Cuscuta pentagona Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43(2): 340–341, pl. 6, f. 22–24 1842. (syn: Cuscuta arvensis Beyr. ex Engelm.; Cuscuta arvensis Beyrich ex Hook.; Cuscuta arvensis var. pentagona (Engelm.) Engelm.; Cuscuta campestris Yunck.; Cuscuta globularis Nutt. ex Engelm. (ambiguous synonym); Cuscuta pentagona var. subulata Yunck.; Cuscuta verrucosa Engelm. (ambiguous synonym); Epithymum arvense Nieuwl. & Lunell; Grammica campestris (Yunck.) Hadac & Chrtek; Grammica pentagona (Engelm.) W. A. Weber);
Africa, Asia, Australia, China, Europe, North America, Pacific Islands, South America as per Flora of China;
USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia), Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan), Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Belize, Mexico (Baja
California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Zacatecas), Trinidad, Albania (I), Austria (I), Belgium (I), England (I), Bulgaria (I), Czech Republic (I), Slovakia (I), France (I), Germany (I), Greece (I), Crete (I), Switzerland (I), Netherlands (I), Hungary (I), Italy (I), Slovenia (I), Croatia (I), Bosnia & Hercegovina (I), Macedonia (I), Portugal (I), Poland (I), Romania (I), Spain (I), Baleares (I), Estonia (I), Latvia (I), Lithuania (I), Crimea (I), C-European Russia (I), Belarus (I), Ukraine (I), ?Sardinia (I), Siberia (I) (C-Siberia (I)), Kyrgyzstan (I), Kazakhstan (I), Uzbekistan (I), Tajikistan (I), Turkmenistan (I), Georgia [Caucasus] (I), Morocco (I), Australia (I) (S-Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I)), South Africa (I) (widespread), Sao Tome (I), Namibia (I), Swaziland (I), Lesotho (I), Botswana (I), Uganda (I), Kenya (I), Chad (I), Zambia (I), Zimbabwe (I), Burkina Faso (I), Sudan (I), Tanzania (I), Ethiopia (I), Eritrea (I), Togo (I), Guinea (I), Madagascar (I), Java (I), Bhutan (I), India (I), China (I) (Fujian (I), Xinjiang (I)), Fiji (I), Venezuela (I), Aruba (I), Bonaire (I), Curacao (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Guadeloupe (I), Marie Galante (I), Martinique (I)), Bahamas (I), New Caledonia (I), Micronesia (I) (Yap (I)), Niue (I), N-Line Isl. (I) (Christmas Isl. – Kiritimati (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Turkey (I) (E-Anatolia (I), Inner Anatolia (I), NE-Anatolia (I), NW-Anatolia: Bithynia (I), SSW-Anatolia (I), SW-Anatolia (I)), Cyprus (I) (E-Cyprus (I)), East Aegaean Isl. (I), Rhodos (I), Egypt (I) (Desert Oases (I), Nile Delta (I)), European Turkey (I), Iraq (I) (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia (I)), Israel (I) (coastal W-Israel (I), Rift Valley (I)), Lebanon (I) (Antilebanon (I), C-Lebanon (I)), Yemen (I) (Tihama (I), W-Yemen (I)), Qatar (I), Afghanistan (I), Hawaii (I) (Oahu (I), West Maui (I) (Wailuku (I)), Hawaii Isl. (I)), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I)), Japan (I) (Hokkaido (I), Honshu (I), Shikoku (I), Kyushu (I)), Ryukyu Isl. (I), Korea (I), Vietnam (I), Thailand (I), Bangladesh (I), Canary Isl. (I) (Gran Canaria (I)), Micronesia (I) (Pohnpei (I)), Rotuma Isl. (I) as per Catalogue of Life (Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. syn. Cuscuta campestris Yunck.);
Common name: Golden Dodder, common dodder, field dodder, prairie dodder
051011GK Cuscuta reflexa: Leafless parasitic plant Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. of Convolvulaceae family.
These pictures had taken from Kalpeta, waynad, Kerala on 04-10-11.
Please read @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuscuta to know more details about this leafless parasitic plant.
… i think this is Cuscuta chinensis. This is now also found in North India, preferably in Nurseries or near by areas. This plant has 2 styles
I am very sorry for a wrong id of this plant…. post (efi thread) provoked me to re look at my post and I had gone through a thorough literature survey.
Now, I feel that this is Cuscuta campestris Yunck on the ground that …..the corolla lobes broadly triangular, apex acute or obtuse, often reflexed… (key as in Flora of China)
Thanks … to guide me to the key in FOC.
The link for … post was broken in the previous mail here it is
From Flora of China “Capsule entirely enclosed by withered corolla“
This was the key feature why I ruled out C. chinensis.
If you see the plant again, please try get pictures of fruits.
On closer look at the close up photographs posted, in reply to … concern, I think your plant is different from what I have uploaded.
I think the one you posted is C. chinensis only. It seems that the withered corolla is completely enclosing the capsule.
Cuscuta ID request – 09012015PC1 : 18 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7)
Kindly identify the species of Cuscuta growing in Delhi. I suspect there are two species of Cuscuta here, the one with orange-brown thinner stem is flowering and the other with yellow-green thicker stem (C. reflexa?) is not flowering.
Cuscuta chinensis Lam., I think.
I agree with … for identification
Thank you … I am confused; Is it Cuscuta chinensis or C. campestris? How can we differentiate between them?
Yes, Madam, you are correct, it is more likely C. campestris Yuncker, provided it is distributed in your area. However, difference can be found in FoC or FoP KEY. Perhaps host plant described there may help reach further conclusion.
Thank you … In Flora of Delhi ((1963) only two species of Cuscuta are reported to be growing in Delhi, C. reflexa and C. hyaline. I tried FoP but could not conclusively identify the species.
I Haven’t received your mail yesterday, instead replying in the group site directly. This is getting complicated. Please check my thread, I have uploaded a little while ago.
I think your species look similar to mine.
Your species doesn’t look like C. hyalina, for flowers should have acuminate to caudate petals and acute to acuminate sepals. Please check-
Picture of seeds of hyalina can be found at –
You are right … It does appear to be C. chinensis which probably has not been reported from Delhi
Now I am confused, I have identified my species (at efi thread) as Cuscuta campestris, based on Flora of China KEY –
(i) capsule entirely enclosed by withered corolla = chinensis
(ii) capsule subtended by withered corolla = campestris
Yes, … I am now fully convinced that it is Cuscuta campestris. I dissected the flowers and found them to be exactly as described in Flora of China
Thank you very much Madam. I also tried to dissect those flowers to see scales! But it was impossible to me to see anything inside.
The scales are very much there. They are present where the filaments have fused with the petals (attached photo). Can I also call them coronal outgrowths? if yes, are they then petaloid or staminal in origin? The host in this case is Clerodendrum inerme. After flowering the parasite withers and dies. I am yet to see the other Cuscuta species (probably C.reflexa) with the greenish-yellow stem flower in Delhi.
Like C. reflexa, C. campestris too shows self-parasitism though not as aggressively.
Thank you again so much Madam, I also noticed those translucent growth, but couldn’t make out their shapes. Neither could I focus my camera to take a snap.
Yes, I also noticed Clerodendrum is their host, in our case is Clerodendrum infortunatum.
…, there are five delicate translucent scales with inward-facing finger-like projections at their tips (fimbriolate?). Will try to get a better picture.
Yes, Madam, I can very well see the finger like projections in the photograph you have uploaded.
I thank you very much for this excellent learning session.
Jan2015sk22 Hooghly – Cuscuta sp. ID please : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
This is the most common species found along rail-tracks, roadside. It grows on herbaceous weeds. Today I have recorded from three places, chief vegetation found is of Mikania, Alternanthera, and other weeds. Earlier one such species was identified as C. chinensis. One post by Giby Sir, identified as C. campestris looks similar to this species.
Sir Prain listed only one species – reflexa, Haines recorded two in Bihar – reflexa and chinensis. But a report informs campestris is present in our state – http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ijws&volume=41&issue=1and2&article=001.
These are seed pictures of the species. The species is present in West Bengal and other states – http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/17111. A paper from Pakistan – http://www.wssp.org.pk/11-erum.pdf. Moist habitat has been recorded –
Seed pictures for comparing can be accessed at-
Please correct me if the identification is wrong.
Convolvulaceae Week :: Cuscuta chinensis at Vaghbil, and in Maharashtra: 5 posts by 3 authors. 4 images.
Cuscuta chinensis Lam.
kus-KEW-tuh — ancient Latin name for dodder, probably of Arabic origin
chi-NEN-sis — of or from China
Sep 21, 2008 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: Chinese dodder • Hindi: अमरबेल amar bel, मखनियो makhanio • Konkani: अमोरवेल amorvel • Marathi: अमरवेल amarvel
Native to: China, Japan, Korea; naturalized elsewhere
References: Flowers of India • Floristic Survey of Institute of Science • eFlora
more views: Sep 21, 2008 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
May 29, 2010 … at Rajgurunagar, near Pune, Maharashtra
Jan 26, 2008 … near Saphale Ghat, Maharashtra
The ID of posted plant is in error. Many thanks to Tabish for notifying me of my incorrect identification at Flowers of India; ID corrected by … as Cuscuta campestris Yunck.
In the group’s database, I found few posts related to Cuscuta campestris very helpful. … post Jan2015sk22 Hooghly – Cuscuta sp. ID please, detailed as always and another of … Cuscuta ID request – 09012015PC1 which has analysed the ID to detail.
…, please do the needful by shifting the link to this post from C. chinensis var chinensis to C. campestris Yunck.
And forgot to mention that the last picture (Jan 26, 2008 … near Saphale Ghat, Maharashtra) is of different species.
Cuscuta campestris Yunk. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Cuscuta campestris Yunk.
Thanks, … Pl. check threads under Cuscuta campestris
Cuscuta chinensis Lam.
SK720 17 AUG-2017:ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Chobhar, Nepal
Altitude: 4600 ft.
Date: 18 July 2017
Cuscuta .. which one ?
Pl. check comparative images at genera page in efi site.
Cuscuta chinensis ?
Flora of Haryana- Cuscuta chinensis from National Dairy Research Institute Karnal: Cuscuta chinensis
How about C. reflexa?. Please see close up of flowers in second photograph.
Perhaps a clear close up of flower or fruit should help.
Sir Flowers were about half of the size of cuscuta reflexa. Stem was just like thick filament. much thinner as compared to C reflexa. typical bell shape of the flowers was not there
Thanks for posting the flowers of Cuscuta c.
More Pics from a village in Karnal Haryana
Please recall our discussion in your earlier post (C. reflexa) the key in FOC is as folows.. (I have taken part which is necessary of the entire key). Please check the same
Convolvulaceae Week: Cuscuta chinensis from Delhi: Cuscuta chinensis Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 2: 229. 1786
Leafless yellowish slender twinning parasitic herb with small flowers in glomerules; styles 2 distinct; stigma globose.
Photographed from Vikas Puri, Delhi growing on herbaceous vegetation.
Nice close up sir. this parasite is spreading at alarming rate on wide range of hosts.
This leafless golden-yellow parasite is very common here and can be found spreading over the foliage of other herbs in uncultivated land.
Species : Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.
Bengali name : SWARNALATA
Habit : leafless golden-yellow twining thread like herb
Habitat : wild, uncultivated area, waste-places
Date : 15-March-2012, 10.10 a.m. & 4.55 p.m.
Place : Gobra & Kamarkundu (Hooghly), WB
ID help : 1) “Plant Groups” (by H. Mukherji) 2) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuscuta
To me it looks C chinensis………..
Thank you for the ID. It explains why the flowers i recorded differ with the ones at http://www.flowersofindia.in/catalog/slides/Amar%20Bel.html.
Chinese Dodder.: Shearing couples of close up’s of Very small parasitic climber i ever saw Cuscuta chinensis (Convolvulaceae) अमरवेल 8/8/2012 at Neral station, Mharashtra
Extremely nice close up
ARJUL13 Climber for ID- Cuscuta sp.? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Found in Bangalore
Could this be Cuscuta chinensis?
May be you are right … this matches with Cuscuta chinenesis…
Id request – 08062014PC1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Kindly identify this flowering Cuscuta species. It has much thinner stem as compared to Cuscuta reflexa (in my next post – PC2). Found in Lodi road, Delhi. Could this be Cuscuta chinensis var. chinensis?
efi page onCuscuta chinensis
May be Cuscuta campestris Yunck. as per images herein.
Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. ?? : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2) – 2 and 3 mb.
Location : Chandragiri Hills, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation : 2300 m.
Date : 11 December 2018
Habit : Wild
Attachments (3)- 2, 2 and 1 mb.
Pl. also check
To me appears close.
I did not find listing in Nepal.
Is your plant not matching with the suggested id?
Since my images are ripe fruits only I could not decide.
SK2018 02 July 2019 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 750 kb each.
Location: Chobhar, Kathmandu
Date: 24 June 2019
Elevation: 1351 m.
Habit : Wild
Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. ??
Cuscuta chinensis Lam. is not listed in Nepal.
Does the following link establish it is listed in Nepal ?
It should be Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. (syn: Cuscuta campestris Yunck.) as per images and details herein and as per keys at Keys as per Flora of China
There is no reason why it should not be there, seeing the cosmopolitan distribution as per
IN that case you may be right …!
Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH :: Cuscuta (?) for ID :: ARK2019-65 : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
This vine was seen by the roadside in the Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH in Aug 2019.
It looks like Cuscuta pentagona based on efi pics.
Requested to please validate.
yes. it does but lets wait for someone else to look at this
Cuscuta reflexa only ?
Cuscuta ……. may be C. campestris or C. chinensis. Distinction will be made by a close up of matured fruits …….
In C. campestris matured fruit is only half covered in sepal cup.
In C. chinensis matured fruit is fully covered in sepal cup.
Thanks … But unfortunately, no fruits were seen.
First image does show immature fruits.
To me also appears close to images at Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. (syn: Cuscuta campestris Yunck.) as per comparative images at Cuscuta
Thank you … for validating.
…, Attaching a highly cropped pic of what I presume to be developing fruits? Can this help in deciding between C. chinensis and C. campestris/C. pentagona?
I am glad … agrees. this is a rare sighting in my gardens and experience seen it only once in a newly acquired shrub and had to do my digging for id
Good ! Fruit out of sepal cup is clearly seen ……. Cuscuta pentagona (syn. C. campestris).
Cuscuta Species For ID : Mumbai : 02SEP16 : 02/02 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Cuscuta Species seen in a Mumbai Garden during April.
For Species Id please.
Cuscuta species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
Cuscuta campestris Yunck.