Galium acutum Edgew., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 61 1846. (Syn: Galium acutum var. acutum ; Galium acutum var. trichanthum Cufod.; Galium asperifolium var. setosum Cufod.);
Pakistan to SC. China as per WCSP ;
China South-Central; East Himalaya; Nepal; Pakistan; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of life;
Common name: Tiny Bedstraw • Hindi: Kura, Kutub • Nepali: च्यांगुया Chyanguya
Much branched perennial herb with procumbent interlaced branches, with glabrous 4-angled stems; leaves usually in whorls of 6, crowded, glabrous, drying black, linear-oblanceolate, 4-7 mm long, tip spinescent; flowers 2-3 mm across, pale yellow to white, in terminal and axillary cymes on 4-8 mm long peduncles; pedicel barely 2 mm; fruit smooth, 1-1.5 mm across.
Location Kalatope, Chamba, Himachal
Altitude 2100 mts
Habitat wild/periphery if fields
Plant Height: 10 inches
It is Galium … Perhaps G. acutum
I think it is…
Rubiaceae Week: Galium acutum from Mussoorie Chakrata Road near Baratkhai:
Clear shots of a tough-to-shoot plant. Thanks Sir for providing the identification..
Many thanks for showing the series of Galium.
That is the beauty of this group. So many new plants in such a short span… Thanks … for sharing this wonderful photos.
Rubiaceae Week: Galium acutum Edgw from Chakrata:
SK1492 09 Oct 2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9) – around 300 kb each.
Date: 21 August 2018
Habit : Wild
Which Galium ??
Pl. check with species available in efi site at /species/m—z/r/rubiaceae/gallium
Galium acutum : much branched, mat-forming
Galium aparine : branched from base
Let us find analyse the two species to get better idea about the two:
Galium aparine L.:
Flora of Pakistan: Annual climbing herb, stem with reflexed hairs or prickles. Leaves 6-8 in a whorl, 5-40 x 4-6 mm, linear, narrowly obovate, oblong, oblanceolate-elliptic, usually narrower below the middle, mucronate or cuspidate, midrib and margin scabridulous, upper surface mostly hispid, sessile or shortly petioled. Inflorescence axillary, 3-flowered; peduncle stout, 1.5-2 cm long. Corolla white; lobes oblong, c. 1 mm long, pedicel straight, enlarged and up to 8 mm in fruit. Fruit 2-5 mm in diam., covered with dense hooked hairs or setae, mericarps sometimes separated and free.
Fl. Per.: March-July.
Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Asia minor, Siberia, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India
Checklist of Nepal: 2700-3600 m; Europe, W. Asia, N. America, widely naturalised in Asia
Flora of China: Herbs, annual, procumbent or clambering. Stems 30-90 cm high, 4-angled, 1-4 mm in diam., branched from base, retrorsely aculeate along angles, glabrescent to pilose at nodes. Leaves at middle stem region in whorls of 6-10, subsessile; blade drying papery, narrowly oblanceolate to narrowly oblong-oblanceolate, 10-60 × 3-10 mm, usually somewhat pilosulous or hispidulous adaxially, retrorsely aculeolate along midrib abaxially, base acute, margins flat to thinly revolute, retrorsely aculeolate, apex acute and shortly mucronate; vein 1. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, cymes 2- to several flowered; axes glabrous to aculeolate; bracts ± leaflike or none, 1-5 mm; peduncles 1-5 cm; pedicels 1-30 mm, finally elongating and sometimes curved directly under fruit. Ovary subglobose, 0.3-0.5 mm, with uncinate trichomes. Flowers hermaphroditic. Corolla yellowish green or white, rotate, 1.5-2 mm in diam.; lobes 4, triangular to ovate, acute. Mericarps subglobose to kidney-shaped, 2.5-5 mm, with a dense cover of uncinate trichomes 0.4-1.2 mm from swollen base. Fl. Mar-Jul, fr. Apr-Nov.
Forest margins, riversides, meadows, open fields, farmlands; near sea level to 2500 m. Evidently rare in China and possibly only introduced [originally in W Eurasia and the Mediterranean, but today nearly worldwide as an adventive].
Galium acutum Edgew.:
Flora of Pakistan: Prostrate to suberect perennial herb, stem 4-angled, ± glabrous, stem and branches very leafy. Leaves 6 in a whorl, minute, generally 5-8 x 1-3 mm, linear-lanceolate, aristate-acute-mucronate, glabrous, sessile, midrib conspicuous, margin often recurved. Inflorescence solitary axillary very rarely with 2 axillary flowers, peduncle very short, always shorter than flower, enlarged and straight in fruit. Corolla white, lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute, c. 1 mm long. Stamens shorter than corolla-lobes. Fruit glabrous-granulate, c. 2 mm in diameter.
Fl. Per.: August-September
Distribution: Temperate Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, India and Pakistan
Checklist of Nepal: 2000-4100 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), S. Tibet
Flora of China: Herbs, perennial, procumbent, much branched, mat-forming. Stems up to 30 cm, 4(or 6)-angled, glabrous, smooth or sometimes with scattered (very rarely more dense) short and straight hairs. Leaves in whorls of up to 6, sessile; blade drying papery and blackish, linear-oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic-oblanceolate, 2-8.5 × 0.3-1.5 mm, glabrous and smooth, occasionally with straight hairs, base cuneate, margins flat to thinly revolute, very rarely antrorsely aculeolate, apex acute, ± contracted and mucronate; vein 1. Inflorescences with terminal and axillary cymes, 1- to few flowered; peduncles (1.5-)3-8(-10) mm; pedicels (0.1-)0.5-2(-3) mm, glabrous, smooth. Ovary ellipsoid-obovoid, ca. 0.5 mm, didymous, glabrous. Corolla white, pale greenish, or yellowish, rotate, 1.2-3.5 mm in diam., glabrous to puberulent, lobed for 2/3 or more; lobes 4, lanceolate-spatulate, inside (i.e., adaxially) papillose, shortly acuminate. Mericarps ellipsoid, ca. 1 × 0.4-0.6 mm, glabrous, smooth or granular-verruculose, often on elongating pedicels. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.
Mountain rocks and slopes; 2000-4100 m. ?Sichuan, Xizang, ?Yunnan [India, Nepal, Pakistan].
After going through all these details, I will go for G. acutum
Galium acutum Edgew. ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Deurali, Dolkha, Nepal
Date: 6 September 2017
Elevation : 7700 ft.
I guess it is matching more to Galium elegans Wall. ex Roxb.
Leaves are not three nerved as in Galium elegans (as per images herein) and as per the following:
So pl. check images at Galium aparine
SK62AUG6-2016:ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
ANNOV25 Which Galium sp.? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
trekkking route to Mussoorie
Galium – species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)
Can be Galium aparine.
Thank you …
SK1351 05 AUG 2018 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)- around 500 kb each.
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Altitude : 7000 ft.
Date: 18 July 2018
Habit : Wild
Which Galium ..??
Species available in efi so far with images:
Pl. check with species available in efi site at Galium
Galium hirtiflorum Req. ex DC.
SK 2832 07 November 2020 : 9 posts by 2 authors. 7 images- 5 to 7 mb each.
Location: Kathmandu Valley
Date: October 2020
Habitat : Wild
SK 2961 13 September 2021: 3 very high res. images.
I think Galium acutum Edgew. as per images and details herein.
Yes … I guess correct ID!