in its pale blue or white much smaller flowers hardly 2-2.5 mm across, lanceolate leaves, covered both with bulbous based hairs and simple hairs and uniformly bristly nutlets. In closely related C. zeylanicum (syn: C. furcatum Wall. ex Roxb.) flowers are larger (5-6 mm across) and leaves covered with soft appressed hairs.
Photographed from near Tapiana Sahib Gurdwara in Sialkot near Baramulla in July
I have a feeling that plant depicted on FOI as C. zeylonicum may in fact be Myosotis sp and not a cynnoglossum as nutlets in lowers old flowers seem to be totally hidden.
I think you are going to show a full series on Cynoglossum Also
Kalatope id Al151211:
Location Kalatope, Chamba
Altitude 1800 mts
Height 18 inches
Boraginaceae sp- FMN-3—- near Joshimath:
Another Boraginaceae sp- FMN-3 seen near Joshimath.
Date/Time: 06-09-2012 / 11:15AM
I hope Cynoglossum lanceolatum
Cynoglossum sp. ABJUN01/18 : 9 posts by 3 authors.
This hairy shrub is growing near my home. I remember having difficulty last year in separating Cynoglossum species which are well-represented here. Is this a Cynoglossum species or a Hackelia sp. (how do we tell the difference)? Could we have an ID with these pictures without nutlets? Please advise.
Cynoglossum species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
Seems to be Cynoglossum laceolatum
Excellent details and beautiful clicks, …
Cynoglossum lanceolatum ABJUL01/03 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 8 images.
Another Cynoglossum is coming out with very tiny white flowers. The rough hairy leaves look like those of C. lanceolatum. Please advise.
Mcleodganj and above, Dharamshala, HP
30 June, 2016.
Thanks, …, for the beautiful images. I think it matches with images at Cynoglossum lanceolatum
VOF Week: Boraginacee herb for id from the highway: 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
This Borage was shot from the highway leading to Josimath from Rishikesh…id please…can be Cynoglossum sp.
Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. as per images herein.
My Pending Identifications: Chakrata- Boraginaceae Unid:: NS MARCH 25: 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5).
Please suggest identification for this Boraginaceae member from Chakrata… August 2013..
It is cynoglosum sp.
Cynoglossum species so far in efi
May be Cynoglossum glochidiatum
I think it should be Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. as per images herein.
Kalatope id al270611: Attachments (2)
A flower for your perusal…..
Location Kalatope, Chamba
Altitude, 2100 mts
Plant height 2 feet
Sorry the photos did not turn out well.. 🙁
Cynoglossum sp ?
Could this be .. Hackelia uncinata??
I think this should be Cynoglossum lanceolatum
Boraginaceae Week: Myosotis? for ID from Kashmir: 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Photographed from Sonamarg Kashmir. Initially thought of Myosotis sylvatica, but have doubts now. Please give your opinion.
Hope this is a species of Myosotis too. Photographed from Srinagar
Appears close to Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk.
Boraginaceae Week: Cynoglossum lanceolatum from Kashmir:
Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 41. 1775.
Syn: C. micranthum Desf.
The species is quite distinct in its pale blue or white much smaller flowers hardly 2-2.5 mm across, lanceolate leaves, covered both with bulbous based hairs and simple hairs and uniformly bristly nutlets
In closely related C. zeylanicum (syn: C. furcatum Wall. ex Roxb.) flowers are larger (5-6 mm across) and leaves covered with soft appressed hairs.Photographed from near Tapiana Sahib Gurdwara in Sialkot near Baramulla in July
Place: Koraigad, Lonavala
Time: October 8, 2011 at 8.58am
Habitat: moist deciduous forest
Plant height: about a metre high
Flower: about 2 – 3 mm
I think the id is correct. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018962
I think corolla size is crucial. In C. lanceolatum flowers are barely 2-2.5 mm across, where as they are almost twice in diam. in C. zeylanicum. Also hairs on leaves are shorter and without broad bases in C. zeylanicum.
Many thanks … your posts on both C. (lanceolatum and zeylanicum) helped me put my ID query.
There are with me, few plants which have very small flowers (just about 2 – 2.5 mm), and the fruiting is 4 ¿ nutlets ? per flower.
Above posted plant has flowers about 2.5 mm.
I understand there is larger flowered plant – I have them too. Will post query soon.
VOF Week: Boraginaceae Herb for id 3:
Yes … it is Cynoglossum lanceolatum
I think yes
Yes, I think the flower size was below 3 mm in diameter..
Location Pangi valley and Upper Chamba
IDENTITY : 37/37a : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Attaching two images of a way side plant with tiny pale blue flowers. The flowers are visited by quite a number of butterfly species. Can any friend help me to identify this plant?
SYMBIOSIS : 579 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Bath White butterfly on the flowers of Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
SYMBIOSIS : 580 : 2 posts by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Psyche butterfly on the flowers of Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
SYMBIOSIS : 582 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of Green-veined White butterfly on the flowers of Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
SYMBIOSIS : 588 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Plain Tiger butterfly on the flowers of Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
SYMBIOSIS : 596 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Forget Me Not butterfly on the flowers of Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
SYMBIOSIS :600 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Unknown herb from Assam : 11 posts by 8 authors. Attachments (7).
Attached images are unknown herb from Assam. Please ID the sp.
Family : ??
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside
Cynoglossum is the most probable I D
This is from Boraginaceae…
Thank you very much Sir for ID. I think my species match with Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk.(/species/a—l/b/boraginaceae/cynoglossum/cynoglossum-lanceolatum). Please validate.
Can be Cynoglossum furcatum – a weed of the waste places
Seems to be Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
first three photographs are Adelocaryum spp because the flowers are entirely different while as other four photographs are Adelocaryum coelestinum because there flowers are blue and have different morphology.
Thank you all for Your ID of the plant. Here I want to inform you that all the images are taken from the same plant, same locality. I do not think that they are two different species. One interesting characters is that herb is bushy in nature, flower are too small.
Looks like Cynoglossum wallichii
http://www.robsplants.com/plants/CynogWalli or something closely related
Adelocaryum I think has much broader and less hairy leaves.
To me they all look from the same plant and Cynoglossum lanceolatum. Here are my uploads
Also compare with C. glochidiatum in which flowers are larger (5-6 mm) flowers, nutlets with barbs mainly along margin, centre depressed
In C. lanceolatum flowers are smaller (around 3 mm), pale blue to nearly white in lobes part, and nutlets with barbs on whole surface, centre raised.
Another Cynoglossum ABJUL01/26 : 7 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
This Cynoglossum species is with smaller flowers and leaves. The stems carrying the flowers are covered in white hair. I thought it was C. furcatum but am not so sure. Please advise.
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
28 July 2015
I am now of the opinion that this could be Cynoglossum lanceolatum. It has tiny flowers, smaller hairy leaves and nutlets arranged in a row (rather than zigzag as in other Cynoglossum sp. I have photographed). Please advise.
Some new pictures of the same individual plant; 1 image.
Leaf comparison with C. wallichii. 2 images.
To me it seems to be Cynoglossum lanceolatum.
SK1388 28 AUG 2018 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Suryabinayak, Nepal
Date: 29 July 2018
Habit : Wild
Which Cynoglossum ..??
Pl. check comparative images at
Thank you …! Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forskál
Nepali name : कुरो Kuro
Boraginaceae-3 for ID :: Hemkund – Ghangaria, Uttarakhand :: Aug 2018 :: ARKNOV-07 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Saw this Boraginaceae member along the Hemkund – Ghangaria trail, Uttarakhand in Aug 2018.
Requested to please provide ID
Please check comparative images at
Closest I can go as per comparative images at Cynoglossum is Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk.
Plant ID from Bangladesh SM142 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).
Looks like a Boraginaceae…too novel to me….
Seems to be Cynoglossum sp.
Details not clear in the image. Maybe Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk.
Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forskál (accepted name) ??? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (13)
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Date : 31 March 2017
Altitude : 5500 ft.
Lack of veins on the leaves & dense hairs on them make me feel that these are more closer to images at Cynoglossum zeylanicum (Lehm.) Brand (I think more widely distributed & with variable leaves).
On further consideration, I feel it is Cynoglossum lanceolatum only. Leaves are with bulbous hairs and veins are covered with these hairs. On closer scrutiny, these (veins) can be observed.
MS, July, 2021/05 Cynoglossum sp.for id.: 1 image.
Location : Sailam area
Date : 20-06-2011
Habit : Erect Herb
Habitat : Wild
Isn’t it Cynoglossum zeylanicum,
What are the species reported from your area?
I agree with …
I can not see any details.
Pl. post a high res. image.
Maybe Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. also.
Yes, Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. only.
Request for plant id: 2 high res. images.
Is it Cynoglossum lanceolatum? Need confirmation from experts.
I guess the correct ID !
Altitude : ca.1,430 m.
Date : 11-01-2023
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild
Cynoglossum zeylanicum (Sw. ex Lehm.) Thunb. ex Brand
Any keys ?
Yes. It is
MS,Jan.,2023/25 Cynoglossum sp. for id.: 1 image.
Altitude : ca.1,250 m.
Date : 14-05-2016
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild
Pl. post a high res. image to check the details.
1 high res. images.