Ilex aquifolium L. (Cultivated) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Varun Sharma) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton (Cultivated) (Images by Ramachandran (Id by Ushadi & Vijayasankar Raman) & Aarti S Khale (Id by Mahadeswara Swamy & Nick Macer) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Seven%20thorn%20leaf_back.jpg


Ilex dipyrena Wall. (Images by Nidhan Singh (Validated by Narain Singh Chauhan) & Anil Thakur (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Ilex%20dipyrena%20%20-1-.JPG


Ilex sikkimensis Kurz (Images by Nick Macer (Id by M K Pathak) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Manipur433.JPG


 

Ilex umbellulata (Wall.) Loes. ? (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Kapty_April_2014_Photo_Sourav%20Mahmud%20-147-.jpg


As per Flora
of India, Volume 5
, Pp. 50 – 74 (2000) (D. Basu):
26
Species in India, 2 cultivated species

S. No.

Binomial Name



Habit



Distribution
in India



Global
distribution



1.        



Ilex crenata Thunb. var. thomsonii (Hk.f.)
Loes.



Evergreen Shrub



Sikkim, Manipur, Meghalaya



Bhutan



2.        



Ilex
denticulata
Wallich ex Wight



Evergreen Tree



Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu



China, Sri Lanka



3.        



Ilex dipyrena Wallich



Evergreen Tree



Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal
Pradesh



Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, North China



4.        



Ilex
embelioides
Hook.f.



Tree



West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya



Bangladesh



5.        



Ilex excelsa (Wall.) Voigt



Evergreen Tree



Manipur



China, Myanmar



6.        



Ilex fragilis Hook.f.



Deciduous shrub or tree



West Bengal, Sikkim, Meghalaya



Bhutan, Myanmar, China



7.        



Ilex
gardneriana
Wight



Small tree or shrub



Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills, Sisparaghat)



NA



8.        



Ilex georgei Comber



Evergreen Tree



Manipur



China, Myanmar



9.        



Ilex godajam Colebr. ex Hook.f.



Evergreen Tree/shrub



West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh,
Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya



Bangladesh, Indo-china, China



10.    



Ilex hookeri King



Evergreen Tree



Sikkim, West Bengal (Darjeeling), Assam



China, Myanmar



11.    



Ilex insignis Hook.f.



Evergreen Tree



West Bengal (Darjeeling), Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim



NA



12.    



Ilex intricata
Hook.f.



Evergreen Shrub



West Bengal, Sikkim



Myanmar, China and Eastern Nepal



13.    



Ilex khasiana Purkayastha



Evergreen Tree



Manipur, Meghalaya



NA



14.    



Ilex
longicaudata
Comber



Evergreen Tree



Nagaland



China



15.    



Ilex
malabarica
Beddome



Tree



Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu. Endemic



NA



16.    



Ilex
nothofagifolia
Kingdon-Ward



Evergreen Tree



Assam



China, Myanmar



17.    



Ilex odorata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don  



Evergreen Tree



Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal
Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya



Myanmar, Bangladesh



18.    



Ilex
pseudo-odorata
Loes.



Evergreen Tree



Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal
Pradesh



Nepal



19.    



Ilex
sikkimensis
Kurz



Evergreen Tree



Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur



Nepal, Bhutan, Southern Tibet, Western China



20.    



Ilex
tadiandamolensis
Kesh. Murthy, Yogan. &
Vasud. Nair



Evergreen Tree



Karnataka



NA



21.    



Ilex triflora Blume



Evergreen shrub, small tree



Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh



Bangladesh, China, Indo-China, Java, Malaya,
Indonesia



22.    



Ilex
umbellulata
(Wall.) Loes.



Evergreen or deciduous Tree



Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Andaman &
Nicobar Islands



Bangladesh, Myanmar, China



23.    



Ilex venulosa Hook.f.



Evergreen Tree



 



 



 



Ilex venulosa Hook.f. var. simplicifrons
Hu



 



Assam



China



 



Ilex venulosa Hook.f. var. venulosa



 



Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh



Bangladesh



24.    



Ilex walkeri Wight & Gardner ex Thwaites



Small Tree



Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu



Sri Lanka



25.    



Ilex wattii Loes.



Tree



Manipur



China (Yunnan)



26.    



Ilex wightiana
Wall. ex Wight



Tree



 



 



 



Ilex wightiana
Wall. ex Wight var. peninsularis Hook.f.



 



Tamil Nadu, Kerala. Endemic



NA



 



Ilex wightiana
Wall. ex Wight var. wightiana



 



Tamil Nadu, Kerala



Sri Lanka


 

CULTIVATED
SPECIES


S.
No.


Binomial Name



Habit



Native Distribution



1.        



Ilex
aquifolium
L.



Evergreen Shrub or tree



China, Europe, Western Asia



2.        



Ilex opaca Aiton



Tree



America



 










Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution






















































Ilex
aquifolium
L.
Shrub or small
tree
Western Ghats,
Cultivated, Native of Eurasia
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul
Ilex denticulata Wall ex Wight Small
tree or large shrub
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
  
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem
Ilex gardneriana Wight Small
tree or large shrub
Western
Ghats, Eergren Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Ilex malabarica Bedd. Large
tree
Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri
Ilex opaca Ait. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Temperate America
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul
Ilex walkeri Wight & Gard. ex Thw. Small
tree
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
Ilex wightiana Wall ex. Wight Large
tree
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Madurai, Namakkal,
  Nilgiri, Salem,
Tirunelveli


 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Ilex dipyrena

Ilex dentonii

Aquifoliaceae

Himalayan Holly

 

From Biotik:

Ilex dipyrena Wall. in Roxb. (The Himalayas from the Indus eastwards to Bhutan)  
Ilex excelsa (Wall.) Hook. f. (The Himalayas, from Kashmir and eastward to Nepal & Bhutan)


 
Ilex dipyrena Wall. (Himalaya (Punjab to NEFA), N. Assam, N. Burma, W. China)
Ilex excelsa forma excelsa (Wall.) Hook. f. (Himalaya (Punjab to Bhutan), Khasia, ?Indo-China, W. China)
Ilex excelsa forma hypotricha (Loes.) H. Hara (E. Himalaya (Nepal, Bhutan), E. Bengal. W. China)
Ilex fragilis Hook. f. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Assam, S. Tibet, N. Burma, W. China)
Ilex godajam Colebr. ex Hook. f. (E. Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), Assam, N. Indo-China, W. & S. China)
Ilex insignis Hook. f. (E. Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), W. China)
Ilex intricata Hook. f. (E. Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, N. Burma, W. China)
Ilex odorata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Himalaya (Nepal), Assam, ?Burma)
Ilex pseudodorata Loes. (Himalaya (Mussoorie to Nepal))
Ilex sikkimensis Kurz (E. Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, Assam, W. China) 


 
Ilex dipyrena Wallich in Roxburgh [Bhutan, N India, N Myanmar, Nepal]. 
Ilex excelsa var. excelsa [Bhutan, NE India, Nepal].
Ilex excelsa var. hypotricha (Loesener) S. Y. Hu [Bangladesh, Bhutan, N India, Nepal].
Ilex fragilis J. D. Hooker [Bhutan, India, N Myanmar, Nepal].
Ilex georgei H. F. Comber [NE India, N Myanmar].
Ilex godajam (Colebrooke) J. D. Hooker [Bhutan, NE India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, N Vietnam].
Ilex hookeri King [Bhutan, India, N Myanmar].  
Ilex intricata J. D. Hooker [Bhutan, India, N Myanmar, Nepal].
Ilex nothofagifolia Kingdon Ward [N India, N Myanmar]. 
Ilex perryana S. Y. Hu  [NE India, N Myanmar].
Ilex sikkimensis Kurz [Bhutan, N India, Myanmar, Nepal]. 
Ilex triflora var. triflora [Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam].
Ilex umbellulata (Wallich) Loesener in Engler & Prantl [Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
Ilex venulosa var. venulosa [Bangladesh, Bhutan, NE India, N Myanmar].
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details-
Ilex theifolia Hook.f. is a synonym of Ilex odorata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
 
Ilex japonica Thunb. is a synonym of Mahonia japonica (Thunb.) DC.
Ilex wightiana Wall.ex Wt.


 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys
Ilex wightiana Wall.ex Wt.


Ilex theifolia Hook.f. is a synonym of Ilex odorata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don …..



Ilex (‎Aquifoliaceae) : 2 posts by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ilex (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide updated complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Please find the attached file, Attachments (1)- Ilex_in_India.doc


Thanks a lot, … It’s really helpful. I have incorporated it at Ilex


Ilex (‎‎Aquifoliaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.

Pl. go through Ilex (‎‎Aquifoliaceae) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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