Cardiospermum corindum L., Sp. Pl. 526 1753. (Syn: Cardiospermum alatum Bremek. & Oberm.; Cardiospermum canescens Wall.; Cardiospermum clematideum A.Rich.; Cardiospermum corindum Lour.; Cardiospermum corindum var. angustisectum (Griseb.) F. A. Barkley; Cardiospermum corindum f. angustisectum (Griseb.) Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum f. canescens (Wall.) Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum f. clematideum (A. Rich.) Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum var. elongatum (Radlk.) F. A. Barkley; Cardiospermum corindum f. elongatum Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum var. loxense (Kunth) F. A. Barkley; Cardiospermum corindum f. loxense (Kunth) Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum var. subglabratum (Radlk.) F. A. Barkley; Cardiospermum corindum f. subglabratum Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum f. subsetulosum Radlk.; Cardiospermum corindum f. villosum (Mill.) Radlk.; Cardiospermum ferrugineum A.Rich.; Cardiospermum galapageium Robinson & Greenm.; Cardiospermum giganteum Barb.Rodr.Cardiospermum halicacabum var. angustisectum Griseb.; Cardiospermum hexagonum Wight ex Radlk.; Cardiospermum keyense Small; Cardiospermum loureiroi K. Koch; Cardiospermum loxense Kunth; Cardiospermum molle Kunth; Cardiospermum oblongum A. Rich.; Cardiospermum ovatum Wall.; Cardiospermum palmeri Vasey & Rose; Cardiospermum pechuelii Kuntze; Cardiospermum pubescens Lag.; Cardiospermum villosum Macfad.; Cardiospermum villosum Mill. ex DC.);   
USA (Arizona (I), Florida, Texas (I)), Jamaica, Cuba, Cayman Isl., Hispaniola,
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Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Barthelemy, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St.
Vincent), Bonaire, Curacao, Galapagos Isl., Peru, Guyana?, Ecuador, Argentina
(Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, San
Luis, Tucuman), Paraguay (Alto Paraguay), Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba,
Potos, Santa Cruz), NE-Brazil (Piaui, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba,
Pernambuco, Bahia), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro), Colombia
(Antioquia, Atlntico, La Guajira, Magdalena, Santander, Valle), Venezuela
(Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Bolivar, Dependencias Federales, Distrito Federal,
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(W-Yemen, Aden Desert), Burma (I), S-India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat,
Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala), Sri Lanka,
South
Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal), Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana,
NE-Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, ?Djibouti, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, NE-Tanzania,
Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Annobon Isl.
as per Catalogue of life;   
 
Keys as per efi thread

The leaf surface of Cardiospermum corindum (syn. C. canescens ) is densely hairy in respect to Cardiospermum halicacabum. Leaf shape is also different. Fruit shape is elliptic and long in Cardiospermum corindum in respect to C. halicacabum, where the fruit is globose or broadly pyriform   

Only two species of Cardiospermum are known in India and differentiated as:

Capsules pyriform, winged at the angles; seeds with large heart shaped hilum………………..C.helicacabum
Capsules subglobose, ovate when young, not winged; seeds with small orbicular hilum …… C. canescens (syn. of Cardiospermum corindum)
based on Pant (2000) in Flora of India vol-5 page 355. 
  


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Cardiospermum canescens from SV ZOO Tirupati: Cardiospermum canescens
pls validate


I have only seen this plant one in Bengal


how is it different from C. halicacabum ?


Yes, this is Cardiospermum canescens (= C. halicacabum var. luridum). Stems and leaves are densely hairy; fruits inflated, more than 2 cm across, neither lobed, nor winged.


 

 

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DV :: 01MAY12 – 0512 :: small herb in dried field at Tungwadi: Place: at Tung Wadi, Lonavala
Time: May 1, 2012 at 5.12pm
Habit: small herb, ¿ perhaps with climbing tendency ?
Habitat: growing wild in dried field ~ 2500 ft asl
Plant height: about 8 – 12 inches


This looks like Cardiospermum sp. Could be C. corindum ( Family: Sapindaceae).


Many many thanks … for the ID; matches well with plant in … post at efi thread



 

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Cardiospermum corindum: Sharing few pics of Cardiospermum corindum. Another common vine.


Nice snaps, do you have the photos of the leaves.


I need to search for it in my database. I think i have some pictures of leaves through which i identified the species. 


 

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efloraindia: 051211 BRS 240: Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.

Location: Mangarai- Anaikatti Road.
Date: 02.12.2011
Habitat: Wild
Habit: Climber.


This one looks like cardiospermum halicacabum (Family: Sapindaceae )??


Yes …, fruits may help in confirming further


you almost got it. This is Cardiospermum microcarpum Kunth.
Leaves are pubescent and the flowers (size should have been given) are almost 2 cm, much bigger than in C. halicacabum. The capsules are not winged as in latter.


A reply from another thread from …:
This seems C. canescens
Thanks, …


 

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A climber for ID (21/11/2014 – NSJ-02) : 27 posts by 10 authors. Attachments (3)
A climber for ID. Photo taken at Nagarjun Sagar Dam.


Nice pics … Check for Cardiospermum sp…


Thanks … It looks like Cardiospermum Sp.

we will wait for confirmation.


first… how big are these flowers…???  it seems the flower and the fuit are the same size see the last pic above ….

secondly… we have had lively and scientific discussion on two cardiospermum sp in india

several threads exist… foi has had problems don’t if they were corrected
but look at our threads
1 this was very informative and collegial… efi thread

thread started by … sending in very useful data
2: and key pdf in this thread
so tell me what is this sp in this thread based on the key in the above thread


Cardiospermum – species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)  
It can be Cardiospermum corundum


Yes it is Cardiospermum corundum


Cardiospermum microcarpum.


efi page on Cardiospermum microcarpum &  Cardiospermum corundum


Seems to be Cardiospermum halicacabum


Please check this link wherein Cardiospermum canescens photograph has been posted.    https://www.flickr.com/photos/45835639@N04/5128157021/in/photostream/.  
Your picture has resemblance to this photograph. You may decide the ID in comparison with  other species.  No confirmation from my side.


It is very interesting to note that KEW herbarium marked as type species of C. corindum L. is very similar to what I see here – C. helicacabum L., a very common herb (and we have only this one here, in Hooghly) –

Flowers of C. helicacabum are very small as per Hooker, Haines, Prain, compared with the photographs attached here.
Wallich herbarium of C. canescens can be viewed at KEW – http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000701890.
I think this species is C. canescens, where leaves are (mostly) not acuminate tipped.


This should be Cardiospermum canescens, a pantropical species normally seen in dry deciduous forest


Yes, it is Cardiospermum corindum (= C. canescens).

Ref. TPL


So … all agree to the diagnosis of Cardiospermum canescens.

good

I was uncomfortable with Cardiaspermum halicacabum


Flowers of C. helicacabum are about 5 mm across and fruits are about 3 cm across. I have recorded one today (8.12.140.

Attachments (1)

That’s right, …
you agree then that flowers of c halicacabum is much smaller than the balloon and now you have your own pic and specimen

did you collect some of the balloons?

is it growing wild or some one planted these in Hooghly


It is common wild vine in Hooghly. I have an earlier post, when I thought it to be a Physalis species! In fact one of my botanist friend suggested that!


I meant when the fruits are ripe look
collect and photograph
they are spectacular
little kids just love em


Did you mean heart shaped hilum on the seeds? I have learnt that earlier from …


yes, …  as we were growing up thats what fascinated us..

because my dad said it was called cardiospermum

we were full of curiosity at that information…

its name and a heart on the seed….

stuff that fills a child’s head…
dreams of becoming a botanist, naturalist, scientist
they start very young

all it needs is a seed
a flower
a fleeting butterfly or a dead one with iridescent  wings

a pebble 
river with dolphin in water that flows upstream.. anything if the adults can tell short nice stories

children are easy to entertain and enrich.


Beautiful, Didi, yes, these are the wonders of nature children love. The other day I learned about little dolls of Jatropha gossypifolia.

And there is KEY based on hilum of Cardiospermum –

{i} large heart shaped hilum = halicacabum
(ii) small orbicular hilum = canescens


Wow …

Lets put  these two a separate thread… “wonders of seeds and stories:..

Since you have the pictures you start the thread and I’ll add the second story after you and 
the thread slowly would take a life of its own….

love it

tell us IN THAT SEP thread the story of the dolls of jatropha where did you hear it or read it and how did it effect you or yours


Really interesting, Do share the story …


Only two species of Cardiospermum are known in India and differentiated as:

Capsules pyriform, winged at the angles; seeds with large heart shaped hilum………………..C.helicacabum
Capsules subglobose, ovate when young, not winged; seeds with small orbicular hilum ……C. canescens
based on Pant (2000) in Flora of India vol-5 page 355. 


Interesting, …

do you have the c. canescens capsule and seed including its hilum pics?


 

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Flora Picture of the Year 2014 – Narendra Joshi : 13 posts by 10 authors. Attachments (1)
My flora picture for the year 2014 is Cardiospermum corindum captured from Nagarjun Sagar recently in Nov 2014. It was posted for ID in our group around a month back.
I found these very tiny looking flowers very cute and beautiful.


Thanks … Very good composition.


Nice choice for flora pic of the year, … Beautiful delicate flowers.


What a beauuty ..incredible picture


Beautiful picture. Yet to see this climber in Uttarakhand.


References:

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