Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell, Monogr. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1: 141 1935. (Syn: Capraria gratioloides L.; Gratiola dubia L.; Ilysanthes attenuata Raf. ex Benth. (Unresolved); Ilysanthes brevipes Raf.; Ilysanthes dilatata Raf. ex Benth. (Unresolved); Ilysanthes dubia (L.) Barnhart; Ilysanthes gratioloides Benth.; Ilysanthes gratioloides var. curtipedicellata Bush; Ilysanthes gratioloides var. depressa Suksd.; Ilysanthes inaequalis (Walter) Pennell; Ilysanthes riparia Raf.; Lindernia attenuata H.L. Mühl. ex Elliott; Lindernia dilatata var. anagallidea Muhl.; Lindernia dubia subsp. major (Pursh) Pennell; Lindernia dubia var. riparia (Raf.) Fernald; Lindernia gratioloides (L.) J. Lloyd & Foucaud; Lindernia pyxidaria var. major Pursh;                    G. anagallidea Michaux; Lindernia anagallidea (Michaux) Pennell; L. dubia var. anagallidea (Michaux) Cooperrider.);

Lindernia dubia is a species of flowering plant known by the common names yellowseed false pimpernel and moist bank pimpernel. It is a member of the “new” plant family Linderniaceae, and it is sometimes treated as a member of the families Scrophulariaceae and Plantaginaceae.

It is native to much of the Americas from Canada to Chile, and it can be found on other continents as an introduced species
It grows in wet habitat, such as riverbanks, pond margins, and meadows.
It is an annual herb growing a mostly erect, branching stem to exceed 30 centimeters in height. The oppositely arranged leaves vary in size and shape, from lance-shaped to oval, toothed or not, and under one to over three centimeters long. Flowers emerge from upper leaf axils. Each has a calyx of five narrow, linear sepals. The tubular corolla is up to a centimeter long, white in color with a blue or purple tint, and lipped at the mouth, the lower lip with three rounded lobes. The fruit is a capsule containing yellow seeds.
(From Wikipedia on 30.8.13)

15102011-BS-1 Little herb from Pujam Karnal Haryana for id: Wild Little herb from Pujam Karnal Haryana (230 Mts) for id.
flower 1-1.5 cm only
Plant height 8-10 cm

Looks like torenia pls id

I think we photographed similar from TDL herbal garden. Yet to be identified.

May be some Lindernia species

How about Lindernia dubia?

I think … is correct. It looks like L. dubia. Please check whether the calyx is pubescent

I think Lindernia dubia in view of Id at another thread by …

Thanks …


Scrophulariaceae Fortnight:Torenia? for id from Karnal- NS 39 : Attachments (5). 6 posts by 3 authors.

This herb of aquatic habitat with very small, white flowers was shot from near Karnal..

I think this can again be a Lindernia sp. ..please help to resolve the id..

Perhaps a Lindernia sp. I am sorry for the wrong subject line and picture labels..

Lindernia species in efi so far along with keys

Lindernia dubia, a common herb in rice fields and low land. Also found up to 1000 m in hills.

Herb sp. from Assam KD 04 Jul1’15 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Attached images may be Lindernia sp. Please ID the plant  
Date :09.07.2015
Location: Assam
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild wild on flower tub 
Habit : Herb, basal leaf larger than top.
Flower : Small, white

Lindernia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

This plant looks like typical Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell. (few varieties are also recognised)

Morphologically this species is closely similar to Lindernia procumbens (Krock.) Philcox, but differs mainly in the reduction of lower stamens into staminodes.

Thank You very much … for ID.


Seen this small herb in Dehri- Murbad region.
Date/Time: 15-01-2013 / 02:00PM
Location: near Dehri/ Uchale village, Murbad region,
Habitat: Wild (on the wet grass land)
Plant habit: Herb ( 5 to 6cm)

Lindernia species in efi so far with keys

Two closely looking species are 1) Vandellia erecta Benth. and 2) Ilysanthes parviflora Benth.

Both can have white flowers; pedicels twice the length of sepals.
Vandellia erecta Benth. has obtuse sepals & ovoid-orbicular capsules.
Ilysanthes parviflora Benth. has usually entire leaves; oblong-acute capsule.
Please check 1) FBI, 2) Bot. Bi. Or., 3)
I think this plant is Lindernia parviflora (Roxb.) Haines.

Appears close to images at Lindernia hyssopoides

I think matches much better with images at Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell rather than those at Lindernia hyssopoides


ID Request- 25012013-PKA3: Seen this small herb in Dehri- Murbad region.
Date/Time: 15-01-2013 / 02:00PM
Location: near Dehri/ Uchale village, Murbad region,
Habitat: Wild (on the wet grass land)
Plant habit: Herb ( 5 to 6cm)

this is scrophulariaceae and i wl go with Lindernia and not sure about species

Lindernia parviflora

It looks close to Lindernia hyssopioides. Or it may be L. manilaliana, as suggested by … at this link: efi thread
Thanks … for sharing the paper.

I think closer to images at Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell


Lindernia crustacea (?) from Assam : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).

Is it Lindernia crustacea ? Please ID the plant
Date :31.08.2013
Location: Assam
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Genus & species : Lindernia crustacea ?
Habitat: Grows wild.
Habit : Herb   

I agree with you …

Does not match with images at Lindernia crustacea (L.) F.Muell.

To me appears close to images at Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell

Herb from Morena, M.P 02032020_02 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Please help me to identify this herb
From: Morena, M.P
DOP: 2 March 2020

Lindernia hyssopoides ??

Thanks, …
I think looks different from Lindernia hyssopoides (L.) Haines in markings on the flowers.

I think more closer to Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell as per comparative images at Lindernia

I guess you are right …!

Submission of Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell (Linderniaceae): 7 images.
Here I am sharing the detail macro photography of Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell which is newly record from the Gujarat State. For more details here also attaching the article link.
Research gate


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