Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell (Syn: Pedicularis carnosa Wall.; Rhinanthus bifidus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don);
Common name: Entire Leaf Lousewort
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell
(1943- Keys- Pedicularis nodosa, roylei, ophiocephala, pycnantha, maximowiczii, svenhedinii (syn. of Pedicularis cheilanthifolia subsp. svenhedinii (Paulsen) Tsoong as per The Plant List), albida (syn. of Pedicularis cheilanthifolia var. albida (Pennell) Tsoong as per the Plant List), purpurea, mollis, heydei, chitralensis, brevifolia, porrecta, brunoniana, gracilis, tenuirostris, pectinata, stewartii, cyrtorhyncha, pyramidata, kashmiriana, multiflora (syn. of Pedicularis pyramidata subsp. multiflora (Pennell) Tsoong as per The Plant List), oederi, brevirostris, dolichorhiza, bifida, trichoglossa, elephantoides, bicornuta, macrantha (syn. of Pedicularis lachnoglossa Hook. f. as per the Plant List), hoffmeisteri, longiflora, rhinanthoides, punctata & hookeriana)

Images by Nidhan Singh (Id by Umeshkumar Tiwari), (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links) 

This one was shot from near Budher caves? in September 2011.. id requested… can this be P. gracilis?

This is Pedicularis bifida (Buch.- Ham.) Pennell. Very Common in between 1400-2500 m inside as well as out side of forest.

Yes, it is..thanks a lot … for this very quick id…

Yes … P. bifida
Very good photographs


Flora of Chakrata:Pedicularis sp for id from Chakrata Area-31102011BS-1: 12 images.
Pls id this Pedicularis sp shot from Mussoorie Chakrata Road shot on 16-09-11
height was about 1 feet, simple little dissected leaves. Plant hairy
My guess is P. pyramidata

Pedicularis carnosa

The accepted name now is P. bifida (Buch.-Ham.) Pennell


Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Pedicularis bifida from Chakrata-GS-28 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Pedicularis bifida Buch.-Ham ex D Don
syn: Pedicularis carnosa Wall.
Photographed along Mussoorie Chakrata Road

A species found relatively at lower altitude (others are found in subalpine or alpine zones) descending up to 1400m in Uttarakhand. If I remember correctly … have also posted its pics for correct ID (from Chakrata area). Hope he will see and determine his species.

Thanks … for the post and … for elaborating..


Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Pedicularis for id from Chakrata-NS 30 : Attachments (5). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please id this Pedicularis species shot from Chakrata. Can this be Pedicularis bifida.. Orobanchaceae?

As per upload of … and further confirmation by … in other thread recently..
the id of this plant is fixed as Pedicularis carnosa Syn. Pedicularis bifida..

Another plant for ID ABJUL01/19 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 7 images.
I guess this belongs to the Fabaceae family. Please help with the ID.
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
09 July 2016

Check for some Pedicularis species ?

Thank you … for pointing me in the right direction. It could be Pedicularis bifida, and I photographed it on the same route as … (his photos on FOI). I look forward to his advice.

I think it matches with images at Pedicularis bifida

Pedicularis bifida is distinguished by it’s unlobes leaves. This should be Pedicularis bifida only.

Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (12)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell shot at Pilot Baba Ashram Suryabinayak Nepal on 26 September 2017 at 5200 ft.

Kailash-Mansarovar Yatra:: Wild flower for ID NSJ-OCT 16/03 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Wild flower for ID. Photo taken near Sirkha camp Aug 12, 2016. Altitude around 7500 feet.

May be Pedicularis bifida.

I agree with Dr Singh that this is likely to be Pedicularis bifida.  One always needs to be ultra cautious with such a taxonomically difficult genus as Pedicularis.
But this appears fairly distinctive with, as ‘Flowers of Himalaya’ states, “distinguished by its entire, not lobed, leaves which are narrow-elliptic with coarse rounded teeth and by its pink flowers… the upper lip with a slender straight beak enlarged below into a curved base 2-3 times as long” Flowers in a lax leafy spike. They give an altitudinal range of 1000-2700m. From Himachal Pradesh to Bhutan.
Stewart noted that in FBI its range was given as from Kashmir to Sikkim (not much access to Bhutan in 19th Century) but he had only seen it in the Mussorie Hills.
There is a line drawing of it in ‘Flora Simlensis’ but under a synonym of Pedicularis carnosa. Collet found the plant at Shimla and Mushobra.  There is no photo in ‘Flowers of the Himalaya’.
I first came across it when shown a pressed specimen made by Narsim, who lived beside the Naryanawamy Ashram in Kumaon (close to the border with Nepal). Narsim arrived here aged 17, from S.India, long before the Ashram was built. I met him in 2000 by which time he was an old man. He had botanised for 50+ years. He lived along what was the old pilgrimage route to Mt. Kailash.  So the location of this plant fits well.

Pedicularis bifida from Himachal : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Pedicularis bifida from McLeodganj-Triund route, Himachal Pradesh.
Distinguished by it’s unlobed leaves.


Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- around 500 kb each.
Location:  Shivapuri National Park,Nepal 
Date: 24 August 2018
Elevation:6500 ft.
Habit : Wild 

Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Pennell : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)- 1, 2 & 2 mb.
Location: Pharping, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 1833m.
Date: 02 September 2019
Habit : Wild

Attachments (3)- 736 kb, 2 & 2 mb.

Attachments (1)- 6 mb.

Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Pennell : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 6 mb.
Location: Ranikot, Gundu, Bhakltapur 
Date: 15 September 2019
Elevation: 2012 m.
Habit : Wild

Attachments (1)- 5 mb.

Nice case
but what injustice to this pretty flower. in medicine Pedicularis means lice in animal and human hair, skin etc. but the flower is so very pretty.
reminds me of ducks heads. red headed ducks if that’s possible in the bird world. but its very pretty flower not a louse for sure


Pedicularis Godawari : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Here are photos of a Pedicularis found today (29.9.20) at elevation 2300m on south side of Phulchowki. These were on south facing slope with a white flowering Pediuclaris

bifida is correct !


Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell: 7 very high res. images.

Location: Jumla, West Nepal
Altitude:  2204m.
Date: 17 August 2021 

Habit : Wild


Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell with Pedicularis carnosa Wall. & Rhinanthus bifidus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don as a syn.)

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell with Pedicularis carnosa Wall. as a syn.)

The Plant List (unresolved)  JSTOR (Pedicularis bifida (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Pennell) JSTOR (Pedicularis carnosa Wall.) Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal (Pedicularis bifida) 

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