Pedicularis punctata Decne., Voy. Inde 4: 117 1843. ;
Throughout the Western Himalayas from eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan to Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh in India uptill western Tibet. as per Critical Taxonomic Appraisal of Some Taxa of Pedicularis from Indian Himalayas Belonging to Section Siphonanthae by Arti Garg (2009) (pdf);  
 
Common name: Kashmir Lousewort
 
The species is quite distinct from other Himalayan species in its alternate leaves with 4-6 pairs of ovate-oblong toothed leaflets, flowers purple-pink with white lower half of lobes and galea, corolla tube 2-3 times the calyx, galea twisted, beak upcurved and exserted, lower lip of corolla 12-16 mm broad; 4 calyx lobes foliaceous, the 5th very small; plant  erect or ascending, 5-40 cm tall.  

 Wild Herb captured on 13/8/10 during the trek from Ghangaria (around 11,000 ft.) to Hemkunt Sahib (around 14000 ft.).


I suppose Pedicularis carnosa


I think this is Pedicularis siphonantha
http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=52572&flora_id=2
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Tube%20Lousewort.html
with a distinctive twisted nose.


Thanks… for prompting me for relook from ‘Scrophulariaceae of Western Himalayas’. I had initially provisionally identified it from Flora simlensis which lists only P. carnosa (now synonym of P. bifida) with alternate leaves and pink flowers.

P. siphonantha according to Pennel does not grow in Western Himalayas and has much longer corolla tube (usually more than four times the calyx). To me the plant looks to be Pedicularis punctata Decne. (syn: P. siphonantha var. brevituba Prain) characterised by leaves with 4-6 pairs of pinnae, flowers pink, part of lower corolla lobes and galea white.

According to Polunin & Stainton, Pedicularis siphonantha is found in region from Uttarakhand to S. Tibet. However, I don’t have much idea about Pedicularis punctata.


P. siphonantha has much longer and slender corolla tube, beak spirally coild or S shaped and leaves with 6-15 pairs of segments. http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=52572&flora_id=2


Not very often I differ from the views of ..,
But this time I think the link provided by .. shows a plant on an authentic website. The corolla tube is smooth and glabrous unlike our plant and much longer than our plant.
There is one more species recently erected called Pedicularis yaoshanensis. Have a look plz.


Pedicularis is a large genus with many species in Himalayas. Having gone to Kashmir in June I could not pick any. Hope to visit Kashmir (and other alpine areas in August) when one can find maximum number of species of Pedicularis, Primula and Potentilla.


I could not find any details of Pedicularis punctata Decne. (syn: P. siphonantha var. brevituba Prain) on net.
It looks close to Pedicularis sigmoidea compared to P. siphonantha as per Flora of China as per details below (though I may be wrong as may not be in range)
http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=3732&flora_id=2 (Illustration)
http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=52569&flora_id=2 (Pix)
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200021143 (Details)
http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=89829&flora_id=800 (Pix)


After having seen several similar uploads from VOF, I hope I would consider this as Pedicularis hookeriana.


Can we take it as Pedicularis siphonantha as per the recent thread:
“…,
This paper of 2009, [Taiwania, 54(2): 122-133, 2009] analyses Pedicularis species of Section Siphonanthae. I have attached a sketch from the paper. Pedicularis hookeriana (flower C in the diagram) has a very short flower-tube. Also the distribution of Pedicularis siphonantha is mentioned to be from Kashmir to Eastern Himalayas.
So I think the long-flowered species throughout the Himalayas is Pedicularis siphonantha.
The other long-flowered species, with hairy flower-tube, is Pedicularis megalantha, but restricted to E. Himalayas.
– …”

Yes …


Going by the hairiness of corolla & 3-6 number of pinnae pairs as per the keys and details at Critical Taxonomic Appraisal of Some Taxa of Pedicularis from Indian Himalayas Belonging to Section Siphonanthae by Arti Garg (2009) (pdf), I feel it may be more closer to Pedicularis punctata Decne.


I agree with P. punctata.


The photographs look like P. punctata


 

 

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2 AUG 12
Valley of Flowers … about 11000 – 12000 ft
Habitat: sloping meadow
Habit: small shrub, about 30 – 40 cm high, flower: about 2 – 2.5 cm long, 1 – 1.5 cm across


Yes … most likely Pedicularis punctata another less likely option is P siphonantha


Pennell does not record P. siphonantha from Western Himalayas, but Nepal Checklist does.
P. siphonantha differs from P. punctata (leaf lobes 4-6 pairs) and P. hookeriana (leaf lobes 6-12 pairs) in corolla tube being more than 4 times as long as calyx. I can’t see the calyx in any flower in focus, but corolla tube appears sufficiently long to place it in P. siphonantha, but if corolla tube is shorter, closest match should be P. hookeriana.


My observations:
Leaf lobes are more towards ( 4 – 6 pairs ). The corolla tube varies from short to long.
Bit of hairy calyx can be observed in this picture …
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/7832459570/sizes/o/in/photostream/


We must look at lower leaves, not floral leaves. Pl. see the number of lobes in the first photograph.
You may please compare with P. punctata uploaded by me from Kashmir.
You may additionally see a lower (middle) leaf attached here. 


Yes … I was looking at the leaves that I could see at the top !
Indeed bottom leaf has more such lobes, but cannot exactly get to a figure as it is hidden in most of my photos.


Frank Smythe records Pedicularis siphonantha from Valley of Flowers in 1935.
Can’t contribute anything else to the discussion right now.


Pedicularis siphonantha from Yumthang Valley, Sikkim, for comparison.
Flower tube is 3-5 cm long in P. siphonantha, whereas it is less than 2 cm in P. punctata. Should be not difficult to distinguish.


Yes … Tube length is distinctive, plus it can be compared with my P. punctata fromk Gulmarg, Kashmir (link given above).


But the West Himalayan counterpart with long tube is P. hookeriana as detailed by Pennell


In my opinion it is Pedicularis puctata.


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Pedicularis-1.jpg

 

This paper of 2009, [Taiwania, 54(2): 122-133, 2009] analyses Pedicularis species of Section Siphonanthae. I have attached a sketch from the paper. Pedicularis hookeriana (flower C in the diagram) has a very short flower-tube. Also the distribution of Pedicularis siphonantha is mentioned to be from Kashmir to Eastern Himalayas.
So I think the long-flowered species throughout the Himalayas is Pedicularis siphonantha.

The other long-flowered species, with hairy flower-tube, is Pedicularis megalantha, but restricted to E. Himalayas.


Thanks … for latest information. Would like to have this paper, if pdf is available. Pedicularia, Gentiana, Impatiens, Primula are a few genera which need to be critically evaluated in Himalayas.


Yes … Thanks for this paper. It is indeed P. siphonantha.

THE MEMBERS VISITING HIMALAYAS MAY PLEASE NOTE THAT CALYX IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR IDENTIFICATION OF PEDICULARIS SPECIES. THEY MAY PLEASE FOCUS CALYX ESPECIALLY.


Going by the hairiness of corola and calyx & being non- dwarfish (in the absence of number of pinnae pairs) as per the keys and details at Critical Taxonomic Appraisal of Some Taxa of Pedicularis from Indian Himalayas Belonging to Section Siphonanthae by Arti Garg (2009) (pdf), I feel it may be more closer to Pedicularis punctata Decne.



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Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Pedicularis punctata from Kashmir-GS-31 Attachments (4). 1 post by 1 author.

Pedicularis punctata Decne., Voy. Inde 4: 117 1843.

The species is quite distinct from other Himalayan species in its alternate leaves with 4-6 pairs of ovate-oblong toothed leaflets, flowers purple-pink with white lower half of lobes and galea, corolla tube 2-3 times the calyx, galea twisted, beak upcurved and exserted, lower lip of corolla 12-16 mm broad; 4 calyx lobes foliaceous, the 5th very small; plant erect or ascending, 5-40 cm tall.
The plant is very Common in Gulmarg meadow in Kashmir, forming bright-purplish-pink carpets. Photographed from Gulmarg, Kashmir in July.  
 

 

 

Pedicularis punctata Decne., Voy. Inde 4: 117 1843.
The species is quite distinct from other Himalayan species in its alternate leaves with 4-6 pairs of ovate-oblong toothed leaflets, flowers purple-pink with white lower half of lobes and galea, corolla tube 2-3 times the calyx, galea twisted, beak upcurved and exserted, lower lip of corolla 12-16 mm broad; 4 calyx lobes foliaceous, the 5th very small; plant  erect or ascending, 5-40 cm tall.
The plant is very Common in Gulmarg meadow in Kashmir, forming bright-purplish-pink carpets. Photographed from Gulmarg, Kashmir in July. 

 

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Amarnath Yatra : Pedicularis Sp for ID (NSJ-01 29/08/2013) : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 3 authors. Pedicularis SP for ID
Location – On the way to Sheshnag (Near Pissu top) and near Sheshnag camp.
Altitude Approx 11500′


Thanks … for sharing one more beautiful plant. It seems you had really made your Amarnath Yatra more enjoyable with so many good find. Pilgrimage with Flower exploration, unique combination…


Pedicularis punctata I hope.


/wp-content/uploads/attachments/Pedicularis_Drass.JPG-part-0.1-view-1-vt-ANaJVrHeeuXU0WLzl9PCrtet3JKhGm7xCGoehuaiIIJbRB-l_vcUaDeooEWW90q_49UvujfQiMy7ttzyV8jqhSZpjNPTSApC1u2N1Xgrte9k3Ud0e13w9RY

 

Pedicularis ID: 1 image- 2 Mb.

Please help in the ID of Pedicularis species photographed at Drass, Ladakh (3300 m)

Photo is not clear but resembles Pedicularis punctata

wait for expert comment


Yes … Looks very similar to Pedicularis punctata so common in Gulmarg, Kashmir.


 

 
 
References:


 

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